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Lesson 16   Religion
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Lesson 16 Religion

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  • 1. Religion in the United States
  • 2. Terms (p. 217)
    • Roman Catholics – originated from the teachings of Jesus Christ
      • The early Roman Empire spread this religion throughout Europe
    • Protestants – disagree with some of the beliefs of the Catholic Church
      • You can see the word “protest” the name
      • This Protestants also believe in Christ but separated from the Catholic Church during the Reformation
    • Orthodox – a form of Christianity that developed in Eastern Europe
    • Jews – originated from the followers of Abraham and his sons
      • Follow the Old Testament of the Bible
  • 3. Statistics – Religious Groups in the U.S.
    • Christian: (78.5%)
      • Protestant (51.3%)
      • Roman Catholic (23.9%)
      • Mormon (1.7%)
      • other Christian (1.6%)
    • unaffiliated (12.1%)
    • none (4%)
    • other or unspecified (2.5%)
    • Jewish (1.7%)
    • Buddhist (0.7%)
    • Muslim (0.6%)
  • 4. Religious Persecution
    • Persecution - a program or campaign to exterminate, drive away, or subjugate a people because of their religion, race, or beliefs (from dictionary.com)
    • Basically, many European governments were trying to unify their country with one religion
      • Others that did not believe in this religion could be punished or even killed
  • 5. Beginnings in American History
    • Many people came to America in the 17 th for “religious freedom”
    • 1620 – Plymouth, Massachusetts (p. 218)
      • A group of “Puritans” settle in the United States
      • The Puritans were against the Church of England
    • Pennsylvania was settled by the Quakers
    • Maryland was settled by Roman Catholics
    • In seeing these three examples, one can find the beginnings of a strong religious influence in America
  • 6. Government
    • "no religious Test shall ever be required as a Qualification to any Office or public Trust under the United States“
      • From Article Six of the Constitution
    • "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof“
      • 1 st Amendment of the Constitution (p. 222)
  • 7. Does religion and government mix?
    • With the drafting of the Constitution , the United States became one of the first countries to enact “freedom of religion”
      • separation of church and state
    • This phrase can often be misleading because many voters may base their decisions on a candidate’s religious views.
  • 8. Voters
    • Every President , with the exception of John F. Kennedy (a Roman Catholic), was raised in a family with affiliations with Protestant Christianity.
    • In the 2004 Presidential election, George W. Bush, a Methodist, earned a slim victory over John Kerry
      • with voters who cited "moral values" (a term among religious voters) playing an important part in the election (an MSN poll)
    • A Gallup Poll released in 2007 [48] indicated that 53% of Americans would refuse to vote for an atheist as president
  • 9.
    • From the polls we just looked at, we can see that although religion isn’t a requirement to enter political office, but it can affect voters and their decisions in electing the president
  • 10. Emergence of New Churches in America
    • Many African-American slaves were converted to Christianity in the 18 th century (p. 218)
      • Many were treated badly by other white believers
      • Many blacks started their own churches
    • African Methodist Episcopal Church
      • A large all-black Methodist organization
    • There are also many African-American Baptist churches
  • 11. New Churches (cont.)
    • Mormons (p. 219)
    • Joseph Smith Jr.
      • Founded the Mormon faith in 1830
      • Claimed to have spoken to God
        • Told him to restore the early Christian faith
    • Early Mormons faced much persecution
      • Moved from New York to Ohio to Illinois
      • Many Mormons finally settled in Utah under the leadership of Brigham Young
  • 12. New Churches (cont.)
    • Christian Science (p. 219)
    • Mrs. Mary Baker Eddy founded this Church in 1879 (Based on an event in 1866)
      • Other Christian groups disagree with some of the beliefs of this Church
        • One example is the idea of healing through prayer
        • Christian Scientists do not believe in modern medicine
  • 13. How Religious is the United States?
    • A Gallop survey stated the 41% of Americans regularly go to church services
      • 15% of French citizens attend
      • 10% of British citizens attend
    • Other polls put this number at 26% or less
      • From a Harris survey in 2003 and 2006
  • 14. The Bible Belt
    • Religious influence is especially strong in the southern states
  • 15. The Bible Belt
    • The term Bible Belt is used informally by journalists, who suggest that the region allows religion to influence politics, science, and education.
    • Many people living in this region are regarded as “conservative”
  • 16. Radical Groups
    • Cult - a religion or sect considered to be false, unorthodox, or extremist, with members often living outside of conventional society under the direction of a charismatic leader
    • This word is often linked to smaller religious groups
    • This term is often used in a negative way
  • 17. Strange Cults in U.S. History
    • The People’s Temple (p. 223)
      • Founded in 1955 by Jim Jones
      • Wanted to help the sick, homeless and jobless of all races
      • His ideas spread greatly in California
    • Moved his followers to Guyana in 1974
      • By 1978 over 900 people lived in Jonestown
    • A Congressman, Leo Ryan and journalists came to investigate the community
      • Many people wanted to leave with Ryan
      • Security Guards killed Ryan, 3 journalists and another trying to escape
    • On November 18 th , Jones ordered his members to drink a poison
      • In all 918 people died
      • Jones shot himself
  • 18.
    • The Branch Davidians
      • A group formed in 1955
    • In 1981, David Koresh became the leader of this movement
      • Believed the world would soon come to an end
      • Taught his followers that the U.S. government was an enemy of the group
    • In 1993 the government accused the Davidians of having illegal weapons (Waco, Texas)
      • Government law enforcement laid siege to their compound for 51 days
      • They later raided the compound, but Koresh set fire to the compound
      • 82 people died in both the fighting and the fire
  • 19.
    • “ The Manson Family”
    • Charles Manson was the leader of this cult
      • Believed there would be a large-scale race war in the United States
      • Manson thought he and his “family” would then be able to rule the world
    • Manson sent many of his followers on a killing spree
      • 9 people were killed