How Open Textbooks, Resources & MOOC's are Changing Education


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Over the past ten years Creative Commons has enabled the creation of a global education commons by providing legal and technical infrastructure for maximizing digital creativity, sharing, and innovation.This presentation will explore the growth of the global education commons, its current state, and future directions. Particular attention will be given to OER, Open Textbooks and MOOC's.

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How Open Textbooks, Resources & MOOC's are Changing Education

  1. 1. How OER, Open Textbooks, & MOOC’s are Changing Education Paul Stacey Except where otherwise noted these Adopting Open Textbooks Workshop materials are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY)
  2. 2. Develops, supports, & stewards legal and technical infrastructure that maximizes digital creativity, sharing, & innovation. Our vision is nothing less than realizing the full potential of the Internet – universal access to research, education, & full participation in culture, driving a new era of development, growth, & productivity.
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  4. 4. Access Copyright• June 2010 Interim tariff for 2011-13• From $5 to $35/$45 per student• No catalog of collection – digital?• No financial justification• Contentious definitions of a copy• Extensive reporting and access rqts• Objections - CAUT, ACCC, AUCC, CLA, Canadian Alliance of Students, ...• Interrogatories• Opt outs – 34 and counting• U of T & Western deal $27.50• AUCC – closed door deal $26• ACCC – $10/student
  5. 5. Copyright• Copyright Modernization Act – Bill C-32 now C-11• Supreme Court - 6 criteria for evaluating fair dealing• Expansion of fair dealing to education, parody & satire• Remix provision – non-commercial mashups• Technical protection measures – digital lock rules• Supreme Court of Canada rulings on fair dealing and copyright summer 2012 Bill C-32 & C-11
  6. 6. Social Engagement & Protest Michael Geist Sam Trusow Howard Knopf
  7. 7. Open Access Open Pedagogies (& MOOC’s)Open Data Open PracticesOpen Govt & Open Policy
  8. 8. Common Attributes of Open• Free – public funding results in a public good• Access & use is explicitly expressed upfront – not dependent on access copyright, payment of fees, proprietary owner permission• Easily & quickly adapted• Customization & enhancements dont require large investments• Errors, improvements, & feature requests are openly shared & managed• Development, distribution & use is community/consortia based• Sustainability relies on sharing - resources, development, hosting & support• Users are developers
  9. 9. Open Data
  10. 10. Galleries, Libraries, & Museums
  11. 11. Free, immediate, permanent online access to the full text of research articles for anyone, webwide. There are two roads to OA:Open Access 1. the "golden road" of OA journal- publishing , where journals provide OA to their articles (either by charging the author-institution for refereeing/publishing outgoing articles instead of charging the user-institution for accessing incoming articles, or by simply making their online edition free for all) 2. the "green road" of OA self-archiving, where authors provide OA to their own published articles, by making their own eprints free for all.
  12. 12. Open Access Journals
  13. 13. US Research Works Act
  14. 14. Open Government Promote creative and innovative activities, which will deliver social and economic benefits. Make government more transparent and open in its activities, ensuring that the public are better informed about the work of the government and the public sector. Enable more civic and democratic engagement through social enterprise and voluntary and community activities.
  15. 15. 2012 WORLD OER CONGRESS UNESCO, PARIS, JUNE 20-22, 2012 DRAFT DECLARATIONa. Support the use of OER through the revision of policy regulating higher educationb. Contribute to raising awareness of key OER issuesc. Review national ICT/connectivity strategies for Higher Educationd. Consider adapting open licensing frameworkse. Consider adopting open format standardsf. Support institutional investments in curriculum designg. Support the sustainable production and sharing of learning materialsh. Collaborate to find effective ways to harness OER.
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  17. 17. Open Practices
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  19. 19. OER are teaching, learning, and research resourcesthat reside in the public domain or have beenreleased under an open license that permits theirfree use and re-purposing by others.Open educational resources include full courses andsupplemental resources such as textbooks, images,videos, animations, simulations, assessments, …Core ConceptOER are learning materials freely available undera license that allows you to:•Reuse•Revise•Remix•Redistribute
  20. 20. See Licenses at:
  21. 21. Copyright holder uses open license toexpress rights associated with reuse.
  22. 22. Creative Commons License Features
  23. 23. Spectrum of OpennessWhich of these licenses are suitable for OER?
  24. 24. Creative Commons License Chooser
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  26. 26. Find OER
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  28. 28. Foundation Funded OER
  29. 29. Publicly Funded OER
  30. 30. Open Textbooks• An openly-licensed textbook offered online• Can read online, download, or print the book at no cost (or small cost for print version) Students spend roughly $900-$1,000 a year on texts.
  31. 31. • Savings - student, public, faculty • Customize/Localize - use x% and change or adapt to suit teaching need and localized regional context • Update - modify and continuously update to ensure currency • Learn from each other: - see resources and examples from peers and change/improve yours based on what you see
  32. 32. What does an Open Textbook Look Like? pen-textbook-challenge/
  33. 33. Open Pedagogies
  34. 34. Massively Open Online CoursesTeaching openly in public Students as co-creators
  35. 35. Massive Open Online Course - MOOC 2011 – 160,000 students, 190 countries
  36. 36.
  37. 37. How Open Are MOOC’s? edX Coursera OERu Udacity• Open Policy ✓• Open Program Planning ✓• Open Admissions• Open ICT infrastructure ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓• Open Technical Formats ✓ ½✓• Open Instructional Design• Open Content ✓• Open Pedagogy• Open Student Work ✓• Open Assessment CC-BY-SA CC-BY-NC- ND• Open Learning Analytics Data• Open Student Support ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓• Open Credentialing ✓ ½✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓
  38. 38. MOOC Monetization Strategies
  39. 39. MOOC Monetization Strategies
  40. 40. MOOC Monetization Strategies
  41. 41. Open Access Open Pedagogies (& MOOC’s)Open Data Open PracticesOpen Govt & Open Policy
  42. 42. Paul StaceyCreative Commons Q&Aweb site: http://creativecommons.orge-mail: pstacey@creativecommons.orgblog: http://edtechfrontier.compresentation slides: