Time aspen ideas festival 2011 full report
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Full report of TIME/Aspen Ideas Festival 2011 poll conducted by Penn Schoen Berland.

Full report of TIME/Aspen Ideas Festival 2011 poll conducted by Penn Schoen Berland.

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Time aspen ideas festival 2011 full report Time aspen ideas festival 2011 full report Presentation Transcript

  • SURVEY METHODOLOGY•  From June 1, 2011 to June 8, 2011, Penn Schoen Berland conducted 2,017 interviews with the adult general population of the United States. Of the 2,017 interviews completed, 1,008 interviews were conducted by phone and 1,009 interviews were conducted online. Sample Size Margin of Error General Population (All), including: 2,017 ±2.18% Male 968 ±3.15% Female 1,049 ±3.03% Age 18-29 444 ±4.65% Age 30-44 545 ±4.20% Age 45-64 686 ±3.74% Age 65+ 343 ±5.29% Democrats 625 ±3.92% Republicans 585 ±4.05% Independents/Undecided 807 ±3.45% Less than $75K annual income 1,392 ±2.63% $75K+ annual income 524 ±4.28% College degree 629 ±3.91% No college degree 1,357 ±2.66% White 1372 ±2.65% African-American 242 ±6.3% Hispanic 262 ±6.05%•  The data presented in this study is reflective of the U.S. Census Bureau demographic statistics in terms of gender, age, ethnicity, income, education, region, and urbanicity. 1
  • KEY FINDINGSThe Decade’s Defining Moment: September 11, 2001 •  41% of respondents cite September 11, 2001 as the single most important event of the past decade •  63% of Americans think that the events of 9/11 weakened the U.S. and only 6% believe that the country has completely recovered from the events of 9/11 •  71% are satisfied with the government’s response to September 11, 2001 (23% not satisfied) and 41% say the government could have taken additional actions to respond to the events (35% say no additional actions should have been taken)A Decade of Decline •  68% of respondents think the past decade has been one of decline for the United States as a country, while only 23% believe the U.S. has progressed as a country in the past 10 years •  71% of Americans believe that the U.S. is in a worse position today than it was a decade ago, while only 11% think the country is in a better position •  47% say the past decade was one of the worst decades in the past century, 32% say it was about the same as other decades in the past century, while only 13% believe it was one of the bestAmericans Blame their Political Leaders, not Terrorists, for the Decline •  Among the 71% of respondents who think the country is in a worse position, there is a clear consensus that their leaders are most to blame: 23% most blame the Bush Administration, 20% blame the Obama Administration, and 16% cite the U.S. Congress •  Only 7% of the American people who think the U.S. is now in a worse position than a decade ago believe that terrorist groups are most to blame for it 2 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • KEY FINDINGS (CONTINUED)The Enemy is Within: Economic Issues are Paramount •  66% think the greatest threats to long-term stability in the United States come primarily from within the United States, not from outside (27%) •  75% say that economic concerns present a greater threat to the current stability of the U.S. than national security concerns – only 18% think the reverse is more accurate •  Only 10% of Americans think that these internal threats are being addressed very effectively (another 32% say somewhat effectively, but 53% say not effectively) •  62% of respondents think that the U.S. is too involved in international affairs (10% say that it is not involved enough) and 83% say the U.S. needs to focus on domestic, not international, issues in the next decade – only 12% say the focus should be internationalA Major Terrorist Attack is Likely in the Next Decade •  78% say it is likely that a major terrorist attack will take place in the U.S. in the next decade (35% say very likely and 43% say somewhat likely) •  49% of respondents are concerned that they will become a victim of terrorism in the next decade (versus 48% who say they are not concerned about the possibility) •  41% of Americans think that the killing of bin Laden has increased the threat of terrorism against the U.S. (19% say it has decreased the threat) and only 31% say the killing of bin Laden gives them a sense of closure (56% say the killing does not give them closure)Time to Leave Afghanistan; Democratic Elections in Middle East Perceived toHave Little Impact on U.S. National Interests •  2 in 5 Americans think that President Obama’s timeline to end U.S. combat operations in Afghanistan by 2014 is too slow, 38% think it is about right, while 10% perceive the timeline as too fast •  Fewer than 3 in 10 Americans expect that the new governments in Tunisia and Egypt will be friendlier towards the U.S. or will work to reduce terrorism, while the rest expect no change (1 in 3) or a turn for the worse (1 in 5) 3 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • THE DECADE’S DEFINING MOMENT:SEPTEMBER 11, 2001 NEW YORK • WASHINGTON • DENVER • SEATTLE • LOS ANGELES • SAN FRANCISCO • AUSTIN• LONDON • HONG KONG • BEIJING • DUBAI 4 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • THE DECADE’S DEFINING MOMENT: SEPTEMBER 11, 2001 What was the single most important EVENT in the past decade? OPEN-END September 11, 2001 41% Election of Barack Obama 9% Economic recession 7% Death of Osama bin Laden 5% War in Iraq 3% The war on terror 3% Housing market crash 2%Passage of the Healthcare bill 1%Reelection of George W. Bush 1% Other 15% Don’t know 13% Showing All 5 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • 9/11 IS SEEN AS THE MOST IMPORTANT EVENT OF THE DECADE BY EVERY SUB-GROUPWhat was the College Politicalsingle most Gender Age Income Attainme Race Affiliationimportant EVENT ntin the past Alldecade? OPEN- M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I <$75k>$75k No Yes White AA HispENDSeptember 11, 2001 41 40 41 46 45 39 31 36 46 41 38 46 38 48 43 27 39Election of Barack 9 9 9 7 8 11 8 15 4 8 9 9 9 8 7 24 9ObamaEconomic recession 7 8 7 7 5 9 8 7 8 7 6 9 7 7 8 7 6Death of Osama bin 5 4 6 6 6 4 5 5 4 6 6 4 5 4 5 5 8LadenThe war on terror 3 2 4 3 4 3 3 2 4 3 3 3 3 4 3 4 4War in Iraq 3 2 3 3 3 2 3 3 2 2 3 3 3 2 3 3 2Housing market crash 2 2 2 2 1 3 2 1 2 2 2 3 2 2 2 0 2Reelection of George 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 1W. BushPassage of the 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0Healthcare billOthers 15 16 13 11 15 15 18 14 14 16 15 15 15 14 14 15 17Dont Know 13 14 13 15 12 10 20 14 14 13 16 8 15 9 14 14 12 6 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • 63% THINK THE EVENTS OF 9/11 AT LEAST SOMEWHAT WEAKENED THE UNITED STATES To what extent did the events of 9/11 weaken the U.S.? A great deal Somewhat Not very much Not at all 22% 41% 18% 12% Showing All College Gender Age Political Affiliation Income Race Attainment All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I <$75k >$75k No Yes White AA HispWEAKEN (TOTAL) 63 57 67 63 62 62 64 65 61 62 65 59 63 62 61 63 69A great deal 22 20 23 19 22 24 18 25 17 22 23 20 23 19 18 29 34Somewhat 41 37 44 44 40 38 46 40 44 40 42 39 40 43 43 34 35NOT WEAKEN 30 37 24 28 31 32 31 29 34 28 29 38 29 34 32 28 23(TOTAL)Not very much 18 22 14 19 19 17 19 16 20 18 18 20 18 19 19 15 15Not at all 12 15 10 9 12 15 12 13 14 10 11 18 11 15 13 13 8Don’t know 7 5 9 10 7 7 4 6 5 10 7 4 8 4 6 8 9 7 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • MAJORITY SAYS 9/11 HAS HAD A MOSTLY NEGATIVE LONG-TERM IMPACT •  However, 3 in 10 Americans believe that the long-term impact of 9/11 has been mostly positive on the United States Looking back on the events of 9/11, would you say that their long-term impact on the United States was… Mostly positive Mostly negative Dont Know 30% 56% 14% Showing All College Gender Age Political Affiliation Income Race Attainment All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I <$75k >$75k No Yes White AA HispMostly positive 30 33 27 28 29 31 32 30 34 27 30 29 30 29 31 35 21Mostly negative 56 54 58 58 59 52 57 54 54 59 54 61 54 60 55 49 59Don’t know 14 13 15 14 12 17 12 16 12 14 16 10 16 10 14 16 20 8 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • ONLY 6% BELIEVE THE COUNTRY HAS RECOVERED FROM 9/11 COMPLETELY •  Republicans are more likely than Democrats or Independents to think that the U.S. has recovered from the events of 9/11 To what extent do you think that the United States has recovered from the events of 9/11? Completely Mostly A little Not at all 6% 51% 33% 5% Showing All College Gender Age Political Affiliation Income Race Attainment All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I <$75k >$75k No Yes White AA HispRECOVERED 57 59 55 58 56 55 57 57 63 51 55 59 56 59 58 51 53(TOTAL)Completely 6 7 5 8 4 6 4 6 5 6 5 7 6 6 5 10 6Mostly 51 52 50 50 52 49 53 51 58 45 50 52 50 53 53 41 47NOT RECOVERED 38 37 40 35 39 40 41 39 33 42 39 40 39 39 37 42 43(TOTAL)A little 33 31 35 28 34 35 36 33 30 35 34 33 34 33 32 36 37Not at all 5 6 5 7 5 5 5 6 3 7 5 7 5 6 5 6 6Don’t know 5 5 6 7 6 5 2 3 4 8 5 2 5 2 5 8 4 9 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • 