Measuring  the   Economic Benefits  of  Greening valuation  of  “Human Services” Kathleen L. Wolf, Ph.D. College of Forest...
Maia says, “ science rocks!” 30+ years of urban nature science
Urban Ecosystems & Greening Environmental Services <ul><li>Air pollutants reduction </li></ul><ul><li>Nitrogen, phosphorus...
urban nature - economic value?
 
Urban Ecosystems & Greening Community Economics <ul><li>Improved consumer environments in business districts - 9-12% produ...
Urban Ecosystems  &  Greening Human Health  &  Functioning <ul><li>Improved surgery and illness recovery </li></ul><ul><li...
valuation of human services?
<ul><ul><li>Valuation of Greening Benefits </li></ul></ul>What is it? define benefit Who, When & How? define  people &  ex...
www.cfr.washington.edu/research.envmind Collaboration? Economists?
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Measuring the Economic Benefits of Greening

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Kathy Wolf's presentation for

Penn IUR's 2006 Growing Green Cities: Symposium on Urban Environmental Issues in the 21st Century

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Measuring the Economic Benefits of Greening

  1. 1. Measuring the Economic Benefits of Greening valuation of “Human Services” Kathleen L. Wolf, Ph.D. College of Forest Resources University of Washington [email_address]
  2. 2. Maia says, “ science rocks!” 30+ years of urban nature science
  3. 3. Urban Ecosystems & Greening Environmental Services <ul><li>Air pollutants reduction </li></ul><ul><li>Nitrogen, phosphorus and sediment interception </li></ul><ul><li>Carbon emissions reduction & sequestration </li></ul><ul><li>Urban heat-island cooling </li></ul><ul><li>Reduced “bad” ozone </li></ul><ul><li>Stormwater runoff reduction </li></ul><ul><li>Wildlife habitat </li></ul>
  4. 4. urban nature - economic value?
  5. 6. Urban Ecosystems & Greening Community Economics <ul><li>Improved consumer environments in business districts - 9-12% product spending </li></ul><ul><li>Residential real estate values - 3-7% with trees in yard </li></ul><ul><li>Residential real estate values - 5-20%, proximity to natural open space </li></ul><ul><li>Commercial property rental rates - 7% </li></ul><ul><li>Air pollution mitigation </li></ul><ul><li>Heating and cooling costs reductions </li></ul><ul><li>Less frequent pavement replacement </li></ul>
  6. 7. Urban Ecosystems & Greening Human Health & Functioning <ul><li>Improved surgery and illness recovery </li></ul><ul><li>Higher job satisfaction, reduced absenteeism </li></ul><ul><li>Lower crime rates in well landscape areas </li></ul><ul><li>Stress reduction in urban lifestyles </li></ul><ul><li>Reduced violence and more constructive conflict resolution in domestic conflict </li></ul><ul><li>Reduced ADHD symptoms </li></ul><ul><li>Reduced driving stress response & frustration </li></ul><ul><li>Improved community walkability, lower BMI </li></ul>
  7. 8. valuation of human services?
  8. 9. <ul><ul><li>Valuation of Greening Benefits </li></ul></ul>What is it? define benefit Who, When & How? define people & extent Where? determine range What is full value? place, city, nation? Who should know? report results What is its worth? determine value
  9. 10. www.cfr.washington.edu/research.envmind Collaboration? Economists?

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