0
Except where otherwise noted these materials
are licensed Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC BY)
ABC Copyright Conferenc...
“I’m so glad we’re not just talking about
Access Copyright and Fair Dealing.”
An open alternative:
Some rights reserved …
Our vision is nothing less than realizing the full potential of the Internet – universal access to research,
education, & ...
Creative Commons In Education
Cost of “Copy”
For one 250 page book:
• Copy by hand - $1,000
• Copy by print on demand - $4.90
• Copy by computer - $0.00...
Cost of “Distribute”
For one 250 page book:
• Distribute by mail - $5.20
• print-on-demand (2000+ copies)
• Distribute by ...
Copy and distribute are “free”
This changes everything
There is a direct relationship between
textbook costs and student success






60%+ do not purchase
t...
http://open.bccampus.ca
Free | Openly (CC) Licensed | Peer Reviewed
Print on demand at low cost.
OpenStax College
http://openstaxcollege.org/books
Day2 by BCcampus_News CC BY
OT Summit by BCcampus_News CC BY
OER are teaching, learning,
and research resources that
reside in the public domain or
have been released under an
open li...
5Rs: The Powerful Rights of OER
• Make, own, and control your own copy of
the contentRetain
• Use the content in its unalt...
Technically it is easy to share.
Legally it is not so easy.
Creative Commons provides a solution …
Creative Commons Licenses
Attribution
Attribution - NonCommercial - NoDerivs
Attribution - NonCommercial - ShareAlike
Attr...
Legal and Technical
Legal Code, Human Readable Deed, Meta-Data
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/
Creative Commons Global Network
http://wiki.creativecommons.org/CC_Affiliate_Network
Global Education Projects Using CC
http://khanacademy.org
http://projects.siyavula.com http://nroer.in/
http://www.open.ed...
Are MOOCs Really Open?
No, all rights reserved.
No, non-OER license.
No, all rights reserved.
Note: some institutions usin...
http://www.mukurtu.org/
http://www.localcontexts.org/
Why Use Creative Commons in Education?
• Make better use of existing resources without
onerous permission seeking, complex...
Creative Commons For Science
Open Access & Open Data
Open Science Logo by gemmerich CC BY-SA
Open Data Stickers by jwyg CC0
By “open access” to [peer-reviewed research
literature], we mean its free availability on
the public internet, permitting ...
Open Data Stickers by jwyg CC0
Scientific research data made
publicly available. Can also
be data from government or
GLAM ...
Creative Commons For Culture
Writers Musicians
Filmmakers Artists
Cory Doctorow
http://www.tpbafk.tv
Jonathan Mann
http://jonathanmann.net/
http://crap...
Europe’s digital library — has released 20 million records into
the public domain using the CC0 Public Domain Dedication.
...
http://wiki.creativecommons.org/GLAM#Libraries
Creative Commons For Government
http://www.opengovpartnership.org
Openness in Government
In 2013 piloting five thematic working groups,
each co-led by at least one civil society
organization and at least one OGP...
a. Support the use of OER through
the revision of policy regulating
higher education
b. Contribute to raising awareness
of...
http://www.openeducationeuropa.eu
• Openly license education resources
• Partnerships among creators -
teachers, publisher...
• Educational materials developed with public funds are made
available under open licenses
• Promote and use OER to widen ...
• Funded by the US Department of Labor
• $2 billion over 4 years
• All courseware openly licensed (CC BY)
TAACCCT
Trade Ad...
Creative Commons For Media & Platforms
http://www.flickr.com/creativecommons
https://www.google.ca/imghp
Photos
Video
http://vimeo.com/creativecommons
http://www.youtube.com/creativecommons
Music
http://www.jamendo.com
https://soundcloud.com
Creative Commons and Libraries
CC0 for library meta data
Tag resources with rights info
Open license for library owned con...
http://cyber.law.harvard.edu/copyrightforlibrarians/Main_Page
Open Content Licensing for Educators
Copyright for Librarian...
School of Open
https://p2pu.org/en/schools/school-of-open/
Big Ideas
Zipper by Paul Stacey
Intellectual property law is based
solely on economic efficiency and
incentives.
Explores rethinking IP law to
consider va...
What happens when a Ministry goes open?
This Open Source Seed pledge is intended to ensure your freedom to
use the seed contained herein in any way you choose, an...
http://sharedearth.com/
Awesome exploration of how
distributed, collaborative, laterally
scaled, Internet enabled social
commons are playing bigge...
http://opendesignnow.org/
http://n-e-r-v-o-u-s.com/
https://www.opendesk.cc/
http://www.thingiverse.com
http://www.shareable.net
Sharing is more fun than shopping.
Systems Approach to Open
Paul Stacey
Creative Commons
web site: http://creativecommons.org
e-mail: pstacey@creativecommons.org
blog: http://edtechf...
ABCs of CC
ABCs of CC
ABCs of CC
ABCs of CC
ABCs of CC
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ABCs of CC