7 IN 10 ARE AT LEAST SOMEWHAT SATISFIED WITH THE GOVERNMENT’S RESPONSE TO 9/11 •  Younger Americans (18-29) and Independents are least likely to be satisfied with the response Looking back, how satisfied are you with the government’s response to 9/11? Very satisfied Somewhat satisfied Not very satisfied Not at all satisfied 25% 46% 15% 8% Showing All College Gender Age Political Affiliation Income Race Attainment All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I <$75k >$75k No Yes White AA HispSATISFIED 71 72 71 64 69 75 79 71 83 62 71 75 70 74 73 66 67(TOTAL)Very satisfied 25 27 24 19 26 29 26 24 35 19 27 23 26 24 26 26 26Somewhat satisfied 46 45 47 45 43 46 53 47 48 43 44 52 44 50 47 40 41NOT SATISFIED 23 23 22 25 26 21 18 23 12 29 23 22 22 24 20 25 25(TOTAL)Not very satisfied 15 15 15 16 17 13 13 15 9 18 16 12 15 14 13 16 16Not at all satisfied 8 8 7 9 9 8 5 8 3 11 7 10 7 10 7 9 9Don’t know 6 6 7 11 6 5 4 6 4 9 6 3 8 2 6 9 8 10 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • 27% THINK THE U.S. HAS NOT SPENT ENOUGH MONEY TO PROTECT ITSELF FROM TERRORISM •  Independents are more likely than Democrats or Republicans to say the U.S. has spent too much money securing the country from terrorism Do you think the U.S. has spent too much money securing the country from terrorism, not enough, or just the right amount of money? Too much 38% money Not enough 27% 14% Just the right 21% amount Dont know Showing All College Gender Age Political Affiliation Income Race Attainment All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I <$75k >$75k No Yes White AA HispToo much money 21 23 20 25 25 18 17 19 16 27 22 20 20 26 21 19 23Not enough 27 28 26 16 24 33 30 23 35 23 27 28 28 24 28 29 24Just the right amount 38 37 39 44 39 34 38 45 37 34 37 42 38 40 38 37 39Don’t know 14 13 15 15 12 14 15 12 12 16 14 10 14 11 14 15 14 11 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • MOST THINK THAT THE GOVERNMENT’S RESPONSE DOMESTICALLY WAS JUSTIFIED •  Independents, young Americans (18-29), and those with a college degree are less likely than other sub-groups to be satisfied with the domestic response Do you think the government’s response to 9/11 within the United States, including the Patriot Act, enhanced security at airports, and the creation of the Department of Homeland Security went too far and encroached on American civil liberties or was the response justified as a means of protecting American citizens? Went too far Justified Dont Know 26% 62% 12% Showing All College Gender Age Political Affiliation Income Race Attainment All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I <$75k >$75k No Yes White AA HispWent too far 26 31 22 30 29 23 24 24 21 32 26 28 24 33 26 20 30Justified 62 60 64 52 59 68 69 65 71 53 62 66 63 62 63 64 57Don’t know 12 9 14 19 12 9 7 11 8 15 12 7 13 6 10 16 13 12 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • PLURALITY SAYS THE GOVERNMENT SHOULD HAVE TAKEN ADDITIONAL ACTIONS AFTER 9/11 •  Men, Hispanics, and those with an annual income exceeding $75,000 are the three sub-groups most likely to say that the government should have taken additional actions Thinking about the government’s response to 9/11, were there additional actions that you think SHOULD HAVE been taken? Yes No Dont Know 41% 35% 24% Showing All Political College Gender Age Income Race Affiliation Attainment All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I <$75k >$75k No Yes White AA HispYes 41 46 37 38 45 42 37 41 37 44 40 46 41 43 39 45 46No 35 34 36 39 35 33 34 34 40 32 35 37 34 37 36 32 32Don’t know 24 20 27 23 19 25 29 25 22 24 25 17 25 20 24 23 22 13 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • ADDITIONAL ACTIONS THAT SHOULD HAVE BEEN TAKEN AFTER 9/11 IF ADDITIONAL ACTIONS (N=831): What actions should have been taken? OPEN-END More aggressive/rapid response 19% Should have gone after the right people 12% Better transportation and border security 11% More intelligence 5% Taken warnings more seriously 5%Just did not like the way the govt. handled things 4% Should not have rushed to war so fast 3% More for families of the victims 3% Cut ties to countries that harbor terrorists 2% The government did a good job 2% More international diplomacy 2% Earlier/quicker investigation 2% The government should have told the truth 1% Less political correctness 1% Focused more on the U.S. 1% Other 16% Dont know 13% 14 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • 1 IN 4 SAYS SOME OF THE U.S. ACTIONS AFTER 9/11 SHOULD NOT HAVE BEEN TAKEN •  Democrats, those with a higher level of income, and those respondents with a college degree are more likely than other sub-groups to say that some actions that were taken should not have been taken as a response to 9/11 Thinking about the government’s response to 9/11, did the government take actions that you think should NOT have been taken? Yes No Dont Know 26% 55% 19% Showing All College Gender Age Political Affiliation Income Race Attainment All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I <$75k >$75k No Yes White AA HispYes 26 29 23 26 30 27 18 31 17 29 24 34 22 34 25 30 25No 55 54 56 51 54 55 63 48 69 51 56 54 57 53 57 50 53Don’t know 19 16 21 23 16 18 20 21 14 20 20 12 21 13 18 20 23 15 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • ACTIONS THAT SHOULD NOT HAVE BEEN TAKEN IN RESPONSE TO 9/11•  Those who say the U.S. should not have taken certain actions following 9/11 primarily cite the invasion of Iraq IF ACTIONS SHOULD NOT HAVE BEEN TAKEN (N=526): What actions should not have been taken? OPEN-END * A word cloud is a visual representation of free-form text, with a larger font size indicating a greater number of respondents referenced the term in their response 16 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • 2 IN 5 SAY THEIR DAILY LIVES ARE STILL AFFECTED BY THE EVENTS OF 9/11 •  Hispanics are most likely to say that the events of 9/11 still affect their daily lives, while those respondents age 18-29 are least likely to say they feel the effect of the events on a daily basis Did the events of 9/11 change your life in ways that still affect your day-to-day life? Yes No Dont Know 39% 55% 6% Showing All College Gender Age Political Affiliation Income Race Attainment All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I <$75k >$75k No Yes White AA HispYes 39 37 40 34 43 40 36 39 41 37 37 45 38 41 36 45 48No 55 56 54 58 52 52 61 54 55 56 55 52 55 54 59 44 43Don’t know 6 7 6 8 5 8 3 7 4 7 7 3 7 4 5 12 9 17 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • WAYS 9/11 STILL AFFECTS PEOPLE’S DAILY LIVES TODAY•  Increased caution while traveling and dealing with enhanced airport security are the primary ways Americans say their life is still affected by 9/11 IF STILL AFFECTED (N=783): In what ways? OPEN-END * A word cloud is a visual representation of free-form text, with a larger font size indicating a greater number of respondents referenced the term in their response 18 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • 4 IN 5 THINK THE COUNTRY FELT MORE VULNERABLE THAN EVER AFTER 9/11 After the events of 9/11 do you think the country went through an emotional change– do you think the U.S. felt more vulnerable than ever to a potential attack or did the events of 9/11 not really change the country emotionally? The U.S. felt more vulnerable than ever to a potential attack Did not really change the country emotionally Dont Know 81% 12% 7% Showing All College Gender Age Political Affiliation Income Race Attainment All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I <$75k >$75k No Yes White AA HispThe U.S. felt morevulnerable than ever 81 80 82 76 81 84 84 82 83 80 80 85 79 85 84 74 80to a potential attackDid not really changethe country 12 12 11 14 12 10 12 11 12 12 12 10 12 10 10 16 12emotionallyDon’t know 7 7 6 9 7 7 4 7 5 8 7 5 8 4 6 10 9 19 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • THE EVENTS OF 9/11 MOSTLY UNITED AMERICANS •  Hispanics are more likely than white Americans or African-Americans to say that the impact of the 9/11 events has been mostly divisive on Americans Looking back on the events of 9/11, would you say that their impact has mostly divided Americans or mostly united them? Mostly united Mostly divided Dont Know 71% 19% 10% Showing All College Gender Age Political Affiliation Income Race Attainment All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I <$75k >$75k No Yes White AA HispMostly united 71 71 71 63 69 75 78 73 75 66 70 74 71 70 73 70 62Mostly divided 19 20 18 25 21 16 15 19 16 22 18 21 17 24 18 18 25Don’t know 10 9 11 13 10 9 7 8 9 12 12 5 12 6 9 13 13 20 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • MOST THINK AMERICANS ARE WORKING TOGETHER MORE SINCE 9/11 •  Independents are less likely than Republicans and Democrats to say that Americans are working together more since 9/11 Since the events of 9/11, do you think Americans are working together more to achieve common objectives, or are they working against each other more? Working together Working against each other Dont Know 57% 27% 16% Showing All College Gender Age Political Affiliation Income Race Attainment All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I <$75k >$75k No Yes White AA