Lesson 4- British History Part 3


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Lesson 4- British History Part 3

  1. 1. Part 3 Developing Great Britain Colonial Expansion and Parliamentary Reforms
  2. 2. http://www.slideshare.net/patrickwolak <ul><li>At this website you can: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Look at PPTs from previous lessons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Review Journal questions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Find extra questions (practice) for this class </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Review <ul><li>Part II – Chapters I-VII </li></ul><ul><li>Vocabulary and Key Terms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pre-feudal society (pp. 37-42) ‏ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Feudalism (p. 44) ‏ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Great Charter (p. 47) ‏ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Parliament (p. 48) ‏ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Model Parliament” (p. 49) ‏ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ All-Estates Parliament” (p. 49) ‏ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>War of the Roses (p. 57) ‏ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enclosure Movement (p. 61) ‏ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reformation (p. 66-69) ‏ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Renaissance (p. 70) ‏ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Civil War and Commonwealth (p. 78) ‏ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Colonial Power (p. 84) ‏ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Revolutions (pp. 90-95) ‏ </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Developing Great Britain (p. 96) ‏ <ul><li>After the wars with France (and Napoleon) ‏ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>HUGE debt from the war </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fall in demand for manufactured goods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many factories closed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>300,000 soldiers in need of work </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Corn Laws: imported corn is taxed. The government wanted to protect its own economic interests. </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Corn Laws
  6. 6. The Corn Laws <ul><li>Taxed imported corn. The British farmers did not want the value of their corn to go down. </li></ul><ul><li>Restricted the amount of corn that could be imported into Britain. </li></ul><ul><li>People become angry (They have to eat don’t they?) ‏ </li></ul><ul><li>The bourgeoisie did not like the corn laws because: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Made labor more expensive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slowed down the development of free trade </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. The Peterloo Massacre and the Six Acts <ul><li>Strikes and mass meetings were common </li></ul><ul><li>In August 1819, a demonstration against the Corn Laws and a push for universal suffrage was organized in Manchester </li></ul><ul><li>The demonstration was suppressed and 11 people were killed and 400 wounded and is known as </li></ul><ul><li>“ The Peterloo Massacre ” </li></ul><ul><li>After this the government passed the “ Six Acts ” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>These acts intended to: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Stop radical newspapers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Prevent large meetings </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Overall, the government wants to reduce the chances of citizens turning against the government </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. The Reform Bill (p. 99) ‏ <ul><li>No representation within Parliament from the middle or lower classes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ rotten boroughs” would send representatives while large cities had no representation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The reform bill was meant to give the middle-classes a position in the government </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Changes in Parliament </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ rotten boroughs” were abolished </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Additional seats were given to populous areas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Number of voters was increased by 217,000 </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Anti-Corn Law League <ul><li>The Anti-Corn Law league began in 1838 </li></ul><ul><li>Corn Laws repealed in 1848 </li></ul><ul><li>Britain moves towards a policy of free trade </li></ul>
  10. 10. Chartism and the Chartists(p. 100) ‏ <ul><li>A movement for social and political reform </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The People’s Charter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>People basically wanted universal suffrage </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Probably the first working-class labor movement in the world </li></ul><ul><li>“ moral force” vs. “physical force” </li></ul><ul><li>Didn’t work because there was a lack of unity </li></ul><ul><li>See more political movements from the working class after Chartism </li></ul>
  11. 11. Colonialism (pp. 103-107) ‏
  12. 12. “ The workshop of the world” <ul><li>Goods were produced in mass quantities, markets were needed </li></ul><ul><li>Britain expanded its colonies </li></ul>
  13. 13. Expansion <ul><li>Britain was an “empire on which the sun never set” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>India (increased control) ‏ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>China (The Opium Wars) ‏ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Asia (Singapore and Burma) ‏ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Africa </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dominions of Canada, New Zealand, and South Africa </li></ul></ul><ul><li>By the 19 th Century, the British Empire contained 11,000,000 square miles with 345,000,000 inhabitants </li></ul>
  14. 14. Imperialism <ul><li>Britain was able to conduct free trade through economic pressure and force </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Britain had vast colonies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Monopoly profit </li></ul></ul><ul><li>However, late in the 19 th century, other countries catch up with Britain </li></ul><ul><ul><li>America and Germany became leading steel producers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>British textile (cloth) industry was declining </li></ul></ul>