Economics of GI Patrick ten Brink for the European Parliament 24 September 2013
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Economics of GI Patrick ten Brink for the European Parliament 24 September 2013

on

  • 365 views

Economics of Green Infrastructure (GI) presentation by Patrick ten Brink of the Institute for European Environmental Policy at the European Parliament 24 September 2013

Economics of Green Infrastructure (GI) presentation by Patrick ten Brink of the Institute for European Environmental Policy at the European Parliament 24 September 2013

Statistics

Views

Total Views
365
Slideshare-icon Views on SlideShare
365
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
2
Downloads
0
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Adobe PDF

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    Economics of GI Patrick ten Brink for the European Parliament 24 September 2013 Economics of GI Patrick ten Brink for the European Parliament 24 September 2013 Presentation Transcript

    • 1Webinar series. Module 4. 7th June 2013 The economic benefits of green infrastructure Patrick ten Brink Senior Fellow and Head of Brussels Office, IEEP 24 September 2013 Meeting the EU 2020 Biodiversity Targets: Mainstreaming Conservation Conference of the European Parliament Intergroup “Climate Change, Biodiversity and Sustainable Development” Tuesday 24 September 2013 ASP 3E2 European Parliament, Brussels
    • Ecosystem Services 2 Supporting/habitat services: Soil formation & fertility Nutrient cycle Photosynthesis Cultural Services Spiritual/religious experiences Landscape value Recreation & tourism Cultural heritage Education &scientific knowledge Benefits we obtain from nature: people, society & economy Provisioning services Food, fibre, fuel Fresh water Genetic resources Medicinal resources Regulating Services Climate regulation Water purification Air purification Natural hazards management Erosion control Pollination Qualitative, quantitative and monetary assessments can all be used to assess the benefits. All levels generally needed to get a full picture of the value of the benefits. Anthropocentric benefits complements intrinsic values of nature
    • Green infrastructure benefits Natural resources Water management Climate regulation & adaptation Health and well-being Investment and employment Tourism and recreation Education Land and property values Resilience Conservation benefits Source: Mazza et al., 2010 adapted from Genecon LLP 2010 Core areas (ie large areas of healthy and functioning ecosystems, such as Natural 2000 protect`ed areas) Restoration zones (ie new areas of habitat for specific species or restored ecosystems for service provision) Sustainable use/ecosystem service zones (ie areas that maintain or improve ecological quality through sustainable economic land uses) Green urban and peri-urban areas (eg parks, gardens, grassy verges and green roofs) Natural connectivity features (eg hedgerows and riparian river vegetation) Artificial connectivity features (ie features assist species movement, such as green bridges and eco-ducts) Ecosystem Services BenefitsGreen infrastructure
    • Evidence base: values of ecosystem services 1 10 100 1,000 10,000 100,000 1,000,000 10,000,000 Coral reefs (94) Coastal wetlands (139) Coastal systems (28) Inland wetlands (168) Tropical Forest (96) Rivers and Lakes (15) Temperate Forest (58) Grasslands (32) Woodlands (21) Open oceans (14) Sources:deGrootetal2012buildingonTEEB2010 For further details see Page 9 of Chapter 2 of the TEEB Water and Wetlands report and associated references The TEEB Water and Wetlands (Russi et al., 2013) http://www.ieep.eu/publications/2013/02/the-economics-of-ecosystems-and-biodiversity-for-water-and-wetlands
    • Benefits of Natura 2000 : The Backbone of EU’s GI A first economic estimate 26,000 sites ~ 18% of EU Benefit First Estimates of value Natura 2000 network total benefits ~ €200 - 300 bn/year Building on 3 estimates: €223 – 314 bn /yr (a) €251 – 360 bn /yr (b) €189 – 308 bn /yr (c) Carbon sequestration / storage Current Stock: €600bn - €1130bn Annual Sequestration Benefits: €79-88bn increase to 2020 if ecosystem quality is improved €82-92bn to 2020 if +10% forest area Tourism expenditures ~€ 50-85 billion /year for 1.7 billion visitor days (~466,000 visitors/day average) ~€ 9-20 billion/year directly for Natura 2000 Recreation (non market benefits) ~€ 5-9 billion/year for Natura 2000 (4 € / visit ) Estimating the Overall Economic Value of the Benefits provided by the Natura 2000 Network (ten Brink et al., 2011). http://www.ieep.eu/publications/2012/06/estimating-the-overall-economic-value-of-the-benefits-provided-by-the-natura-2000-network
    • • Comparison between dikes and flood plains vs. storm surge barrier for flood protection: • Assess the recreational benefits of creating new floodplains • Payback period to meet flood mitigation objectives compared • Based on these results, an integrated management plan was approved, integrating GI: restoration of approximately 2,500 ha of intertidal and 3,000 ha of non-tidal areas, reinforcement of dikes, and dredging to improve the fairway to Antwerp © Daniela Russi Scheldt estuary, Belgium and the Netherlands Picture: http://www.sigmaplan.be @ Daniela Russi Slide by Daniela Russi, IEEP