HispWorking together 57 53 61 56 56 60 56 67 59 48 58 55 60 50 55 64 63Working against 27 31 23 30 27 25 25 22 24 32 25 33 23 35 28 23 22each otherDon’t know 16 16 16 14 17 15 19 11 17 19 17 12 17 15 17 13 16 21 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • A NECESSARY CONVERSATION ABOUT ALLEGIANCE OR MORE INTOLERANCE? •  Republicans, respondents age 65+, and men are more likely to say that 9/11 led to a necessary conversation, while young Americans (18-29), Democrats, and minorities are more likely to say it raised intolerance towards minorities Which is closer to your view?The events of 9/11led to a necessary The events of 9/11 conversation senselessly about the raised intolerance allegiance to the 48% 37% toward minorities United States of living in the certain groups of United States. people. Showing All Political College Gender Age Income Race Affiliation Attainment All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I <$75k >$75k No Yes White AA HispNecessary conversationabout the allegiance to the 48 52 44 40 45 50 57 37 66 43 47 52 46 51 51 38 40United StatesSenselessly raisedintolerance toward 37 35 39 44 38 36 27 48 22 38 36 38 36 38 35 41 43minoritiesDon’t Know 15 14 17 15 17 14 15 14 12 19 17 10 18 11 14 21 17 22 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • 2 IN 5 SAY AMERICANS HAVE BECOME MORE TOLERANT OVER THE PAST DECADE Do you generally think that Americans are more tolerant today of other people, less tolerant, or are they about as tolerant of other people as they were a decade ago? More tolerant 29% Less tolerant 28% 39% About the same 4% Dont know Showing All College Gender Age Political Affiliation Income Race Attainment All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I <$75k >$75k No Yes White AA HispMore tolerant 39 39 39 36 42 40 35 39 42 36 37 42 38 40 38 41 41Less tolerant 29 28 30 30 29 30 27 33 23 31 31 25 30 28 28 27 35About the same 28 29 27 28 25 27 33 24 31 28 27 31 27 29 29 28 20Don’t know 4 4 4 6 4 3 5 4 4 5 4 2 5 3 4 4 4 23 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • SOME SAY AMERICANS HAVE BECOME LESS TOLERANT OF MUSLIMS IF LESS TOLERANT (N=589): Which specific group or groups of people do you think Americans are less tolerant of than they were a decade ago? OPEN-END Muslims 33% Immigrants 20% Hispanics 16% Gays and lesbians 8% Young adults 8% Upper class Americans 7% African-Americans 6% Seniors 6% Caucasians 5% Working class Americans 5% Middle class Americans 5% Jews 3%Dont Know / No Response 13% Showing All (N=589) Others 13% 24 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • 9/11: A LASTING IMPACT ON HOW AMERICANS PERCEIVE MUSLIMS •  In each major sub-group approximately 3 in 4 say that the events of 9/11 have had a lasting impact on Americans’ tolerance of Muslims Do you think the events of 9/11 have had a lasting impact on Americans’ tolerance of Muslims? Yes No Dont Know 78% 14% 8% Showing All Political College Gender Age Income Race Affiliation Attainment All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I <$75k >$75k No Yes White AA HispYes 78 77 78 80 76 79 76 78 81 75 77 81 77 79 79 71 80No 14 15 12 11 15 14 15 14 14 14 15 13 14 14 14 14 10Don’t Know 8 8 9 9 10 7 9 9 5 11 9 6 9 7 7 15 10 25 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • A DECADE OF DECLINE NEW YORK • WASHINGTON • DENVER • SEATTLE • LOS ANGELES • SAN FRANCISCO • AUSTIN• LONDON • HONG KONG • BEIJING • DUBAI 26 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • A DECADE OF DECLINE •  Fewer than 1 in 4 of respondents think that it has been a decade of progress; African-Americans are the most likely sub-group to say that the pass decade has been one of progress (43% versus 23% of all respondents) Overall, do you think the past decade has been one of progress or decline for the United States as a country? Progress Decline Dont Know 23% 68% 9% Showing All College Gender Age Political Affiliation Income Race Attainment All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I <$75k >$75k No Yes White AA HispProgress 23 24 22 27 24 20 20 32 14 22 23 23 24 21 18 43 29Decline 68 69 67 60 67 72 72 56 79 69 67 70 66 71 74 46 58Don’t Know 9 7 11 13 9 7 8 12 7 9 10 7 10 8 8 11 12 27 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • 7 IN 10 THINK THE COUNTRY IS IN A WORSE POSITION THAN IT WAS A DECADE AGO •  Republicans, seniors (age 65 and older), and white Americans are most likely to say that the country is worse off than it was a decade ago Generally speaking, do you think the U.S. is in a better or worse position than it was a decade ago, or is it about the same? 71% Better Worse 16% About the same Dont know 2% 11% Showing All College Gender Age Political Affiliation Income Race Attainment All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I <$75k >$75k No Yes White AA HispBetter 11 12 10 12 12 10 7 18 4 10 11 11 11 11 8 22 10Worse 71 70 72 66 68 74 78 60 84 71 71 71 71 72 77 43 70About the same 16 16 16 20 18 13 13 20 10 17 16 16 16 16 13 31 16Don’t know 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 2 2 2 2 2 1 4 4 28 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • THE RISING NATIONAL DEBT – THE MOST IMPORTANT TREND OF THE DECADE Which of the following is the most important TREND of the past decade? OPEN-END The rising national debt 16% U.S. jobs being sent overseas 14% Increased use of technology 13% Increasing corporate greed 9% Spread of global terrorism 7% Increasing immigration 5% The decline of home prices 5% The rise of social media 5%Increasing role of women in the workplace and politics 3%The U.S. population becoming more ethnically diverse 3% The U.S. population getting older 2% The 24-7 news cycle 2% The rise of online search 2% The increasing number of independent voters 1% Arab Spring protests in the Middle East 1% The decline of print media 1% Other 4% Showing All Don’t know 6% 29 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • WEAKER ECONOMY THE TOP REASON FOR THE U.S. BEING IN A WORSE POSITION IF U.S. IS IN WORSE POSITION (N=1,440) Why do you think the U.S. is in a worse position than it was a decade ago? OPEN-END Weaker economy 28% Rising national debt 17% Higher unemployment 16% Wars in Afghanistan and Iraq 12% High government spending 11% Loss of jobs to overseas 10% High fuel costs 8% Weaker U.S. dollar 8% Healthcare reform 5%Rise of other global powers like China, India 5% Weaker partnerships with allies 4% More government regulation 4% Fear of terrorism 4% More partisanship in Washington 4% Fewer personal liberties 3% Tax cuts 3% Less government regulation 2% Other 28% Dont Know / No Response 6% Showing All (N=1,440) 30 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • AMERICANS WHO THINK THE U.S. IS IN A BETTER POSITION: THE TOP REASONS IF U.S. IS IN BETTER POSITION: Why do you think the U.S. is in a better position than it was a decade ago? OPEN-END Barack Obama elected president 22% Technological advances 16% Stronger economy 9%Improvements in national security and safety 6% More democracy in the Middle East 6% Stronger partnerships with allies 5% Healthcare reform 5% Progress in Iraq 5% Progress in Afghanistan 4% Death of Osama bin Laden 4% Death of Saddam Hussein 2% Less government regulation 1% More government regulation 1% Tax cuts 1% Other 34% Dont know 20% Showing All (N=214) 31 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • 35% OF AMERICANS ARE WORSE OFF THAN THEY WERE A DECADE AGO •  Americans whose annual income is more than $75,000 are significantly more likely than those with a lower income to say their life has improved Are you personally in a better or worse position than you were a decade ago, or is it about the same? 35% Better 33% Worse About the same 32% Dont know 1% Showing All College Gender Age Political Affiliation Income Race Attainment All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I <$75k >$75k No Yes White AA HispBetter 32 33 30 36 43 24 21 34 28 32 26 46 28 40 30 39 31Worse 35 34 35 26 31 41 38 36 36 33 40 21 37 28 35 30 32About the same 33 32 33 35 25 34 40 29 34 34 32 32 33 32 33 29 35Don’t know 1 1 1 3 1 1 0 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 1 2 1 32 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • ONE OF THE WORST DECADES IN THE PAST CENTURY •  White Americans are significantly more likely than racial minorities to perceive it as one of the worst decades In your opinion, how does the past decade compare to the other decades in the past hundred years? Would you say this past decade has been one of the best in the past century, one of the worst, or has it been about the same? One of the best 32% One of the 47% worst About the same 8% 13% Dont know Showing All College Gender Age Political Affiliation Income Race Attainment All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I <$75k >$75k No Yes White AA HispOne of the best 13 15 11 15 14 12 10 17 11 11 13 12 15 9 9 21 23One of the worst 47 47 47 40 47 50 51 42 51 48 47 47 45 51 52 34 34About the same 32 32 33 36 31 31 32 32 30 34 31 35 31 34 31 37 35Don’t know 8 6 9 9 8 7 7 9 8 7 8 7 9 6 8 8 8 33 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • RESPONDENTS SAY THE OVERALL QUALITY OF LIFE HAS DECLINED FOR MANY AMERICANS Please indicate whether you think