Presentation on TEEB mainly in Russian
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Presentation on TEEB mainly in Russian

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Presentation on TEEB at the Moscow international conference - mainly in Russian

Presentation on TEEB at the Moscow international conference - mainly in Russian

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Presentation on TEEB mainly in Russian Presentation on TEEB mainly in Russian Presentation Transcript

  • The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity - TEEB Patrick ten Brink TEEB for Policy Makers Co-ordinator Head of Brussels Office Institute for European Environmental Policy (IEEP ) International conference "Integration of the ecosystem services in the economy NIS" 28-29 March 2011, settlement Dubrovsky, Moscow Region 1
  • ТЕЕВ: возникновение, цели и прогресс G8+5 “Потсдамская инициатива - Биоразнообразие 2010” Potsdam 1)Экономическое значение глобальных потерь биоразнообразия Важность осознания, демонстрации и отношения к на ценности природы Участвуют: ~500 авторов, получены отзывы со всего миру TEEB End User Reports Brussels Interim Climate 2009, London 2010 Report Issues Update TEEB TEEB CBD COP11 Synthesis Books DelhiEcol./Env.Economics Nationalliterature TEEB Work Sectoral CBD COP 9 Input to TEEB Bonn 2008 UNFCCC 2009 work India, Brazil, Belgium, Et al. Japan & South Africa Sept. 2010 Rio+20 Brazil BD COP 10 Nagoya, Oct 2010
  • Конвенция ООН о биоразнообразии (КБР)определяет биоразнообразие как «паутину жизни»• Разнообразие видов - растения, животные и микроорганизмы• Генетическое разнообразие внутри каждого вида – например, сортов с/х культур и пород домашнего скота• Разнообразие экосистем – например, пустыни, леса, болота, горы, озера, реки и с/х ландшафтыБиоразнообразие и его ценость влияет на разнообразие (фармацевтика, продовольственная безопасность), а также на количество (захоронение углерода, рыбные запасы, защита от наводнений, древесина, сохранение воды) и на качество (пейзаж и туризм)
  • Путь от структуры и функционирования экосистем к благосостоянию человека
  • Valuation and policy making:from valuing natural assets to decisions “Я уверен, что большая часть несчастий Человечества вызвана неверной оценкой ценности вещей.” Бенджамин Франклин, 1706-1790
  • Ключевые вопросыЦенность биоразнообразия и экосистем не учтена• Многие не знают (но ситуация меняется); большой недостаток осведомленности• Они как правило не интегрированы в экономические сигналы, в рынки – поэтому экономика обычно не решение• Их ценность систематически не принимается в расчет при оценках и принятии решений• Ценность природы не отражена ни в национальной экономике, ни в ведущих макро-экономических индикаторах Существенные пробелы в данных для принятия решений; неверное понимание правильных решений для страны /города/ бизнеса и слабая поддержка действия Отсутствие политической воли или убеждения для запуска Утрата биоразнообразия продолжается – разрушая природный капитал, не понимая его ценности
  • Valuation and policy making: from valuing natural assets to decisions “There is a renaissance underway, in which people are waking up to the tremendous values of natural capital and devising ingenious ways of incorporating these values into major resource decisions.” Gretchen Daily, Stanford University Book announcement: The Economics of Ecosystems andTEEB Reports: http://www.teebweb.org/ Biodiversity in National and International Policy Making nowSummaries (in range of languages) and chapters available from Earthscan
  • TEEB для лиц, принимающих решения Глобальный кризис биоразнообразия • Природный капитал и потери биоразнообразия • Экономические выгоды и потери • Социальная характеристика Измеряя то, чем мы владеем •Индикаторы •Счета •Оценки Доступные решения • Рынки/цены/стимулы • Регуляция: стандарты • Регуляция: планирование, ООПТ • Инвестиции (рукотворный и природный капиталы) Осознание ценности природы http://www.teebweb.org/
