Reported speech
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Reported speech

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    Reported speech Reported speech Presentation Transcript

    • REPORTED SPEECH
    • RULE:If the reporting verb is in thepast, the direct speech verboften moves back in time.
    • Example:• Jack: I love you. (Direct Speech)→ Jack said (that) he loved me. (Indirect/Reported Speech)• Susan: I am going to school. (Direct Speech)→ Susan told me (that) she was going to school. (Indirect/Reported Speech)
    • RULE:If the reporting verb is in the present,the direct speech does not changewhen it is reported.
    • Example:• Jack: I love you. (Direct Speech)→ Jack says (that) he loves me. (Indirect/Reported Speech)• Susan: I am going to school. (Direct Speech)→ Susan tells me (that) she is going to school. (Indirect/Reported Speech)
    • BACKSHIFT of TENSES From ToSimple Present Simple PastPeter: "I work in the garden." Peter said that he worked in the garden.Simple Past Past PerfectPeter: "I worked in the garden." Peter said that he had worked in the garden.Past Perfect Past PerfectPeter: "I had worked in the garden." Peter said that he had worked in the garden.Present Perfect Past PerfectPeter: "I have worked in the garden." Peter said that he had worked in the garden.Present Continuous Past ContinuousPeter: "Im working in the garden." Peter said that he was working in the garden.Will WouldPeter: "I will work in the garden." Peter said that he would work in the garden.Can CouldPeter: "I can work in the garden." Peter said that he could work in the garden.May MightPeter: "I may work in the garden." Peter said that he might work in the garden.Would, could, might, should, ought to Would, could, might, should, ought toPeter: "I would work in the garden." Peter said that he would work in the garden.
    • Shifting of expressions of time From Tothis (evening) that (evening)today/this day that day these (days) those (days) now then(a week) ago (the week) beforelast weekend the weekend before / the previous weekend here there next (week) the following (week) tomorrow the next/following day
    • Jack: I won’t go to school tomorrow.Jack says ..............................................•I won’t go to school tomorrow.•he wouldn’t go to school tomorrow.•he won’t go to school tomorrow.•he wouldn’t go to school the next day.
    • Mary: Tom is washing my car now.Mary said ........................................b)Tom was washing my car now.c)Tom is washing my car now.d)Tom was washing his car the next day.e)Tom was washing her car then.
    • Gül: I am going to visit my parents next week.Gül told me that....................................b)she was going to visit her parents thefollowing week.c)she was going to visit my parents next week.d)she is going to visit her parents next week.e)she was going to visit her parents the previousweek.
    • Joe: I have studied English for two hours.Joe said to me that..........................b)I have studied English for two hours.c)he had studied English for two hours.d)he has studied English previous two hours.e)he had studied English two hours ago.
    • Mary said that Joe might take his father’s car thatnight.What is the direct form of the statement above?a) Mary: Joe might take his father’s car last night.b) Mary: I may take Joe’s father’s car at night.c) Mary: Joe might take my father’s car tomorrow night.d) Mary: Joe may take his father’s car tonight.