Lesson 7 British Literature
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Lesson 7 British Literature

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    Lesson 7 British Literature Lesson 7 British Literature Presentation Transcript

    • British Literature Part 3 Chapter 5
    • Fiction
      • The 16 th Century
        • Thomas More and Utopia (p. 189)
          • Written during the outbreak of the Reformation
            • More was against King Henry VIII’s decision to leave the Catholic Church
              • Beheaded by the King
          • Utopia means “any visionary system of political or social perfection”
          • Promotes a communal society (alternative to Feudalism)
            • Exposes the poverty of the laboring classes
    • Fiction
      • The 17 th Century
        • John Bunyan and a Pilgrim’s Progress (p. 189)
          • Pilgrimage - “a religious quest”
          • John Bunyan wrote about this pilgrimage while in prison
          • Pilgrim’s Progress has been translated into more languages than any other book other than the Bible .
          • Wrote of the importance of “saving one’s soul”
    • Fiction
      • The 18 th Century
        • Daniel Defoe and Robinson Crusoe (p. 190)
          • Adventure novel
          • The story of a man deserted on an island
          • Tries to create his own society on the island
          • Think of British Imperialism
        • Jonathon Swift and Gulliver’s Travels (p. 190)
          • Lemuel Gulliver travels to four fictional islands
          • Gulliver tries to understand the different societies
          • Eventually rejects human society
          • Criticizes both British and European Governments
    • Fiction
      • 19 th Century – “The Golden Age of the Novel” (p. 191)
        • Charles Dickens – a “realist” who wrote about the working class
          • Great Expectations is said to be a book about Dickens’s life
            • Pip goes from being a laborer to a gentleman (working class to upper class)
            • A story of growing up and dealing with the social norms (rules) of the times
        • Female writers, Jane Austen and the Bronte Sisters
          • Jane Austen-
            • Pride and Prejudice - A story of “love, reputation, and class”
            • Mrs. Bennet is desperate to see all of her middle-class daughters married to rich husbands. The story follows the sisters Elizabeth and Jane.
          • Emily and Charlotte Bronte
            • Also wrote love stories
            • Notice that these writers focus mainly on the “middle to upper-class”
    • Fiction
      • 20 th Century (pp. 194-195)
        • Joseph Rudyard Kipling was the first British novelist to win the Nobel Peace Prize
          • Wrote about colonial life in India (The British Empire)
            • Believed that British (“white people”) were superior to other cultures
          • The Jungle Book is the story of Mowgli, a boy raised by wolves in the Indian Jungle
        • James Joyce was an Irish writer known for his command of the English language
          • Dubliners shows the lives of Irish people in the city of Dublin (the capital of Ireland).
            • Describes with political and religious issues in Ireland
            • Joyce and Virginia Woolf are known as “stream-of-consciousness” writers
    • Poetry (p. 197)
      • 7 th Century
        • Beowulf – a reflection of tribal society
          • Written in “Old English”
      • 14 th Century
        • Geoffrey Chaucer and the Canterbury Tales
          • Founder of English literature (the Tales are in “Middle English”)
            • Most literature was written in French or Latin during this time
          • Insight into life of people during Middle Ages
            • Characters are on a pilgrimage (a religious journey)
            • See characters such as the Knight (soldier), the Merchant, and even the Cook
    • Poetry
      • 17 th Century (p. 197)
        • John Milton and Paradise Lost
          • The story of Adam and Eve and the Garden of Eden
          • Mostly known for his style
            • Neo-classical- a return to the Greek style of literature
      • 18 th Century (p. 199)
        • William Wordsworth and Daffodils (video)
          • Whenever he is sad, the flowers make him happy
          • We can see Wordsworth’s respect and love for nature
            • He celebrated the “common man” with simple language
      • 19 th Century (p. 200)
        • Alfred Tennyson and In Memoriam
          • Tennyson (and also Robert Browning) is known for the emotion he expresses in his works
          • In Memoriam covers a period of 3 years and the death of loved ones (friends and relatives)
            • The poem jumps from grief to joy (shows his style)
    • Poetry
      • 20 th Century (p. 201)
        • William Butler Yeats and The Second Coming
          • A famous Irish writer, Yeats was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1923
            • Leader of the Irish literary renaissance
          • The Second Coming describes the end of the world
          • “ Everything as we know it” will be changed
            • Ireland gaining independence, World War I, etc.
        • Thomas Stearns Elliot and The Waste Land
          • Elliot won the Nobel Prize in 1948 (He is one of the most influential writers on the 20 th century)
          • The Waste Land describes Europe after World War I
    • Drama
      • William Shakespeare (p. 202)
        • Now we will see the birth of “Modern English”
        • Shakespeare was one of the greatest writers who ever lived
          • Wrote 37 plays
          • Also known for his poetry
        • In his plays one can discover “the spirit of the time”
        • Many of the words we use today originate from Shakespeare's works
    • Romeo and Juliet
        • Romeo and Juliet
          • Takes place in Italy
          • There are two rival families, the Montague and the Capulets
            • Romeo is a Montague and Juliet is a Capulet
            • They fall in love at a party
            • They plan a secret wedding
          • Romeo kills Tybalt (a Capulet) in a fight
            • Juliet drinks a potion to appear dead
            • Romeo does not know of this and believes she is dead
            • He kills himself
            • Juliet awakes and sees Romeo
            • She kills herself with the dagger
          • When the two families find the two lovers, they end their disputes (rivalry)
    • Drama
      • Oscar Wilde and The Importance of Being Earnest (p. 204)
        • Advocates “art for art’s sake”
          • This means he was not trying to question society during this time, he simply enjoyed writing plays
          • He is known for his witty, clever and sharp language
          • In The Importance of Being Earnest is about two men (Jack and Algernon) who lead double lives and fall in love with multiple women
      • George Bernard Shaw and Pygmalion (p. 205)
        • Won the Nobel Prize in 1925
          • Was a social reformer (contrast to Oscar Wilde)
          • In Pygmalion a phonetics teacher tries to make a “lady” out of a simple flower girl
            • Although the girl is lower-class, she is received in upper-class society
            • The play questions social class and human behavior