Walk/Live Opening Lecture


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Walk/Live Opening Lecture

  1. 1. Our Process Eric? “I think you should be more explicit here in step two.”
  2. 2. THE POWER OF DesiredCOLLECTIVE IMPACT Outcomes Transformative Projects New Collaborations Identify Opportunities Walk/Live St. Louis 2012 EPA Grant – West End CONNECTING THE DOTS... REALTORS –> New Partners for Smart GrowthNeed for a more walkable St. Louis
  3. 3. Housing & Community Solutions, Inc.OUR MISSION:To build sustainable and diverse communities through projects that promotecollaboration, community and economic revitalization in the St. Louis region.OUR PROJECTS:St. Louis DrillDown, Walk/Live St. Louis 2012, Transit-Oriented Development,Historic Preservation, Social Entrepreneurship and Housing Development.WE ARE:A catalyst, a collaborator, and a champion that helps move St. Louis forward. Website: www.housingandcommunitysolutions.org Phone: 314-367-3147 Email: paul@housingandcommunitysolutions.org
  4. 4. Livability and the roleof Transportation
  5. 5. Now that we are here …What can we do?
  6. 6. 35th Anniversary of WalkCourtesy of Ian Lockwood
  7. 7. Courtesy of Ian Lockwood
  8. 8. Courtesy of Ian Lockwood
  9. 9. Courtesy of Ian Lockwood
  10. 10. Courtesy of Ian Lockwood
  11. 11. Is this the landscape we want to leave our children?
  12. 12. “There is No There There” …Gertrude SteinHouston, Texas Fifty percent of all American cities are now under concrete and asphalt. (In Los Angeles it is now 66 percent.)
  13. 13. Aging Population 1990 2050
  14. 14. Depressive Disorders 19 million American adults • Leading cause of disability in the USA • Treatment: • Medication • Social Contact, including therapy • And…..
  15. 15. JaniceBurdenAge 93
  16. 16. Peak Happiness 1965
  17. 17. Bryant Park, New York City
  18. 18. Bryant Park, New York City
  19. 19. Bryant Park, New York City
  20. 20. Dan Burden and Samantha Thomas, Walkable and Livable Communities Institute St Louis, Missouri
  21. 21. West Lafayette, Indiana (Home of Purdue University)
  22. 22. Where would you rather walk? Where would you rather bike? Which is the safest place to bike?Where would you rather drive? Where would you rather live? Which is the safest place to drive?
  23. 23. Bridgeport Way, University Place, Washington
  24. 24. Marine Drive, Dundarave, B.C.
  25. 25. Houston, Texas How Do We Get to Truly Reasonable Speeds and costs? We find ourselves stuck in a transportation planning paradigm that was developed in an environment completely different than where we are now. We continueAnywhere in California to build roads that are affordable and maintainable. Not only that they produce high driving speeds, at the expense of our health, our safety, and our government budgets. Today safety losses on our streets are higher than our congestion costs.
  26. 26. If you plan citiesfor cars andtraffic, you getcars and traffic.If you plan forpeople andplaces, you getpeople andplaces.
  27. 27. Canada Marine Drive, Dundarave, B.C.Highway 93, Missoula, Montana USA
  28. 28. Marine Drive, Dundarave, B.C.
  29. 29. Marine Drive, Dundarave, B.C.
  30. 30. What is the Purpose of Cities?
  31. 31. Safe place toraise a family
  32. 32. Low Speed Low Noise Low Volume
  33. 33.  More Association Neighborhood Pride People to watch over one another Sense of community Crystal Beach, Florida
  34. 34. The Average U.S. Family now pays $16,000 per year in health care costs, and this figure is rising.With almost double the costper capita of the averageWestern nations, the U.S.receives less in the way ofhealth care and healthoutcomes.This makes us vulnerable inglobal competitionSource: The Kaiser Family Foundation, April 2011
  35. 35. What are these people doing?
  36. 36. St Louis’s Abundance Inventory People PlanetHistory, culture, Water, sunshine,visitors, jobs, daylight, heat, landpreservation, historic green spaces,buildings, great schools waterfront,of learning, many biodiversity, trees,cultural heroes, harvestable energy,walkability/linkages, urban, suburbancivic engagement, and rural habitatneighborhood villages,housing, Prosperity Diverse culture, arts & economy, proximity to the nation, river transport, great seasonal attractions, tourism, urban trails, well priced housing. education, access to health, healthy lifestyles, affordability, arts, sciences
  37. 37. Switching from driving toProsperous Communities walking to transit to bicyclingwill be compact, connected will be seamless. Incentives forand focused at a human scale driving will be removed.
  38. 38. Illustration by Steve Price, Urban Advantage
  39. 39. Crossing Island Bike LanesTransit Stop Turn Lane Colorized (colorized)
  40. 40. Can handle 25,000 vehiclesper day Can handle 25,000
  41. 41. "If we want a booming economy of
  42. 42. Charleston, S.C. Santa Barbara, California
  43. 43. America’s First Development 1550 feet from THE CHEERS BAR, 6 other bars, 8 deli’s, 4 banks, 3 hardware stores, 2 florists, 18 restaurants, 5 churches, grocer, pharmacist, medical and dozens more.Beacon Hill, Boston
  44. 44. 1550 feet fromNOTHING Orlando, Florida
  45. 45. Monterey, California Cleveland, Ohio.
  46. 46. Monterey, California
  47. 47. The Illustrative Plan (above) is the result of this planning process; it shows thehypothetical buildout of the corridor, locating building footprints (newand existing), open space, and parking areas. The corridor was divided into fourstudy areas, the Western Gateway, the Neighborhood Center, the Village Center,and the Town Center. Each area has it’s own unique characteristics and challengeswhich were addressed.Quick sketches were done to study buildings that would result from the hypotheticalbuilding footprints in the Illustrative Plan, combined with the proposed height limitsin the study areas and potential architectural regulations of the new code. eachstreet, which corresponds to written code regulations.
  48. 48. Size neighborhoods for a 5-minute walk Design for a mix of land uses: Make blocks a walkable size:Neighborhood Centers • Block perimeters of 1,500’ to 2,000’ • Create a connected network of streets Civic Parks Centers include denser Buildings and Open housing, a square, civic Spaces uses, and neighborhood- oriented retail.
  49. 49. Before and After Espanola Way, circa 1986 © Citizen Planner Institute
  50. 50. South Beach, Florida Ocean Drive
  51. 51. City Making
  52. 52. Thornton Park,Orlando, FloridaDu/a 9-12
  53. 53. Du/a 15-22
  54. 54. Du/a 22-28
  55. 55. Winter Park Village The Breakdown
  56. 56. Lee Road Mixed Use Extension Redevelopment Residential W.P.V. RedevelopmentDevelopment
  57. 57. If Cities are to reduceauto-dependence aworking alternativeshould include:Strip centers arereplaced with townsquares, destinationsare a walkable scale
  58. 58. 1800 vehicles per hour per lane800 vehicles per hourPer lane
  59. 59. Every blizzard proves motorists prefer two lane roadsIndeed they place medians and edge buffers on 4-lane roads when they getto design them (before snow plows arrive). So why not convert to 2-3 lanes,
  60. 60. Abbott Road, E. Lansing, Michigan
  61. 61. 15-20,000 ADTDixie Highway, West Palm Beach, Florida
  62. 62. Walkability AuditsA Tool for Organizing Strong Communities and Developing Complete Streets
  63. 63. For further information contact: Dan Burden and Kelly Morphy Walkable and Livable Communities Institute, www.walklive.org