  • Различные выгоды от экосистемРесурсные услуги Много услуг из одного источника• Пища, древесина, топливо• Вода• Генетические ресурсыРегулирующие услуги• Климатческая регуляция• Очистка воды• Очитска воздуха• Эрозионный контроль• Смягчение природных явлений• Опыление• Биологический контрольКультурные услуги• Эстетическая ценность, рекреация и туризм• Культурная и духовная ценностьПоддерживающие услуги Important to appreciate the whole set of eco-system• Почвообразование services & take into account in decisions Not only after they have been lost and oft costly substitutes+ Способность к восстановлению needed
  • Evidence base - Assessing values and actionsAssessing the value of working with natural capital has helped determine whereecosystems can provide goods and services at lower cost than by man-madetechnological alternatives and where they can lead to significant savings• USA-NY: Catskills-Delaware watershed for NY: PES/working with nature saves money (~5US$bn)• New Zealand: Te Papanui Park - water supply to hydropower, Dunedin city, farmers (~$136m)• Mexico: PSAH to forest owners, aquifer recharge, water quality, deforestation, poverty (~US$303m)• France & Belgium: Priv. Sector: Vittel (Mineral water) PES & Rochefort (Beer) PES for water quality• Venezuela: PA helps avoid potential replacement costs of hydro dams (~US$90-$134m over 30yr)• Vietnam restoring/investing in Mangroves - cheaper than dyke maintenance (~US$: 1m to 7m/yr)• South Africa: WfW public PES to address IAS, avoids costs and provides jobs (~20,000; 52%♀)• Germany : peatland restoration: avoidance cost of CO2 ~ 8 to 12 €/t CO2 (0-4 alt. land use) TEEB implementation: assess where working with nature saves money – for public (city, region, national), private sector, communities and citizens & who, with which collaboration/partnerships can make it happenSources: various. Mainly in TEEB for National and International Policy Makers, TEEB for local and regional policy and TEEB cases
  • Бенефициары: Общественный сектор (вода – национальный и муниципальный уровни), Общественные блага (леса, биоразнообразие, климат), Частный сектор (вода, энергия), Граждане (количество, качество, цена воды) Сообщества (платежи, рабочие места, экологический капитал и «ВВП бедняков»)Решения: инвестиции в сохранение / восстановление, платежи за ЭУ / общественыепрограммы, ООПТСотрудничество: Вода – доступность/количество, качество, Климат – смягчение и адаптации Создание рабочих мест Безоспасность – природные явления, вода, энергетика Финансы Индустриальная политика – энергетика, вода, лес, с/х Бедность and in each case : biodiversity. TEEB implementation: understand beneficiaries, appreciate synergies – build on both
  • Учет общественных благ…может изменить понимание о «правильном» использованииресурсов US$ Based only on private gain, the “trade- Shrimp Farm /ha/yr off” choice favours conversion….. Mangroves $12,392/ha10000 $9632/ha After Adding Storm Public protection5000 Benefits From mangroves $1220/ha Fishery $584/ha nursery $584/ha private profits private private 0 profits profits Net of public less costs of subsidies restoration needed after 5 years If public wealth is included, the “trade-off” choice changes completely….. -ve $11,172/ha Source: Barbier et al, 2007
  • Инструменты основаны на Hydrological services: Aquifer recharge; информации Improved surface water quality, reduce frequency & damage from flooding`Решение: Mexico PSAH: Платежи владельцам леса за его сохранение: упаравлять и не изменятьРезультатОбезлесение снизилось с 1.6 % до 0.6 %.18.3 тыс. гектар леса сохраненоПредотвращен выброс парниковых газов ~ 3.2 млн. тонн СО2 Reduce Deforestation Address Poverty Munoz 2010); Muñoz-Piña et al. 2008; Muñoz-Piña et al. 2007
  • Multiple Objectives : PSAH MexicoBalance of priorities varied over timeAn instrument can evolve and respond to Aquiferschanging needsPoverty an explicitly integrated objectiveHas grown in importance A Poverty Water scarcity P W S Deforestation Munoz 2010); Muñoz- Piña et al. 2008 DMexican PSAH helped by good base data (on aquifers, forests, poverty). A key area of development supportcould be to help those regions that need it with capacity building, indicators, interrelations (ecological, economic and social systems) & natural capital accounts.
