Strategies for encouraging oral practice


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Strategies for encouraging oral practice

  1. 1. Strategies for Encouraging Oral Practice Talk, Talk ,and More Talk
  2. 2. Concentration <ul><li>Make two sets of activity cards for each table group. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Use the cards to play &quot;concentration.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Each child picks two cards and turns them over . If the cards are the same, the student gets to name them and keep them. If they are different, the child uses them in a given sentence frame and turns them back over. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Family Feud </li></ul><ul><li>Students are divided into two groups and stand in two lines facing each other. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>The teacher holds up a card for identification by the students. The first person in each team competes to say the vocabulary word first. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>The student who correctly says the word first gets a point for their team and then goes to the end of the line to give the next person in line a chance to compete for the team. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Find .......................................Your Partner <ul><li>Each student is given a card that matches another student's card in some way (picture and word, question and answer, first half of a sentence and second half of the sentence). </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Students ask each other to share what is on their cards to see if they have the cards that go together. </li></ul>
  5. 5.           Four Square Vocabulary <ul><li>                  WORD  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>                 soothing </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>___________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>             DEFINITION      </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>    comforting, offering relief  </li></ul><ul><li>              EXAMPLES </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>             music, nap </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>__________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>             NON-EXAMPLES </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>     tests, loud noises, being </li></ul><ul><li>    called on to answer hard </li></ul><ul><li>    questions </li></ul>
  6. 6. Found Poem <ul><li>Students are exposed to a piece of literature with interesting and powerful vocabulary. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>After  the teacher reads through the selection the first time, the teacher asks students to identify words that elicit feelings and clear pictures in the students' minds.The teacher highlights these words as the students volunteer them. Then the teacher writes the words on sentence strips, and cuts the words apart so they are each on their own piece of sentence strip. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Then the teacher models how to choose a few of the words and puts them into a pocket chart to create a poem. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Inside-Outside Circle </li></ul><ul><li>Students are placed into two circles facing each other. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>The students on the inside circle each have a vocabulary card. Students on the outside circle rotate until a signal is given. They then stop, and say the vocabulary word on the card the person in the inside circle is holding. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Variation: Students say the word and use it in a given sentence structure. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  8. 8.                         Numbered                     Heads Together   <ul><li>Numbered heads together is a simple structure consisting of four steps: </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>1. Students number off </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>2. Teacher asks a question </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>3. Students put their heads together to discuss </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>4. Teacher calls a number for a response </li></ul>
  9. 9. Talking Ball <ul><li>A ball of yarn can be used to play &quot;talking ball&quot;.  The students will practice a particular grammatical structure. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>A student starts with the ball and verbalizes a sentence, holds onto the yarn, and rolls the ball to another student to do the same. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>As the yarn ball gets rolled each student needs to hold on to their part and this will form a web of yarn. </li></ul>
  10. 10.                                         Toss                                  ----- Vocabulary Ball ------       <ul><li>Generate ten words or terms you want to practice. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Write the words on pieces of tape and stick them onto a ball. </li></ul><ul><li>Students stand in a circle and take turns tossing the ball to each other. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>The person who catches the ball uses the word or term that is facing them in a sentence. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Four                                                                                                              Corners <ul><li>Assign each corner of the room a vocabulary word or picture. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Students complete a specific sentence frame using the word in their corner. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Students then go to a new corner and repeat the process with that vocabulary word or picture. </li></ul>