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Collaborative Management  Approach to Fisheries  and Coastal Resources      of Baler Bay            Pedcris M. OrencioPhil...
Geographical Location                        •A narrow strip of land oriented to                        the bleak and wild...
Project Site                                  Seven Coastal Municipalities                                    Total Munici...
There was a                                                                general decrease                               ...
Resource Management Issues    • Poor regulatory measures onOVER or the               OVERFISHING/ fishers      prevalence ...
Institutional and Governance Issues    • Lack of resource and technical manpower in the      LGU level to implement CRM   ...
EcoGovernance InterventionsLGU Good Governance Principles to Mitigate Threats of Resources             and Environmental D...
EcoGovernance Interventions     Vision of the Inter-LGU Fisheries        Management Plan (ILFMP)    “Kaming mga mamamayan ...
Structural Operations    Municipal Level                       • Formation Committees for                                 ...
EcoGovernance Interventions    The Inter-LGU Fisheries Management               Plan (ILFMP)                              ...
Towards Sustainable ManagementThrough Inter-LGU Implementation• Identify areas of complementation and  coordination• Inten...
Change Process                                        Future State                                                      • ...
Some Transition Activities           Planning,         Registration, Licensing,         Organizational       Boat Permit S...
ILCRMC is the best advocate for the “transition                 process”The Structure           CRMO /          ILCRMC    ...
From Purely “bottoms–up approach” to “lets  do it together approach “(Co–Management )Inter-LGU Reporting System of Illegal...
IEC Support to CRM Implementation                           Materials    Consultation/     Meetings                     St...
Data Banking and ProfilingReporting of Activities (Municipal to ILCRMC)    Date        Location         Type of       Reco...
Resource Management Efforts                          Networking of                             MPAs                       ...
Institutional Sustainability Factors                                  TREE                           ILCRMC         FRUITS...
“Kung Sama-sama,  Kayang-kaya”                   Student Paper
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Collaborative Fisheries Management

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Transcript of "Collaborative Fisheries Management"