the overall quality of life has improved, declined, or stayed the same in the past decade for each of the following groups of people living in the United States. Declined Improved Stayed the same Upper class Gays and Americans Hispanics lesbians African- Immigrants Americans Jews 48% 15% 16% 33% 44% 55% 41% 14% 17% 23% 9% 10% 41% 37% 25% 32% 25% 31% 17% 20% 22% 22% 23% 19% 16% 19% 15% 11% 32% 24% 24% 38% 55% 54% 70% 64% Muslims Caucasians Seniors Young adults Middle classWorking class Americans Showing All Americans 34 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • DETERIORATED RELATIONSHIPS WITH MANY FOREIGN COUNTRIES In the past decade, has each of the following country’s relationship with the U.S. improved, deteriorated, or remained the same? Deteriorated Improved Remained the same United Kingdom India China Russia 26% Saudi Arabia Israel 19% 24% 33% 10% 12% 11%4% 5% 7% 6% 22% 47% 5% 7% 38% 15% 42% 40%29% 26% 31% 35% 33% 17% 19% 25% 17% 14% 14% 15% 13% 22% 24% 38% 34% 38% 35%42% 51% 51% 58% 62% 62% 59% Yemen EgyptSyria North Iraq Libya Korea Iran Pakistan Afghanistan Showing All 35 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • AMERICANS BLAME THEIR LEADERS, NOTTERRORISTS, FOR THE DECLINE NEW YORK • WASHINGTON • DENVER • SEATTLE • LOS ANGELES • SAN FRANCISCO • AUSTIN• LONDON • HONG KONG • BEIJING • DUBAI 36 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • AMERICANS BLAME THEIR LEADERS IF U.S. IS IN A WORSE POSITION : Which of these, if any, is most to blame for the U.S. being in a worse position than it was a decade ago? The Bush administration 23% The Obama administration 20% The U.S. Congress 16% Corporate CEOs 8% Terrorist groups 7% Wall Street 6% Special interest groups 5% Immigrants 3% Ordinary American people 3%Rising powers like China and India 2% Labor unions 2% Other 3% Showing All Don’t know 2% (N=1,440) 37 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • AMERICANS BLAME THEIR LEADERS FOR THE DECLINEIF U.S. in a worse College Gender Age Political Affiliation Income Raceposition: Which of Attainmentthose, if any, is most Allto blame for the U.S. (N=1,440)being in a worse M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I <$75k >$75k No Yes White AA Hisp (N=683) (N=757) (N=295) (N=369) (N=508) (N=268) (N=376) (N=493) (N=571) (N=992) (N=373) (N=962) (N=455) (N=1062) (N=104) (N=183)position than it was adecade ago?The Bush administration 23 19 26 31 25 21 13 45 7 21 24 17 24 22 17 54 33The Obama 20 20 20 15 14 21 32 6 36 16 19 23 20 21 24 1 13administrationThe U.S. Congress 16 21 11 10 15 17 21 9 20 16 16 16 16 16 18 9 12Wall Street 6 7 6 5 7 7 4 6 6 6 5 8 6 7 5 10 9Corporate CEOs 8 7 9 7 10 8 6 10 5 9 8 8 7 10 8 4 3Special interest groups 5 5 4 3 6 5 3 3 5 5 4 6 4 5 4 3 7Labor unions 2 2 1 1 1 2 3 0 2 2 1 2 2 1 2 0 2Terrorist groups 7 6 8 12 7 6 4 7 5 9 8 5 8 5 7 6 9Ordinary American 3 4 2 7 5 1 1 3 2 5 3 4 3 4 3 2 7peopleRising powers like China 2 2 2 1 2 1 4 2 3 1 2 2 2 1 2 1 1and IndiaImmigrants 3 2 5 4 2 4 3 5 3 3 4 3 4 2 4 5 1Other 3 3 3 1 4 3 3 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 1None of these 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0Don’t know 2 2 2 3 1 2 2 1 2 3 2 1 2 1 2 3 1 38 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • THE ENEMY IS WITHIN: ECONOMIC ISSUESARE PARAMOUNT NEW YORK • WASHINGTON • DENVER • SEATTLE • LOS ANGELES • SAN FRANCISCO • AUSTIN• LONDON • HONG KONG • BEIJING • DUBAI 39 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • 2 IN 3 SAY THE ENEMY IS WITHIN •  Those Americans with a college degree and those whose annual income exceeds $75,000 are more likely than those without a degree or those respondents with less than $75,000 to think that major threats originate within the U.S. Do the greatest threats to long-term stability in the United States come primarily from within the United States or do they come from outside the United States? Within the U.S. Outside the U.S. Dont Know 66% 27% 7% Showing All College Gender Age Political Affiliation Income Race Attainment All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I <$75k >$75k No Yes White AA HispWithin the U.S. 66 69 63 62 70 65 64 62 68 66 62 76 62 75 68 55 59Outside the U.S. 27 26 28 28 23 29 29 30 26 25 30 18 30 20 25 34 32Don’t Know 7 5 10 10 7 6 7 7 6 8 7 6 8 5 7 11 9 40 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • ECONOMIC, NOT NATIONAL SECURITY, CONCERNS PRESENT A GREATER THREAT •  White Americans are more likely than African-Americans or Hispanics to view economic concerns as a greater threat to the current stability of the U.S. Which is closer to your view? Economic National securityconcerns present a concerns present a greater threat to 75% 18% greater threat tothe current stability the current stability of the U.S. of the U.S. Showing All Political College Gender Age Income Race Affiliation Attainment All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I <$75k >$75k No Yes White AA HispEconomic concernspresent a greater threat to 75 76 75 72 77 77 73 74 81 73 73 84 72 84 80 63 67the current stability of theU.S.National security concernspresent a greater threat to 18 18 17 20 16 16 20 19 14 19 19 11 20 12 14 26 25the current stability of theU.S.Don’t Know 7 6 8 8 7 6 7 7 4 9 7 5 8 4 6 11 8 41 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • INTERNAL THREATS VERSUS EXTERNAL THREATSPlease indicate whether each of the following presents a major threat, minor threat, or no threat at all to long-term stability in the United States. Internal Threat External Threat Rising national debt 78% High government spending 77% The budget deficit 75% Rising healthcare costs 73% Weakening U.S. Dollar 72%Americas education system falling behind 71% American jobs being sent overseas 71% Spread of nuclear weapons 67% Americas dependence on foreign energy 66% Al Qaeda 58% Lack of high-paying jobs 56% Domestic terrorists 56% Decline of moral values 55% Taliban 53% Partisan politics 49% Rise of new powers like China and India 45% Illegal immigrants 44% Government of Iran 44% Government of North Korea 39% Showing % Major threat Hezbollah 27% Hamas 27% 42 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • YOUNG AMERICANS LESS LIKELY TO VIEW AL QAEDA AND THE TALIBAN AS MAJOR THREATSPlease indicate whether each of Political Collegethe following presents a major Gender Age Income Race Affiliation Degreethreat, minor threat, or no threatat all to long-term stability in the AllUnited States. M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I <$75k >$75k No Yes White AA HispShowing % Major threatRising national debt 78 77 78 71 75 81 83 68 89 77 77 80 77 79 84 60 66High government spending 77 73 80 69 77 77 84 68 88 75 78 73 78 73 80 61 73The budget deficit 75 75 75 66 76 78 80 69 84 73 75 77 75 75 79 59 69Rising healthcare costs 73 69 76 64 75 75 76 78 71 70 73 71 71 76 74 68 67Weakening U.S. dollar 72 70 75 60 72 78 74 70 77 71 73 70 74 70 75 65 66American jobs being sent overseas 71 71 72 54 71 80 76 77 72 67 72 70 73 69 76 67 59America’s education system falling 71 70 73 68 74 73 71 74 69 71 69 76 70 76 72 70 72behindSpread of nuclear weapons 67 65 68 63 65 71 67 67 70 64 69 61 69 62 66 68 68America’s dependence on foreign oil 66 65 67 56 68 72 65 66 72 62 65 69 64 72 70 55 55Al Qaeda 58 53 63 43 56 64 70 61 68 50 60 57 58 59 61 51 57Lack of high-paying jobs 56 54 59 50 58 61 51 61 54 55 59 50 59 50 57 56 56Domestic terrorists in the United 56 49 63 49 57 60 57 56 63 52 59 48 59 51 57 60 54StatesDecline in moral values 55 52 58 47 58 57 60 46 67 55 58 48 58 49 58 52 47Taliban 53 47 59 39 52 59 60 54 62 45 55 49 55 47 54 54 52Partisan politics and political gridlock 49 50 48 32 47 55 60 49 52 45 48 52 47 53 53 42 33Rise of new global powers like China 45 40 49 36 45 50 44 40 52 42 45 44 45 43 45 45 42and IndiaIllegal immigrants 44 45 42 29 39 49 60 35 57 41 47 36 48 36 49 35 18Government of Iran 44 44 45 28 43 51 55 41 53 41 46 41 45 42 47 38 45Government of North Korea 39 40 38 27 37 47 41 38 51 31 40 39 40 37 39 37 39Hezbollah 27 33 21 17 25 32 35 23 36 22 27 28 26 28 29 22 23Hamas 27 29 26 15 25 33 37 22 37 25 28 26 27 29 30 20 23 43 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • 60% SAY THE COUNTRY IS ADDRESSING EXTERNAL THREATS AT LEAST SOMEWHAT EFFECTIVELY How effectively are we, as a country, addressing the threats that are OUTSIDE our control? Very effectively Somewhat effectively Not very effectively Not at all effectively 13% 47% 21% 8% Showing All College Gender Age Political Affiliation Income Race Attainment All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I <$75k >$75k No Yes White AA HispEFFECTIVELY 60 60 61 65 61 61 52 64 56 60 61 58 61 59 57 69 68(TOTAL)Very effectively 13 15 11 16 14 13 8 16 8 14 14 10 15 9 9 24 21Somewhat effectively 47 45 50 49 47 48 44 48 48 46 47 48 46 50 48 45 47NOT EFFECTIVELY 29 33 27 23 28 30 40 26 36 28 29 33 27 34 33 18 23(TOTAL)Not very effectively 21 23 20 17 19 21 31 19 25 20 20 25 19 26 24 12 17Not at all effectively 8 10 7 6 9 9 9 7 11 8 9 8 8 8 9 6 6Don’t know 10 8 12 12 11 10 7 10 8 11 10 8 12 7 10 13 9 44 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • THE MAJOR THREATS ARE WITHIN OUR CONTROL AS A COUNTRY •  African-Americans and Hispanics are the two