India teeb launch pavan sukhdev

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India teeb launch pavan sukhdev

  1. 1. 10th February, 2010Pusa Institute, New Delhi India TEEB Pavan Sukhdev Study Leader – TEEB & Special Adviser & Head - Green Economy Initiative United Nations Environment Programme
  2. 2. TEEB‟s origins … “Potsdam Initiative – Biological Diversity 2010” ……the economic significance of the global loss of biological diversity…. TEEB Interim ReportCBD COP-9, Bonn, May 2008 TEEB Climate Issues Update Strömstad September 2009. TEEB Main Reports Nov. 2009 – Oct. 2010
  3. 3. Main Assets Built by TEEB TEEB Reports TEEB & Databases Approach Constant review Collaborative and updates stewardship TEEB TEEB Community Brand Vibrant & Evolving, dynamic, expanding jointly owned
  4. 4. TEEB approach to “valuation”1. Recognizing value: a feature of all human societies and communities2. Demonstrating value: in economic terms, to support decision making3. Capturing value: introduce mechanisms that incorporate the values of ecosystems into decision making
  5. 5. Applying TEEB Approach … Norms, Regulations Regional Planning & Policies Legislations Recognizing Economic value PA Evaluation Mechanisms Certification Demonstrating value PES Markets Capturing value Ch.5 Ch.4 Ch.3 Ch.3
  6. 6. Examples : Integrating ecosystem services intoland use plans in Baoxing County, Sichuan, China REGIONAL PLANNINGAn ecosystem service mapping andmodeling tool (InVEST) used to plandevelopment zones that avoid areas of highecosystem service provision andconservation importanceDevelopments were reconsidered by localgovernment officials during the making ofthe next Baoxing County Land Use MasterPlan 2010 where mapping had highlightedthat activities were planned in areas ofseveral critical ecosystem services
  7. 7. Examples : Tubbataha Marine Park, Philippines UNESCO World Heritage site, contains 396 species of corals & has higher species diversity per square metre than the Great Barrier Reef LEGISLATIONSAfter1998 Bleaching –Stakeholders meeting“No-take” areas agreed, & later,President passed the TubbatahaReefs Natural Park Act in 2010( 10 mile buffer zone around theno-take marine reserve) thusincreasing Park by 200% 10% annual increase in livecoral cover. fish biomass is four-folds betterthan the average healthy reef
  8. 8. Examples : Kampala WetlandServices provided by the Nakivubo swamp include natural water purificationand treatment & supporting small-scale income activities of slum dwellers PROTECTED AREA (Nakivubo designated a part EVALUATION of the city’ s greenbelt zone) Ecosystems services provided by the swamp equal USD 1 million -1.75 million / year If the swamp is converted then additional investment into a sewage treatment plant would be required with running costs of over USD 2 million / year
  9. 9. Examples : „Satoyama‟ Landscapes75 - 100% reduction in pesticides, traditional winter flooding ricefarming adopted, & White Stork rice & other certified products soldat a “premium” Konotori no Mai / Flying Oriental White Stork PES 2003 - 2007: farmers paid 40,000 JYen per 1,000m2 of rice paddies .Currently granted 7,000 JYen per 1,000m2 by Toyo-oka City CERTIFICATION Rice sold at 23 % higher rate for reduced pesticide use, and 54 % more for organic farming  White Stork habitat increased from 0.7 ha in 2003 to 212.3 ha  Extinct in 1971, now has over 40 breeding pairs  1 billion JPY annually in tourism, & municipal income raised by 1.4 %
  10. 10. A Key Finding : Natural capital and poverty reduction Indonesia India Brazil 21% 10% 16%Ecosystem services as a 90%% of classical GDP 79% 84%Ecosystem services 99 million 352 million 20 milliondependency 47% 11% 25%Ecosystem services as a 53%% of “GDP of the Poor” 75% 89% Ecosystem servicesSource: Gundimeda and Sukhdev, D1 TEEB 19.04.2011 10
  11. 11. A Key Recommendation :Measuring better to manage better Natural resources are economic assets, whether or not they enter the marketpace Conventional measures of national economic performance (eg : GDP Growth) fail to reflect these stocks and their benefits flows. Rapidly upgrade the System of National Accounts (SNA) to include changes in natural capital stocks and ecosystem service flows (CBD Strategic Plan – Target 2 ... in [..]) URGENT : physical accounts for forest stocks / carbon storage need to be in place (e.g. for orderly development of REDD+) Ch.3 Ch.3,5
  12. 12. A Key Recommendation :Financial Disclosure and “Net Positive Impact”Corporate financial reporting standards & purchasing policies do notgenerally require attention to environmental externalities Disclose all major externalities in the annual reports and accounts of business and other organizations Reflect all environmental liabilities and changes in natural assets of the Corporation in its statutory accounts Principles of „No Net Loss‟ or „Net Positive Impact‟ (avoidance, mitigation, restoration, compensation, etc) should be integrated into normal business practice Ch.3-5
  13. 13. Main Implementation Demands• TEEB Capacity Building for Developing Countries• “Country” and “Regional” TEEB Assessments• Green National Accounts (WB, UNEP & Others)• Estimating Business Sector Externalities (TEEB Foundation)• Identifying & closing Ecology & Valuation Knowledge Gaps• Communicating the Issue to Society at Large
  14. 14. India TEEB Deliverables & TimelinesDate (To Be Discussed at Stakeholder Meeting) Deliverable DetailsNov 2012 Interim Report To include three State-level examples with one District from each and two communities in every DistrictDec 2013 Final Reports Comprehensive India-wide examples(estimated)Dec 2013 Green Accounting India TEEB inputs to World Bank’s(estimated) Inputs Wealth Accounting projectDec 2015 TEEB Process Valuations Processes at State level,(estimated) Implementation for Wealth Accounting and Green National India Accounts at State and national level, Eco-certification norms, Payments for Ecosystem Services, etc, instituted across states
  15. 15. India TEEB “Community” … (This Includes You All Today)Type of organization NumberMinistries 17 and more…Educational institutes 16 and more…Corporate sector 9 and more…Civil society organisations 15 and more…
  16. 16. Ecosystems as assets for local development 1. 10 existing and 89 planned hydroelectric dams in Brazil need forested watersheds for low sediment load (est. economic value of enhanced useful life $ 600 million p.a.) 2. Silvo-pastoral management in Colombia. The problem : Pasture degradation resulting in income loss, further expansion of pasture area. Focus on Ecosystem services : to tackle poor pasture practices, soil erosion, increased water runoff, and biodiversity loss Policy response : Silvo-pastoral management on 3,500 ha by planting improved grasses, fodder, shrubs, trees. GEF funding for biodiversity and carbon fixation (PES) to cover initial investment costs.(picture: CIPAV) Results: 1. Enhanced local benefits: nutrient recycling, fruit, fodder, timber, water flow regulation, protection against landslides. 2. After the project, farmers still keep the silvopastoral systemsSource: without the PES, due to its multiple benefits.TEEBcase Silvopastoral Project
  17. 17. The opportunity: Maintaining, restoring or enhancing ecosystemservices • To save municipal costs – Quito’s drinking water comes cheaper from 2 national parks – Kampala’s wetlands effectively treat sewage • To protect against natural hazards – mangroves protect against typhoons in northern Vietnam • To boost the local economy – it pays to protect sharks in the Maldives • To help tackle poverty – woodland restoration secures essential services to agropastoralists in Tanzania Source: all examples are TEEBcases (teeb.org)
  18. 18. Thank You !www.teebweb.orgwww.teeb4me.com

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