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Lesson 14 Chinese Americans Imperialism

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  • 1. More U.S. History
  • 2. Today’s Class
    • We will have a brief discussion about Chinese Americans
    • During the 20 th Century, the U.S. was involved in many conflicts
      • We will discuss these wars and some of their effects
  • 3. The Chinese in America
  • 4. The Gold Rush
    • 1848 – Gold is discovered in California
      • Many Chinese immigrants come to America
    • 1860’s – Many Chinese immigrated to help build the railroad across the U.S.
      • Other Chinese worked in the fields in the South
  • 5.  
  • 6. Early Difficulties
    • Many Chinese came to America for a better life, but found discrimination and bad treatment from other white citizens during this period.
      • Many Chinese worked for lower wages, upsetting workers of other origins
      • Along with blacks and Native Americans, the American Chinese found themselves with little or no rights
  • 7. Overcoming Discrimination
    • Many businessmen tried to exploit Chinese immigrant workers, with little success
      • Chinese Americans often went on strike
    • Despite the many restrictions, early Chinese Americans became successful in business
      • Laundromats
      • Restaurants
      • Shops
  • 8.  
  • 9. Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882
    • With this act, immigrants from China were not allowed into the U.S.
    • American Chinese were also not allowed to become citizens
      • In 1898, this law was challenged
      • Under the 14 th Amendment, American born Chinese were citizens
  • 10. China and World War II
    • Relations with China improve during the War
      • The Exclusion Act of 1882 was ended in 1943
    • With the Civil Rights Act of 1965 discrimination against Chinese is prohibited
  • 11. Chinese Americans Today
    • Today there are around 3,500,000 Chinese Americans today
    • Chinese (Canton-based) is the third most common language in the United States
    • In large cities such as San Francisco, New York and Los Angeles, it is common to find large numbers of Chinese Americans living in Chinatowns
  • 12.  
  • 13. American Imperialism
  • 14. Two Terms to Think About
    • Imperialism - the policy of extending the rule or authority of an empire or nation over foreign countries, or of acquiring and holding colonies and dependencies.
      • We use this term with Britain and her Colonies
      • This term can also apply to the U.S. during the 20 th century (Iraq?)
    • Fascism - a governmental system led by a dictator having complete power, forcibly suppressing opposition and criticism, regimenting all industry, commerce, etc., and emphasizing an aggressive nationalism and often racism.
      • We will see this term when talking about Hitler’s Germany
  • 15. World War I (pp. 92-96)
    • A war among imperialist powers
      • Who should control territories in Eastern Europe, Africa, Asia and the Middle East?
    • Francis Ferdinand was assassinated in Serbia
      • Austria declared war on Serbia (1914)
      • Russia came to help Serbia
        • France came to help Russia
    • Germany declares war on France and Russia
      • Germany invades Belgium
      • Britain joins the war to protect Belgium
  • 16. World War I
  • 17. The U.S. Enters the War
    • A U.S. ship, the Lusitania is sunk by the Germans (1915)
      • Germany had harassed U.S. ships sending supplies to Britain
    • During the early stages of the war, the U.S. was enjoying the economic benefits in producing goods for the Allies
    • In 1917, the U.S. declares war on Germany
      • Germany made a pact with Mexico
      • U.S. worried Russians might back out due to Communist Revolution
  • 18. The End of the War
    • The First World War was very bloody
      • Over 19 million people died during the War
      • There was very poor military planning on all sides
      • In 1918 the German army suffered from lack of resources and food
    • Treaty of Versailles (1919)
      • Ends the war
      • Germany is forced to give up most of its territories
  • 19. Effects of the War
    • The League of Nations was started
      • The basis for today’s United Nations
    • Many countries adopted more liberal forms of government
    • It was difficult for these European countries to deal with the effects on the economy and society
    • Many of these problems would lead to the 2 nd War
  • 20. After World War I
    • U.S. economy grows
      • Policy of isolationism
        • Did not get involved in international conflicts
    • 1929 – Stock Market Crash (p. 99)
      • Many banks close
      • Over 17 million people lost their jobs
  • 21. The Great Depression
    • After the “Great Crash”, the United States experienced a period known as the “Great Depression”
    • One of the main causes was that industrial production was greater than the consumers ability to consume
      • Prices fell dramatically
      • Companies cannot pay workers
      • Prices of crops drop, hurting farmers
  • 22. The Great Depression
  • 23. “ The New Deal”
    • Franklin Delano Roosevelt begins the “New Deal” scheme in 1933
      • Helped U.S. banks
      • Public works projects
        • Building dams for electricity, building roads, etc.
      • Welfare system for poor, retired, etc.
    • The “New Deal” helped the economy greatly, but World War II helped America come out of Depression
  • 24. World War II (pp. 101-107)
    • After the First War, Germany was in poor economic condition
      • Adolf Hitler rises to power in Germany
        • Promises to bring Germany back to greatness
        • Began a campaign against Jews and Slavic people
    • For this class, we will talk about some of the major social issues as well as the U.S.’s role in the war.
  • 25. World War II
  • 26. Events of the War
    • 1939 – Germany invades Poland
    • 1940 – Germany takes control of France
    • 1941 – Germany invades Soviet Union
    • 1941 – (Dec. 7 th ) – Pearl Harbor is bombed
      • U.S declares war on Japan
    • 1944 – D-Day – 175,000 soldiers land in France to push the German army back
      • Turning point in the war
  • 27. Holocaust
    • Genocide - the deliberate and systematic extermination of a national, racial, political, or cultural group
      • 6 million Jews were killed during the Holocaust
      • Between 9 and 11 million people were killed by the Nazi (German) Army
    • Hitler believed in the “Master Race”
      • He believed that the “pure” Germans and Northern Europeans were superior to other races
  • 28. Holocaust
  • 29. 1945
    • April 30 th – Hitler and Eva Braun commit suicide
    • August 6 th – Atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
    • August 15th – Japan Surrenders
  • 30. The Atomic Bomb
    • The United States drops atomic bombs on Hirsoshima and Nagasaki
      • Over 200,000 Japanese were killed
    • Many people questioned whether this was necessary.
  • 31. Atomic Bomb
  • 32. After the War
    • The was basically a war against fascism
      • After the war, many new countries emerged, but other countries continued to experience internal problems
    • United Nations is founded
      • The U.N. was created to prevent aggression from future dictators
    • The U.S. and Soviet Union emerge as economic superpowers
    • Many former colonies gain independence
      • Revolution in many countries
  • 33. Problems at Home
    • After WWII there was a constant fear from the U.S. Government about the rise of Communism in America and other countries
      • The Cold War
    • Once China becomes a Republic in 1949, the U.S. focuses on other countries in the region
      • Korea
      • Vietnam
  • 34. Other Conflicts (114-119)
    • Korean War (1950-1953)
      • North Korea invades South Korea
      • U.S. becomes involved
    • Vietnam War – Wanted to prevent the spread of Communism in South Vietnam
      • Eisenhower worried that other countries in Southeast Asia would become communist
    • 1 st War in Iraq (1991)
      • Essentially a war for oil
  • 35. Now
    • After the World Trade Center and Pentagon were attacked on September 11 th , the U.S. declared war on Afghanistan
      • This war is part of Bush’s “War on Terror”
    • The U.S. is currently involved in two conflicts with both Iraq and Afghanistan