  • TEEB Climate Issues Update Coral reef emergency Forest carbon for climate mitigation National accounting for forest carbon Ecosystem investment for climate adaptation
  • Инвестиции в экологическую инфраструктуру: выгоды• Облесение: захоронение углерода+ снижение риска эрозии & landslides• Болота и леса и снижение риска потопов• Мангровые леса и береговая эрозия и природные катаклизмы• Восстанавливать леса, озера и болота для борьбы с дефицитом воды• Коралловые рифы как рыбные фабрики для рыбных ресурсов / продовольственной безопасности• ООПТ и связи способствуют устойчивости экосистем и видовPotential for lower cost adaption to climate change and policy synergies Adaptation to climate change will receive hundreds of US$ billions in coming years/decades. Critically important that this be cost-effective. Support for identifying where natural capital solutions are appropriate & invest.
  • TEEB Synthesis Report …is this enough to work out what to do? Making Natures Values Visible: improved evidence base for improved governance, awareness for action – government, business, people Measuring better to manage better: from indicators to accounts Beyond the Bottom line: disclosure and compensation Changing the incentives: taxes, charges, subsidy reform, markets Protected areas: biodiversity riches that can offer value for money Ecological infrastructure and benefits: climate change and beyond Natural capital and poverty reduction: investment for …always better to look at synergies the whole board Mainstream the economics of nature: across sectors, across And engage the full set of policies, seek synergies across disciplines. players.
  • TEEB Implementation – some post Nagoya steps TEEB Country & Regional Studies Rio+20 TEEB Brazil, TEEB India, TEEB NL, TEEB Nordics .. CBD COP11 TEEB Integration Support for business and biodiversity (indicators, valuation reporting) RAMSAR TEEB for Agriculture; TEEB & Water …. COP 2012 Initiatives building on TEEB recommendations SEEA 2012 World Bank/UNEP et al 5+5 initiative on National accounts … Science / Economics evidence base Quantitative assessment, valuation, Green infrastructure etc Parallel track: Similar type work independent of TEEBMany initiatives that focus on (responding to) the value of nature by range of actors
  • TEEB and You! What is the value of nature in your countries and regions? What specific issues are of specific importance to you?What challenges/issues could natural capital help you to address cost effectively ?What instruments do you have to respond to the value of nature?What plans and vision to you have for assessing and integratingthe value of nature into decisions and transforming the way we deal with natural capital? For Rio+20 ?
  • Thank you TEEB Reports available on http://www.teebweb.org/ The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity in National and International Policy Making and other TEEB books available on Earthscan and follow us on http://twitter.com/TEEB4ME & http://www.facebook.com/TEEB4me Patrick ten Brink, ptenbrink@ieep.euIEEP is an independent, not-for-profit institute dedicated to the analysis, understanding and promotion of policies for a sustainable environment. www.ieep.eu The Manual of European Environmental Policy http://www.europeanenvironmentalpolicy.eu/
  • Contribution to Governance solutions -Understanding the value of natureTEEB reports and TEEB Books TEEB Interim Climate Issues TEEB for Policy TEEB Foundations Book announcement:Report (May 2008) Update (Sept. 2009) Makers (Nov 2009) (Oct. 2010) The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity in National and International Policy Making now available from EarthscanTEEB for Business TEEB for Local TEEB Synthesis (July 2010) Policy (Sept. 2010) (Oct. 2010) Edited By Pushpam Kumar (Univ. of Liverpool) A landmark study on one of the most pressing problems facing society, balancing economic growth and ecological protection to achieve a sustainable future.‘ Simon Levin, Moffett Professor of Biology, Department of Ecology and Ev olution Behav iour, Princeton Univ ersity , USA Edited By Patrick ten Brink (Institute for European environmental Policy, IEEP) This work is a landmark. It shows not only that we have been extraordinarily wasteful, destructive and inefficient in our treatment of the natural environment but also how careful analysis and measurement can help us change our ways towards a more productive and responsible relationship with our environment. It provides a fundamental contribution which TEEB Reports: http://www.teebweb.org/ shows how careful attention to ecosystems and biodiversity can help guide our response to the two defining challenges of our century: managing climate change and overcoming poverty.‘ Summaries (in range of languages) and chapters Professor Nicholas Stern, London School of Economics