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Keynote presentation given for ABC Copyright Conference at the University of Victoria, 27-May-2014.

Published in: Education, Technology
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  • Clearly, the Internet has empowered us to copy and share with an efficiency never before known or imagined.

    However, long before the Internet was invented, copyright law began regulating the very activities the Internet makes essentially free (copying and distributing).

    Consequently, the Internet was born at a severe disadvantage, as preexisting laws discouraged people from realizing the full potential of the network.
  • Clearly, the Internet has empowered us to copy and share with an efficiency never before known or imagined.

    However, long before the Internet was invented, copyright law began regulating the very activities the Internet makes essentially free (copying and distributing).

    Consequently, the Internet was born at a severe disadvantage, as preexisting laws discouraged people from realizing the full potential of the network.
  • Transcript of "ABCs of CC"

    1. 1. Except where otherwise noted these materials are licensed Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC BY) ABC Copyright Conference Paul Stacey Victoria BC 27-May-2014 Creative Commons - cc stickers by Kristina Alexanderson CC BY of s , A by Mo CC BY-NC-SA B by Tom Magliery CC BY-NC-SA letter C by LEOL30 CC BY-NC-SA
    2. 2. “I’m so glad we’re not just talking about Access Copyright and Fair Dealing.”
    3. 3. An open alternative: Some rights reserved …
    4. 4. Our vision is nothing less than realizing the full potential of the Internet – universal access to research, education, & full participation in culture, driving a new era of development, growth, & productivity. Develops, supports, & stewards legal and technical infrastructure that maximizes digital creativity, sharing, & innovation. Creative Commons Verticals Creative Commons is a nonprofit that enables the sharing and use of creativity and knowledge through free technologies and licenses. http://creativecommons.org/about GLAM
    5. 5. Creative Commons In Education
    6. 6. Cost of “Copy” For one 250 page book: • Copy by hand - $1,000 • Copy by print on demand - $4.90 • Copy by computer - $0.00084 CC BY: David Wiley, BYU
    7. 7. Cost of “Distribute” For one 250 page book: • Distribute by mail - $5.20 • print-on-demand (2000+ copies) • Distribute by internet - $0.00072 CC BY: David Wiley, BYU
    8. 8. Copy and distribute are “free” This changes everything
    9. 9. There is a direct relationship between textbook costs and student success       60%+ do not purchase textbooks at some point due to cost 35% take fewer courses due to textbook cost 31% choose not to register for a course due to textbook cost 23% regularly go without textbooks due to cost 14% have dropped a course due to textbook cost10% have withdrawn from a course due to textbook cost Source: 2012 student survey by Florida Virtual http://www.openaccesstextbooks.org/pdf/2012_Exec_Sum_Student_Txtbk_Survey.pdf
    10. 10. http://open.bccampus.ca
    11. 11. Free | Openly (CC) Licensed | Peer Reviewed Print on demand at low cost. OpenStax College http://openstaxcollege.org/books
    12. 12. Day2 by BCcampus_News CC BY OT Summit by BCcampus_News CC BY
    13. 13. OER are teaching, learning, and research resources that reside in the public domain or have been released under an open license that permits their free use and re-purposing by others. Open educational resources include full courses, course materials, modules, textbooks, streaming videos, tests, software, and any other tools, materials, or techniques used to support access to knowledge. William and Flora Hewlett Foundation
    14. 14. 5Rs: The Powerful Rights of OER • Make, own, and control your own copy of the contentRetain • Use the content in its unaltered formReuse • Adapt, adjust, modify, improve, or alter the contentRevise • Combine the original or revised content with other OER to create something newRemix • Share your copies of the original content, revisions, or remixes with othersRedistribute
    15. 15. Technically it is easy to share. Legally it is not so easy. Creative Commons provides a solution …
    16. 16. Creative Commons Licenses Attribution Attribution - NonCommercial - NoDerivs Attribution - NonCommercial - ShareAlike Attribution - NonCommercial Attribution - NoDerivs Attribution - ShareAlike CC0 Public Domain Dedication http://creativecommons.org/licenses/
