Lesson 14 Chinese Americans Imperialism


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Lesson 14 Chinese Americans Imperialism

  1. 1. More U.S. History
  2. 2. Today’s Class <ul><li>We will have a brief discussion about Chinese Americans </li></ul><ul><li>During the 20 th Century, the U.S. was involved in many conflicts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We will discuss these wars and some of their effects </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. The Chinese in America
  4. 4. The Gold Rush <ul><li>1848 – Gold is discovered in California </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Many Chinese immigrants come to America </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1860’s – Many Chinese immigrated to help build the railroad across the U.S. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Other Chinese worked in the fields in the South </li></ul></ul>
  5. 6. Early Difficulties <ul><li>Many Chinese came to America for a better life, but found discrimination and bad treatment from other white citizens during this period. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Many Chinese worked for lower wages, upsetting workers of other origins </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Along with blacks and Native Americans, the American Chinese found themselves with little or no rights </li></ul></ul>
  6. 7. Overcoming Discrimination <ul><li>Many businessmen tried to exploit Chinese immigrant workers, with little success </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chinese Americans often went on strike </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Despite the many restrictions, early Chinese Americans became successful in business </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Laundromats </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Restaurants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shops </li></ul></ul>
  7. 9. Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 <ul><li>With this act, immigrants from China were not allowed into the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>American Chinese were also not allowed to become citizens </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In 1898, this law was challenged </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Under the 14 th Amendment, American born Chinese were citizens </li></ul></ul>
  8. 10. China and World War II <ul><li>Relations with China improve during the War </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Exclusion Act of 1882 was ended in 1943 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>With the Civil Rights Act of 1965 discrimination against Chinese is prohibited </li></ul>
  9. 11. Chinese Americans Today <ul><li>Today there are around 3,500,000 Chinese Americans today </li></ul><ul><li>Chinese (Canton-based) is the third most common language in the United States </li></ul><ul><li>In large cities such as San Francisco, New York and Los Angeles, it is common to find large numbers of Chinese Americans living in Chinatowns </li></ul>
  10. 13. American Imperialism
  11. 14. Two Terms to Think About <ul><li>Imperialism - the policy of extending the rule or authority of an empire or nation over foreign countries, or of acquiring and holding colonies and dependencies. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We use this term with Britain and her Colonies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This term can also apply to the U.S. during the 20 th century (Iraq?) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fascism - a governmental system led by a dictator having complete power, forcibly suppressing opposition and criticism, regimenting all industry, commerce, etc., and emphasizing an aggressive nationalism and often racism. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We will see this term when talking about Hitler’s Germany </li></ul></ul>
  12. 15. World War I (pp. 92-96) <ul><li>A war among imperialist powers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Who should control territories in Eastern Europe, Africa, Asia and the Middle East? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Francis Ferdinand was assassinated in Serbia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Austria declared war on Serbia (1914) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Russia came to help Serbia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>France came to help Russia </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Germany declares war on France and Russia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Germany invades Belgium </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Britain joins the war to protect Belgium </li></ul></ul>
  13. 16. World War I
  14. 17. The U.S. Enters the War <ul><li>A U.S. ship, the Lusitania is sunk by the Germans (1915) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Germany had harassed U.S. ships sending supplies to Britain </li></ul></ul><ul><li>During the early stages of the war, the U.S. was enjoying the economic benefits in producing goods for the Allies </li></ul><ul><li>In 1917, the U.S. declares war on Germany </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Germany made a pact with Mexico </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. worried Russians might back out due to Communist Revolution </li></ul></ul>
  15. 18. The End of the War <ul><li>The First World War was very bloody </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Over 19 million people died during the War </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>There was very poor military planning on all sides </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In 1918 the German army suffered from lack of resources and food </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Treaty of Versailles (1919) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ends the war </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Germany is forced to give up most of its territories </li></ul></ul>
  16. 19. Effects of the War <ul><li>The League of Nations was started </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The basis for today’s United Nations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Many countries adopted more liberal forms of government </li></ul><ul><li>It was difficult for these European countries to deal with the effects on the economy and society </li></ul><ul><li>Many of these problems would lead to the 2 nd War </li></ul>
