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Lesson 1-History Of Britain Part 1 (2003)
 

Lesson 1-History Of Britain Part 1 (2003)

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    Lesson 1-History Of Britain Part 1 (2003) Lesson 1-History Of Britain Part 1 (2003) Presentation Transcript

    • History of Britain-Part 1
    • Pre-feudal society
      • 3000 B.C. – The Iberians sail around west coast into Scotland and Scandinavia
      • 750 B.C. – Gaels (Celts) –Scottish language and culture
      • 500 B.C. - Britons (Celts)-Welsh culture
        • The Britons drove the Gaels to the north (modern Scotland) ‏
      • 100 B.C. – The third group comes from Gaul
      • The Celts was one of the first civilized cultures in Great Britain with their knowledge of agriculture and trade.
    • The Romans
      • 43 A.D. -410 A.D.
      • Constant revolts
      • 122 A.D. –built Hadrian’s Wall
      • Came to govern and trade, not to settle
    • The Anglo-Saxons
      • Originally invited to defend against the Picts and Scots (Celts) ‏
      • Celts were defeated and pushed into Wales, Scotland and Ireland.
      • 7 kingdoms fought against each other
      • King Alfred united kingdoms against the Danes
      • Christianity helped link the kingdoms together
    • Bead and Beowulf Bede- “Ecclesiastical History of the British People” Beowulf- Considered greatest Old English Poem
    • Danes (the Vikings) ‏
      • Many battles between Danes and Anglo-Saxons during the 9 th and 10 th century A.D.
      • Alfred (Anglo-Saxon King) defeats Guthrum (Dane) and make an agreement
        • Danes allowed to rule the north of England
        • Alfred forced the Danes to accept Christianity
      • Move towards feudalism and class polarization
    • Normans and the rise of feudalism
      • William of Normandy arrived in 1066 to claim the throne
        • The Battle of Hastings
        • Established strong monarchy
      • Feudalism established
      • What is feudalism?
        • King gives land to nobles
        • Nobles must takes oath
        • It is a class system with the king at the top. Nobles are below the king, and peasants or serfs are under the noble.
    • King John and the “The Great Charter”
      • Henry II-increases power of British crown, class struggle
      • 1213 A.D.-More class struggle
      • 1215 A.D. –King John forced to sign the Magna Carta or “The Great Charter”
        • 1. King will not exact extra payments from feudal vassals without their consent
        • 2. Laws not to be modified by the arbitrary action of the king
        • 3. If the king attempts to free himself from the law, vassals (nobles ) have the right to force the king to obey it by civil war
    • Parliament
      • “ All Estates Parliament” (1265) ‏
        • The beginning of Parliament
        • Power of King Henry III is checked
      • “ Model Parliament” (1295) ‏
        • Henry's son, Edward, recognized the need for change
        • Beginning of the “commons” or representation of the middle class
    • Decline of Feudalism
      • The 100 Years War
      • Economic changes
      • The Black Death
      • Rising of 1381
        • The Lollards: against the abuses of the church
        • Poll Tax- started the rising
        • Wat Tyler, led peasants to London
        • Serfs (lowest class) become free peasants or wage laborers
    • The War of the Roses (1455-1485) ‏
      • House of Lancaster and the House of York
        • Feudal war in which the families fight over power, money, and land
        • The two groups fight against each other and essentially destroy each other
        • Weakens the feudal nobility