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Lesson 11   American Colonies And The Revolution

Lesson 11 American Colonies And The Revolution






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    Lesson 11   American Colonies And The Revolution Lesson 11 American Colonies And The Revolution Presentation Transcript

    • American Colonies and the Revolution
    • The Colonies - Discovery
      • 1492 – Christopher Columbus “discovers” America
        • Columbus thought it was India
        • Amerigo Vespucci saw that it was a “new continent”
          • America is named after Vespucci
    • Colonization
      • England, France and Spain scramble for America
      • Countries claimed large amounts of land for their king
        • Spain claimed most of South America
        • France claimed parts of Canada and areas near the Great Lakes
        • England claimed the eastern shore of North America
    • Colonies - Maps
    • Settling the New World
      • It took about 100 years for England to establish its 13 Colonies
    • Life in the Colonies
      • Lets’ think about early life in the colonies:
      • People came for many different reasons, but they didn’t all have the skills needed to start a colony
      • How do you settle in the new and strange land?
        • What do you do for shelter (a house)?
        • What about food?
        • How do you survive?
    • Life in the Colonies
    • Activity
      • Each student should write 6 things that they would need to start a new colony.
      • Example :
        • You might need people to work and do other jobs
        • You might need a farm to grow food
        • You might need some sort of protection (from other people already living there)
    • Activity
      • Get into groups
      • Discuss your 6 items
      • Pick the three that you find the most important...be able to tell they class WHY you chose these items
    • Difficulties with Britain
      • Before 1763, the people had to depend upon England
      • Many of the colonies became wealthy and no longer depended as much on Britain
      • The British government placed many strict policies on the colonists
    • Taxes
      • England was in debt from its many wars
        • Placed taxes on the colonists to pay the debt
      • The Stamp Act 1765
        • A tax on all legal documents, newspapers, etc.
        • Colonists protested by boycott of the tax
        • Boycott – refuse to buy or use
    • More taxes
      • Townshend Acts 1767
        • Taxed all imported goods
          • Again, all the colonies boycotted
        • Lead to the “Boston Massacre”
        • Tax was stopped in 1770 on all items except tea
      • The Boston Tea Party 1773
        • Colonists broke into a cargo ship and threw chests of tea into Boston Harbor
    • Bring the Colonies together
      • The Americans’ success against the British taxes made them more confident
      • The strict policies brought the Americans closer together
      • The Colonies started became unified
        • First Continental Congress
    • Fighting starts
      • The Battle of Lexington and Concord
        • Proved the Americans were willing to fight
        • During the Second Continental Congress the leaders of the Colonies decided to take charge of the troops under George Washington (May 1775)
      • By July 4 th , 1776 the politicians drew up the Declaration of Independence
        • Let’s read the excerpt from pg. 59 in your books
    • The War of Independence (1775 to 1783)
      • Key points
        • The war was difficult in the beginning for the Americans
        • Battle in Saratoga, helped save New England and the Americans made an alliance with France
        • With the help of France and other countries, England could not send enough troops to America
        • 1781, After the battle of Yorktown, England surrendered
    • Setting up the government
      • The United States Constitution (1787)
        • The basis of today’s government
        • Gave much power to the states
        • Less power in the central government
      • We can discuss this more when we cover the American government later in the course
    • The Bill of Rights
      • Added to the Constitution in 1791
        • Freedom of Speech
        • The right to bear arms
        • Do not have to house soldiers
        • No unreasonable search and seizure
        • The right to a fair trial
        • Due process
        • The right to a fair trial
        • No cruel and unusual punishment
        • Rights to not extend to all people (African Americans)
        • Any powers not held by the government are held by the people and the states