People wanted to ENJOY LIFE SAY NO TO ENDURING SUFFERING TO GET A HEAVENLY REWARD REJECT MEDIEVAL VALUES LOOK TO CLASSICAL PAST FOR IDEAS Thus the birth of Renaissance, or the period where “explosion of creativity” took place.
Renaissance is the French word for “rebirth of the arts and learning at any time in history.” It began in Italy for three reasons: 1. THRIVING CITIES 2. WEALTHY MERCHANTS 3. CLASSICAL HERITAGE OF GREECE AND ROME
Highly urbanized Had a lot of prosperous towns (center for manufacturing, trade, and banking) People were with considerable wealth.
MAJOR CENTERS OF PAPAL STATE IN RENAISSANCE CENTRAL ITALY CIVILIZATION IN ROME (Renaissance NORTHERN ITALY popes) FLORENCE (small oligarcgy: Medici SOUTHERN ITALY Family) TWO SICILIES (Naples MILAN (duchy: headed by France and VISCONTIS and the Sicily by Spain) SFORZA Family) VENICE (oligarchy)
Florence MEDICI FAMILY Important banking WEALTH: industry, center trade, banking Giovanni di Bicci de Very prosperous Medici Cosimo de Medici Headed by 1 powerful (virtually became family, the Medici. dictator of Florence) Lorenzo de Medici (the most famous; generous patron of the arts)
Renaissance scholars Ancient works helped thought of going back to the Italians to develop the classical ages of the Italian Renaissance. Greece and Rome. Humanism Looking down on the Enjoyment of Worldly Medieval art and Pleasures literature, artists Patrons of the Arts created their works The Renaissance Man inspired by the ruins of The Renaissance Woman Rome while scholars read through the ancient manuscripts from Greece.
HUMANISM WORLDLY PLEASURES Human potential and “Enjoying life without achievements offending God.” Material luxuries, fine music, tasty foods, mansions, etc. Popularization of subjects called humanities The basic spirit of PHILOSOPHY Renaissance society: HISTORY SECULAR (which also LITERATURE covers the definition of being concerned with the here and now).
PATRONS OF THE ARTS Big number of wealthy Italians PATRON of the ARTS = financially supporting the artists Popes, merchants, wealthy families who became patrons sought to demonstrate their own importance and power
THE RENAISSANCE MAN BALDASSARE CASTIGLIONE From the term “universal Author of The Courtier man” Taught people how to become a renaissance The ideal individual who’s man. He must be charming, witty, well educated. He striving to master almost must know how to dance, every area of study. sing, play music and write poetry. He must also be a skilled rider, wrestler and swordsman, and must have SELF-CONTROL.
Upper-class women should know the classics and be charming. Must not to expect fame. Must inspire art NOT to create it.
Who are the famous artists during the ItalianRenaissance period? Familiarize yourself withtheir works. Be prepared for an individualactivity next meeting.
Petrarch One of the earliest and most influential humanists Wrote 14-line poems called sonnets Boccaccio Best known for his Decameron Stories that were supposedly told by a group of youngsters waiting in a villa to avoid the plague sweeping through Florence. Machiavelli Best known for his The Prince Examines how a ruler can gain power and keep it in spite of his enemies. Vittoria Colonna A woman writer who helped Castiglione publish The Courtier
PINOY HENYO Prepare for a 10 second cheer (related to the lesson) Choose one person who will answer yes or no or maybe The questioner’s number will be drawn by the teacher so everyone must be prepared You are given 1 minute to guess the given term
FIRST CORRECT ANSWER: 7 points SECOND CORRECT ANSWER: 5 points Best in cheer: 1 point
Indulgence Theocracy Reformation Presbyterian Lutheran Anabaptist Protestant Catholic Reformation Peace of Augsburg Jesuits Annul Council of Trent Anglican Predestination Calvinism
How did European rulers encourage the spread of Renaissance ideas and what method did they use? How does Albrecht Durer’s work reflect Renaissance ideas? What did Christian humanists set out to do and what method did they use?