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Measuring the Economic Benefits of Greening

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Kathy Wolf's presentation for …

Kathy Wolf's presentation for

Penn IUR's 2006 Growing Green Cities: Symposium on Urban Environmental Issues in the 21st Century


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  • 1. Measuring the Economic Benefits of Greening valuation of “Human Services” Kathleen L. Wolf, Ph.D. College of Forest Resources University of Washington [email_address]
  • 2. Maia says, “ science rocks!” 30+ years of urban nature science
  • 3. Urban Ecosystems & Greening Environmental Services
    • Air pollutants reduction
    • Nitrogen, phosphorus and sediment interception
    • Carbon emissions reduction & sequestration
    • Urban heat-island cooling
    • Reduced “bad” ozone
    • Stormwater runoff reduction
    • Wildlife habitat
  • 4. urban nature - economic value?
  • 5.  
  • 6. Urban Ecosystems & Greening Community Economics
    • Improved consumer environments in business districts - 9-12% product spending
    • Residential real estate values - 3-7% with trees in yard
    • Residential real estate values - 5-20%, proximity to natural open space
    • Commercial property rental rates - 7%
    • Air pollution mitigation
    • Heating and cooling costs reductions
    • Less frequent pavement replacement
  • 7. Urban Ecosystems & Greening Human Health & Functioning
    • Improved surgery and illness recovery
    • Higher job satisfaction, reduced absenteeism
    • Lower crime rates in well landscape areas
    • Stress reduction in urban lifestyles
    • Reduced violence and more constructive conflict resolution in domestic conflict
    • Reduced ADHD symptoms
    • Reduced driving stress response & frustration
    • Improved community walkability, lower BMI
  • 8. valuation of human services?
  • 9.
      • Valuation of Greening Benefits
    What is it? define benefit Who, When & How? define people & extent Where? determine range What is full value? place, city, nation? Who should know? report results What is its worth? determine value
  • 10. www.cfr.washington.edu/research.envmind Collaboration? Economists?