Theocratic States
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Like this? Share it with your network

Share

Theocratic States

on

  • 8,785 views

Describe the attributes of states and the special characteristix of theocratic states

Describe the attributes of states and the special characteristix of theocratic states

Statistics

Views

Total Views
8,785
Views on SlideShare
8,757
Embed Views
28

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
28
Comments
0

4 Embeds 28

http://www.slideshare.net 18
https://etudes-ng.fhda.edu 7
http://www.slideee.com 2
http://translate.googleusercontent.com 1

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

Theocratic States Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Theocratic States Several Nations Under the Gods
  • 2. Political Organization: Basic Principles  Power vs Authority  Power: compliance by coercion or force  Authority: compliance by persuasion  Legitimacy: Beliefs rationalizing rule  Examples: Divine Right, Peoples Consent  Sanctions: reinforcements of behavior  Positive: rewards, recognition  Negative: punishment
  • 3. Power versus Authority  Extreme examples  Power: concentration camps: Auschwitz (above); Guantanamo (below)  Authority: !Kung, Inuit, Yanomamo  Neither is absolute  Dictatorships need to persuade: Nuremberg rallies, Mayday parades  Power is evenly distributed in nonstate cultures
  • 4. Legitimacy as Justification for Political Order  Justification necessary even in authoritarian states  Monarchies: the divine right to rule  Soviet Union: Socialist transition to communist economy  Nazi Germany: Racial purification; delivery of full-employment (Nuremberg rallies, above)  Democratic forms: consent by the governed (below, State of the Union)
  • 5. Legitimacy: Samsara in India  Justification for a given political order  India: Caste system is reinforced by  Samsara: A cosmic illusion marked by  Birth-and-death cycles
  • 6. Legitimacy: Karma in India  Karma: influenced by one’s act in all previous lives  Reward: rebirth in higher state  Punishment: rebirth in lower state  Affects all beings, from stone to humans to gods
  • 7. States: Force as Prime Mover  Defining Characteristics  A centralized political system  With power to coerce  The operating factor:  Monopoly over the use of  Legitimate physical force  Supports the apparatus of the state  Bureaucracy --Army and police  Law and legal codes
  • 8. States: Derivative Features  Administrative structure  Public services --Tax collection  Resource allocation --Foreign affairs  Delegation of force  Police, all levels --Armed force  Law  Civil (dispute resolution)  Regulatory (trade, economy)  Criminal (crime and punishment)
  • 9. Law: Cross-Cultural Comparison  Codified law: Formally defines wrong and specifies remedies  Customary law: Informal sanctions or dispute resolution  Restitution or Restorative law: emphasizes dispute resolution, damage restitution  Retributive law: emphasizes punishment for crimes committed
  • 10. Case Studies: Restitution  Nuer: Leopard-skin chief  Function: mediate disputes; leopard wrap identifies role  Cannot force or enforce an agreement  Authority is spiritual  Zapotec in Talea, Mexico  Function: hear cases and negotiate  Recommend settlement  Enforce agreement by community
  • 11. Case Studies: Retribution  Criminal Law  Murder, Robbery, Others  Civil Law  Consumer Law and Small Courts  Final Say: Judge or Arbitrator  Limitation: Sheer Numbers of Cases
  • 12. Defining Theocratic States  States whose legitimacy is derived from supernatural sources: God or gods  Mexica (Aztecs): Legitimacy was derived from a fear that the sun would die out  Human sacrifice necessary to prevent the loss of the sun  Tibet: the belief in samsara—birth, death, and rebirth  Karma: the driving force based on one’s deeds— good or evil—in past lives.