Part 2
Growth of Capitalism <ul><li>Land market </li></ul><ul><li>Cloth industry (wool) </li></ul><ul><li>Enclosure movement </li...
Foreign Trade and the Colonies <ul><li>By the 15 th  century, cloth became the bulk of Britain’s trade </li></ul><ul><li>N...
Strengthening of the government <ul><li>Henry VII (1457-1509) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1) Put down revolts </li></ul></ul><ul...
Reformation <ul><li>Discontent over the Catholic Church in Rome </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Henry VIII wanted to divorce his wif...
The English Renaissance <ul><li>Sir Thomas More </li></ul><ul><li>William Shakespeare </li></ul><ul><li>John Milton </li><...
The Bourgeois Revolution (Background) <ul><li>Capitalist mode of production needs two basic conditions </li></ul><ul><ul><...
Civil War <ul><li>James I – insisted on the “Divine Right of Kings” </li></ul><ul><li>Charles I – conflict between the Kin...
The Commonwealth <ul><li>May 1649 – England declared a “commonwealth” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ireland </li></ul></ul><ul><ul...
Britain after the revolution <ul><li>Foreign affairs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Britain becomes a stronger sea and colonial pow...
More Revolutions <ul><li>The American Revolution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Treaty of Paris 1783 – Recognizes America’s indepen...
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Lesson 2-History of Britain Part 2

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Lesson 2-History of Britain Part 2

  1. 1. Part 2
  2. 2. Growth of Capitalism <ul><li>Land market </li></ul><ul><li>Cloth industry (wool) </li></ul><ul><li>Enclosure movement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Peasants were forced from the land </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People forced into cities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The accumulation of capital and the supply of cheap labor paved the way for the development of capitalism </li></ul>
  3. 3. Foreign Trade and the Colonies <ul><li>By the 15 th century, cloth became the bulk of Britain’s trade </li></ul><ul><li>Needed to find new trading routes </li></ul><ul><li>John Hawkins (1532-1595)-started slave trade in the second part of the 16 th century </li></ul><ul><li>Francis Drake (1545-1595) </li></ul><ul><li>Chartered Companies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>East India Company </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eastland Company (Mediterranean) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Moscow Company (Russia and Central Asia) </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Strengthening of the government <ul><li>Henry VII (1457-1509) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1) Put down revolts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2) Strengthened the law courts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3) Increased the income of the government </li></ul></ul><ul><li>England was relatively peaceful during this time </li></ul>
  5. 5. Reformation <ul><li>Discontent over the Catholic Church in Rome </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Henry VIII wanted to divorce his wife </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Asked the Pope for permission but was denied </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1534 “Act of Supremacy”- Henry VIII declared head of the English Church </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Henry VIII took land formerly owned by the church and sold them or gave them to his favorite subjects </li></ul><ul><li>Struggle between the English Church and Catholicism </li></ul>
  6. 6. The English Renaissance <ul><li>Sir Thomas More </li></ul><ul><li>William Shakespeare </li></ul><ul><li>John Milton </li></ul><ul><li>Francis Bacon </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Bourgeois Revolution (Background) <ul><li>Capitalist mode of production needs two basic conditions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A large number of employed workers and domestic markets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A large amount of capital </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Early 17 th century was a period of class struggle </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bourgeoisie and the feudalists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Peasants against the enclosure movement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Poor people wanted higher wages </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Civil War <ul><li>James I – insisted on the “Divine Right of Kings” </li></ul><ul><li>Charles I – conflict between the King and Parliament </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tried to arrest members of Parliament </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Civil war begins January 5 th , 1642 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Royalists </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Supported King (feudal nobles) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Roundheads </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Supported Parliament (bourgeoisie, plebes, and peasants) </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. The Commonwealth <ul><li>May 1649 – England declared a “commonwealth” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ireland </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scotland </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1653 – Cromwell is proclaimed “Lord Protector” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Bourgeoisie wanted restoration of monarchy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1660 Charles II proclaimed King of England </li></ul></ul><ul><li>William and Mary and “The Glorious Revolution” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1689 – The Bill of Rights – limited powers of the crown </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Britain after the revolution <ul><li>Foreign affairs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Britain becomes a stronger sea and colonial power </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>13 Colonies in America </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Seven Years (1756-1763) War with France in America and India </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Treaty of Paris </li></ul></ul><ul><li>House of Hanover and increasing power of Parliament </li></ul><ul><li>Economy </li></ul>
  11. 11. More Revolutions <ul><li>The American Revolution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Treaty of Paris 1783 – Recognizes America’s independence </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The French Revolution - 1789 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1815 – Congress of Vienna </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Industrial Revolution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>James Watt 1769 – The steam engine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>George Stephenson 1814- Steam locomotive </li></ul></ul>
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