sub-groups most likely to say that the threats affecting the long-term stability are mostly outside the country’s control Which is closer to your view? The threats The threats affecting the long- affecting the long- term stability of theterm stability of the 71% 20% U.S. are mostly U.S. are mostlyWITHIN our control OUTSIDE our as a country. control as a Showing All country. Political College Gender Age Income Race Affiliation Attainment All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I <$75k >$75k No Yes White AA HispThe threats affecting thelong-term stability of the 71 72 70 66 75 71 68 69 76 68 67 82 66 81 75 61 60U.S. are mostly WITHINour control as a country.The threats affecting thelong-term stability of the 20 20 19 24 17 19 21 22 17 20 22 13 22 15 16 26 28U.S. are mostly OUTSIDEour control as a country.Don’t Know 9 8 11 9 8 10 11 9 7 12 11 4 12 5 9 13 12 45 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • ONLY 10% THINK THAT INTERNAL THREATS ARE BEING ADDRESSED VERY EFFECTIVELY •  53% of respondents think that the country is not effectively addressing the threats that are within its control How effectively are we, as a country, addressing the threats that are WITHIN our control? Very effectively Somewhat effectively Not very effectively Not at all effectively 10% 32% 36% 17% Showing AllHow effectively are we, as a Political College Gender Age Income Racecountry, addressing the threats Affiliation Attainmentthat are WITHIN our control? All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I <$75k >$75k No Yes White AA HispEFFECTIVELY (TOTAL) 42 39 43 46 41 41 36 54 33 39 44 36 45 35 36 61 51Very effectively 10 10 9 10 10 9 9 14 6 9 11 6 12 5 7 23 12Somewhat effectively 32 29 34 36 31 32 27 40 27 30 33 30 33 30 29 38 39NOT EFFECTIVELY (TOTAL) 53 56 49 45 54 53 60 40 64 53 50 62 48 63 59 30 39Not very effectively 36 35 36 34 36 34 41 31 43 34 35 40 33 42 39 23 28Not at all effectively 17 21 13 11 18 19 19 9 21 19 15 22 15 21 20 7 11Don’t know 6 4 7 9 5 5 4 6 3 8 6 2 8 2 4 9 11 46 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • INTERNAL THREATS THAT NEED TO BE ADDRESSED MORE EFFECTIVELY•  The economy, jobs, government spending, budget deficit, national debt, immigration, healthcare, and education are the primary threats within our control that Americans do not feel are being addressed effectively IF NOT EFFECTIVELY (N=1,040): What specific threats that are WITHIN our control, are not being addressed effectively? OPEN-END * A word cloud is a visual representation of free-form text, with a larger font size indicating a greater number of respondents referenced the term in their response 47 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • MAJORITY THINKS THE COUNTRY IS GOING IN THE WRONG DIRECTION Generally speaking, would you say things in this country are heading in the right direction or in the wrong direction? Right direction Wrong direction Dont know 28% 62% 10% Showing All Political College Gender Age Income Race Affiliation Attainment All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I <$75k >$75k No Yes White AA HispRight direction 28 28 29 34 32 25 21 48 10 26 28 30 28 29 21 55 36Wrong direction 62 63 60 53 58 66 69 41 84 61 62 63 61 62 71 31 50Don’t Know 10 9 11 12 10 9 10 11 6 13 10 7 11 9 9 13 15 48 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • MAJORITY OF AMERICANS THINKS THE NEXT GENERATION WILL BE WORSE OFF •  African-Americans are the only ones more likely to say that the next generation will be better off than people are now When children in the U.S. grow up, do you think they will be better off or worse off than people are now? 52% Better Worse 11% About the same 29% 7% Dont know Showing All College Gender Age Political Affiliation Income Race Attainment All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I <$75k >$75k No Yes White AA HispBetter 29 32 27 35 31 27 24 38 21 29 29 30 29 30 25 45 30Worse 52 53 52 43 51 56 60 43 63 52 53 52 52 53 57 36 47Same 11 9 13 18 10 10 9 11 10 13 11 12 11 11 10 12 17Don’t know 7 6 8 5 8 8 8 8 6 6 7 6 7 6 8 7 5 49 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • AMERICANS ARE SPLIT ON THE FUTURE OF THE UNITED STATES •  Respondents age 18-29 are optimistic about the country’s future, while those age 65 and older are significantly more pessimistic Overall, do you think the United States has a bright future ahead or are its best days behind it? Bright future ahead Best days behind it Dont know 41% 44% 15% Showing All College Gender Age Political Affiliation Income Race Attainment All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I <$75k >$75k No Yes White AA HispBright future ahead 41 43 38 48 42 38 35 53 34 37 39 45 39 45 37 52 48Best days behind it 44 42 45 36 45 45 51 33 51 47 45 42 45 40 47 31 38Don’t Know 15 14 16 16 14 17 13 14 15 16 15 13 16 14 16 17 14 50 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • 3 IN 5 THINK THE U.S. IS TOO INVOLVED IN INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS •  Interestingly, Republicans are more likely than Democrats or Independents to say that the U.S. is too involved in international affairs Do you think the United States is too involved in international affairs, not involved enough, or is it involved as much as it should be? Too involved 10% Not involved 23% enough 62% Involved as much as it should be 6% Dont know Showing All College Gender Age Political Affiliation Income Race Attainment All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I <$75k >$75k No Yes White AA HispToo involved 62 63 61 53 65 63 63 56 67 62 63 60 63 59 65 50 59Not involved enough 10 11 8 13 9 9 7 11 7 10 10 9 10 8 8 14 13Involved as much as it 23 21 25 27 20 23 24 28 21 21 22 27 21 29 22 26 23should beDon’t know 6 5 6 7 5 5 6 5 5 7 6 4 7 4 6 10 5 51 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • PLURALITY SAYS THE COUNTRY’S INFLUENCE ABROAD HAS INCREASED •  Younger Americans think the influence has grown, while older respondents are more likely to think that the role the U.S. plays internationally has diminished Thinking about the past decade, do you think the United States’ influence in the international affairs has increased, diminished, or stayed about the same? Increased 29% 31% Diminished About the same 35% 5% Dont know Showing All College Gender Age Political Affiliation Income Race Attainment All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I <$75k >$75k No Yes White AA HispIncreased 35 35 34 43 41 30 23 39 29 35 36 32 36 31 33 43 34Diminished 29 31 27 16 24 33 46 21 39 28 27 35 25 38 34 16 20About the same 31 29 33 35 29 32 27 33 29 31 31 29 32 28 29 33 39Don’t know 5 4 6 7 6 4 4 7 4 6 6 3 7 3 4 8 7 52 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • AMERICANS WANT THEIR LEADERS TO FOCUS ON DOMESTIC ISSUES •  Those respondents with a college degree are more likely than those without a degree to say the country needs to focus on domestic issues in the next decade In your opinion, what is more important for the United States to focus on in the next decade? Domestic issues International affairs Dont Know 83% 12% 5% Showing All College Gender Age Political Affiliation Income Race Attainment All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I <$75k >$75k No Yes White AA HispDomestic issues 83 85 82 75 83 87 87 80 89 82 82 87 81 88 87 70 79International affairs 12 10 13 19 12 8 9 15 7 12 12 10 13 9 9 21 13Don’t Know 5 5 5 6 6 5 3 5 4 5 5 3 6 3 4 9 7 53 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • AMERICANS WANT THEIR LEADERS TO FOCUS ON THE ECONOMY AND JOBS Which one of the following issues do you think the president and Congress should focus on right now? Economy and jobs 46% Deficit and government spending 18% Health care 9% Moral values/ family values 5% Fuel costs 5% Immigration 4% Wars in Iraq and Afghanistan 4%Terrorism and national security 3% Other 5% Showing All Don’t know 2% 54 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • AMERICANS SAY A MAJOR TERRORISTATTACK IS LIKELY IN THE NEXT DECADE NEW YORK • WASHINGTON • DENVER • SEATTLE • LOS ANGELES • SAN FRANCISCO • AUSTIN• LONDON • HONG KONG • BEIJING • DUBAI 55 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • 4 IN 5 THINK A MAJOR TERRORIST ATTACK IN THE U.S. IS AT LEAST SOMEWHAT LIKELY IN THE NEXT DECADE How likely do you think it is that a major terrorist attack will take place in the U.S. in the next decade? Do you think it is…? Very likely Somewhat likely Not very likely Not at all likely 35% 43% 13% 4% Showing All College Gender Age Political Affiliation Income Race Attainment All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I <$75k >$75k No Yes White AA HispLIKELY (TOTAL) 78 76 82 71 77 81 85 76 85 77 78 80 78 79 82 73 76Very likely 35 32 39 24 35 41 38 32 41 34 36 35 35 35 37 32 33Somewhat likely 43 44 43 47 42 40 47 44 44 43 42 45 43 44 45 41 43NOT LIKELY 17 21 14 25 18 14 13 20 13 19 17 17 17 18 15 19 22(TOTAL)Not very likely 13 15 12 18 14 12 10 16 10 14 13 14 13 15 12 14 14Not at all likely 4 6 2 7 4 2 3 4 3 5 4 3 4 3 3 5 8Don’t know 4 3 5 4 5 5 2 4 3 5 5 3 5 3 4 8 3 56 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • WASHINGTON D.C. AND NEW YORK CITY ARE PERCEIVED THE MOST LIKELY TARGETS If there is another major terrorist attack in