Building and Landscape Design Philippi Local Area Development Framework

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Gita Goven's presentation to the Penn IUR conference …

Gita Goven's presentation to the Penn IUR conference

"Re-imagining Cities: Urban Design After the Age of Oil"

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Transcript

  • 1. Re-Imagining Cities Urban Design After the Age of Oil
    • Presentation to an International Symposium
    • University of Pennsylvania
    • Nov 6-8 2008
    • Theme: Building and Landscape Design
    • Philippi Local Area Development Framework
    • Presented by Gita Goven: arG DESIGN
  • 2. ARG Design
    • Urban Design
    • Planning and Environmental Management
    • Architecture
    • Landscape Architecture
    • Creating inspirational and innovative sustainable settlements and buildings
    • www.argdesign.co.za
  • 3. Overview
    • The local development context
    • Philippi now and After Oil - issues
    • Sustainable energy and development
    • Design proposals
    • Challenges and Questions
    • Preparation for practice for beyond oil
  • 4. Local Development Context
  • 5. South Africa’s Gini Coefficient
  • 6. Forestry
  • 7. Climate Change Desert Nama-Karoo Fynbos Grassland Succulent Karoo Undefined Savanna Current - 2050 Cape Town Cape Town Johannesburg Johannesburg
  • 8. Forestry Water Soil
    • 0.5% land Indigenous forest
    • 1.25% plantation forests
    • 21% savannah / woodlands
    • Half world average of rainfall
    • 13% arable land for crop production
    • 22% of which is High potential
    • Sensitive soils and biomes
    • High Soil degradation indices in the world
  • 9. Philippi Now
  • 10. Philippi- Part of Polarised City Source: Turok, Ivan. “Persistent Polarisation Post-Apartheid, Progress towards Urban Integration in Cape Town.” Volume 38, No. 13 (March 2001)
  • 11. Environment and Climate
    • Cape Flats with deep sandy soils of marine origin, well drained, poor of nutrients
    • Mediterranean type of climate, winter rain, dry summers
    • Strong summer south-easterly winds
    • intensify water stress by drying out the soil through increased evaporation
    • High winter water table
    • Winter 10- 27 celcius
    • Summer 20-30 celcius
  • 12. Acquifer
    • High laying water table - The water table depths vary between ground level and 2.5m, depending on the season. The ground water flows in a south-westerly direction across the site. Surface drainage is poor.
  • 13. Demographics
    • Unemployment ranging from 58% to 45 % in study area (Census 2001)
    • Average income per household per year was R 16 718 in 2001 as suppose to provincial average R 76 000 (Census 2001)
  • 14. High HIV/ Aids rate
    • HIV/ Aids related deaths is 17.55 - 31.48 % in the study area
  • 15. Sustainable energy + development
    • Coal production 230 Mill tons/ year
    • 165 years production remains
    • Energy Sector production and use contributed 78 % GHG in 1994
    • Over 40 % from electricity
    • Nearly Exclusively as CO2
    • SA will depend on coal for electricity up to 2025
    • Investment in other options increases durability
    • 1 to 10 Mt CO2 equivalent/ year can be avoided through efficient housing/ solar water heating/ Geyser blanket/ Landscaping, in Lower Income Housing
    • VS Higher Green House Gas reduction from high income households
  • 16. Sustainable energy + development
  • 17. Sustainable energy + development
  • 18. Philippi now and After Oil - issues
    • Poverty, Crime and Violence
    • Unemployment, Jobs and Skills
    • Flood and Fire
    • Food Prices
    • Transport
    • Waste, Pollution and Stormwater
    • Microclimate and Comfort
    • Local Resources
  • 19. Site Location
  • 20. Draft district development plan
  • 21. Formal Housing
  • 22. Informal Housing
  • 23. Vacant Land for Housing
  • 24. Local area development concept Public Space Integrators Public Open Spaces Movement Railway Station
  • 25. Greening
  • 26. Tree calculation
  • 27. Imagining a Neighbourhood
  • 28. Realising the Tsoga Centre
  • 29. Greening Strategy 1
  • 30. Greening Strategy 2
  • 31. Street sections
  • 32. Kosovo Greening Plan
  • 33. Informal Housing
  • 34. Courtyard Types
  • 35. Courtyard Types High Street Courtyard ECD/ Community Courtyard Porta Potti collection points Waste Containers Grey Water Points Fire Hydrants Public Telephones Traders Kiosks Lighting Early Childcare Development centre Porta Potti collection points 1 Toilets each Grey Water Points Composting Fire Hydrants Public Telephones Lighting Sanitation Waste Grey Water 29m 26.2m
  • 36. Unit Type A
  • 37. Unit Type D
  • 38. Waste Recycling Waste Recycling
  • 39. 80 % Waste recycled, 20 % Landfill
  • 40. Challenges and Questions
    • Manage Growth and Development
    • Motivate Government Spending Priorities
    • Funding for pro-poor sustainable development
    • Design for closed metabolic cycles
    • Cities feeding people
    • Increase Density and Functionality
  • 41. Preparation for practice for beyond oil
    • Policy, practice, research, learning and teaching
    • Intradisciplinary
    • Strategic Networks
    • Out of the box
    • Prioritising funding and networks