Grammar-Comparatives and Superlatives

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An explanation of comparative and superlative: grammar rules, and examples.

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Grammar-Comparatives and Superlatives

  1. 1. LOGOS ACADEMY Paul Arce Troya
  2. 2. Comparative <ul><li>Comparative is the name for the grammar used when comparing </li></ul><ul><li>TWO THINGS </li></ul><ul><li>The two basic ways to compare are using </li></ul><ul><li>- as .. as </li></ul><ul><li>- than </li></ul><ul><li>Examples of each are shown as follows: </li></ul>
  3. 3. As (adjective)as (t he adjective does NOT change) <ul><li>She's twice as old as her sister. </li></ul><ul><li>I'm almost as good in maths as in science. </li></ul><ul><li>This book is not as exciting as the last one. </li></ul><ul><li>The cafeteria is not as crowded as usual. </li></ul><ul><li>Russian is not quite as difficult as Chinese. </li></ul>
  4. 4. than (some changes are necessary, depending on the number of syllables the adjective has ) <ul><li>This computer is better than that one. </li></ul><ul><li>It's much cold er today than it was yesterday. </li></ul><ul><li>Our car is big ger than your car. </li></ul><ul><li>This grammar topic is eas ier than most others. </li></ul><ul><li>I find science more difficult than mathematics </li></ul>
  5. 5. 1-syllable adjectives: add -er to the adjective <ul><li>My sister is much tall er than me. </li></ul><ul><li>It's cold er today than it was yesterday. </li></ul><ul><li>Note : If the word ends: </li></ul><ul><li>consonant-vowel-consonant , </li></ul><ul><li>then the last consonant is usually doubled in the comparative. Examples: big-bi gg er, fat-fa tt er, hot-ho tt er . </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Note : The comparative of some shorter 2-syllable adjectives can be formed with - er . Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>simple-simpl er </li></ul><ul><li>clever-clever er </li></ul><ul><li>narrow-narrow er </li></ul><ul><li>To be sure which comparative method to use, you will need to consult a good dictionary. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Other 2-syllable adjectives: use “ more” with the unchanged adjective . <ul><li>The shops are always more crowded just before Christmas. </li></ul><ul><li>Is there anything more boring than watching a bad movie? </li></ul><ul><li>My sister is more careful with her writing than I am with mine. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Adjectives with 3 or more syllables: use more with the unchanged adjective <ul><li>Russian grammar is more difficult than English grammar. </li></ul><ul><li>My sister is much more intelligent than me. </li></ul><ul><li>I find maths lessons more enjoyable than science lessons. </li></ul>
  9. 9. SUPERLATIVES <ul><li>In the superlative you talk about one thing only and how it is the best, worst, in a group. </li></ul><ul><li>You do not compare two things, </li></ul><ul><li>compare more than two . </li></ul><ul><li>The following guidelines apply to the superlative: </li></ul>
  10. 10. 1-syllable adjectives: add -est to the adjective (plus the ) <ul><li>My sister is the tallest in our family. </li></ul><ul><li>Yesterday was the coldest day of the year so far. </li></ul><ul><li>Note: If the word ends: consonant-vowel-consonant , then the last consonant is usually doubled in the superlative. Examples: big-bi gg est, fat-fa tt est, hot-ho tt est . </li></ul>
  11. 11. 2-syllable adjectives ending in –y : change the -y to -iest (plus the ) <ul><li>The richest people are not always the happ iest . </li></ul><ul><li>Which do you think is the eas iest language to learn? </li></ul><ul><li>Beware : Do not confuse adjectives and adverbs . 2-syllable adverbs ending in -y form their superlative with the words the most . Example : Of all the people I know my father drives the most quickly (quickliest). </li></ul>
  12. 12. Other 2-syllable adjectives: use the most with the unchanged adjective <ul><li>My sister is the most careful person I know. </li></ul><ul><li>Note : The superlative of some shorter 2-syllable adjectives can be formed with - est . Examples: simple-simpl est , clever-clever est , narrow-narrow est . To be sure which superlative method to use, you will need to consult a good dictionary. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Adjectives with 3 or more syllables : use the most with the unchanged adjective <ul><li>Some people think that Russian is the most difficult language. </li></ul><ul><li>Albert Einstein was the most intelligent person in history. </li></ul><ul><li>My most enjoyable class is English. </li></ul><ul><li>You are the most irritating person I have ever met! </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>There are irregular adjectives. </li></ul><ul><li>Here are two common irregular comparative/superlative forms: </li></ul><ul><li>Adjective – comparative - superlative </li></ul><ul><li>Good better the best </li></ul><ul><li>Bad worse the worst </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Now you can be a better english student and why not ….you can be the best . </li></ul><ul><li>THANK YOU </li></ul>

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