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Lesson 14   Chinese Americans   Imperialism
 

Lesson 14 Chinese Americans Imperialism

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    Lesson 14   Chinese Americans   Imperialism Lesson 14 Chinese Americans Imperialism Presentation Transcript

    • More U.S. History
    • Today’s Class
      • We will have a brief discussion about Chinese Americans
      • During the 20 th Century, the U.S. was involved in many conflicts
        • We will discuss these wars and some of their effects
    • The Chinese in America
    • The Gold Rush
      • 1848 – Gold is discovered in California
        • Many Chinese immigrants come to America
      • 1860’s – Many Chinese immigrated to help build the railroad across the U.S.
        • Other Chinese worked in the fields in the South
    •  
    • Early Difficulties
      • Many Chinese came to America for a better life, but found discrimination and bad treatment from other white citizens during this period.
        • Many Chinese worked for lower wages, upsetting workers of other origins
        • Along with blacks and Native Americans, the American Chinese found themselves with little or no rights
    • Overcoming Discrimination
      • Many businessmen tried to exploit Chinese immigrant workers, with little success
        • Chinese Americans often went on strike
      • Despite the many restrictions, early Chinese Americans became successful in business
        • Laundromats
        • Restaurants
        • Shops
    •  
    • Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882
      • With this act, immigrants from China were not allowed into the U.S.
      • American Chinese were also not allowed to become citizens
        • In 1898, this law was challenged
        • Under the 14 th Amendment, American born Chinese were citizens
    • China and World War II
      • Relations with China improve during the War
        • The Exclusion Act of 1882 was ended in 1943
      • With the Civil Rights Act of 1965 discrimination against Chinese is prohibited
    • Chinese Americans Today
      • Today there are around 3,500,000 Chinese Americans today
      • Chinese (Canton-based) is the third most common language in the United States
      • In large cities such as San Francisco, New York and Los Angeles, it is common to find large numbers of Chinese Americans living in Chinatowns
    •  
    • American Imperialism
    • Two Terms to Think About
      • Imperialism - the policy of extending the rule or authority of an empire or nation over foreign countries, or of acquiring and holding colonies and dependencies.
        • We use this term with Britain and her Colonies
        • This term can also apply to the U.S. during the 20 th century (Iraq?)
      • Fascism - a governmental system led by a dictator having complete power, forcibly suppressing opposition and criticism, regimenting all industry, commerce, etc., and emphasizing an aggressive nationalism and often racism.
        • We will see this term when talking about Hitler’s Germany
    • World War I (pp. 92-96)
      • A war among imperialist powers
        • Who should control territories in Eastern Europe, Africa, Asia and the Middle East?
      • Francis Ferdinand was assassinated in Serbia
        • Austria declared war on Serbia (1914)
        • Russia came to help Serbia
          • France came to help Russia
      • Germany declares war on France and Russia
        • Germany invades Belgium
        • Britain joins the war to protect Belgium
    • World War I
    • The U.S. Enters the War
      • A U.S. ship, the Lusitania is sunk by the Germans (1915)
        • Germany had harassed U.S. ships sending supplies to Britain
      • During the early stages of the war, the U.S. was enjoying the economic benefits in producing goods for the Allies
      • In 1917, the U.S. declares war on Germany
        • Germany made a pact with Mexico
        • U.S. worried Russians might back out due to Communist Revolution
    • The End of the War
      • The First World War was very bloody
        • Over 19 million people died during the War
        • There was very poor military planning on all sides
        • In 1918 the German army suffered from lack of resources and food
      • Treaty of Versailles (1919)
        • Ends the war
        • Germany is forced to give up most of its territories
    • Effects of the War
      • The League of Nations was started
        • The basis for today’s United Nations
      • Many countries adopted more liberal forms of government
      • It was difficult for these European countries to deal with the effects on the economy and society
      • Many of these problems would lead to the 2 nd War
    • After World War I
      • U.S. economy grows
        • Policy of isolationism
          • Did not get involved in international conflicts
      • 1929 – Stock Market Crash (p. 99)
        • Many banks close
        • Over 17 million people lost their jobs
    • The Great Depression
      • After the “Great Crash”, the United States experienced a period known as the “Great Depression”
      • One of the main causes was that industrial production was greater than the consumers ability to consume
        • Prices fell dramatically
        • Companies cannot pay workers
        • Prices of crops drop, hurting farmers
    • The Great Depression
    • “ The New Deal”
      • Franklin Delano Roosevelt begins the “New Deal” scheme in 1933
        • Helped U.S. banks
        • Public works projects
          • Building dams for electricity, building roads, etc.
        • Welfare system for poor, retired, etc.
      • The “New Deal” helped the economy greatly, but World War II helped America come out of Depression
    • World War II (pp. 101-107)
      • After the First War, Germany was in poor economic condition
        • Adolf Hitler rises to power in Germany
          • Promises to bring Germany back to greatness
          • Began a campaign against Jews and Slavic people
      • For this class, we will talk about some of the major social issues as well as the U.S.’s role in the war.
    • World War II
    • Events of the War
      • 1939 – Germany invades Poland
      • 1940 – Germany takes control of France
      • 1941 – Germany invades Soviet Union
      • 1941 – (Dec. 7 th ) – Pearl Harbor is bombed
        • U.S declares war on Japan
      • 1944 – D-Day – 175,000 soldiers land in France to push the German army back
        • Turning point in the war
    • Holocaust
      • Genocide - the deliberate and systematic extermination of a national, racial, political, or cultural group
        • 6 million Jews were killed during the Holocaust
        • Between 9 and 11 million people were killed by the Nazi (German) Army
      • Hitler believed in the “Master Race”
        • He believed that the “pure” Germans and Northern Europeans were superior to other races
    • Holocaust
    • 1945
      • April 30 th – Hitler and Eva Braun commit suicide
      • August 6 th – Atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
      • August 15th – Japan Surrenders
    • The Atomic Bomb
      • The United States drops atomic bombs on Hirsoshima and Nagasaki
        • Over 200,000 Japanese were killed
      • Many people questioned whether this was necessary.
    • Atomic Bomb
    • After the War
      • The was basically a war against fascism
        • After the war, many new countries emerged, but other countries continued to experience internal problems
      • United Nations is founded
        • The U.N. was created to prevent aggression from future dictators
      • The U.S. and Soviet Union emerge as economic superpowers
      • Many former colonies gain independence
        • Revolution in many countries
    • Problems at Home
      • After WWII there was a constant fear from the U.S. Government about the rise of Communism in America and other countries
        • The Cold War
      • Once China becomes a Republic in 1949, the U.S. focuses on other countries in the region
        • Korea
        • Vietnam
    • Other Conflicts (114-119)
      • Korean War (1950-1953)
        • North Korea invades South Korea
        • U.S. becomes involved
      • Vietnam War – Wanted to prevent the spread of Communism in South Vietnam
        • Eisenhower worried that other countries in Southeast Asia would become communist
      • 1 st War in Iraq (1991)
        • Essentially a war for oil
    • Now
      • After the World Trade Center and Pentagon were attacked on September 11 th , the U.S. declared war on Afghanistan
        • This war is part of Bush’s “War on Terror”
      • The U.S. is currently involved in two conflicts with both Iraq and Afghanistan