the U.S. in the next decade, in which city is it most likely to take place? Washington D.C. 30% New York 27% Los Angeles 14% Chicago 4% Houston 2% Boston 1% Philadelphia 1% Other 5% Showing All Don’t know 17% College Gender Age Political Affiliation Income Race Attainment All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I <$75k >$75k No Yes White AA HispWashington D.C. 30 28 31 33 29 28 29 29 31 29 30 31 28 32 31 24 28New York 27 29 26 24 27 28 32 26 28 28 27 29 27 27 27 30 25Los Angeles 14 15 14 18 14 14 12 15 15 14 13 18 14 15 13 13 21Chicago 4 6 3 5 3 5 4 4 5 3 5 4 5 4 5 4 3Houston 2 2 1 2 2 1 2 2 1 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 3Philadelphia 1 2 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 1Boston 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 1Other 5 4 6 2 6 6 5 6 4 4 6 3 5 5 5 5 4Don’t know 17 15 18 15 18 17 15 16 15 18 17 13 18 14 16 22 15 57 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • 49% ARE AT LEAST SOMEWHAT CONCERNED ABOUT BECOMING A VICTIM OF TERRORISM IN THE NEXT DECADE How concerned are you that you will become a victim of a terrorism in the next decade? Very concerned Somewhat concerned Not very concerned Not at all concerned 17% 32% 28% 20% Showing All College Gender Age Political Affiliation Income Race Attainment All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I <$75k >$75k No Yes White AA HispCONCERNED 49 42 56 46 50 51 47 51 51 46 51 44 52 43 45 57 61(TOTAL)Very concerned 17 14 20 17 16 19 16 22 15 15 19 12 20 11 12 27 28Somewhat concerned 32 28 36 29 34 32 31 29 36 31 32 32 32 32 33 30 33NOT CONCERNED 48 56 40 51 47 46 52 45 47 50 45 55 44 55 52 34 36(TOTAL)Not very concerned 28 29 26 27 27 28 31 26 29 28 26 31 25 33 31 16 19Not at all concerned 20 27 14 24 20 18 21 19 18 22 19 24 19 22 21 18 17Don’t know 3 2 3 4 4 3 1 3 1 4 4 1 4 1 2 9 3 58 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • 77% THINK A CYBER-WARFARE TERRORIST ATTACK IS AT LEAST SOMEWHAT LIKELY IN THE NEXT 10 YEARS How likely is it that terrorists will use cyber-warfare to disrupt financial markets or power grids in an attack against the U.S.? Is it…? Very likely Somewhat likely Not very likely Not at all likely 36% 41% 10% 3% Showing All College Gender Age Political Affiliation Income Race Attainment All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I <$75k >$75k No Yes White AA HispLIKELY (TOTAL) 77 77 77 71 74 81 83 76 84 74 77 82 76 80 81 68 68Very likely 36 36 37 30 36 41 37 35 40 35 37 38 36 36 37 38 33Somewhat likely 41 41 40 41 38 40 46 41 44 39 40 44 40 44 44 30 35NOT LIKELY 13 16 10 16 15 10 10 12 9 16 13 12 12 15 11 15 17(TOTAL)Not very likely 10 13 7 10 13 8 8 9 8 11 10 10 9 12 9 8 12Not at all likely 3 3 3 6 2 2 2 3 1 5 3 2 3 3 2 7 5Don’t know 10 7 13 12 11 10 6 12 7 11 10 6 12 6 8 16 15 59 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • 2 IN 5 THINK THE NEXT ATTACK WOULD BE CARRIED OUT BY DOMESTIC TERRORISTS •  Unlike the rest of the sub-groups, African-Americans are more likely to think that the next terrorist attack would be carried out by domestic terrorists rather than foreign terrorists If a major terrorist attack were to take place in the U.S., do you think it is more likely to be carried out by foreign terrorists or home-grown terrorists? Foreign terrorists Home-grown terrorists Dont Know 47% 41% 12% Showing All College Gender Age Political Affiliation Income Race Attainment All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I <$75k >$75k No Yes White AA HispForeign terrorists 47 46 48 49 45 46 49 46 48 47 45 50 46 49 48 37 47Home-grown terrorists 41 43 39 36 42 42 43 43 43 38 42 39 41 40 41 47 38Don’t know 12 11 14 15 14 12 8 11 9 16 12 10 13 10 11 16 15 60 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • MAJORITY WANTS MORE MONEY SPENT ON THE SECURITY OF TRAINS, PORTS •  Young Americans (age 18-29) are significantly less likely to say that the government should increase spending to improve security of trains and ports Do you think the United States should increase spending to improve security of trains, ports, and other less secure areas, or should the U.S. not spend additional money to secure them as tightly as airports? Increase spending No additional money Dont Know 53% 33% 14% Showing All College Political Gender Age Income Attainmen Race Affiliation All t M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I <$75k >$75k No Yes White AA HispIncrease spending 53 54 52 42 53 57 58 58 53 49 53 55 53 53 51 62 59No additional money 33 34 33 42 35 28 30 30 35 35 34 32 33 36 36 25 27Don’t know 14 13 14 16 12 15 12 12 12 16 13 13 14 11 14 13 14 61 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • FEW VIEW THE GOP PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATES AS CAPABLE OF PREVENTING AN ATTACK For each of the following individuals and groups, please indicate how confident you are that they are capable of protecting the United States from a terrorist attack. Confident Not Confident Dont know The U.S. military 85% 8% 8% The CIA 68% 21% 11%Local law enforcement 56% 35% 9%The federal government 56% 34% 9% Barack Obama 52% 39% 10% The TSA 47% 40% 13% The Republican Party 44% 41% 15% The Democratic Party 41% 46% 13% Mitt Romney 30% 40% 30% Newt Gingrich 24% 50% 26% Sarah Palin 23% 61% 16% Michele Bachmann 20% 39% 41% Tim Pawlenty 19% 37% 45% Jon Huntsman 16% 34% 50% 62 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC. Showing All
  • PLURALITY SAYS THE KILLING OF BIN LADEN HAS INCREASED THE THREAT OF TERRORISM •  Only 19% of Americans think that the killing has decreased the threat In your opinion, has the killing of Osama bin Laden by U.S. forces increased the threat of terrorism against the United States, decreased, or has it had no effect on the threat of terrorism against the U.S.? 19% Increased 31% Decreased No effect 41% 9% Dont know Showing All College Gender Age Political Affiliation Income Race Attainment All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I <$75k >$75k No Yes White AA HispIncreased 41 34 46 46 40 40 36 41 39 42 42 36 44 33 40 41 47Decreased 19 23 16 19 19 20 17 24 17 17 18 24 17 23 18 23 20No effect 31 37 27 27 28 31 43 26 38 31 30 35 28 39 34 20 27Don’t know 9 6 11 8 13 9 3 9 6 10 10 5 11 5 8 15 7 63 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • THE KILLING OF BIN LADEN GIVES A SENSE OF CLOSURE TO FEWER THAN 2 IN 5 AMERICANS •  Only 27% of those respondents age 65 and older say that bin Laden’s death has given them a sense of closure for 9/11 Does the killing of Osama bin Laden give you a sense of closure for September 11, 2001? Yes No Dont Know 37% 56% 7% Showing All College Gender Age Political Affiliation Income Race Attainment All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I <$75k >$75k No Yes White AA HispYes 37 37 36 42 37 37 27 42 36 33 37 38 36 36 35 39 42No 56 56 56 47 58 56 66 51 59 58 56 58 55 60 60 51 46Don’t know 7 7 8 11 6 6 7 6 5 9 7 4 9 4 6 10 12 64 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • THE MEANING OF CLOSURE IF GIVES A SENSE OF CLOSURE (N=738): What does this closure mean to you? Please be as specific as possible. OPEN-END The mastermind of 9/11 is gone 13% Justice has been served 13% Makes me feel safer 9% Achieved our goal and sent a message 8% Fewer/no terrorist attacks in the future 6% We can expect retaliation 5% Closed one chapter of our history 4% Closure for those affected directly 4% Makes me happy that he is gone 3% A good thing in general 3% One less terrorist in the world 3% We got Al Qaedas leader 3% Revenge 2% Time to move on 2% Our government did a good job 1% Can now focus on other issues 1%Fewer reasons to have our troops in the ME 1% Showing All Other 10% Dont Know 10% 65 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • ONLY 6% THINK THE UNITED STATES HAS DEFEATED AL QAEDA •  3 in 5 believe that we have set the terrorist group back, but not defeated it Do you think we have defeated Al Qaeda, set it back some but not defeated, or not made much impact? Defeated Al Qaeda 60% 27% Set it back some but not defeated it Not made much 8% impact 6% Dont know Showing All College Gender Age Political Affiliation Income Race Attainment All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I <$75k >$75k No Yes White AA HispDefeated Al-Qaeda 6 7 5 7 8 5 2 6 5 5 6 4 6 4 3 9 12Set it back some but 60 64 57 57 62 62 61 64 65 55 58 69 57 67 64 58 49not defeated itNot made much impact 27 24 29 24 24 27 33 22 27 30 27 25 28 24 27 21 27Don’t know 8 5 10 12 7 7 4 8 3 11 8 3 9 4 6 13 12 66 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • 2 IN 5 THINK THE U.S. AND ITS ALLIES ARE WINNING THE WAR AGAINST TERRORISM Who do you think is currently winning the war against terrorism – the U.S. and its allies, neither side, or the terrorist groups like Al Qaeda? The U.S. and its 41% allies 8% Terrorist groups Neither side 41% 11% Dont know Showing All College Gender Age Political Affiliation Income Race Attainment All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I <$75k >$75k No Yes White AA HispThe U.S. and its allies 41 46 35 41 38 42 41 45 43 35 41 43 40 42 40 47 40Terrorist groups 8 8 8 10 7 9 7 6 10 9 9 6 9 7 8 7 8Neither side 41 38 43 36 46 39 41 38 38 45 38 45 39 45 42 32 40Don’t know 11 7 14 14 