This is the most popular genre with international repercussions.
Its origin was in the late eighteenth - early nineteenth century.
Flamenco is a Spanish genre of music.
UNESCO declared the flamenco Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.
The Malagueña is a type of flamenco .
This song is not dance, but works great melodic record.
The sevillanas is a typical song and dance of Seville .
It is usually danced in the various fairs held throughout the region of Andalusia, especially in the April Fair in Seville and in the pilgrimage of El Rocío in the village Almonte Huelva.
The Antequera fandango is a popular dance that is danced traditionally in Antequera
The fandango antequerano born to conquer and flirting between men and women
El “pito rociero’’ is a spanish tradicional wind instrument .
Its name comes from its use on “el Camino del Rocío’’.
Flamenco guitar. Vary their sound a slightly different construction and use of different types of wood.
The castanets are
a percussion instrument
made of wood, known
by the Phoenicians three
thousand years ago.
Flemish palms or palms are a
rhythmic accompaniment for
singing and dancing.
Folklore is very varied, but the jota is the song of dance that has been imposed, in its current form, throughout the twentieth century .
Aragon music is characterized by a dense percussive rhythm, which some attributed to North African origin (Bereber).
The Jota, now spread throughout the country, may have originated in southern Aragon.
The instruments used in the jota includes castanets, tambourines, mandolins and flutes.
Other manifestations are mazurcas, paloteados, villanos, boleros o valses.
The rondalla or instrumental ensemble consists primarily of copies of the plucked string family, especially guitar, mandolin and lute, but gradually regains the use of guitars .
Among the popular dances include the paloteo (palotiaus) and dance (ritual dance), accompanied by traditional instruments like flute, gaita de boto , or chicotén chiflo and harp, and horn Ribagorza.
And with all the above instruments, popular dance songs can be interpreted in Aragon: waltz, polka, mazurka, jack, paso doble .
Asturias has one of the oldest folklore, rich and evocative of Spain .
The corri-corri is possibly the oldest dance.
The pericote , dance and traditional raw vaqueiros dances .
The bagpipe and drum are, as in Galicia instruments entrenched across the region of Asturias.
His character is certainly ritual and magic.
The women running multiple (usually six) and a single man or boy ( Bailin ).
Have proposed different interpretations of the evolution of solemn women while men dance around them
Comes with a romance and Percussion.
Pericote de Cué.
On June 13 is celebrated in Cue (Llanes) Party S. Antonio. Formerly, it was danced on this day a very special Pericote in which only women took part. Those who played the role of man dressed in a very striking and were known as the "Parrots".
We can set in the 1850 date that was left running the Pericote in this way .
After a thorough job of documentation and evidence collection, JET Folklore Association recovered this dance.
The Bagpipe .
The bagpipe was already used by the ancient Romans and may be they those which have introduced in our country
Asturian bagpipes falls within the group of wind instruments and the main feature is its air tank called bellows.
The tabor (tamboril).
El tamboril is a percussion instrument played with one stick cylindrical membranophone typical of the Iberian Peninsula.
Similar to a drum, but with a more narrow and long box.
The traditional dances and songs have a great personality .
The most typical are the Balearic bolero and jota, with its variants and the copeos maitexes .
BOLERO VIEJO O PARADO (Valldemosa):
is a slow derivation streak(seguidilla) .
Accompanied with violins, guitars,
castanets and the peculiar triangle,
an instrument as simple as popular in Spain.
S’A LLARGA Y S’A CURTA (Ibiza): Their names have a Spanish translation extremely easy: the long and short, difference is the degree of liveliness of rhythm. The accompaniment is made with drum, flute and castanets . The key feature of these dances is in the symbolism of adopting the attitudes of men and women .
S’ESCANDALARI (Ibiza): This dance has a very clear rural form, peasant old rite. Formerly served to express with grace and joy the fervor of the peasants at the end of the tasks of plowing and harvesting.
The xeremies (plural xeremies):
is an instrument of the family of cleats
typical of the Balearic Islands. The
xeremies is composed of a leather
bag or other material (now manufactured
with modern polymeric materials) or sac
called tartar ("sack" or "pouch") in which
air collects and has three openings.
