Presentation slide deck for Creative Commons plenary at 9th annual Open Education Conference Oct 16-18, 2012 in Vancouver BC CanadaCC plenary is on Tuesday Oct 16 at 3 pm.Presentation slides provided by and presented as follows: Diane (4.0) – CableJane (SSO) – PaulTim (OPI) – CablePaul (OPEN) – PaulGreg (LRMI) – CableJess: Affiliates - growth & increasing focus on global role of CC – PaulElliot: CC 10 Birthday - Cable
Expect most people will be familiar with CC but always good to emphasize what CC is all about – vision is inspiring.
CC mission statement identifies our role around legal and technical providing good lead in to speaking about Version 4 licenses Compelling drivers for versioning the license suite now.
Evolution of the CC license suite – a quick overview of why we version, and when.License versioning is a core responsibility of license stewardship -- to keep pace with and anticipate important changes in the legal and technology ecosystem, as well as the needs of our growing adopter base.Each prior versioning effort has be driven by important needs. Some examples from the two major versions to date1.0 – 2.0: CC learned a lot its first year in existence, and with experience came recognition that adjustments were needed relatively soon after launch of 1.0. Among other things * no demand for the non BY licenses in the original suite of 11 licenses; took the opportunity to drop those from the 2.0 suite * dropped affirmative representations and warranties on the part of licensors, to bring us in line with what other providers of free content were doing. We recognized (and encouraged then as well as today) that licensors can offer warranties with or without a fee where those are sought. This is a common model throughout the open publishing landscape, and one embraced by the open source community as well. * other important changes: improving the attribution requirement, addressing music-related issues including how the CC licenses work with collecting societies, and introducing compatibility between ported versions of BY-SA.2.0 to 3.0: second major upgrade * endorsement: concern by licensors that when others reused their works, the licensor endorsed those uses through attribution statements. Introduced “no endorsement” provision, introduced provision requiring removal of attribution when requested and reasonably possible, and clarified moral rights * internationalization-related issues: the generic license was one in the same as the US license, wanted to change that by creating a more international license using international terminology to ease adoption issues; other issues also were in play, including the need to harmonize still further treatment of moral rights. * compatibility: other major issue was compatibility with other copy-left or ShareAlike licenses. Recognized problems associated with having incompatible silos of content that could not be remixed; introduced a provision that would allow CC to declare other licenses sufficiently compatible such that content could be remixed between them and licensed under one or the other license easily.
A third factor compelling CC to version is the opportunity to make adjustments that accommodate needs of intergovernmental organizations who want to participate in the learning and education commons but cannot do so because our licenses to date have been insufficiently clear on how they operate relative to IGOs.These IGOs represent important policy makers as well as contributors of learning materials they seek to share broadly with the public under standard terms and conditions. CC licenses can accommodate the needs of many through the versioning process without substantively changing how our licenses operate. This should avoid the creation of custom licenses by IGOs that would compound the proliferation and interoperability problems.CC is working currently with a group of IGOs on a 3.0 port of the CC licenses. Our expectation is that 4.0 will address most if not all of their concerns so that the 4.0 licenses may be used in lieu of the 3.0 IGO ported licenses.
Attribution requirements have been aggregated and greatly simplified, with more flexibility built in such that all requirements are subject to a “reasonable to the means, medium and context” standard;ShareAlike remains unchanged, which means your BY and BY-SA works can still be uploaded to Wikipedia/media as before, and you can remix content with your own from Wikipedia/media as before, with same rules SharingAlike applyingNo change in NC – this is a relief for many and a disappointment for others, but no compelling case with substantial consensus emerged; for those in the education with models based on –NC, you can continue to rely on the same definition applying
One of our highest goals for 4.0 is to bridge divides between incompatible silos of content. We continue our discussions with the stewards of GPl and FAL in particular, so that remixes are possible, expanding the commons of reusable content.The need for and criteria for porting is still being explored, with a formal process starting after publication of the next draft of the licenses. For many, CC’s proliferation of licenses (we steward 550 +/- at present) is confusing, problematic, and an issue to take seriously. We will be doing that in collaboration with our affiliates starting in November.We promised NC guidelines for communities to enhance clarity around the existing definition – look for those efforts in the education arena in particular, starting late this year and early 2013. We also continue to evaluate NC stewardship questions such as license naming and branding. That will take place outside of the 4.0 process, and you can expect more on that later this year.Our improved attribution requirements provide an opportunity for helping licensees easily comply with those wanting to do the right thing. We plan to roll out best practices and guidelines – perhaps even technical solutions – that simplify compliance.
