• India's experience in rocketry began in ancient times
when fireworks were first used in the country.
• Military use of rockets by Tipu Sultan during the
Mysore War inspired William Congreve to invent the
• Indian scientists and politicians recognized the potential of
rocket technology in both defence applications and for
research and development.
• A country as demographically large as India would require its
own independent space capabilities in various fields.
Dr Vikram Sarabhai
• Dr. Vikram Sarabhai is the father of the Indian
• Established the Indian National Committee for Sapce
Research (INCOSPAR) with Homi Bhabha in 1962.
• On August 15th 1969 ISRO was created
from the INCOSPAR programme.
• In the 1960s Sarabhai had taken part in an early study
• India began developing satellite technology
anticipating the remote sensing and communication
needs of the future.
• India’s first satellite was launched in 1975
• In 1993 the time had come for the maiden flight of the PSLV.
• PSLV became the workhorse launch vehicle.
• It placed both remote sensing and communications
satellites into orbit.
• Many INSAT satellites were launched during this period.
• Created the largest cluster in the world and provided
unique data to Indian industry and agriculture..
• Currently the most powerful Indian launch vehicle in operation;
the first flight of the GSLV took place in 2001.
• ISRO entered the lucrative market of launching payloads of
• On April 28, 2008 ISRO successfully launched 10 satellites in a
single mission further boosting it's capabilities in space.
G. Madhavan Nair, former chairman of ISRO.
The moon vehicle…
The Moon vehicle…...
• India’s first unmanned mission to moon developed
• Launched on 22nd
October 2008 from Satish Dhawan
space centre Sriharikota.
• Estimated cost
– Rs 386 crore.
• Simaltanous mineralogical, chemical and photo
• High resolution mapping of the lunar surface to
• 3D mapping of lunar surface at very high resolution to
attract young minds in space and planetary science.
Future space missions..
• ISRO plans to launch a number of new-generation Earth
Observation Satellites in the near future.
• The ISRO is preparing for Mangalyam, an orbiter mission to Mars
to be launched in November 2013
• Developing Reusable launch vehicles (RLV).
• ISRO is planning a mission to Venus by May
2015 to study its atmosphere.
•ISRO plans to carry out an unmanned mission to
the Sun by the year 2014.
Manned moon mission by 2020.