CASTILLA-LA MANCHA FOLKLORE
Castilla-La Mancha occupies the southern subplateau, except Madrid and Extremadura.
The region articulates around La Mancha, the great plain of the plateau, of great towns and people with personality.
DANZANTES Y PECADOS -Eucharistic dance -The dancers go carrying the symbols and instruments “of the Passion of the Gentleman” -They cover with strange masks. - One of the penitents strikes with a species of mallet in a wood and produces a rythmical sound which accompanies the dance. It is dance of great view and very colorful .
DANZA DEL PALOTEO Y EL CORDÓN A LA VIRGEN DE LA PIEDAD -It is need eight dancers and a boy, call “rabozorra”, who dance in the middle of everybody with a whip in the hand . -The dancers are placed in two rows, front, and to the compass of the melody, they dance the dance of the paloteo, marking the rate with the snaps of the fingers and the blows of the small sticks. During the same, they change of step, a row with another one, making diverse rythmical exercises, always to the compass of the drum and the dulzaina.
Most popular dances SEGUIDILLA -Its is the most important dance on La Mancha. -It dance is support with the guitar and the castanets -Structure: a) Instrumental introduction d) Sung song b) Sung exit e) Instrumental return c) Instrumental return FANDANGO -It is danced by couples placed front. The men, with the arms in the hips, and the women, with snaps of the fingers to mark the movements, the right in the hip and the other hanging. -Usually accompanied with guitars, mandurrias and snaps of the fingers. BOLERO -Essence of the folklore of La Mancha. -Women dress with skirts and blouses. -Men with narrow trousers, short jacket and white shirt. -Its is touch with small stikcs and the dance has three times.
Guitar -Owns six cords to be pressed and its box of resonance has flat basic cover and waist. The cords are tightened in parallel to a flat mast with frets that shorten to the cord in halftones when pressing envelope they with the left fingers. The right fingers are used to beat. -The cords can be beaten with the yolks of the fingers or the nails, although exists a typical technique of the flamenco call “alzapúa”, that uses only the thumb of the right hand.
Castanets - Its name derive from the latin castanea. -Consist of wood pieces that are interlaced with a cord and that according to its sound, are placed in the right and left hand. -At first they were touched with four fingers. -They acompain the seguidillas and the boleros.
Folklore in the Basque Country
The Basque Country has a very peculiar folklore, which is reflected in its festivals, and in its fully indigenous sports, such as the popular game of Basque ball.
The songs and dances, together with traditional instruments like drum and txistu , complete a sample of their rich traditions.
Traditional Parties Typical in the day of Ash Wednesday. The most important ones are: Fiestas de la Blanca -Start on August 4 in the Plaza de la Virgen Blanca. -Thousands of visitors flock Vitoria and to start celebration with the fall of Celedon . -The aurresku dance is danced this day. Tamborrada of San Sebastian -Its origins in the nineteenth century, in commemoration of the occupation Napoleonic in San Sebastian during the War of Independence. -Dress with Napoleonic costume or like cookers. - One hundred companies made up between 20 and 50 drums and 50 to 100 barrels parade through all the neighborhoods.
Aurresku : in this dance the woman does not dance but is danced. Is composed exclusively of men, of which the first( aurresku ) and last( atzesku ) have on the hand their hats. These two are the major characters dance. It gives solemnly around the square and across from City Hall. Four or two of the rope and bring out then that has to be the partner of aurreskulari. Once in place, come and dance to it it one of the times of the dance. Same ceremony is repeated with atzesku to another couple who brings dancing to it as similar to the previous. More partners are brought on to others that form the rope or row of men being separated for a few scarves.
Ezpatadantza : original rhythm and difficult by the constant change of rhythm. It is in the music and on details such as sticks or weapons accessories worn by dancers which characterizes the Basque dance.
Basque musical instruments Alboka The Alboka is a musical air instrument, that has double clarinete. It has two canes, one with five holes and the other with three. In one of the sides the mouth is put. In order to increase sound in the other end it has a great horn. All the pieces are tied with a wood yoke.It goes accompanied of pandero and a person who sings. Trikitixa Is like the accordion . The trikitixa and tambourine are very close. In the Basque Country in the nineteenth century was opening this instrument to play popular music. Its is small and easy to carry.