9 10 10 10 9 12 12 6 13 6 10 14 11 67 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • MAJORITY THINKS THE BUSH ADMINISTRATION POLICIES HAVE MADE THE U.S. AT LEAST SOMEWHAT SAFER Would you say the policies of the Bush Administration have made the U.S. much safer from terrorism, somewhat safer, somewhat less safe, or much less safe from terrorism? Much safer Somewhat safer Somewhat less safe Much less safe 14% 40% 17% 18% Showing All College Gender Age Political Affiliation Income Race Attainment All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I <$75k >$75k No Yes White AA HispSAFER (TOTAL) 54 61 48 54 52 54 60 37 79 50 53 60 53 56 60 35 43Much safer 14 17 12 14 14 15 15 6 29 11 14 17 14 15 16 8 10Somewhat safer 40 44 36 40 38 39 45 31 50 39 39 43 39 41 44 27 33LESS SAFE 35 32 38 33 36 37 30 52 14 36 35 34 34 37 30 53 41(TOTAL)Somewhat less safe 17 17 17 17 16 17 16 21 11 18 16 17 16 19 16 17 19Much less safe 18 15 21 16 20 20 14 31 3 18 19 17 18 18 14 36 22Don’t know 11 8 14 14 12 9 10 11 7 14 12 6 13 7 10 13 16 68 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • 57% THINK THE OBAMA ADMINISTRATION POLICIES HAVE MADE THE U.S. AT LEAST SOMEWHAT SAFER Would you say the policies of the Obama Administration have made the U.S. much safer from terrorism, somewhat safer, somewhat less safe, or much less safe from terrorism? Much safer Somewhat safer Somewhat less safe Much less safe 13% 44% 16% 15% Showing All College Gender Age Political Affiliation Income Race Attainment All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I <$75k >$75k No Yes White AA HispSAFER (TOTAL) 57 58 56 63 64 56 41 79 34 57 56 62 56 58 49 80 70Much safer 13 13 12 12 14 13 10 24 4 10 12 14 13 12 8 31 16Somewhat safer 44 45 44 51 50 43 31 55 30 47 44 48 43 46 41 49 54LESS SAFE 31 32 29 21 24 34 49 11 57 26 31 31 29 33 39 10 17(TOTAL)Somewhat less safe 16 16 15 16 15 15 20 8 26 14 16 15 15 16 19 6 10Much less safe 15 16 14 5 9 19 29 3 31 12 15 16 14 17 20 4 7Don’t know 12 10 14 16 12 11 10 10 8 16 13 8 14 9 12 11 14 69 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • 7 IN 10 THINK THAT PAKISTANI GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS KNOWINGLY HARBORED BIN LADEN •  Young Americans (age 18-29) are the least likely among all sub-groups to think that Pakistani government officials knew where bin Laden was hiding Do you think Pakistani government officials were knowingly harboring Osama bin Laden, or did they now know his location? Knowingly harbored Osama bin Laden 15% 69% Did not know his 16% location Dont know Showing All College Gender Age Political Affiliation Income Race Attainment All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I <$75k >$75k No Yes White AA HispKnowingly harbored 69 73 66 54 69 77 74 68 78 65 69 72 68 73 72 66 63Osama bin LadenDid not know his 15 12 17 23 15 10 12 18 10 15 14 14 15 14 13 15 17locationDon’t know 16 14 18 23 15 13 14 14 13 20 16 14 18 13 14 20 20 70 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • 18% WANT THE U.S. TO BREAK OFF THE RELATIONSHIP WITH PAKISTAN Do you think the U.S. should seek to improve its relationship with Pakistan, scale back the relationship, break off the relationship entirely, or should it keep the relationship where it is now? Improve 18% Scale back 23% 19% Break off the relationship entirely 13% Keep it where it is now 26% Dont know Showing All College Gender Age Political Affiliation Income Race Attainment All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I <$75k >$75k No Yes White AA HispImprove 26 27 26 35 27 23 22 33 21 26 26 28 24 31 24 33 32Scale back 23 23 23 16 25 25 27 19 28 23 21 31 21 28 26 17 14Break off relationship 18 18 18 12 19 20 18 20 18 17 20 13 20 13 18 15 22entirelyKeep it where it is now 19 22 17 21 17 18 22 18 21 19 19 20 19 19 18 22 21Don’t know 13 10 17 16 12 14 11 11 12 16 14 9 16 9 14 14 11 71 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • 3 IN 4 WANT THE U.S. TO CUT BACK ITS FOREIGN AID TO PAKISTAN •  Older Americans and Republicans are especially in favor of cutting back America’s military and non-military aid to Pakistan In 2011 the United States government has promised roughly $4.5 billion in military and non-military aid to Pakistan. In the future, do you think the amount of aid to Pakistan should be…? Cut back 77% 3% Increased 12% Kept about the same 8% Dont know Showing All College Gender Age Political Affiliation Income Race Attainment All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I <$75k >$75k No Yes White AA HispCut back 77 78 76 66 76 80 83 73 82 75 76 80 75 79 80 63 71Increased 3 4 3 4 5 2 0 4 2 3 4 2 4 1 2 8 6Kept about the same 12 12 12 16 10 12 12 16 10 11 12 13 11 14 11 15 13Don’t know 8 6 10 13 8 6 5 8 5 10 8 5 9 5 7 13 10 72 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • TIME TO LEAVE AFGHANISTAN;DEMOCRATIC ELECTIONS IN MIDDLE EASTPERCEIVED TO HAVE LITTLE IMPACT ONU.S. NATIONAL INTERESTS NEW YORK • WASHINGTON • DENVER • SEATTLE • LOS ANGELES • SAN FRANCISCO • AUSTIN• LONDON • HONG KONG • BEIJING • DUBAI 73 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • 2 IN 5 WANT THE U.S. TO END ITS COMBATOPERATIONS IN AFGHANISTAN SOONER THAN 2014 •  Only 46% of Democrats think that the Obama Administration’s timeline is about right The Obama Administration plans to end the U.S. combat operations in Afghanistan by 2014. Do you think the pace of the planned withdrawal of troops from Afghanistan is too fast, too slow, or about right? 38% Too fast Too slow 40% About right 12% Dont know 10% Showing All College Gender Age Political Affiliation Income Race Attainment All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I <$75k >$75k No Yes White AA HispToo fast 10 13 8 9 7 11 15 5 21 7 10 11 9 13 12 5 6Too slow 40 38 42 42 42 38 40 42 34 44 41 38 41 38 41 28 44About right 38 38 37 39 37 40 34 46 33 35 37 41 37 40 34 55 37Don’t know 12 10 13 10 14 12 11 7 13 14 12 10 13 8 12 12 13 74 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • ONLY 27% BELIEVE THAT THE AFGHAN WAR HAS DECREASED THE THREAT OF TERRORISM In your opinion, has the U.S. Military involvement in Afghanistan increased the threat of terrorism against the United States, decreased, or has it had no effect on the threat of terrorism against the U.S.? 27% Increased 27% Decreased 13% No effect 34% Dont know Showing All College Gender Age Political Affiliation Income Race Attainment All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I <$75k >$75k No Yes White AA HispIncreased 34 32 35 40 37 30 29 36 27 37 36 28 36 30 31 41 39Decreased 27 33 21 26 27 28 24 28 29 24 24 35 23 34 28 23 29No effect 27 26 27 20 23 29 37 24 34 24 26 28 26 28 30 20 17Don’t know 13 8 17 14 12 13 11 12 10 15 14 8 15 8 12 16 14 75 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • MAJORITY SAYS NO DEAL SHOULD EVER BE MADE WITH THE TALIBAN Which is closer to your view?The United Statesshould encouragethe government of No deal should Afghanistan topursue a deal with 22% 63% ever be made with the Taliban the Taliban to stabilize the country Showing All College Gender Age Political Affiliation Income Race Attainment All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I <$75k >$75k No Yes White AA HispThe United States shouldencourage thegovernment of 22 25 19 28 23 18 22 24 16 25 22 21 22 22 18 31 30Afghanistan to pursue adeal with the Taliban tostabilize the countryNo deal should ever be 63 64 63 55 62 69 63 61 74 57 62 68 61 67 67 55 56made with the TalibanDon’t Know 15 12 18 17 15 13 16 15 10 18 16 11 17 11 15 15 14 76 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • 3 IN 4 DO NOT EXPECT FRIENDLIER GOVERNMENTS IN TUNISIA AND EGYPT Do you think democratic elections in the Middle East countries like Tunisia and Egypt will produce governments that are….? Friendlier towards the U.S. 34% More hostile towards the 24% U.S. 17% Make no difference in the relations with the U.S. 25% Dont know Showing All College Gender Age Political Affiliation Income Race Attainment All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I <$75k >$75k No Yes White AA HispFriendlier towards the 25 26 24 28 24 26 19 32 23 20 24 28 23 29 24 33 21U.S.More hostile towards 24 27 22 23 25 23 29 20 28 25 25 24 25 22 25 21 27the U.S.Make no difference inthe relations with the 34 34 33 32 33 34 36 30 35 35 33 35 34 34 35 29 30U.S.Don’t know 17 13 21 18 18 17 16 18 14 20 18 13 18 16 17 18 22 77 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • FEW EXPECT THE NEW GOVERNMENTS IN TUNISIA AND EGYPT TO WORK TO REDUCE TERRORISM Do you think democratic elections in the Middle East countries like Tunisia and Egypt will produce governments that are….? Will work to reduce terrorism 36% Might foster terrorism 18% 16% Will make no difference in regards to terrorism 29% Dont know Showing All College Gender Age Political Affiliation Income Race Attainment All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I <$75k >$75k No Yes White AA HispWill work to reduce 29 29 30 35 29 28 25 37 25 26 29 31 28 32 28 36 30terrorismMight foster terrorism 18 21 16 15 19 17 22 11 25 19 17 23 18 19 20 9 14Will make no difference 36 38 35 31 35 39 40 32 38 38 36 36 36 37 38 32 34in regards to terrorismDon’t know 16 13 19 18 17 16 14 19 11 17 17 11 18 12 14 22 22 78 