Three influential learning hypotheses The bio- Brain Reduction of program lateralization stressFirst and second Different learning The lower stress, thelanguage learning are functions according greater learning.parellel process, to the left-and right-developed in three brain hemispheresstages:• Listeningcompetence•Listeningcomprehension•Natural speech
Advantages Disadvantages• There is no pressure to speak. • It does not emphasise the• It reduces learning stress. visual learning style.• It takes into account • It is difficult to apply in large emotions and enviroment. classrooms• It emphasises two learning • Activities by rote repetition. styles: the auditory and the kinaesthetic.• It respects the natural order to acquire language: learning before speaking.
Important points of the method• Use of the body in order to learn.• Use of imperatives in connection with physical movement.• The method is based on oral performance.• Unlike other approaches, TPR requires initial attention to meaning rather than to the forms of items.• Use of a sentence-based syllabus.• Materials and realia play an increasing role.
Teacher´s role Learner´s role• The teacher plays an • Listener and active and direct performer. role. • They monitor and• He/She controls the evaluate their own language input. progress.• In giving feedback, the teacher follows the example of parents.
Activities• Role play• Simon says• Use of songs• Mime games• Drawing