By “Open Policy” we mean that publicly funded resources are openly licensed resources. To do this we need to flip the default of “closed” on its head to that the fundamental expectation is “open”we heard from the CC Affiliates at our Global Summit in Warsaw last yearAffiliates are on board with the power and potential of open policy to scale efficient sharing of education, science, data resourcesBut we need to be able to be more effective!We (the broadly “open” community) need the tools, like slides, talking points, FAQs, sample policies and legislation, etc.We need to be able to communicate and network with open policy advocates and sector-specific experts around the worldWe need to think about “Open Policy” broadlyPolicy happens at many different level, from national policies about sharing public sector information to personal policies about sharing the educational content you createLet’s not recreate the wheelLet’s leverage the best and brightest from the open world, whether it be in open licensing, open access, open science to provide assistanceWe’ll be in a support role; a hubWhere there is gaps, we’ll take the lead
We don’t have to start from scratchThere’s already a lot of good policies out there for us to build upon and shareYou all know the innovative Department of Labor Community College and Career Training grant program$2 billion for the creation of course content to for community college students and worker retraining – CC BYRecently announced California open textbook legislation - $10 million to create highest enrolled higher ed digital textbooks and share for free under CC BYNational PSI legislation in Netherlands and Australia – public data is “open by default”City legislation in Sao Paulo, San Francisco that shares educational resources and city level data under open licensesGalleries, libraries, archives, museums adopting open policies to share metadata about their rich cultural collectionsIntergovernmental orgs adopting open licensing to share more appropriately aligned with their public interest missionInstitutions and universities like Harvard and many others ensuring that faculty and researchers are able to share their articles and research in open repositoriesThere are tools to track these policies like such as OER Policy Registry, ROARMAP
The Open Policy Institute is still in the formative stageWe had a meeting in California 2 weeks ago bringing together “leaders of the open world”High level goals of the institute will be to provide 1) networking and connecting individuals and projects with others that can assist them2) communicate news, briefing kits, and “state of the field” for various sectors, such as OER, OA, etc. 3) coordinate needed economic and social research and solicit solid evidence for open that can be presented to policymakers4) provide real-time support in advocacy and ensure that once open policies are passed they continuePotential services could includePlease join in this important work!http://wiki.creativecommons.org/Open_Policy_Institute
CC involved in DOL TAACCCT program
DOL TAACCCT program largestOER initiative everCore priorities and purpose of programTAACCCT program open requirements and areas where CC/OPEN providing services
TAACCCT specific wording around open and requirement for CC license
Main services being provided by OPEN
Evaluation and research component of OPEN
Lots of surprises planned for the ten-day period.Music contest being planned with our friends at Free Music Archive.
People can find information about all of these on the Events page(There’s also be a link to CC10 on the homepage banner)Again, email us if you want to get involved. Can host your own meetup and we’ll help promote it.
Creative Commons Open Education Conference 2012
Cable Green Paul StaceyDirector of Global Learning Senior Project Manager
“Our vision is nothing less than realizing the full potential of theInternet – universal access to research, education, and fullparticipation in culture, driving a new era ofdevelopment, growth, and productivity.”
“Creative Commons develops, supports, and stewards legal and technical infrastructure that maximizes digital creativity, sharing, and innovation.” Version 4.0 License
1.0 – December 2002 2.0 – May 2004 2.5 – June 2005 3.0 – February 2007 Version 4.0 Coming Soon Version 4.0 Unported
InternationalizationSource: wikiHow, licensed under under aCreative Commons license. Version the licenses to make them stronger and more robust for anyone, anywhere without necessarily requiring porting.
What You Can ExpectClarified, more flexible, still respectful;Easier compliance for teachers, studentsShareAlike as before, no expansion;Reliable re-use with Wikipedia/media contentNo change in definition;No disruption of existing sharing models
What’s Still Open (inside & outside of licenses)o Compatibility with Free Art License, GPLo Portingo Non-Commercial guidelines, stewardshipo Attribution and marking guidelines and best practices
Version 4 - What’s Next & Community Input? Draft 3 published Oct/Nov Porting, deed and license chooser discussion pre-launch Launch Q4-2012/Q1-2013 Participate! Subscribe: http://lists.ibiblio.org/mailman/listinfo/cc-licenses Share ideas: http://wiki.creativecommons.org/4.0
Platform & Learning support Community coordination & Logistics
Open CommunitiesPlatform & Learning support Community coordination & Logistics
Open Access Open Open Policy OER GLAM/ <Your focus> Culture Lead(s) Course Course Etc. (Facilitated) (Stand-alone)
August and beforeA lot of logistics (boring stuff) + some workshops (fun stuff)OctoberMap initial curriculum & courses.October - DecemberCreate courses. Map skills to courses. Design skills badges!January - FebruaryGet ready for launch... Launch!5 courses with 5 launch partners + 5 stand-alone courses
Join the School of Open!1. Go to schoolofopen.org2. Sign up for the discussion and announcements lists.3. Introduce yourself at school-of- firstname.lastname@example.org find support for your idea.4. Register for a p2pu.org account and start creating!Questions? Email the Project Manager at email@example.com
Open Policy InstituteOverview – Public access to publicly funded resources – “Default: Closed” to “Default: Open” – CC Global Summit Warsaw – Call for assistance clear – Scope: national, state/provincial, city, university, school district, GLAM, individual
Open Policy Institute• Landscape – Massive potential for scale with open policy – Many examples already! • DOL TAACCCT • Textbooks: California open textbook legislation • National legislation: Netherlands, Australia • City legislation: Sao Paulo, San Francisco • GLAM: Europeana • IGOs: World Bank, COL • Institutions: Harvard Open Access Policy
Open Policy Institute• What will it do? – Network, Communication, Research, Advocacy & Implementation• Potential Products/Services/Resources – Website – Webinars and conference participation – Slide decks and best arguments – Sample legislation – Annual meeting – OPI Fellow• Need your help!