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • AL QAEDAS ATTACKS WOULD POSE A GREATER THREAT THAN OTHERS Which of the following would pose the greatest threat to peace and stability in the U.S.? Al Qaeda launching attacks against the U.S 28% Iran getting nuclear weapons 20% Middle East turmoil 17% North Korea getting nuclear weapons 16% Other 8% Dont know 12% Showing All Political College Gender Age Income Race Affiliation Attainment All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I <$75k >$75k No Yes White AA HispAl Qaeda launching 28 24 31 28 31 27 25 31 24 28 28 28 29 26 26 33 33attacks against the U.S.Iran getting nuclear 20 24 16 19 16 20 26 18 24 19 19 23 19 20 22 12 17weaponsMiddle East turmoil 17 19 15 14 18 18 17 17 18 16 17 19 15 21 18 19 11North Korea getting 16 14 18 19 17 15 12 17 16 15 16 16 16 16 15 18 18nuclear weaponsOther 8 8 8 6 6 9 9 6 8 8 8 6 7 8 8 3 7Don’t know 12 10 13 14 12 11 10 11 9 13 12 8 13 9 11 15 14 79 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • APPENDIX: ADDITIONAL FINDINGS NEW YORK • WASHINGTON • DENVER • SEATTLE • LOS ANGELES • SAN FRANCISCO • AUSTIN• LONDON • HONG KONG • BEIJING • DUBAI 80 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • THE MOST IMPORTANT TRENDS OF THE DECADEWhat was the single Political College Gender Age Income Racemost important Affiliation AttainmentTREND in the past Alldecade? OPEN-END M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I <$75k >$75k No Yes White AA HispThe rising national debt 16 20 14 16 15 16 20 10 22 17 15 21 15 20 19 10 12U.S. jobs being sent 14 15 14 12 12 17 16 14 16 13 14 14 15 13 15 14 9overseasIncreased use of 13 11 15 16 13 13 10 15 11 14 13 13 13 14 13 17 11technologyIncreasing corporate 9 10 8 6 9 11 8 11 6 9 8 11 8 10 10 6 7greedSpread of global terrorism 7 7 7 7 6 9 8 7 10 6 7 8 6 10 8 6 9The decline of home 5 6 4 5 5 5 4 5 6 4 5 6 5 5 5 3 9pricesIncreasing immigration 5 5 4 4 5 4 7 5 4 5 6 2 6 2 4 4 7The rise of social media 5 4 5 7 6 4 1 6 4 4 4 6 5 5 4 7 6The U.S. populationbecoming more ethnically 3 2 3 3 3 1 3 3 1 3 2 2 2 2 2 6 4diverseIncreasing role of womenin the workplace and 3 1 4 3 4 2 2 4 2 3 3 1 3 1 1 6 5politicsThe U.S. population 2 3 2 1 1 3 3 3 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 0 3getting olderThe rise of online search 2 2 3 3 4 2 1 3 2 2 2 3 3 2 2 4 4The 24-7 news cycle 2 1 2 2 3 1 1 2 1 2 2 2 1 3 2 2 1Arab Spring protests in 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 2 2 1 0the Middle EastThe decline of print media 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 0The increasing number of 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1independent votersOther 4 4 4 3 3 4 7 2 5 5 4 3 4 3 4 2 5Don’t know 6 5 8 7 7 5 6 6 6 6 7 3 8 2 6 7 7 81 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • EACH SUB-GROUP PERCEIVES THE ECONOMY AND JOBS AS THE MOST IMPORTANT ISSUES TO FOCUS ON •  Democrats are more likely than other groups to say the government needs to focus on the economy and jobs, while Republicans are more likely than other to cite deficit and government spending as the top priorityWhich one of the Political College Gender Age Income Racefollowing issues do Affiliation Attainmentyou think thepresident and AllCongress should M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I <$75k >$75k No Yes White AA Hispfocus on right now?Economy and jobs 46 46 45 43 48 49 39 55 40 42 45 46 45 48 45 50 48Deficit and government 18 20 15 19 16 15 22 9 26 18 16 22 16 21 20 7 14spendingHealth care 9 6 11 8 6 10 11 10 6 9 9 8 9 8 8 13 5Fuel costs 5 6 5 7 6 5 2 5 4 6 6 5 6 4 5 7 3Terrorism and national 3 4 3 3 4 3 4 3 4 3 3 3 4 3 3 4 4securityWars in Iraq and 4 4 4 3 3 5 4 5 3 4 4 3 4 4 4 4 4AfghanistanImmigration 4 5 3 5 4 3 4 3 4 4 4 3 4 4 4 1 8Moral values/ family 5 5 6 4 7 4 6 4 7 5 6 4 6 3 5 7 7valuesOther 5 5 5 4 5 5 7 4 5 6 6 4 5 5 5 4 4Don’t know 2 1 2 3 1 1 2 1 0 3 1 1 2 0 1 3 4 82 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • OVERALL QUALITY OF LIFE AMONG SUB-GROUPS •  Only 28% of Hispanics believe that the overall quality of life for immigrants has improved over the past 10 yearsPlease indicate Political College Gender Age Income Racewhether you think the Affiliation Attainmentoverall quality of lifehas improved,declined, or stayed thesame in the pastdecade for each of the Allfollowing groups of M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I <$75k >$75k No Yes White AA Hisppeople living in theUnited States.Showing % Improved/DeclinedGays and lesbians 55/11 57/11 54/10 52/16 53/11 58/9 58/8 53/14 57/10 55/9 51/11 69/10 53/12 61/10 59/9 49/11 42/19Upper class Americans 48/15 50/16 46/13 39/14 48/14 52/14 53/18 51/13 39/19 52/13 48/16 50/12 47/16 51/11 49/14 48/22 41/13Hispanics 44/19 50/17 37/20 37/21 42/19 46/18 51/18 40/20 50/14 42/21 43/19 48/17 44/18 44/21 45/17 43/18 40/27Immigrants 41/24 40/24 41/24 32/31 37/24 47/21 47/21 33/30 49/18 40/24 40/25 44/25 41/22 39/28 43/22 41/20 28/41African-Americans 33/24 35/25 31/23 28/16 33/26 32/28 41/24 30/25 36/23 33/24 32/23 35/27 33/22 33/28 34/22 26/37 33/18Muslims 23/32 25/33 20/32 13/45 25/33 24/30 29/19 15/41 33/23 22/32 23/30 23/40 24/29 20/40 24/32 18/35 16/34Young adults 17/54 18/53 15/54 21/45 20/54 14/56 11/59 18/51 15/62 18/50 17/53 18/57 18/51 14/60 15/57 18/45 24/45Caucasians 16/38 16/42 15/35 20/24 19/33 12/47 11/49 20/28 11/50 16/37 16/39 16/38 17/37 13/41 9/47 38/15 21/21Jews 15/16 18/16 13/16 16/11 20/12 13/19 11/22 13/11 14/23 17/15 14/16 19/17 16/15 14/18 11/18 22/15 21/12Seniors 14/55 17/51 11/59 23/34 12/51 11/65 12/68 16/51 11/62 14/53 14/54 14/58 15/52 11/61 10/62 23/46 17/37Middle class Americans 10/64 11/64 9/65 15/45 13/58 6/76 6/74 11/60 7/75 12/60 10/67 11/69 11/60 8/75 6/73 18/48 20/42Working class Americans 9/70 11/68 8/72 13/53 14/64 5/81 7/79 10/69 7/76 11/67 10/63 8/79 10/66 9/78 5/79 14/58 18/47 83 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • U.S. RELATIONS WITH FOREIGN COUNTRIES OVER THE PAST DECADEIn the past decade, Political College Gender Age Income Racehas each of the Affiliation Attainmentfollowing country’srelationship with theU.S. improved,deteriorated, or All M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I <$75k >$75k No Yes White AA Hispremained the same?Showing % Improved/DeterioratedChina 28/24 30/24 27/24 22/20 27/25 32/25 30/27 32/18 26/29 27/24 28/25 31/24 27/24 32/23 29/26 32/14 18/21United Kingdom 26/13 31/14 21/11 29/8 23/12 26/13 28/17 30/10 22/18 26/10 25/12 29/15 25/12 29/14 24/14 24/10 34/6India 24/15 28/16 20/14 18/10 22/15 28/17 26/17 23/15 24/19 26/12 22/16 30/16 21/16 30/14 22/16 27/11 26/11Iraq 22/51 28/46 16/56 18/53 20/49 22/53 27/50 17/55 26/51 21/49 20/52 27/49 21/51 24/53 23/53 22/41 19/46Russia 19/22 21/24 16/19 16/14 14/26 22/23 23/24 18/20 17/28 21/19 20/21 18/26 17/20 22/25 20/24 18/16 16/13Afghanistan 15/59 19/58 11/60 13/60 17/57 15/59 12/60 11/63 18/57 15/57 14/60 19/57 13/59 18/57 15/60 16/45 11/62Israel 12/35 14/34 11/37 10/32 10/34 16/37 12/40 12/34 12/42 13/32 13/35 11/38 13/34 11/38 11/38 22/27 12/35Egypt 11/38 15/41 8/35 12/31 13/34 11/40 10/48 12/33 10/44 12/38 13/37 10/43 12/36 11/41 10/42 13/26 15/30Saudi Arabia 10/34 13/30 7/38 11/36 11/32 11/34 5/36 11/34 8/37 11/32 10/36 11/33 10/35 9/33 8/36 16/26 16/30North Korea 7/51 7/58 7/46 10/41 6/47 5/61 4/54 8/48 6/59 5/48 7/49 6/61 8/47 2/62 5/55 9/41 14/39Pakistan 7/62 8/66 7/59 12/54 6/62 8/65 3/69 8/63 6/68 8/58 7/62 7/66 7/61 7/67 6/67 16/38 8/60Iran 6/62 6/64 5/60 5/57 8/57 6/64 3/70 7/57 4/68 6/60 6/61 6/64 5/58 6/68 5/65 10/49 6/57Yemen 5/38 8/44 3/32 6/21 6/34 4/47 5/48 6/35 6/43 4/37 5/37 6/44 5/34 6/46 4/42 8/28 8/28Libya 5/58 5/66 5/51 9/43 5/55 4/64 4/72 6/58 4/67 6/52 5/57 6/67 5/54 5/68 4/64 9/40 8/51Syria 4/42 4/50 4/36 5/27 3/42 5/46 1/58 4/40 3/49 4/39 3/43 5/45 4/39 4/49 3/47 6/27 6/37 84 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.
  • AMERICANS VIEW THE U.S. MILITARY AS MOST CAPABLE OF PROTECTING FROM TERRORISM College Gender Age Political Affiliation Income Race AttainmentFor each of thefollowing individualsand groups, pleaseindicate howconfident you arethat they are capable Allof protecting the M F 18-29 30-44 45-64 65+ D R I <$75k >$75k No Yes White AA HispUnited States from aterrorist attack.Showing % ConfidentThe U.S. military 85 87 82 78 84 88 87 86 91 78 83 89 83 86 86 83 77The CIA 68 71 65 66 68 67 72 70 73 62 65 81 64 75 68 69 63The federal government 56 56 55 56 62 54 49 68 49 51 54 64 55 58 52 68 57Local law enforcement 56 56 56 51 59 53 63 57 59 53 55 62 54 59 57 54 52Barack Obama 52 52 50 59 61 48 32 76 28 49 46 52 51 51 43 75 60The TransportationSecurity Administration 47 47 47 50 49 45 45 55 46 42 46 50 49 44 44 52 56(TSA)The Republican Party 44 47 40 43 42 43 47 25 74 35 41 52 45 42 48 30 35The Democratic Party 41 40 43 52 43 40 32 68 20 38 41 43 43 39 33 66 52Mitt Romney 30 33 28 31 27 29 36 20 46 27 30 34 29 32 33 17 28Newt Gingrich 24 29 21 23 24 25 27 14 39 23 24 28 24 24 27 18 20Sarah Palin 23 29 16 18 23 23 26 12 41 19 23 23 23 20 25 12 22Michele Bachmann 20 26 15 22 19 18 25 15 29 17 21 19 21 19 20 19 20Tim Pawlenty 19 24 15 18 19 15 27 13 30 15 18 20 19 19 20 13 17Jon Huntsman 16 19 13 20 20 11 13 16 16 16 16 17 16 15 13 20 23 85 ©PENN, SCHOEN & BERLAND ASSOCIATES, LLC.