    • Restoration: can be costly, but can offer good returns 1 10 100 1,000 10,000 100,000 1,000,000 10,000,000 100,000,000 Coral reefs [7] Coastal systems/Mangroves/Estuaries [9] Marine [4] Woodland/Shrubland [7] Lakes/Rivers [26] Inland Wetlands [4] Tropical forest [10] Temperate forest [20] Grassland/Rangeland [6] 2 43 1 7 65 1415131211 10 89 16 Sources:Aronsonetal.2010 For further details see Chapter 5, page 48 of the TEEB Water and Wetlands report and associated references The TEEB Water and Wetlands (Russi et al., 2013) http://www.ieep.eu/publications/2013/02/the-economics-of-ecosystems-and-biodiversity-for-water-and-wetlands
    • Climate Mitigation: Peatland restoration in Bellacorick, Ireland: €1,506 per ha for the avoided carbon loss & €118/ha/yr ave. net carbon sequestration (5.9 tCO2eq. /ha.yr) (Wilson et al. 2012) Climate change adaptation: restoration of floodplains Danube River: Cost €183m, while est. annual revenues €85.6 million & flood cost savings of €396 million (Hulea et al., 2009). Flood control benefits: assessment for several French river basins indicate benefits ranging from € 37/ha/year to € 617/ha/year (Schéhérazade et al., 2010) Tourism: Cairngorms National Park, Scotland receives around 1.4 million visitors a year Economic impact and Employment: Natura 2000 network implementation est. to increase nat. GDP by 0.1 to 0.26 % and generate 12,792 additional jobs (Fernandez et al 2008) Investments in Nature & GI can help meet Cohesion Policy objectives The Guide to Multi-Benefit Cohesion Policy Investments in Nature and Green Infrastructure (Hjerp et al., 2011) http://www.ieep.eu/publications/2013/09/the-guide-to-multi-benefit-cohesion-policy-investments-in-nature-and-green-infrastructure
    •  Around 930,000 ha of peatlands have been drained in Germany for agriculture, 300,000 of which in the area of Mecklenburg- Vorpommern. Peatland drainage causes emissions of around 20 million tonnes of CO2-eq. per year  Between 2000 and 2008, 29,764 ha of peatlands have been restored, by raising the water level in order to prevent further oxidation of the peat  Also, a system of carbon credits for the voluntary market was established  The carbon credits were called MoorFutures. They cost 35€ and correspond to 1tCO2/yr each  8,000 MoorFutures sold in M-V so far  restoration of 55 ha A © http://www.moorfutures.de Source: TEEB case by Förster (2009), mainly based on MLUV - Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (2009), Schäfer (2009) The MoorFutures programme (restoration+offsetting credits) Slide by Daniela Russi, IEEP
    • Green infrastructure a driver of growth Green Infrastructure contribution to economic growth): CRESR and Eftec for Defra and Natural England 2013 http://randd.defra.gov.uk/Default.aspx?Menu=Menu&Module=More&Location=None&Completed=0&ProjectID=19056#Description
    • Summary Benefits from GI: biodiversity, society and economy Measurement: in qualitative, quantitative, monetary & spatial terms GI Policy synergies: clear benefits re Biodiversity & Cohesion Policy Benefits also for climate mitigation and adaptation, water purification and supply, local and regional development, jobs and growth Benefits are case specific: important to look carefully at the whole picture Long term green growth and resource efficiency objectives would benefit from working with nature and Green infrastructure
    • Further reading 12 The Guide to Multi-Benefit Cohesion Policy Investments in Nature and Green Infrastructure (Hjerp et al., 2011) http://www.ieep.eu/publications/2013/09/the-guide-to-multi-benefit-cohesion-policy-investments-in-nature-and-green-infrastructure Book: Social and Economic Benefits of Protected Areas: An Assessment Guide (Kettunen and ten Brink eds, 2013) http://www.routledge.com/books/details/9780415632843/ The TEEB Water and Wetlands (Russi et al., 2013) http://www.ieep.eu/publications/2013/02/the-economics-of-ecosystems-and-biodiversity-for-water-and-wetlands The Nature and the Transition to a Green Economy (ten Brink et al., 2012) http://www.ieep.eu/publications/2012/10/nature-and-its-role-in-the-transition-to-a-green-economy--1157 Guides on mainstreaming values into National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans (NBSAPs) + webinars (UNEP-WCMC and IEEP 2012) http://www.ieep.eu/newsletter/summer-2013/ieep-builds-capacity-in-mainstreaming-natures-values/ Book: The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (TEEB) in National and International Policy Making (ed. Patrick ten Brink 2011) www.teebweb.org or via www.ieep.eu Estimating the Overall Economic Value of the Benefits provided by the Natura 2000 Network (ten Brink et al., 2011). http://www.ieep.eu/publications/2012/06/estimating-the-overall-economic-value-of-the-benefits-provided-by-the-natura-2000-network Green Infrastructure options (Mazza et al, 2010) http://www.ieep.eu/assets/898/Green_Infrastructure_Implementation_and_Efficiency.pdf Green Infrastructure contribution to economic growth): CRESR and Eftec for Defra and Natural England 2013 http://randd.defra.gov.uk/Default.aspx?Menu=Menu&Module=More&Location=None&Completed=0&ProjectID=19056#Description
    • www.ieep.eu @IEEP_eu IEEP is an independent not for profit institute dedicated to advancing an environmentally sustainable Europe through policy analysis, development and dissemination. Patrick ten Brink ptenbrink@ieep.eu Thank you for your attention!