DOL Trade Adjustment Assistance Community College and Career Grant Program (TAACCCT)Grant Total: $2 billionDeployed in 4 rounds 2011-2014 Services Overall Open Reqts. TAACCT Priorities
“In order to ensure that the Federal investment of these funds has as broadan impact as possible and to encourage innovation in the development ofnew learning materials, as a condition of the receipt of a TAACCCT grant, thegrantee will be required to license to the public (not including the FederalGovernment) all work created with the support of the grant (Work) under aCreative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CCBY) license. Work that must be licensedunder the CCBY includes both new content created with the grant funds andmodifications made to pre-existing, grantee-owned content using grantfunds. This license allows subsequent users to copy, distribute, transmit andadapt the copyrighted Work and requires such users to attribute the Work inthe manner specified by the grantee.”
Gates Foundation Grant to Support ALL DOL TAACCCT Grantees
1. Open licensing (“CC BY” is required by the grant) 2. Increasing access to existing open educational resources (OER) 3. Best practices in open policy and OER adoption 4. Effective course and learning design 5. Accessibility and web-based design best practices 6. Beyond Support: +Platform & +Co-DevelopmentServices, Events, Resources at: http://open4us.org
Evaluation & Research 1. Impact of CC-BY requirement. 2. OER generated collaboration and partnerships. 3. Adoption and reuse of existing open content. 4. Implementation of open policy. 5. OER based design and development best practices. 6. Extent to which technologies embed licensing and tagging tools in their platform. 7. Application of Universal Design for Learning guidelines and accessibility standards. 8. Data driven learning designFlickrimage CC-BY-SA by opensourceway
Mark up educational resources: Better search engine results
CCs Global Affiliates Creative Commons Global Summit 2011 – Warsaw Poland The Power of Open Kristina Alexanderson, CC BY http://www.flickr.com/photos/kalexanderson/6161930652/in/pool-1750970@N20/
CCs Global Affiliate Network 71 formal affiliates (including our newest, Canada) 6 key regions: Africa, Arab World, Asia-Pacific, Europe, Latin America, North America Close to signing in the US, the UK and Paraguay Working with groups in many more countries, including Kenya, India, Belgium, Mongolia, Algeria and Morocco
Opportunities&Challenges Our network is CCs greatest Still many gaps in network (eg asset India) Diverse global coverage All volunteers (some have local Huge local expertise and funding) knowledge Great variation in strength and Includes global leaders in capacity of teams copyright, open, education and culture Most of the world still hasnt heard of CC Long history of successful collaboration Incredible adoption success, from 1m objects in first year to 500m now Gilberto Gil performs at CCs 5thbirthday Joi Ito, CC BY http://www.flickr.com/photos/35034362831@N01/2116005332
Growth and support Global Network team: 8 Regional Coordinators working across 5 regions; 1 Global Network Manager Regular meetings and communication: alternate annually between Regional Meetings and Global Summit Affiliate support and training: more resources, workshops, exchange of ideas and information Collaborative projects: 10th birthday, Librebus, Power of Open Increased profile for our global community: news stories, case studies, representation at prominent meetings Work more with friends: other open organisations and communities with an interest in open (eg OER) Find new affiliates! target priority countries and regions (eg Canada)
#cc10 december 7-16 firstname.lastname@example.org
Social Media Campaign• CC Facts and Trivia• Essays about CC from community leaders• Music contest
Parties and meetupsAmman Rabat/CasablancaCairo Rio de JaneiroGöteborg San FranciscoJakarta StockholmMuscat And more in the works