Lesson 7 British Literature
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Lesson 7 British Literature

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Lesson 7 British Literature Presentation Transcript

  • 1. British Literature Part 3 Chapter 5
  • 2. Fiction
    • The 16 th Century
      • Thomas More and Utopia (p. 189)
        • Written during the outbreak of the Reformation
          • More was against King Henry VIII’s decision to leave the Catholic Church
            • Beheaded by the King
        • Utopia means “any visionary system of political or social perfection”
        • Promotes a communal society (alternative to Feudalism)
          • Exposes the poverty of the laboring classes
  • 3. Fiction
    • The 17 th Century
      • John Bunyan and a Pilgrim’s Progress (p. 189)
        • Pilgrimage - “a religious quest”
        • John Bunyan wrote about this pilgrimage while in prison
        • Pilgrim’s Progress has been translated into more languages than any other book other than the Bible .
        • Wrote of the importance of “saving one’s soul”
  • 4. Fiction
    • The 18 th Century
      • Daniel Defoe and Robinson Crusoe (p. 190)
        • Adventure novel
        • The story of a man deserted on an island
        • Tries to create his own society on the island
        • Think of British Imperialism
      • Jonathon Swift and Gulliver’s Travels (p. 190)
        • Lemuel Gulliver travels to four fictional islands
        • Gulliver tries to understand the different societies
        • Eventually rejects human society
        • Criticizes both British and European Governments
  • 5. Fiction
    • 19 th Century – “The Golden Age of the Novel” (p. 191)
      • Charles Dickens – a “realist” who wrote about the working class
        • Great Expectations is said to be a book about Dickens’s life
          • Pip goes from being a laborer to a gentleman (working class to upper class)
          • A story of growing up and dealing with the social norms (rules) of the times
      • Female writers, Jane Austen and the Bronte Sisters
        • Jane Austen-
          • Pride and Prejudice - A story of “love, reputation, and class”
          • Mrs. Bennet is desperate to see all of her middle-class daughters married to rich husbands. The story follows the sisters Elizabeth and Jane.
        • Emily and Charlotte Bronte
          • Also wrote love stories
          • Notice that these writers focus mainly on the “middle to upper-class”
  • 6. Fiction
    • 20 th Century (pp. 194-195)
      • Joseph Rudyard Kipling was the first British novelist to win the Nobel Peace Prize
        • Wrote about colonial life in India (The British Empire)
          • Believed that British (“white people”) were superior to other cultures
        • The Jungle Book is the story of Mowgli, a boy raised by wolves in the Indian Jungle
      • James Joyce was an Irish writer known for his command of the English language
        • Dubliners shows the lives of Irish people in the city of Dublin (the capital of Ireland).
          • Describes with political and religious issues in Ireland
          • Joyce and Virginia Woolf are known as “stream-of-consciousness” writers
  • 7. Poetry (p. 197)
    • 7 th Century
      • Beowulf – a reflection of tribal society
        • Written in “Old English”
    • 14 th Century
      • Geoffrey Chaucer and the Canterbury Tales
        • Founder of English literature (the Tales are in “Middle English”)
          • Most literature was written in French or Latin during this time
        • Insight into life of people during Middle Ages
          • Characters are on a pilgrimage (a religious journey)
          • See characters such as the Knight (soldier), the Merchant, and even the Cook
  • 8. Poetry
    • 17 th Century (p. 197)
      • John Milton and Paradise Lost
        • The story of Adam and Eve and the Garden of Eden
        • Mostly known for his style
          • Neo-classical- a return to the Greek style of literature
    • 18 th Century (p. 199)
      • William Wordsworth and Daffodils (video)
        • Whenever he is sad, the flowers make him happy
        • We can see Wordsworth’s respect and love for nature
          • He celebrated the “common man” with simple language
    • 19 th Century (p. 200)
      • Alfred Tennyson and In Memoriam
        • Tennyson (and also Robert Browning) is known for the emotion he expresses in his works
        • In Memoriam covers a period of 3 years and the death of loved ones (friends and relatives)
          • The poem jumps from grief to joy (shows his style)
  • 9. Poetry
    • 20 th Century (p. 201)
      • William Butler Yeats and The Second Coming
        • A famous Irish writer, Yeats was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1923
          • Leader of the Irish literary renaissance
        • The Second Coming describes the end of the world
        • “ Everything as we know it” will be changed
          • Ireland gaining independence, World War I, etc.
      • Thomas Stearns Elliot and The Waste Land
        • Elliot won the Nobel Prize in 1948 (He is one of the most influential writers on the 20 th century)
        • The Waste Land describes Europe after World War I
  • 10. Drama
    • William Shakespeare (p. 202)
      • Now we will see the birth of “Modern English”
      • Shakespeare was one of the greatest writers who ever lived
        • Wrote 37 plays
        • Also known for his poetry
      • In his plays one can discover “the spirit of the time”
      • Many of the words we use today originate from Shakespeare's works
  • 11. Romeo and Juliet
      • Romeo and Juliet
        • Takes place in Italy
        • There are two rival families, the Montague and the Capulets
          • Romeo is a Montague and Juliet is a Capulet
          • They fall in love at a party
          • They plan a secret wedding
        • Romeo kills Tybalt (a Capulet) in a fight
          • Juliet drinks a potion to appear dead
          • Romeo does not know of this and believes she is dead
          • He kills himself
          • Juliet awakes and sees Romeo
          • She kills herself with the dagger
        • When the two families find the two lovers, they end their disputes (rivalry)
  • 12. Drama
    • Oscar Wilde and The Importance of Being Earnest (p. 204)
      • Advocates “art for art’s sake”
        • This means he was not trying to question society during this time, he simply enjoyed writing plays
        • He is known for his witty, clever and sharp language
        • In The Importance of Being Earnest is about two men (Jack and Algernon) who lead double lives and fall in love with multiple women
    • George Bernard Shaw and Pygmalion (p. 205)
      • Won the Nobel Prize in 1925
        • Was a social reformer (contrast to Oscar Wilde)
        • In Pygmalion a phonetics teacher tries to make a “lady” out of a simple flower girl
          • Although the girl is lower-class, she is received in upper-class society
          • The play questions social class and human behavior