The adjectives Facultad De Filosofia, Escuela de Idiomas Paulina Tumipamba Presentation Transcript
CENTRAL UNIVERSITY OF ECUADOR Faculty of Philosophy, letters ans science of education Paulina Tumipamba Fifth Semester Bilingual
The adjectives The adjetivo (adjective) coincides in gender and number with the sustantivo (noun). It normally attributes a quality to the sustantivo , and is usually found after it. Adjectives function as: The noun’s complement when they’re next to the noun: la niña alta (the tall girl). Attributes (in oraciones copulativas (phrases with verbs ser and estar )): la niña es alta (the girl is tall) .
KINDS OF ADJECTIVES
1. before a noun: young woman.
2. after the verb BE, BECOME, SEEM, STAY:
Books are becoming expensive.
3. with some verbs after the object: My sister keeps her room tidy.
4. the+adj.=Romanian noun in the plural: the young=tinerii
5. after a noun (certain phrases): the people present/knight errant/Court Martial/Poet Laureate etc.
The comparative and superlative This is the most/ least difficult thing to be done. This is more/less difficult than I thought This is difficult. more,the most less,the least -long adj. Peter is the tall est in the group. Pam is the lucki est girl I know Peter is tall er than Jack. Pam is luki er than Lori. Peter is tall. Pam is lucky. -er,-est -one syllable adj. -two syllable adj. -ending in –y Superlative: Comparative: Positive:
The demonstrative adjectives "this," "these," "that," "those," and "what" are identical to the demonstrative pronouns , but are used as adjectives to modify nouns or noun phrases, as in the following sentence:
When the librarian tripped over that cord, she dropped a pile of books.
Adjectives of quantity tell how much or how many .
So he parted with much weeping of the lady. Which we began to do with great labor and little profit. Because I had some knowledge of surgery and blood-letting. But ever she looked on Mr. Oxenham, and seemed to take no care as long as he was by.
An interrogative adjective ("which" or "what") is like an interrogative pronoun, except that it modifies a noun or noun phrase rather than standing on its own (see also demonstrative adjectives and possessive adjectives):
Which plants should be watered twice a week?
A possessive adjective ("my," "your," "his," "her," "its," "our," "their") is similar or identical to a possessive pronoun ; however, it is used as an adjective and modifies a noun or a noun phrase , as in the following sentences:
I can't complete my assignment because I don't have the textbook.
Numeral Adjectives are subdivided into (a) Definite and (b) Indefinite
a) Definite Numeral Adjectives denote some exact number. Those which show how many things there are are called Cardinals; Those which show in what order things stand are called Ordinals.
Cardinals : one, two three, etc.
Ordinals : first, second, third, etc.
b) Indefinite Numeral Adjectives do not denote any exact number.
Examples : --
All men are mortal.
Some men died young
No men were present.
Many men are poor.
Few men are rich.
More men came today than yesterday.
Most men must work for their living.
Several men came.
Sunday men went away.
are derived from proper nouns.
eg : a. Chinese soldiers fought bravely.
b.We are studying the English language.
In ( a ) the word " Chinese " is a proper adjective because it is derived from the proper noun " China "
In ( b ) the word " English " is a proper adjective because it is derived from the proper noun " England ".
Note -- Every proper adjective should begin with a capital letter.
point out that the objects named are to
be taken separately.
There are only four distributive adjectives.
Examples : --
I will give a book to each scholar in this class.
Every person in the room was astonished.
You may have either book.
You may have neither book.
1Choose the sentence in which an adjective and the noun it describes are underlined.
We are overworked by our teacher.I am tired after a long day of school .The homework he assigns is confusing .Mr. Obnoxious is tough on his students .