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School 2020: What should we teach to first-graders so they will thank us? [English]
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School 2020: What should we teach to first-graders so they will thank us? [English]


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Presented to the Forum on the Future of Education, November 2008, Bekasovo, Russia …

Presented to the Forum on the Future of Education, November 2008, Bekasovo, Russia

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  • 1. What should we teach to first-graders so they will thank us? CLASS 2020: Pavel Luksha Presented to the Forum the Future of Educati November 2 Bekasovo, Ru
  • 2. School: A Weak Link in the Russian Society • School system is one of the most undervalued institutions by the Russian society and the government • Poor quality of existing school system and relative under-investment in education will lead to Russia’s strategic decline in the 21st century. • The success of individuals who start their formal education now will only be possible if radical transformation of education occurs
  • 3. Problems of the Modern School • Poor quality / obsolescence of education programs • Poor quality / lack of education facilities • Poor quality of teacher preparation and professional development • Poor quality of student interaction “School for Life”, “School of Life” OR “School AGAINST Life”?
  • 4. Why So: The Path Dependency • The USSR Legacy – The model of ‘sieged fortress’: ‘the best in the world’ education system supported primarily supported the defence industry complex – The isolationism policy in science and culture: locally knowledgeable, globally ignorant – Bureaucracy (!) • The degradation of the social basis in 1990-2000s – The erosion of high quality human resources + degradation of teacher professional education & development system – The absence of requests from the society and the government – Resources are provided to schools on the‘residual’ basis
  • 5. And Meanwhile… Country territories proportional to expenditures on education Source: University of Sheffield
  • 6. And Meanwhile… Source: (Kurzweil, 2008)
  • 7. And Meanwhile…
  • 8. ‘Catching Up’ Doesn’t Work • School education in Russia is strategically degraded in terms of ideology and practice • Recent educational reforms (EGE*) are ‘preparations for the last war” • Increased financing doesn’t solve the problem (the limited ‘absorbing capacity’ of institutions) * EGE = Unified State Examination (simalar to SAT)
  • 9. The Future is Already Here: Class-2020 • Will become economically and politically active by 2025 • Will shape the mid-21st century world • Will go to school in 2008 QUESTION: What should be taught to these first graders so they will thank us?
  • 10. Targeting the Future • When the hockey player Wayne Gretzky was asked: “How do you play so fast?” he answered: “I skate to where the puck is going to be, not where it has been.”
  • 11. Education Pragmatics School 2008-2020 Society 2025 Demands: - economy - science / technology - culture / arts - government ? Demands for today’s education system are shaped in the future
  • 12. What Do We Know about the Future: Some of the Trends • Globalization • Asia (!) • Ultrafast change of technologies • Hyper-competition • Internet • Social self-organization
  • 13. Economy 2025 • Global competition of labor force and producers • Replacement of traditional natural resource economies by environmentally sustainable technologies (oil&gas will count less and less) • Further increased significance of intellectual and creative jobs, flexibility and re-learning ability The high quality human capital will be the only sustainable competitive advantage of any country!
  • 14. Informational Environment 2025 • Digitalization of intellectual and cultural human heritage • Constantly amended shared knowledge libraries (wiki- technologies) • Development of virtual communication environments • Distributed work environments with virtual presence • Integrated ‘computer-human’ system (‘computer dissappearance’) • Internet of Things! Tendencies in Education •“Module” learning •Continuous learning all lifetime •On-line education (eLearning) as the main learning form: •virtual learning environment (virtual boards, classrooms, exhibits…) •virtual learning groups •“distributed” schools Source: Russia ICT Foresight 2007
  • 15. Hyper-competition in Business: Current Dynamics • Fortune 500 of 1994 observed in 2004 – 153 companies went bankrupt, 130 companies have been reorganized (and changed the key business) • Situation changes faster than we want it to: – The average company lifespan went from 14 to 10 years – 72% of top-managers believe that main competitors of their company will be different in 5 years Source: (Zook, 2007) Response of successful organizations: development of dynamic capabilities
  • 16. Dynamic Capabilities • The “ability to integrate, build, and reconfigure internal and external competences to address rapidly changing environments“ • Three types of dynamic capabilities for organizations: – Effective communication processes – Effective internal learning and innovation creation systems – Effective and fast re-learning / re-organization processes • Organization demands to employees: – Effective communication skills – Learning / re-learning skills – Creativity / innovativeness Source: (Teece et al., 1997; Eisenhardt&Martin 2000)
  • 17. What Should a School Teach? • Basic intellectual skills (reading, writing, counting) • “World view”, common cultural basis • Prepare to choose one profession (in addition will need) • Basic skills: – Work with large volumes of information – Communication skills – Creativity – Re-learning skills • “Module” skills School 2020School 1908-2008
  • 18. Basic Human Skills in 2025 • Work with large volume of information (“man is a knowledge pool” system) – Skill of acquiring information – Mindmapping skills – Pattern recognition skills • Communication skills (95% of all workload will involve communication with other people): – Structured “ecological” communication leading to positive change (G. Bateson, …) – Non-verbal communication skills (70-80% of information in human communication) – Creation of proto-artificial intellect: development of human- computer communication interface
  • 19. Basic Skills… (2) • Creativity – manageable individual creativity (Disney’s methods, TRIZ, …) – creative group methods: think tank technologies, ‘knowledge reactors’ etc. • Re-learning skills – development of ‘learn to learn’ ability (learning-2, - 3 by G. Bateson) – Prerequisite of continuous learning over all life according to education process logics
  • 20. Changes in School Education Programs • ‘Through’ development of the Skills of the Future in school process (from first to last grade) • Change in emphasis of teaching, in methods of information delivery, in student involvement formats, methods of appraisal, etc. • Gradual shift from subject-oriented to skill-oriented courses (mathematics, literature, logics, programming, etc.) • Increase in individual and group project-based study and creativity-focused study • Early development of computer competences: active use of Internet and programming in school education
  • 21. What Can Be Done Right Now? • Study and implementation of ‘future skills’ development methods by educational innovators • Creation of innovator network to launch pilot projects (with active use of Internet environment) • Shared knowledge database (wiki) • Prerequisites for establishing new educational standards