_from the Latin revolutio
_a turn around
A fundamental change in power or
organizational structures that takes place
in a relatively short period of time.
Aristotle described two types of political
a. a complete change from one
constitution to another
b. a modification of an existing
The Han Revolution
Zhu Yuanzhang led peasant Han Chinese
in a rebellion against the Mongol Yuan
dynasty, establishing the Ming dynasty.
The English Revolution
The English Revolution, commencing as a civil
war between Parliament and the King, and
culminating in the execution of Charles I and the
establishment of a republican Commonwealth,
which was succeeded several years later by the
Protectorate of Oliver Cromwell.
The French Revolution
Regarded as one of the most influential of all
socio-political revolutions, the French
Revolution is associated with the rise of the
bourgeoisie and the downfall of the aristocracy.
It was a period of political and social upheaval and
radical change in the history of France, during
which the French governmental structure,
previously an absolute monarchy with feudal
privileges for the aristocracy and Catholic clergy,
underwent radical change to forms based on
Enlightenment principles of citizenship and
These changes were accompanied by violent
turmoil which included the trial and execution of
the king, vast bloodshed and repression during
the Reign of Terror, and warfare involving every
other major European power. Subsequent events
that can be traced to the Revolution include the
Napoleonic Wars, two separate restorations of the
monarchy, and two additional revolutions as
modern France took shape.
In the following century, France would be
governed at one point or another as a republic,
constitutional monarchy, and two different empires.
The Irish War of
The Irish War of Independence, the
period of nationalist rebellion, guerrilla
warfare, political change and civil war
which brought about the establishment of
the independent nation, the Irish Free
The February Revolution overthrows Tsar Nicholas II
in Russia during which the Romanovs were killed.
Much mystery surrounds two children of the
In 1991, the bodies of Nicholas II and his wife, along
with three of their five children and four of their
servants, were exhumed (although some questioned
the authenticity of these bones despite DNA testing).
Because two bodies were not present, many people
believed that two Romanov children escaped the
There was much debate as to which two children's
bodies are missing. A Russian scientist made
photographic super-impositions and determined that
Maria and Alexei were not accounted for.
Later, an American scientist concluded from dental,
vertebral, and other remnants that it was Anastasia
and Alexei that were missing. Much mystery
surrounds Anastasia's fate until this day.
The Chinese Revolution
The Communist-led Chinese Revolution under
chairman Mao overthrows the ruling Nationalist Party
and establishes the People's Republic of China.
The Cuban Revolution
The Cuban Revolution led by Fidel Castro
removes the government of General Fulgencio
Batista. By 1962 Cuba had been transformed into
a declared socialist republic.
Both notorious as a ruthless disciplinarian who
unhesitatingly shot defectors and revered by
supporters for his rigid dedication to professed
doctrines, Guevara remains a controversial and
significant historical figure.
As a result of his perceived martyrdom, poetic
invocations for class struggle, and desire to create
the consciousness of a quot;new manquot; driven by
quot;moralquot; rather than quot;materialquot; incentives, Guevara
evolved into a quintessential icon of leftist-inspired
movements. Ironically and in contradiction with his
Che's visage was also reconstituted as a global
marketing emblem and insignia within popular
culture. He has been mostly venerated and
occasionally reviled in a multitude of biographies,
memoirs, books, essays, documentaries, songs,
Time magazine named him one of the 100 most
influential people of the 20th century, while an
Alberto Korda photograph of him entitled
Guerrillero Heroico, was declared quot;the most
famous photograph in the world.quot;
‗The revolution is not an apple that falls when it is ripe. You have to make it fall‘
– Che Guevara (1928 – 1967), Argentine revolutionary
May ‘68 Revolution
May 1968, referring to the period when the events
occurred, is the name used to refer to the largest
general strike that ever stopped the economy of an
advanced industrial country, the first wildcat general
strike in history, and a series of student occupation
The prolonged strike involved eleven million workers
for two weeks in a row, and its impact was such that
almost caused the collapse of the de Gaulle
government of France. Such explosion was provoked
by groups in revolt against modern consumer and
technical society, embracing left-wing positions that
were even more critical of the Stalinist totalitarianism
than of the Western capitalism.
The movement contrasted with the labor unions and
the Communist Party, which started to side with the
de Gaulle government in the goal of containing the
May '68 was a political failure for the protesters, but it
had an enormous social impact. In France, it is
considered to be the watershed moment when a
conservative moral ideal (religion, patriotism, respect
for authority) shifted towards a more liberal moral
ideal (equality, sexual liberation, human rights) that
today better describes French society, in theory if not
Although this change did not take place solely in this
one month, the term ma 68 is used to refer to this
general shift in principles, especially when referring to
The Tiananmen Square protests showing
the ‗Unknown Rebel‘. Some people said he
was called Wang Weilin, was 19 years old
and a student; others said not even that much
could be confirmed. Some said he was a
factory worker's son, others that he looked
like a provincial just arrived in the capital by
When American newsmen asked Chinese
leader Jiang Zemin a year later what had
happened to the symbol of Chinese freedom
— caught by foreign cameramen and
broadcast around the world — he replied, not
very ringingly, quot;I think never killed.quot;
The Digital Revolution
On 25 December 1990 Sir Timothy John
Berners-Lee implemented the first successful
communication between an HTTP client and
server via the Internet with the help of Belgian
Robert Cailliau and a young student staff at CERN.