    17. 17. Legal and Technical Legal Code, Human Readable Deed, Meta-Data http://creativecommons.org/licenses/
    18. 18. Creative Commons Global Network http://wiki.creativecommons.org/CC_Affiliate_Network
    19. 19. Global Education Projects Using CC http://khanacademy.org http://projects.siyavula.com http://nroer.in/ http://www.open.edu/openlearn/
    20. 20. Are MOOCs Really Open? No, all rights reserved. No, non-OER license. No, all rights reserved. Note: some institutions using CC anyway. Yes, CC BY or CC BY-SA Partial, CC BY-NC on some Most MOOCs are open only in the sense of free enrollment. No, all rights reserved.
    21. 21. http://www.mukurtu.org/ http://www.localcontexts.org/
    22. 22. Why Use Creative Commons in Education? • Make better use of existing resources without onerous permission seeking, complex decisions or reporting (consider decision tree for copyright, vs. fair dealing, vs. Creative Commons) • Save faculty students, parents, & government time and money • Easily localize, translate, and update education resources – higher quality • Transform teachers and students into active creators and producers of knowledge that persist • Reuse, revision, remix and redistribution enable pedagogic innovations – “open pedagogies” • Leverages digital and the Internet
    23. 23. Creative Commons For Science
    24. 24. Open Access & Open Data Open Science Logo by gemmerich CC BY-SA Open Data Stickers by jwyg CC0
    25. 25. By “open access” to [peer-reviewed research literature], we mean its free availability on the public internet, permitting users to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of these articles, crawl them for indexing, pass them as data to software, or use them for any other lawful purpose. There are two roads to OA: 1. the "golden road" of OA journal-publishing , where journals provide OA to their articles (either by charging the author-institution for refereeing/publishing outgoing articles instead of charging the user-institution for accessing incoming articles, or by simply making their online edition free for all) 2. the "green road" of OA self-archiving, where authors provide OA to their own published articles, by putting them up online or in an institutional repository where all can access.
    26. 26. Open Data Stickers by jwyg CC0 Scientific research data made publicly available. Can also be data from government or GLAM organizations. • made available in convenient, modifiable, and open formats that can be retrieved, downloaded, indexed, and searched • formats are machine-readable and structured to allow automated processing • made available to the widest range of users for the widest range of purposes http://theodi.org figshare is a repository where users can make all of their research outputs (figures, datasets, media, papers, posters, presentations and filesets) available in a citable, shareable and discoverable manner. http://figshare.com http://schoolofdata.org
    27. 27. Creative Commons For Culture
    28. 28. Writers Musicians Filmmakers Artists Cory Doctorow http://www.tpbafk.tv Jonathan Mann http://jonathanmann.net/ http://craphound.com/ Jonathan Worth http://jonathanworth.com Simon Klose
    29. 29. Europe’s digital library — has released 20 million records into the public domain using the CC0 Public Domain Dedication. This release is the largest one-time dedication of cultural data to the public domain using CC0. The Europeana dataset consists of descriptive information from a huge trove of digitized cultural and artistic works. Thousands of years of visual culture made free through Wellcome Images http://blog.wellcomelibrary.org/2014/01/thousands-of-years-of-visual-culture-made-free-through-wellcome-images/ http://www.europeana.eu/portal/ Citizen engagement and participation to align (rectify) old historical maps to new precise maps of New York. http://maps.nypl.org/warper/ Has done same & CC license user contributions.
    30. 30. http://wiki.creativecommons.org/GLAM#Libraries
    31. 31. Creative Commons For Government
    32. 32. http://www.opengovpartnership.org Openness in Government
    33. 33. In 2013 piloting five thematic working groups, each co-led by at least one civil society organization and at least one OGP government: 1. Fiscal Openness – Led by the Global Initiative on Fiscal Transparency (GIFT) and the Governments of Brazil and Philippines. 2. Open Data - Led by the Global Open Data Initiative (GODI) and the Government of Canada. 3. Legislative Openness - Led by the National Democratic Institute (NDI) and the Government of Chile. 4. Access to Information - Led by the Government of Mexico through the Federal Institute for Access to Information and Data Protection (IFAI) and the Alianza Regional Por La Libre Expresión e Información (Regional Alliance for Freedom of Expression and Information). 5. Extractives - Led by Revenue Watch Institute (RWI) and the Government of Ghana
