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The adjectives Facultad De Filosofia, Escuela de Idiomas Paulina Tumipamba
 

The adjectives Facultad De Filosofia, Escuela de Idiomas Paulina Tumipamba

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    The adjectives Facultad De Filosofia, Escuela de Idiomas Paulina Tumipamba The adjectives Facultad De Filosofia, Escuela de Idiomas Paulina Tumipamba Presentation Transcript

    • CENTRAL UNIVERSITY OF ECUADOR Faculty of Philosophy, letters ans science of education Paulina Tumipamba Fifth Semester Bilingual
    • The adjectives The adjetivo (adjective) coincides in gender and number with the sustantivo (noun). It normally attributes a quality to the sustantivo , and is usually found after it. Adjectives function as: The noun’s complement when they’re next to the noun: la niña alta (the tall girl). Attributes (in oraciones copulativas (phrases with verbs ser and estar )): la niña es alta (the girl is tall) .
      • KINDS OF ADJECTIVES
    • Adjective
      • 1. before a noun: young woman.
      • 2. after the verb BE, BECOME, SEEM, STAY:
      • Books are becoming expensive.
      • 3. with some verbs after the object: My sister keeps her room tidy.
      • 4. the+adj.=Romanian noun in the plural: the young=tinerii
      • 5. after a noun (certain phrases): the people present/knight errant/Court Martial/Poet Laureate etc.
    • The comparative and superlative This is the most/ least difficult thing to be done. This is more/less difficult than I thought This is difficult.   more,the most less,the least -long adj. Peter is the tall est in the group. Pam is the lucki est girl I know Peter is tall er than Jack. Pam is luki er than Lori. Peter is tall.   Pam is lucky.   -er,-est -one syllable adj. -two syllable adj. -ending in –y Superlative: Comparative: Positive:  
    • Demostrative adjectives
      • The demonstrative adjectives "this," "these," "that," "those," and "what" are identical to the demonstrative pronouns , but are used as adjectives to modify nouns or noun phrases, as in the following sentence:
        • When the librarian tripped over that cord, she dropped a pile of books.
    • Cuantity Adjectives
      • Adjectives of quantity tell how much or how many .
      • So he parted with much weeping of the lady. Which we began to do with great labor and little profit. Because I had some knowledge of surgery and blood-letting. But ever she looked on Mr. Oxenham, and seemed to take no care as long as he was by.
    • Interrogative Adjective
      • An interrogative adjective ("which" or "what") is like an interrogative pronoun, except that it modifies a noun or noun phrase rather than standing on its own (see also demonstrative adjectives and possessive adjectives):
        • Which plants should be watered twice a week?
    • Possesive Adjective
      • A possessive adjective ("my," "your," "his," "her," "its," "our," "their") is similar or identical to a possessive pronoun ; however, it is used as an adjective and modifies a noun or a noun phrase , as in the following sentences:
        • I can't complete my assignment because I don't have the textbook.
    • Numeral Adjectives
      • Numeral Adjectives are subdivided into (a) Definite and (b) Indefinite
      • a) Definite Numeral Adjectives denote some exact number. Those which show how many things there are are called Cardinals;  Those which show in what order things stand are called Ordinals.
      • Cardinals :  one, two three, etc.
      • Ordinals   :  first, second, third, etc.
      • b) Indefinite Numeral Adjectives do not denote any exact number.
      • Examples : --
      • All men are mortal.
      • Some men died young
      • No men were present.
      • Many men are poor.
      • Few men are rich.
      • More men came today than yesterday.
      • Most men must work for their living.
      • Several men came.
      • Sunday men went away.
    • Proper adjective
      • are derived from proper nouns.
      • eg :  a. Chinese soldiers fought bravely.
      •        b.We are studying the English language.
      • In ( a ) the word " Chinese " is  a proper adjective because it is derived from the proper noun " China " 
      • In ( b ) the word " English " is a proper adjective because it is derived from the proper noun " England ".
      • Note -- Every proper adjective should begin with a capital letter.  
    • Adjetivos distributivos
      • point out that the objects named are to 
      • be taken separately.
      • There are only four distributive adjectives.
      • Examples : --
      • I will give a book to each scholar in this class.
      • Every person in the room was astonished.
      • You may have either book.
      • You may have neither book.
      •  
    • EXERCISES
      • 1Choose the sentence in which an adjective and the noun it describes are underlined.  
      • We are overworked by our teacher.I am tired after a long day of school .The homework he assigns is confusing .Mr. Obnoxious is tough on his students .