In 2007, he was ranked Joint First alongside Albert
Hofmann in The Telegraph's list of 100 greatest
living geniuses. Berners-Lee is the director of the
World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), which
oversees the Web's continued development, the
founder of the World Wide Web Foundation and he
is a senior researcher and holder of the 3Com
Founders Chair at the MIT Computer Science and
Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL).
Berners-Lee was elected to be the member of
National Academy of Sciences.
I think IT projects are about supporting social systems-about communications
between people and machines. They tend to fail due to cultural issues.
Sir Timothy John Berners-Lee ‗Inventor‘ of the WorldWideWeb)
The Digital Social Revolution
The Digital Social Revolution with the creation of the first social
Classmates.com is a social network service created in 1995 by
Randy Conrads who founded Classmates Online, Inc.
The social media website helps members find, connect and
keep in touch with friends and acquaintances from throughout
their lives — including kindergarten, primary school, high school,
college, work and the United States military.
Classmates.com has more than 40 million active members in
the United States and Canada.
Nielsen Online ranks Classmates as number three in unique
monthly visitors (U.S. home, work) among social networking
The Marketing Revolution
World wide marketing revolution: The Blair Witch Project.
Filming began in October 1997 and went for eight days.
Most of the movie was filmed in Seneca Creek State Park
in Montgomery County, Maryland, although a few scenes
were filmed in the real town of Burkittsville. Many of the
townspeople interviewed in the film were not actors, and
some claimed to have heard about the Blair Witch, though
the story is fictitious.
The Blair Witch Project was shown at the 1999 Sundance
Film Festival, and released by Artisan on 30 July 1999
after months of publicity, including a ground-breaking
campaign by the studio to use the Internet and suggest
that the film was a real event.
It was positively received by critics and went on to gross
over US$248 million worldwide, making it the most
successful independent film at the time. It also had the
highest ratio of box office sales to production cost in
American filmmaking history.
Viral Networking Age
Mark Zuckerberg founds Facebook with fellow
computer science major students and his
roommates Dustin Moskovitz and Chris
Hughes while he is studying at Harvard
Website membership was initially limited to
Harvard students, but was expanded to other
colleges in the Boston area, the Ivy League,
and Stanford University.
It later expanded further to include any
university student, then high school students,
and, finally, to anyone aged 13 and over.
April 2009 Facebook logs its 200 millionth user.
Facebook as a country is now bigger then
―We will welcome our 200 millionth active user
to Facebook some time today, and I want to
take this opportunity to describe what this
means to us and what we hope it can mean for
everyone using Facebook.
When we built Facebook in 2004, our goal was
to create a richer, faster way for people to share
information about what was happening around
them. We thought that giving people better tools
to communicate would help them better
understand the world, which would then give
them even greater power to change the world.
Creating channels between people who want to
work together towards change has always been
one of the ways that social movements push the
world forward and make it better. Both U.S.
President Barack Obama and French President
Nicholas Sarkozy have used Facebook as a way
to organize their supporters. From the protests
against the Colombian FARC, a 40-year old
terrorist organization, to fighting oppressive,
fringe groups in India, people use Facebook as
a platform to build connections and organize
More broadly, technology has made it easier
and faster for people across the world to share
more and more -- from the daily activities of their
lives to events that impact their communities. At
Facebook, we want to build the best service in
the world for people to connect with and share
everything that is important to them, whether
day-to-day or world-changing.‖
From ‗200 Million Strong‘ - by Mark Zuckerberg, posted on the
Facebook blog Wednesday, April 8, 2009 at 6:27am
The Present Revolution
New countries are forming based on interests, opinions,
empathy, relationships, status, emotions,… What was once a
physical interaction has shifted towards a digital interaction
in communities through social networks.
The traditional industry producing means to physically interact
is now struggling to survive caused by this change. Earlier
attempts of creating a virtual world have failed. The reason for
this was a social gap between the physical and virtual.
This gap can be bridged. Imagine a link between the
traditional and digital industries. A bridge that unites people‘s
interests and businesses based on relations and profiles.
Imagine the traditional above- and below-the-line
communication transformed into applications plugging in into
social networks. Not aiming for the masses, but targeting a
well defined user with your products and services.
We help social media users interact and
communicate more effectively through meaningful,
trustworthy and well-designed applications.
Intuitive and simple. Expressive applications
providing a deep experience that users want to
come back to regularly.
Viral Sales & Marketing
Our applications encourage individuals to pass on
a marketing message to others. Like viruses, our
applications identify people‘s profiles with high
potential and take advantage of rapid multiplication
to explode the sales message to thousands, to
We blend traditional industries with social media.
A bridge that unites people‘s interests and
businesses based on relations and profiles. We
plug industry applications into social networks,
targeting well defined users with your products and
services. Viral techniques are widening and
boosting your traditional sales channel.
Our applications tie fast growing, single
communities together for a quantum leap in value
and connection. We allow online personal or
professional communities to interact and trade
across disperse network societies.
Andy Van Laer
M +32 497 708 783
Wikipedia – AP – CERN – Facebook
Unicef – World maos – NASA
Red China – IMDb – PixXP
– John Doe