    34. 34. a. Support the use of OER through the revision of policy regulating higher education b. Contribute to raising awareness of key OER issues c. Review national ICT/connectivity strategies for Higher Education d. Consider adapting open licensing frameworks e. Consider adopting open format standards f. Support institutional investments in curriculum design g. Support the sustainable production and sharing of learning materials h. Collaborate to find effective ways to harness OER. 2012 WORLD OER CONGRESS UNESCO, PARIS, JUNE 20-22, 2012 DRAFT DECLARATION
    35. 35. http://www.openeducationeuropa.eu • Openly license education resources • Partnerships among creators - teachers, publishers, ICT companies • New business models
    36. 36. • Educational materials developed with public funds are made available under open licenses • Promote and use OER to widen access to higher education for non- traditional learners • Introduce open educational practice into every part of the university • Establish universities and students as co-creators of OER materials in an OEP environment http://www.thinkwales.ac.uk/pdf/OER%20Declaration%20of%20Intent%20-%20Sept%202013.pdf
    37. 37. • Funded by the US Department of Labor • $2 billion over 4 years • All courseware openly licensed (CC BY) TAACCCT Trade Adjustment Assistance Community College & Career Training http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/38818
    38. 38. Creative Commons For Media & Platforms
    39. 39. http://www.flickr.com/creativecommons https://www.google.ca/imghp Photos
    40. 40. Video http://vimeo.com/creativecommons http://www.youtube.com/creativecommons
    41. 41. Music http://www.jamendo.com https://soundcloud.com
    42. 42. Creative Commons and Libraries CC0 for library meta data Tag resources with rights info Open license for library owned content Open access for university research OER collections and curation book sale loot by Ginny CC BY-SA
    43. 43. http://cyber.law.harvard.edu/copyrightforlibrarians/Main_Page Open Content Licensing for Educators Copyright for Librarians http://wikieducator.org/Open_content_licensing_for_educators/Home
    44. 44. School of Open https://p2pu.org/en/schools/school-of-open/
    45. 45. Big Ideas Zipper by Paul Stacey
    46. 46. Intellectual property law is based solely on economic efficiency and incentives. Explores rethinking IP law to consider values beyond simply the value of incentivizing production. Recommends adding social and cultural values. Consider people’s capacity to participate in cultural production, information’s role in cultural and human flourishing. Reorient intellectual property law to promote a good life. http://msunder.com/from-goods-to-a-good-life/
    47. 47. What happens when a Ministry goes open?
    48. 48. This Open Source Seed pledge is intended to ensure your freedom to use the seed contained herein in any way you choose, and to make sure those freedoms are enjoyed by all subsequent users. By opening this packet, you pledge that you will not restrict others’ use of these seeds and their derivatives by patents, licenses, or any other means. You pledge that if you transfer these seeds or their derivatives they will also be accompanied by this pledge. http://www.opensourceseedinitiative.org/
    49. 49. http://sharedearth.com/
    50. 50. Awesome exploration of how distributed, collaborative, laterally scaled, Internet enabled social commons are playing bigger and bigger roles in energy production, manufacturing (3D printing), health care, education, food production, communications, the sharing economy, and culture. A “Collaborative Commons”. Commons based peer production. http://www.thezeromarginalcostsociety.com/
    51. 51. http://opendesignnow.org/ http://n-e-r-v-o-u-s.com/ https://www.opendesk.cc/ http://www.thingiverse.com
    52. 52. http://www.shareable.net Sharing is more fun than shopping.
    53. 53. Systems Approach to Open
    54. 54. Paul Stacey Creative Commons web site: http://creativecommons.org e-mail: pstacey@creativecommons.org blog: http://edtechfrontier.com presentation slides: http://www.slideshare.net/Paul_Stacey http://creativecommons.org/weblog https://www.facebook.com/creativecommons
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