The Folklore of Cantabria presents a great variety throughout its valleys with complicated dances or paloteo , popular forms like pericote or the Jotas montañesas always accompanied by rich vocal music.
The pericote lebaniego Danced in the area of the Picos de Europa. It is a dance in which a young man dances with two girls. Comes into play the flirtation and resistance pretending to dance with occasional contempt and be convinced, very typical of the dances of Cantabria.
Dances of pilgrimage whose origin is unknown, but surely began to dance in the fifteenth century or early XVI. The boys and girls gather around the shrine of the saints or the town square and dance in groups of two,three, four or more partners or as Picayos religious.
Popular instruments of Cantabria
BAGPIPE -The model used is identical to that of Asturias. -The bagpipe is usually accompanied by a snare drum and apart from its animation of the dance, has served to accompany the singing mountain.
CLARINET / PITU
Pitu is the name under which the clarinet is known in Cantabria. Since the mid-nineteenth century has seen a broadcast abundant in west-central Cantabrian, with the key in E flat (Lead) as the most use. In a small focus of popular clarinet eastern mountainous interior, the key of Mi Bemol was the most frequent. Jacks and pericote are the type of parts that are most often interpreted by piters.
The origin can be judaic. Although what today we know is the previous existence among them of melancholic and funeral songs.
ISA Comes the variety jotas.The Isa is more peaceful than jota.The Isa is the song and dance most closely identified with the Canary Islands. Musically, the Isa has an instrumental part and other sung, begins with four chords followed by an instrumental song.
Other important dance is the Folía , oldest than Isas and were a noble dance.
Sounds GOMERO´ WHISTLE (a musical language) It is a legacy of the early civilizations that inhabited the Canary Islands. It is a language very close to music and unique in the world. It originates from the communication problems that existed on an island as mountainous as La Gomera. Thanks to this ingenious and old system, any message can travel the 378 km2 of the island in half an hour. melodic line can be continuous or, conversely, interrupted.
Intruments Timple The timple is a characteristic instrument of the Canarian music. This is the smallest instrument of the guitar. It can have five strings, but on the island of Tenerife is touched timple of four strings. Chacaras Idiophone instrument similar to castanets. It is used on the island of Hierro and La Gomera for interpreting traditional songs. In La Gomera, the size of these chácaras is considerable, comprising a little more than hands that touch them. Have a place in the inner center, and according to its hoarse timbre is called "male", who is leading the pace, and is more acute "female".Castanet in Tenerife is the smallest.
Catalan folklore has a courtly and refined origin .
Catalan dances transmit gallantry and beauty which are emphasized with the colourful costumes
The Sardana is danced in a closed circle by several couples joined at the hands , that is, male dancer s take the hand to the women. There are two main types, the original sardana curta (short sardana) style and the more modern sardana llarga (long sardana), which is more popular.
The Moixiganga is a ritual dance through gymnastic exercises. The dancers perform some scenes of the Passion of Jesus Christ, mainly suffering scenes such as the cruxifiction. They wear a special costume for dancing it. We have also to point the elegance and beauty of these gymnastic movements.
The flabiol is a woodwind musical instruments . The flabiol measures about 25 centimeters in length and has five or six holes on its front face and three underneath.
The gralla is a musical instrument presently very popular in Cataluña, and
is considered as a tradicional instrument of the country. We know its history
with certain detail, from the 19th century on, specially in association with its
use as provider of some tunes for a popular activity known as “castells”
(“human towers”), as well as its use in feasts and celebrations .
It has a very rich and varied folklore it has been inherited by its historical influences. The fireworks, the music and the dance are part of the main celebrations in Valencia.
El uno y el dos is a very popular dance in Valencia and in Levante . It is danced in couples forming a circle with the men inside it. It is not easy to dance .
The Jota de Jijona (Alicante), is the most representative jota in Levante. It keeps up the authenticity of the original jota. It is characterized by the elegance of women dancing it. Guitars and bandurrias are presented in this dance
The dulzaina is a Spanish double reed instrument in the oboe family. It has a conical shape . One of te most beautiful melodies is the “Muixeranga” from Algemesí.
