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Failed Mega Events As Urban Development Engines?
Failed Mega Events As Urban Development Engines?
Failed Mega Events As Urban Development Engines?
Failed Mega Events As Urban Development Engines?
Failed Mega Events As Urban Development Engines?
Failed Mega Events As Urban Development Engines?
Failed Mega Events As Urban Development Engines?
Failed Mega Events As Urban Development Engines?
Failed Mega Events As Urban Development Engines?
Failed Mega Events As Urban Development Engines?
Failed Mega Events As Urban Development Engines?
Failed Mega Events As Urban Development Engines?
Failed Mega Events As Urban Development Engines?
Failed Mega Events As Urban Development Engines?
Failed Mega Events As Urban Development Engines?
Failed Mega Events As Urban Development Engines?
Failed Mega Events As Urban Development Engines?
Failed Mega Events As Urban Development Engines?
Failed Mega Events As Urban Development Engines?
Failed Mega Events As Urban Development Engines?
Failed Mega Events As Urban Development Engines?
Failed Mega Events As Urban Development Engines?
Failed Mega Events As Urban Development Engines?
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Failed Mega Events As Urban Development Engines?

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A case study of the construction of Hammarby Sjöstad, a planned Olympic village in Stockholm, Sweden. Why was this \'green\' district built even though the 2004 Games went to Athens? I focus on public …

A case study of the construction of Hammarby Sjöstad, a planned Olympic village in Stockholm, Sweden. Why was this \'green\' district built even though the 2004 Games went to Athens? I focus on public management and urban planning lessons.

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  • 1. FailedMega-Events as Urban Development Engines?
    Paul T. Levin, Ph.D., Program Director, Governance and Management Training at the Centre for Regional and Educational Development
  • 2. My talk
    Part 1: Background and the puzzle
    Part 2: Solving the puzzle?
    Part 3: Lessons
    22/05/2010
    / Paul T. Levin, GOVMAT
  • 3. Background and the puzzle
    Part 1
    22/05/2010
    / Paul T. Levin, GOVMAT
  • 4. Global cities and mega-events
    “One of the main strategies adopted by cities that want to become part of the ‘global network’ is to stage a mega-event.”
    “Hosting high-profile events … boosts global visibility by promoting the image of the city as a vital and dynamic place, …”
    22/05/2010
    / Paul T. Levin, GOVMAT
  • 5. Mega-events and urban development (MUD)
    “… but it also acts, locally, as a catalyst for development and a way to legitimize large-scale transformations, giving local governments the license to reprioritize the urban agenda without the public scrutiny theynormallyreceive.”
    Barcelona 1992 first successful MUD example
    Sydney 2000 first ”green” event
    22/05/2010
    / Paul T. Levin, GOVMAT
  • 6. Failedmega-events and UD
    No ME  no UD
    E.g. Berlin 2000, Madrid 2016
    No support for hypothesis that ”even an unsuccessful Olympic bid can provide a major impetus for urban development”
    22/05/2010
    / Paul T. Levin, GOVMAT
  • 7. The puzzle
    September 1997: 2004 Olympics to Athens
    Unlikemostfailedbidders, Stockholm builtits Olympic Village anyway
    Why?
    Whatlessons, ifany, canwelearn from this?
    Why is this interesting?
    Likelyhood of failure
    Increasedbiddingcosts
    Public management/city planninglessons
    22/05/2010
    / Paul T. Levin, GOVMAT
  • 8. Counting on failure
    22/05/2010
    / Paul T. Levin, GOVMAT
  • 9. Biddingcosts
    Vancouver 2010: 35 $m CAD
    Madrid 2016: 37.8 €m
    Chicago 2016: 100 $m
    22/05/2010
    / Paul T. Levin, GOVMAT
  • 10. Hammarby Sjöstad ”Olympic village”
    22/05/2010
    / Paul T. Levin, GOVMAT
  • 11. Hammarby Sjöstad
    Stockholm city
    Hammarby Sjöstad
    22/05/2010
    / Paul T. Levin, GOVMAT
  • 12. Before construction
    Brownfieldindustrial area
    Lack of coherentplanning
    22/05/2010
    / Paul T. Levin, GOVMAT
  • 13. A pleasant and green city
    Storm water canalrunsthroughtown
    22/05/2010
    / Paul T. Levin, GOVMAT
  • 14. Green commuting
    Bicyclelanes and walkingpaths
    22/05/2010
    / Paul T. Levin, GOVMAT
  • 15. Energy
    Solar panels, thermal power plant, biogas, experimental wastewatertreatment .
    22/05/2010
    / Paul T. Levin, GOVMAT
  • 16. Solving the puzzle?
    Part 2
    22/05/2010
    / Paul T. Levin, GOVMAT
  • 17. Pre-existing plans
    Pre-Olympic plan 1991
    Olympic plan 1995
    22/05/2010
    / Paul T. Levin, GOVMAT
    Post-Olympic plan 2002
  • 18. The Olympic ”push”
    Got the city leadershipinvolved
    Local business eliteinvolved
    Fast-tracked plans
    Introduced Green dimension
    22/05/2010
    / Paul T. Levin, GOVMAT
  • 19. Institutionalfactors
    A localunified HS projectorganization
    Localentity for dispension of national governmentfunds
    Plans wereadoptedbefore the rejection, someevenbefore the bid
    22/05/2010
    / Paul T. Levin, GOVMAT
  • 20. Compelling vision
    The Environmental Program for HS
    ”Twice as good” on green technology (E.T.)
    ”Cuttingedge” on E.T.
    ”Made it easy to communicate the vision”
    Actorscoalescedaround vision
    22/05/2010
    / Paul T. Levin, GOVMAT
  • 21. An emerging urban regime?
    Multitude of stakeholders
    Different motivesbutshared ambition
    Expressive (symbolic) and instrumental
    22/05/2010
    / Paul T. Levin, GOVMAT
  • 22. LESSONS
    Part 3
    22/05/2010
    / Paul T. Levin, GOVMAT
  • 23. Public management lessons
    Count on (and prepare for) failure
    Useexisting plans
    Political support important in earlystages
    Compelling(green?) vision
    Vision ”anchored” early on
    Range of stake-holders (coalescedaround vision)
    Institutionalizeproject (and vision)
    22/05/2010
    / Paul T. Levin, GOVMAT

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