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China Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Gardner’s Art Through the Ages, 12e Chapter 7 The Silk Road and Beyond: The Art of Early China and Korea Chapter 26 From the Mongols to the Modern The Art of Later China and Korea 1
  • 2. China and Korea 2
  • 3. Key Ideas• Philosophies of Laozi & Confucius permeate all aspects of Chinese thought, including fine arts.• Calligraphy is the most respected Chinese art form.• Various Chinese painting formats include handscrolls, hanging scrolls, fans, and album leaves.• Chinese architecture is based on courtyard-style houses that express the Chinese philosophy about family & social position.• Chinese art has a fondness for the monumental & grand. 3
  • 4. Historical Background• Family dynasties• 1st united ruler = Emperor Shih Huangdi: political unity; rules of language/writing; standard weights/measures & currency; started Great Wall; promotion based on achievement, not family• Tang dynasty = 618-906• Kublai Khan dynasty= 1215-1294• Ming dynasty = 1368-1644• Patrons = state or religion, or literati (for themselves, highly individualized)• Daoism = religious journey in search of self-expression (Laozi); oneness w/ nature; yin/yang• Confucius = behavior, relationships, duty; respect 4
  • 5. Chinese architecture• Atrium-based, walled to keep out world• Elders lived with family - Confucian• Wood• Tiled roofs, long eaves tilted at end• Walls not support of building – used to keep out weather• Interior supports building 5
  • 6. Chinese art & sculpture• Scrolls – and (horizontal) & hanging (vertical) – not just decorative, but meant to be examined & put away• Read right to left; paper, silk; painting & text combined• Red squares are artist or owner ID• Landscape highly prized; represent philosophical idea• Crowded & empty space – yin & yang• Porcelain – shapes + designs, glaze• Monumental sculpture (terracotta army)• Intricate miniatures• Jade is prized medium 6
  • 7. Figure 7-1 Yangshao Culture vases, fromGansu Province, China, mid thirdmillennium BCE. Earthenware. 7
  • 8. Figure 7-2 Guang, probablyfrom Anyang, China, Shangdynasty, twelfth or eleventhcentury BCE. Bronze, 6 1/2”high. Asian Art Museum of SanFrancisco, San Francisco (AveryBrundage Collection). 8
  • 9. Figure 7-3 Standing figure, from Sanxingdui, China, ca. 1200–1050 BCE. Bronze, 8’ 5” high, including base. China CulturalRelics Promotional Center, Beijing. 9
  • 10. Figure 7-4 Bi (disk), from Jincun(?), China, Eastern Zhou dynasty, fourth to third century BCE. Nephrite, 6 1/2” in diameter.Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art, Kansas City. 10
  • 11. Figure 7-5 Army of the First Emperor of Qin inpits next to his burial mound, Lintong, China, Qindynasty, ca. 210 BCE. Painted terracotta, averagefigure 5’ 10 7/8” high. 11
  • 12. Art and Religion• The artistic influence of Buddhism and the Silk Road 12
  • 13. Figure 7-8 Model of a house, Han dynasty, firstcentury CE. Painted earthenware, 4’ 4” high. Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art, Kansas City. 13
  • 14. Figure 7-9 Shakyamuni Buddha, Zhao Dynasty, Periodof Disunity, 338. Gilded bronze, 1’ 3 1/2” high. Asian ArtMuseum of San Francisco, San Francisco (Avery BrundageCollection). 14
  • 15. Figure 7-10 GU KAIZHI, Lady Feng and the Bear, detail of Admonitions of the Instructress to the Court Ladies, Period ofDisunity, late fourth century. Handscroll, ink and colors on silk, 9 3/4” X 11’ 4 1/2”. British Museum, London. 15
  • 16. Figure 7-11 Shakyamuni andPrabhutaratna, Northern Wei dynasty,518. Gilded bronze, 10 1/4” high.Musée Guimet, Paris. 16
  • 17. Figure 7-12 Vairocana Buddha, disciples, and bodhisattvas, Longmen Caves, Luoyang, China, Tang dynasty, completed 675.Buddha, approx. 44’ high. 17
  • 18. Figure 7-13 Paradise of Amitabha, Cave 172, Dunhuang, China, Tang dynasty, mid eighth century. Wall painting, approx. 10’high. 18
  • 19. Figure 7-15 Attributed to YAN LIBEN, Emperor Xuan and attendants, detail of The Thirteen Emperors, Tang dynasty, ca.650. Handscroll, ink and colors on silk, detail: 1‘ 8 1/4” X 1’ 5 1/2”; entire scroll, 17’ 5” long. Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. 19