  1. 1. Collaborative Management Approach to Fisheries and Coastal Resources of Baler Bay Pedcris M. OrencioPhilippine Environmental Governance Project
  2. 2. Geographical Location •A narrow strip of land oriented to the bleak and wild eastern coast of Luzon (Pacific Coast) •The strip is isolated from the rest of the island by Sierra Madre Mountain Range • Bounded by Isabela to the North, Nueva Ecija, Nueva Vizcaya on the western boarder, Quezon on the South and the Pacific Ocean on the East, with the following coordinates: 15 31’ 02” to 16 31’ 00’’ N Lat 122 31’02’’ to 122 01’30” E Long Source: PPFP, 2003. Student Paper
  3. 3. Project Site Seven Coastal Municipalities Total Municipal Waters 364,976 hectares Total Length of Coastline 410 km Baler Bay Municipality Length of Coastline Municipal Waters (Kilometers) (Hectares) San Luis 54.6 20, 353 Baler 35.2 12, 960 Dipaculao 49.5 16, 073 Dinalungan 27 6,630 Total 141.3 56,016 Student Paper
  4. 4. There was a general decrease in fish production and CPUE between 1989 and 2002.EstimatedCPUEfisher HP = # fishers x 0.0295 (see Padilla and Morales 1997)vessel HP = fisher HP x 102.71 (see Padilla and Morales 1997)total HP = fisher HP + vessel HPCPUE = total catch / total HPSource: Fishery Status of Aurora, 2004. Student Paper
  5. 5. Resource Management Issues • Poor regulatory measures onOVER or the OVERFISHING/ fishers prevalence of “open access system” EXPLOITATION • Illegal fishing e.g. use of noxious substances, OF FISHERY RESOURCES compressor, fine mesh nets • Encroachment of commercial fisheries from DESTRUCTIVE/ ILLEGAL neighboring municipalities into municipal waters FISHING PRACTICES • Weak law enforcement • Destruction of marine resources such as coral COASTAL HABITAT reefs which resulted to low productivity DESTRUCTION Student Paper
  6. 6. Institutional and Governance Issues • Lack of resource and technical manpower in the LGU level to implement CRM •LOCAL GOVERNMENT CAPABILITY Production-oriented thrust of the fisheries sector TO IMPLEMENT CRM PROJECTS • Self-oriented mindset of LGUs in environmental management • Absence of budget allocation for environmental management LOCAL GOVERNMENT • Absence of updated database or profile of DEVELOPMENT ORIENTATION AND fisheries PARTICIPATORY GOVERNANCE • Low community awareness on environmental protection and management Student Paper
  7. 7. EcoGovernance InterventionsLGU Good Governance Principles to Mitigate Threats of Resources and Environmental Deterioration REDUCE FISHING EFFORT ANDthe Problems, TRAININGS AND Outlines TRANSPARENCY, LIMIT ACCESS Issues and Concerns CAPABILITY BUILDING WORKSHOPS ACCOUNTABILITY Inter-LGU Fisheries municipal waters AND PARTICIPATORY affecting the of Baler, Dinalungan, STOP ILLEGAL AND DESTRUCTIVE Management Plan and San Luis and FISHING PRACTICES Dipaculao, provides Policies, Programs TECHNICAL (ILFMP) POLICY AND TECHNICAL and Strategies that would GOVERNMENT PROTECT AND MANAGEimprove the Management of ASSISTANCE COASTAL STRATEGIES INSTRUMENTS HABITATS AND RESOURCES their Municipal Fisheries Student Paper
  8. 8. EcoGovernance Interventions Vision of the Inter-LGU Fisheries Management Plan (ILFMP) “Kaming mga mamamayan ng apat na bayan ng Aurora ay nagkakaisa na …mapigil ang ilegal na paraan ng pangingisda …mapangalagaan ang likas yamang katubigan…. Magkaroon ng sapat na aning isda hanggang sa susunod na salinlahi” Source: ILFMP, 2004. Student Paper
  9. 9. Structural Operations Municipal Level • Formation Committees for implementation (Law Enforcement, IEC, MCS) • Organization of Bantay- Dagat, Institutional MFARMC, BFARMCs Creations • Passing of local ordinances: registration and licensing systems, ban on destructive fishing gears, protection of endangered/ threatened species, declaration of MPAs Financial Policy ILFMP Support Measures • Annual budget allocation for CRM •Special Account for Fisheries Management • Establishment of MPAs, Active capability building of law Efforts enforcers, continuous IEC, conduct of patrolling activities, registration of boat, fishers and permit systems for gears Student Paper
  10. 10. EcoGovernance Interventions The Inter-LGU Fisheries Management Plan (ILFMP) Monitoring Control and San Luis Surveillance (MCS) Inter-LGU Baler Collaboration Legislation CRM Areas Dipaculao Resource Allocation Committee Dinalungan IEC (ILCRMC) Capability Building Provincial Governor EO 05- 2005 Student Paper
  11. 11. Towards Sustainable ManagementThrough Inter-LGU Implementation• Identify areas of complementation and coordination• Intensify working relationships through common concepts, thrust and objectives• Minimize overlapping of functions and enhanced synergy with existing institutions• Maximize utilization of present resources and establish linkage to possible support services• Potential ventures that would support sustainable financing Student Paper
  12. 12. Change Process Future State • Inter LGU collaboration • Sustained political will • A priority LGU project • Cooperating public Transition ILCRMCPresent State Transition --- psychological process• Insufficient Political will people go through to come to terms with the new situation• Padrino system• Weak support system “Unless transition occurs, change will• Lack public awareness not work” Student Paper
  13. 13. Some Transition Activities Planning, Registration, Licensing, Organizational Boat Permit Systems Formation (ILCRMC) Establishment of Law Enforcement MPAs Activities
  14. 14. ILCRMC is the best advocate for the “transition process”The Structure CRMO / ILCRMC Coordinator ILCRMC Gen Assembly Secretariat PFARO staff Law Policy,Registration Technical Enforcement Legislation Licensing Assistance Committee and and IEC M& E Mediation Student Paper
  15. 15. From Purely “bottoms–up approach” to “lets do it together approach “(Co–Management )Inter-LGU Reporting System of Illegal Fishing Practices Barangay - level Municipal - level Provincial - level Asset Bantay Mayor, radio(All members  Dagat, PNP,  operator,  PFARO, PNP, radio in the Philippine PNP, MAO, community) Army, LGU, MFARMC operator Barangay Officials • Coded messages shall be passed through text or radio messages or an asset can report directly to Bantay Dagat , PNP, Army, LGU, and Barangay Officials. • Received messages must be acknowledged. Student Paper
  16. 16. IEC Support to CRM Implementation Materials Consultation/ Meetings Student Paper
  17. 17. Data Banking and ProfilingReporting of Activities (Municipal to ILCRMC) Date Location Type of Record Lodge Actions Actions Information Conducted ExpectedFeedback (ILCRMC to Municipalities) Municipality Date Lodged/ Type of Action Taken Status Reported Information Student Paper
  18. 18. Resource Management Efforts Networking of MPAs • Mabudo • Ditangol • Dibutunan • Aniao- Digisit • Dibut Student Paper
  19. 19. Institutional Sustainability Factors TREE ILCRMC FRUITS Fertilizers and Cultivating Availability and Access to TECHNOLOGY Technologies Technology Investment and Financial Support and LEAVES FINANCIAL Capitalization Funding External cultivation from Adequacy of manpower TRUNK MANPOWER skilled farmer skills and number Firm Foundation Autonomy and Power AUTHORITY ROOT Student Paper
  20. 20. “Kung Sama-sama, Kayang-kaya” Student Paper

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