The tabalet is a drum that accompanies the dulzaina. It is known since the thirteen century . It is a big drum, it has twenty centimetres and a thirty centimetres diameter .
It has original celebrations that make this town very famous. In fact all the people who go there participate in the performances. The celebrations are developed in winter are in spring.
The candil is one of the most representatives dancings in Badajoz,it has its origin in Olivenza.
The patita is a slaughter dancing. The pair taht danced during more time could to eat the pig´s leg.
The fandango extremeño is the fandango more dancing in Badajoz. Is a border fandango.
The flauta de tres agujeros was created by pastors. Its length is about 30 or 45 cm. Is material can be wood or bone.
The flauta de las Hurdes is a flute with three holes that is played with the left hand.
Its rhythm is companied by the tamboril.
The tamboril is played to accompanied the sound of the “flauta”.
It is an instrument similar to a drum. The person who play the “flauta” and the ”tamboril” is called tamborilero.
Castilla y Leon is, due to his extension, part of Spain that presents major variety in which to music folk, although is the less known.
The Jota castellana use to be accompanied with guitars, bandurrias, laudes, tamboril and dulzaina. The music use to be accompanied with songs that are called coplas.
The seguidilla is a quick, triple-time old Castillian folksong and dance form . In general, seguidilla folksongs begin with a brief instrumental introduction, often played on guitar . The remaining sections are free and varied, consisting of instrumental interludios and the vocal sections called coplas
The dulzaina ( dolçaina) is a Spanish double reed instrument in the oboe family. It has a conical shape and is the equivalent of the Breton bombarde.
The tamboril is a cylindrical percussion instrument, cylindrical and striked with cleaning rod. It is similar to a drum its box is narrower and extender.
It can be made with animal skin.
Galician dances Muñeira: It's the most famous galician dance. I'ts acompained with drums, bagpipes and tamborils. Panderada: Very similar to muñeiras but also acompained with pandeiros. Galician Jota: fast jota danced in celebrations going from the back to forwards turning in cicles. Muñeira dancers
Galician music Dawn: a sweet melodie nowadays played only with intruments. Alalas: the oldest galician songs, maybe from a celtic origin. It's very slow. Aturuxo: It's a kind of shout done at the end of any song. Aturuxo
Galician instruments. Bagpipe: the most representative instrument from Galician music. Used in almost kinds of dances and music compositions. Tamboril: Big sized drum batted with an only one hand. Cunchas: similar to castanets but played rubbing the two pieces. Pandereta: very important in galician percusion. It acompains almost galician music. Charrasco: very recent al galician music. Made with wood and bells with a piece to hold it and shake it. Tarrañolas: two pieces made of wood with hollows for the fingers.
Madrid dances, music and instruments Chotis: this comes from Scotland. Arrived around 1850 it became very popular so fast that is very related to Madrid. It's played by pairs. The woman turns in circles over the man. Organillo: It's a small organ or piano only made in one factory in Madrid. Cleat: a wind intrument of doublue tongue-piece (but some times single tongued) that comes from the Roman Empire.
Murcian music and dances. The major cuantity of music is religious music: m arches of Passover, mays, the Rosary of the Aurora, Carols ,Animeras and Aguilanderos. But the most important is the rollover, a fast dance which music has loving or humorous tone.
Murcian instruments The bandurria is a kind of laud but wit 11 pairs of cords. Pandereta is a percussion instrument made mostly of times with wood. It has some bells at the border Cane is a hollow wood piece which is played batting it with the hand. Castanets are two pieces of concave wood that are played by shocking them with the fingers.
Navarresse dances and music Iribasco ingurutxoa is a kind of dance that uses the castanets on the coreography. Larrai'n dantza, also known as dance of the era. It comes from Euskady. Erronkariko thun-thun. The pairs enter the place turning in sense in opposition to the needles of the clock. Kaskarotak is a feminine dance where the group of dancers carry a flat basket where they used to save the fish from the fishing boats in port.
Navarresse instruments The most representative is the dulzaina. Dulzaina is a traditional wind instrument of double tongue-piece of the family of the Oboe well-known as "Navarrese bagpipe”.