Medieval period

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PSHS Main Campus Social Science 3

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Medieval period

  1. 1. SOCIAL SCIENCE III
  2. 2.  MIDDLE AGES  FEUDALISM  CHIVALRY  THE CHURCH as a powerful institution ▪ REFORMS AND CRUSADES THE RENAISSANCE THE REFORMATION INTELLECTUAL REVOLUTION *
  3. 3.  CAF SEGREGATION PROJECT, as usual. A surprise project which will be formally introduced in class after the long break.
  4. 4.  Middle Ages  Vassal  Franks  Knight  Monastery  Serf  Secular  Manor  Carolingian Dynasty  Tithe  Charlemage  Chivalry  Lord  Tournament  Fief  troubadour
  5. 5.  This period of history in Europe succeeded the fall of the great Roman Empire. Medieval Europe – new institutions emerged to replace those of the fallen Roman Empire.  They were fragmented unlike the civilizations in China and Southwest Asia.
  6. 6. ROMANEMPIRE
  7. 7. BROUGHT WITH THEM DISRUPTION OF TRADE  DECLINE OF LEARNING  Business collapsed as a result  Germanic invaders: NO of recurring invasions. READ, NO WRITE. DOWNFALL OF CITIES  Romans abandoned cities as  LOSS OF A COMMON centers of administration. LANGUAGE POPULATION SHIFTS  Latin began to be fragmented  From city to countryside ▪ FRENCH (URBAN to RURAL) ▪ SPANISH ▪ Other Roman based languages
  8. 8.  Germanic kingdoms replaced Roman provinces. Church is the only institution which survived the fall of the Roman Empire.  The Church provided order and security.  Important part in the Medieval History of Europe.
  9. 9. ROMAN SOCIETY GERMANIC SOCIETY Loyalty to the public  Family ties and personal government loyalty Written law  Unwritten rules and traditions
  10. 10.  FRANKS are a Germanic people who held power in the Roman province of Gaul.  Their first king was named Clovis who was said to have brought Christianity to this region.
  11. 11.  The Church in Rome welcomed Clovis’s conversion and supported his military campaigns against other Germanic peoples.  This marked the beginning of an alliance between two powerful forces/ institutions, the Kingdom and the Church.
  12. 12.  POLITICS  Church and King converted many Germanic people. MISSIONARIES – borders of the Roman Empire FEAR OF COASTAL ATTACKS BY MUSLIMS
  13. 13. BENEDICT SCHOLASTICA Wrote a book on practical  Adapted the same rules for set of rules for women. monasteries. MONASTERY- religious communities that the Church built to adapt to rural conditions.
  14. 14.  SECULAR means worldly, power involved in politics. Gregory the Great broadened the authority of the papacy. CENTRAL THEME: Churchly kingdoms ruled by a Pope
  15. 15. ASECULARIZEDPOPE  POPE’S PALACE- center of the Roman government.CHANGES IN  Church revenues for raisingTHE POWER armies, repairing roads, helping the poor.OF THE POPE  Negotiating peace treaties with invaders (ex. Lombards)  Pope being the Mayor of Rome
  16. 16.  Roman Empire was  Major Domo= mayors divided. of the palace.  England = seven tiny  Became the most kingdoms. powerful person in the  Franks = controlled Gaul, kingdom. the largest and  In charge of the royal strongest of Europe’s households and estates kingdoms. (official responsibility)  Clovis- first king of Gaul.  Commanded armies and ▪ Started and strengthened made policies. the Merovingian Dynasty.
  17. 17. CHARLES MARTEL PEPIN THE SHORT Extended Franks’ reign to  Succeeded Charles Martel. the North, South, and East of Gaul.  Supported the Church in their fight against the Also defeated a Muslim Lombards (invading raiding party from Spain at Central Italy). the Battle of Tours.  “King by the Grace of God.”  Started the Carolingian Dynasty.
  18. 18.  Pepin the Short left two successors, Carloman and Charles. CHARLES- would eventually be known as Charlemagne.  A tall, bold man who stood 6’4”  Einhard says he was “the most potent prince with the greatest skill and success in different countries during the forty-seven years of his reign.”  Doubled the area of his father’s reign  His conquests helped spread Christianity  Is the first German “Roman Emperor”.  WHY WAS IT HISTORIC?
  19. 19.  Limited the authority  Encouraged learning of the nobles  English, German, Italian, and Spanish Regularly visited every scholars part of his kingdom.  Opened a palace school for the children at the Judged cases, settled court. disputes, rewarded  Monasteries opened schools that trained followers. monks and priests
  20. 20.  Louis the Pious – devoutly a religious man  Lothair  Charles the Bald  Louis the German TREATY OF VERDUN- divided Charlemagne’s empire into 3 kingdoms.
  21. 21.  FAMILIARIZE YOURSELF WITH THE MAP OF CHARLEMAGNE’S EMPIRE.
  22. 22.  WHAT IS FEUDALISM? WHERE DOES FEUDALISM BASE ITS POWER? DESCRIBE THE SOCIAL STRUCTURE PRESENT IN THIS PERIOD. COMPARE AND CONTRAST THE FEUDALISM THAT EXISTED IN JAPAN AND CHINA WITH THE ONE THAT EXISTED IN EUROPE. DRAW THE TYPICAL MANOR THAT EXISTED DURING THIS ERA.

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