News 20111122 rail


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News 20111122 rail

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News 20111122 rail

  1. 1. News November 22nd, 2011 When will Romania have a high-speed rail Let us imagine that we could reach the city center of Cluj, Timisoara or Iasi in 3 hours from the Capital center, without disruption of traffic, in any weather conditions. Isn’t it a utopia? This would be possible if we have a high-speed line. How far are we? In 2007, Ludovic Orban, Minister of Transport at that time, said high-speed line, for which it wasn’t even drafted a project, could be built by 2015. In fact, in recent years nothing happened from this point of view, and performance would be if construction begins in 2015. Or even in 2016, as now promised the Ministry. Recently, Anca Boagiu, the actual Minister of Transport said that the project that everyone "is treated with skepticism", the high-speed line linking Hungary to Romania, is already developing the feasibility study, which will be followed by a second phase: funding. "Even if those in the ministry say that they are interested especially in this project, currently there is no working group under the aegis of any institution to work on it", says Ştefan Roşeanu, Senior Partner Railway Club. In short, such a project involves a series of problems of railway infrastructure, reorganization of the stations, and railway operators problems. "A very important thing is how it will interconnect with the classical transport system", explains Roşeanu. Basically, it supports the idea of a line (Constanţa- Bucureşti-Braşov-Sibiu-Deva-Arad) to double Corridor IV, in which currently make investments for rehabilitation. But, say market analysts, the costs in this case could be much higher – "are tunnels that would be built from Comarnic to Braşov", also explains Roşeanu. Another "cheaper" option could be designed on the southern side, where "geography" allows lower costs. French circulated with the first TGV 30 years ago For either choice would choose, it is clear that this would be a fantastic leap for Romania. Especially since, unlike the West, where the transition to high-speed line was gradually (French have circulated with the first TGV 30 years ago, after for many years studied foreign technologies), to us will be a jump from 160 km/h to 300 km/h in a much shorter time. When will it happen? Gabriel Stanciu, General manager of a Romanian Transportation company, try to give as possible term: "In the early 2020s", he points out, – an estimated period by Roşeanu too –, only if there is continued political and investment support. In other words, says also Mircea Marian, country manager of other Romanian Transportation company "if we compare the market in Romania to that of France, speaking in terms of development of high-speed rail systems, once the investment will begin, another 10-15 years will pass".Eng. Paul Keisch Page 1
  2. 2. News November 22nd, 2011 Transportation company ideas From a technical standpoint, the company official believes that this line should not compete with existing lines, which now lies in a comprehensive rehabilitation process on Corridors IV and IX. He proposes routes to serve other areas, lines such as Bucureşti-Piteşti-Râmnicu Vâlcea-Sibiu-Cluj- Oradea and from there to Budapest; then, from Piteşti to Craiova and Timişoara and finally, from Bucureşti to Brăila, Galaţi and later, to and from Iaşi. He also said the next phase would lead to a link through Bulgaria to Greece and Turkey, to connect west cities of the country between them and finally, to link Belgrade with Timişoara. From this point, depending on our neighbors’ schedules, high-speed line could be linked to former Yugoslavia countries and northern Italy. Once the project started, costs will be quite large. "Approximately, 850 km high speed line costs exceed €10 billion", makes a simple calculation Roşeanu. Of course, when talk of a larger project, so as Gabriel Stanciu drew, costs will be much higher. One thing is certain: if there’s money, ideas also come. Remains a problem: how quickly will turn theory into practice? For several years, Romania has taken into account the possibility of building high-speed lines. This will require money, time and professionals. Some figures from market: 250 km/h is the minimum speed that goes a TGV and characteristics old generation models; currently taking projects in question are for 300 and 350 km/h. 1936 was the year when the steam locomotive reached, in UK, 200 km/h; French have circulated the first time with a high-speed train 30 years ago. €10 billion is the minimum amount necessary to build high-speed lines in Romania; currently, Ministry of Transport is focused on this project. Earlier the year 2020 we cannot think that we circulate with a TGV; market analysts say that this is possible over 10-15 years.Eng. Paul Keisch Page 2