  17. 20. After World War I <ul><li>U.S. economy grows </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Policy of isolationism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Did not get involved in international conflicts </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>1929 – Stock Market Crash (p. 99) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Many banks close </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Over 17 million people lost their jobs </li></ul></ul>
  18. 21. The Great Depression <ul><li>After the “Great Crash”, the United States experienced a period known as the “Great Depression” </li></ul><ul><li>One of the main causes was that industrial production was greater than the consumers ability to consume </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prices fell dramatically </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Companies cannot pay workers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prices of crops drop, hurting farmers </li></ul></ul>
  19. 22. The Great Depression
  20. 23. “ The New Deal” <ul><li>Franklin Delano Roosevelt begins the “New Deal” scheme in 1933 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Helped U.S. banks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public works projects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Building dams for electricity, building roads, etc. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Welfare system for poor, retired, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The “New Deal” helped the economy greatly, but World War II helped America come out of Depression </li></ul>
  21. 24. World War II (pp. 101-107) <ul><li>After the First War, Germany was in poor economic condition </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Adolf Hitler rises to power in Germany </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Promises to bring Germany back to greatness </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Began a campaign against Jews and Slavic people </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>For this class, we will talk about some of the major social issues as well as the U.S.’s role in the war. </li></ul>
  22. 25. World War II
  23. 26. Events of the War <ul><li>1939 – Germany invades Poland </li></ul><ul><li>1940 – Germany takes control of France </li></ul><ul><li>1941 – Germany invades Soviet Union </li></ul><ul><li>1941 – (Dec. 7 th ) – Pearl Harbor is bombed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>U.S declares war on Japan </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1944 – D-Day – 175,000 soldiers land in France to push the German army back </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Turning point in the war </li></ul></ul>
  24. 27. Holocaust <ul><li>Genocide - the deliberate and systematic extermination of a national, racial, political, or cultural group </li></ul><ul><ul><li>6 million Jews were killed during the Holocaust </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Between 9 and 11 million people were killed by the Nazi (German) Army </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hitler believed in the “Master Race” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>He believed that the “pure” Germans and Northern Europeans were superior to other races </li></ul></ul>
  25. 28. Holocaust
  26. 29. 1945 <ul><li>April 30 th – Hitler and Eva Braun commit suicide </li></ul><ul><li>August 6 th – Atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki </li></ul><ul><li>August 15th – Japan Surrenders </li></ul>
  27. 30. The Atomic Bomb <ul><li>The United States drops atomic bombs on Hirsoshima and Nagasaki </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Over 200,000 Japanese were killed </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Many people questioned whether this was necessary. </li></ul>
  28. 31. Atomic Bomb
  29. 32. After the War <ul><li>The was basically a war against fascism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>After the war, many new countries emerged, but other countries continued to experience internal problems </li></ul></ul><ul><li>United Nations is founded </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The U.N. was created to prevent aggression from future dictators </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The U.S. and Soviet Union emerge as economic superpowers </li></ul><ul><li>Many former colonies gain independence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Revolution in many countries </li></ul></ul>
  30. 33. Problems at Home <ul><li>After WWII there was a constant fear from the U.S. Government about the rise of Communism in America and other countries </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Cold War </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Once China becomes a Republic in 1949, the U.S. focuses on other countries in the region </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Korea </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vietnam </li></ul></ul>
  31. 34. Other Conflicts (114-119) <ul><li>Korean War (1950-1953) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>North Korea invades South Korea </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. becomes involved </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Vietnam War – Wanted to prevent the spread of Communism in South Vietnam </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Eisenhower worried that other countries in Southeast Asia would become communist </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1 st War in Iraq (1991) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Essentially a war for oil </li></ul></ul>
  32. 35. Now <ul><li>After the World Trade Center and Pentagon were attacked on September 11 th , the U.S. declared war on Afghanistan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This war is part of Bush’s “War on Terror” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The U.S. is currently involved in two conflicts with both Iraq and Afghanistan </li></ul>