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School 2020: What should we teach to first-graders so they will thank us? [English]

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Presented to the Forum on the Future of Education, November 2008, Bekasovo, Russia

Presented to the Forum on the Future of Education, November 2008, Bekasovo, Russia

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School 2020: What should we teach to first-graders so they will thank us? [English] Presentation Transcript

  • 1. What should we teach to first-graders so they will thank us? CLASS 2020 : Pavel Luksha [email_address] Presented to the Forum on the Future of Education, November 2008, Bekasovo, Russia
  • 2. School : A Weak Link in the Russian Society
    • School system is one of the most undervalued institutions by the Russian society and the government
    • Poor quality of existing school system and relative under-investment in education will lead to Russia’s strategic decline in the 21 st century.
    • The success of individuals who start their formal education now will only be possible if radical transformation of education occurs
  • 3. Problems of the Modern School
    • Poor quality / obsolescence of education programs
    • Poor quality / lack of education facilities
    • Poor quality of teacher preparation and professional development
    • Poor quality of student interaction
    “ School for Life” , “School of Life” OR “School AGAINST Life” ?
  • 4. Why So : The Path Dependency
    • The USSR Legacy
      • The model of ‘sieged fortress ’ : ‘the best in the world’ education system supported primarily supported the defence industry complex
      • The isolationism policy in science and culture : locally knowledgeable, globally ignorant
      • Bureaucracy (!)
    • The degradation of the social basis in 1990-2000 s
      • The erosion of high quality human resources + degradation of teacher professional education & development system
      • The absence of requests from the society and the government
      • Resources are provided to schools on the‘residual’ basis
  • 5. And Meanwhile … Country territories proportional to expenditures on education Source : University of Sheffield
  • 6. And Meanwhile … Source : (Kurzweil, 2008)
  • 7. And Meanwhile …
  • 8. ‘ Catching Up’ Doesn’t Work
    • School education in Russia is strategically degraded in terms of ideology and practice
    • Recent educational reforms (EGE*) are ‘preparations for the last war”
    • Increased financing doesn’t solve the problem ( the limited ‘absorbing capacity’ of institutions )
    * EGE = Unified State Examination (simalar to SAT)
  • 9. The Future is Already Here : Class- 2020
    • Will become economically and politically active by 2025
    • Will shape the mid-21 st century world
    • Will go to school in 2008
    QUESTION: What should be taught to these first graders so they will thank us?
  • 10. Targeting the Future
    • When the hockey player Wayne Gretzky was asked: “How do you play so fast?” he answered: “I skate to where the puck is going to be, not where it has been.”
  • 11. Education Pragmatics School 200 8 -2020 Society 2025 Demands : - economy - science / technology - culture / arts - government ? Demands for today’s education system are shaped in the future
  • 12. What Do We Know about the Future : Some of the Trends
    • Globalization
    • Asia (!)
    • Ultrafast change of technologies
    • Hyper-competition
    • Internet
    • Social self-organization
  • 13. Economy 2025
    • Global competition of labor force and producers
    • Replacement of traditional natural resource economies by environmentally sustainable technologies (oil&gas will count less and less)
    • Further increased significance of intellectual and creative jobs, flexibility and re-learning ability
    The high quality human capital will be the only sustainable competitive advantage of any country!
  • 14. Informational Environment 2025
    • Digitalization of intellectual and cultural human heritage
    • Constantly amended shared knowledge libraries ( wiki - technologies)
    • Development of virtual communication environments
    • Distributed work environments with virtual presence
    • Integrated ‘computer-human’ system ( ‘computer dissappearance’ )
    • Internet of Things!
    • Tendencies in Education
    • “ Module” learning
    • Continuous learning all lifetime
    • On-line education ( eLearning) as the main learning form :
      • virtual learning environment ( virtual boards , classrooms , exhibits …)
      • virtual learning groups
      • “ distributed” schools
    Source : Russia ICT Foresight 2007
  • 15. Hyper-competition in Business : Current Dynamics
    • Fortune 500 of 1994 observed in 2004
      • 153 companies went bankrupt, 130 companies have been reorganized (and changed the key business)
    • Situation changes faster than we want it to:
      • The average company lifespan went from 14 to 10 years
      • 72% of top-managers believe that main competitors of their company will be different in 5 years
    Source : (Zook, 200 7 ) Response of successful organizations : development of dynamic capabilities
  • 16. Dynamic Capabilities
    • The “ability to integrate, build, and reconfigure internal and external competences to address rapidly changing environments“
    • Three types of dynamic capabilities for organizations :
      • Effective communication processes
      • Effective internal learning and innovation creation systems
      • Effective and fast re-learning / re-organization processes
    • Organization demands to employees :
      • Effective communication skills
      • Learning / re-learning skills
      • Creativity / innovativeness
    Source : (Teece et al., 199 7 ; Eisenhardt&Martin 2000)
  • 17. What Should a School Teach ?
    • Basic intellectual skills ( reading , writing , counting )
    • “ World view” , common cultural basis
    • Prepare to choose one profession
    • (in addition will need)
    • Basic skills :
      • Work with large volumes of information
      • Communication skills
      • Creativity
      • Re-learning skills
    • “ Module” skills
    School 2020 School 190 8 -200 8
  • 18. Basic Human Skills in 2025
      • Work with large volume of information ( “man is a knowledge pool” system )
      • Skill of acquiring information
      • Mindmapping skills
      • Pattern recognition skills
    • Communication skills (95% of all workload will involve communication with other people ):
      • Structured “ecological” communication leading to positive change (G. Bateson , …)
      • Non-verbal communication skills (70-80% of information in human communication )
      • Creation of proto-artificial intellect : development of human-computer communication interface
  • 19. Basic Skills … (2)
    • Creativity
      • manageable individual creativity ( Disney’s methods, TRIZ , …)
      • creative group methods : think tank technologies , ‘knowledge reactors’ etc.
    • Re-learning skills
      • development of ‘learn to learn’ ability ( learning -2, -3 by G. Bateson )
      • Prerequisite of continuous learning over all life according to education process logics
  • 20. Changes in School Education Programs
    • ‘ Through’ development of the Skills of the Future in school process ( from first to last grade )
    • Change in emphasis of teaching, in methods of information delivery, in student involvement formats, methods of appraisal , etc.
    • Gradual shift from subject-oriented to skill-oriented courses ( mathematics , literature , logics , programming , etc.)
    • Increase in individual and group project-based study and creativity-focused study
    • Early development of computer competences: active use of Internet and programming in school education
  • 21. What Can Be Done Right Now ?
    • Study and implementation of ‘future skills’ development methods by educational innovators
    • Creation of innovator network to launch pilot projects (with active use of Internet environment)
    • Shared knowledge database (wiki)
    • Prerequisites for establishing new educational standards