Feedback to learners & discipline
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  • 1. FEEDBACK Information that is given to the learner about his/her performance of a learning task Objective: To improve performance
  • 2. Errors & Mistakes in the EFLClassroom
  • 3. Errors
    • Evidence of the learner´s developing competence in EFL
    • Examples:
      • The systematic use of did + infinitive
      • The systematic over-use of ´ regular´past tense endings
      • The systematic use of the present perfect to refer to single events in the past
      • CAUSES
      • Interference from the learner´s first language
      • Over-generalization of the rules of the target language
      • Responding to the demands of complex communication
      • (simplifications, omissions)
      • d) carelessness
  • 4. Who corrects?
    • Self-correction
    • Pair correction
    • Teacher correction
  • 5. How do you correct?
    • Sensitively
    • Efficiently
    • Effectively
    • A) Students must know something is not accurate
    • B)The students must know where the error is
    • C) The student must know what kind of error it is
  • 6.  
  • 7. Positive Feedback
    • Purpose: to bring about self-awareness & improvement
    • Genuine praise & encouragement
    • Find areas of improvement in individual students
    • Comment on progress made by the class as a whole
  • 8. How to Praise Learners
  • 9. DISCIPLINE IN THE CLASSROOM
  • 10. How is the discipline in my classroom?
  • 11. Discipline
  • 12. Creating a safe-learning environment
  • 13. Strategies to Discipline in the Classroom
    • Control Accept Ground rules
    • Agree Routine Responsibility
    • Rewards Punishments Behaviour
    • Respect Authority Power
    • Norms Consistent Efficient
    • Obey Cooperation ?
    • Contract
    • Taken from Cambridge University Press 1996
  • 14. Large Classrooms
    • Plan lesson in a well organizaed way
    • Use worksheets
    • Use Pair work & Group work
    • Chorus Reaction
    • Use Group Leaders
    • Balance of Discipline
  • 15. Maintaining Discipline in the Classroom
  • 16. Organizing Pair Work & Group Work
    • Advantages
    • - Reinforces a sense of belonging
    • - It is suitable for many types of activities
    • - It is a good way to understand students progress
    • -
    • Taken from ELT FORUM, 2002 Pearson Education
  • 17. Pair Work & Group Work
    • Disadvantages
    • - It favors the group rather than the individual
    • - Students do not like to participate in front of classes
    • - It may not encourage learners to take responsibility for their own learning
    • - Teachers worry they might lose control of the class
    • - In talkative environments, the students might deviate
    • from the purpose of the activity
    • - Some students might be reluctant to interact with
    • peers
    • Taken from ELT FORUM 2002 Pearson Education
  • 18. Facilitators & Discipline
  • 19. The Role of the Facilitator Teacher
    • To reflect critically on classroom management
  • 20. The learner