  • 20. Figure 7-16 Palace ladies, detail of a wall painting in the tomb of Princess Yongtai, Qianxian, China, Tang dynasty, 706. Approx.5’ 10” X 6’ 6”. 20
  • 21. Figure 7-17 Neighing Horse, Tang dynasty, eighth to ninth century. Glazed earthenware, 1’ 8” high. Victoria and AlbertMuseum, London. 21
  • 22. Figure 7-18 FAN KUAN, Travelers among Mountains and Streams,Northern Song period, early eleventh century. Hanging scroll, ink andcolors on silk, 6’ 7 1/4” X 3’ 4 1/4”. National Palace Museum, Taibei. 22
  • 23. Figure 7-19 Attributed to HUIZONG, Auspicious Cranes, section of a handscroll, Northern Song period, 1112. Ink and colorson silk, 1’ 8 1/8” X 4’ 6 3/8”. Liaoning Provincial Museum, Shenyang. 23
  • 24. Figure 7-20 Meiping vase, from Xiuwi, China, NorthernSong period, twelfth century. Stoneware, Cizhou type,with sgraffito decoration, 1’ 7 1/2” high. Asian ArtMuseum of San Francisco, San Francisco (AveryBrundage Collection). 24
  • 25. Architectural Basics in Early China• View architectural basics and plans on page 200 in the textbook.• Examine early temples and later pagodas. 25
  • 26. Figure 7-21 Foguang Si Pagoda, Yingxian, China, LiaoDynasty, 1056. 26
  • 27. Figure 7-22 Plan and cross-section of Foguang Si Pagoda, Yingxian, China, Liao Dynasty, 1056. (after L. Liu) 27
  • 28. Figure 7-23 MA YUAN, On a Mountain Path in Spring, Southern Song period, early thirteenth century. Album leaf, inkand colors on silk, 10 3/4” X 17”. National Palace Museum, Taibei. 28
  • 29. Figure 7-24 ZHOU JICHANG, Arhats Giving Alms to Beggars, SouthernSong period, 1184. Ink and colors on silk, 3’ 8” X 1’ 9”. Museum of FineArts, Boston. 29
  • 30. Figure 7-25 LIANG KAI, Sixth Chan Patriarch ChoppingBamboo, Southern Song period, early thirteenth century.Hanging scroll, ink on paper, 2’ 5 1/4” high. TokyoNational Museum. 30
  • 31. Figure 7-27 Shakyamuni Buddha, at entrance tocave temple, Sokkuram, Korea, Great Silla, 751–774.Granite, approx. 11’ high. 31
  • 32. Figure 26-1 GUAN DAOSHENG, Bamboo Groves in Mist and Rain, Yuan dynasty, 1308. Section of a handscroll, ink onpaper, 9 1/8” x 3’ 8 7/8”. National Palace Museum, Taibei. 32
  • 33. Figure 26-2 WU ZHEN, Stalks of Bamboo by a Rock, Yuan dynasty, 1347.Hanging scroll, ink on paper, 2’ 11 1/2” x 1’ 4 5/8”. National PalaceMuseum, Taibei. 33
  • 34. Figure 26-3 HUANG GONGWANG, Dwelling in the Fuchun Mountains, Yuan dynasty, 1347–1350. Section of ahandscroll, ink on paper, 1’ 7/8” x 20’ 9”. National Palace Museum, Taibei. 34
  • 35. The Ming DynastyFigure 26-5 Aerial view of the Forbidden City, Beijing, China, Ming dynasty, 15th century and later. 35
  • 36. Lacquer in the Ming DynastyFigure 26-8 Table with drawers, Ming dynasty, ca. 1426–1435. Carved red lacquer on a wood core, 3’ 11” long. Victoriaand Albert Museum, London. 36
  • 37. Court Painters vs. the Literati• Examine the different styles of the Ming Dynasty court painters and the Literati, along with their philosophical differences. 37
  • 38. Figure 26-9 SHANG XI, Guan Yu Captures General Pang De, Ming dynasty, ca. 1430. Hanging scroll, ink and colors onsilk, 6’ 5” x 7’ 7”. Palace Museum, Beijing. 38
  • 39. Figure 26-10 SHEN ZHOU,Lofty Mount Lu, Ming dynasty,1467. Hanging scroll, ink andcolor on paper, 6’ 4 1/4” x 3’ 25/8”. National PalaceMuseum, Taibei. Figure 26-11 DONG QICHANG, Dwelling in the Qingbian Mountains, Ming dynasty, 1617. Hanging scroll, ink on paper, 7’ 3 1/2” x 2’ 2 1/2”. Cleveland Museum of Art. 39
  • 40. Figure 26-14 GIUSEPPE CASTIGLIONE (LANGSHINING), Auspicious Objects, Qing dynasty, 1724.Hanging scroll, ink and colors on silk, 7’ 11 3/8” x 5’ 17/8”. Palace Museum, Beijing. 40
  • 41. Art in the People’s Republic of ChinaFigure 26-16 YE YUSHAN and others, Rent Collection Courtyard (detail of larger tableau), Dayi, Sichuan Province,China, 1965. Clay, approx. 100 yards long with life-size figures. 41
  • 42. Figure 26-17 XU BING, A Book from Heaven, 1988.Installation at Elvehjem Museum of Art, University ofWisconsin, Madison, 1991. Movable-type prints andbooks. 42
  • 43. Figure 26-19 CHONG SON, KumgangMountains, Choson dynasty, 1734. Hanging scroll,ink and colors on paper, 4’ 3 1/2” x 1’ 11 1/4”.Hoam Art Museum, Kyunggi-Do. © 2005 Saskia Cultural Documentation, Ltd. 43
  • 44. Figure 26-20 SONG SU-NAM, Summer Trees, 1983. Ink on paper, 2’ 1 5/8” high. British Museum, London. 44