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DG Energy’s strategy for stimulating growth and jobs in the renewable energy sector
 

DG Energy’s strategy for stimulating growth and jobs in the renewable energy sector

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Presentation to Dublin Chamber's Brussels study mission on DG Energy’s strategy for stimulating growth and jobs in the renewable energy sector by Tom Howes, Directorate General for Energy....

Presentation to Dublin Chamber's Brussels study mission on DG Energy’s strategy for stimulating growth and jobs in the renewable energy sector by Tom Howes, Directorate General for Energy.

The study mission was kindly supported by KBC Bank.

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    DG Energy’s strategy for stimulating growth and jobs in the renewable energy sector DG Energy’s strategy for stimulating growth and jobs in the renewable energy sector Presentation Transcript

    • l European renewable energy policy Tom Howes 08/11/2011 EUROPEAN European CommissionCOMMISSION
    • l The European energy strategy. EU policies working in tandem to provide a stable long term framework: » Europe 2020 strategy, resource efficiency – Renewables 20% » The creation of competition and the single market in energy encourages new, smaller entrants, including renewables producers. » The development of European infrastructure helps integrate the single market and a growing share of renewable energy. • – budget proposals » Europes R&D programme also contains the Strategic Energy Technology Plan, helping develop new energy technology. • – budget proposals » Energy Efficiency Plan & Directive, March-June 2011 » Future policy work – decarbonisation: 2050
    • l Massive modernisation investment is needed Total investment needs in the electricity and gas sector between 2010-20: over € 1 trillion Power generation: ~ € 500 bn Transmission and distribution: ~ € 600 bn Renewables: ~ € 310-370 bn Distribution: ~ € 400 bn Transmission: ~ € 200 bnInvestments of over € 1 trillion will be needed by 2020 to replace obsoletepower plants, to modernise and adapt infrastructure to the latest technologiesand to cater for demand for low carbon energy. Source: Commission calculations
    • l NEW ENERGY EFFICIENCY DIRECTIVE Public Energy Services Industry sector supply• Purchase of products, • National energy • 10-year national heat & • Member States to services & buildings efficiency obligation cooling plans: transparency, create incentives for scheme for utilities predictability & alignment SMEs to undergo with high energy efficiency of policies for investments energy audits • Obligation for performance individual energy • Dissemination of best• Annual renovation meters, reflecting • Waste heat recovery practices on benefits of target of 3% for public actual consump. & (CHP) obligation for new energy management buildings above 250 information on actual and existing power & systems for SME m² time of use industrial plants businesses • Ensure accuracy & • Network tariffs design to frequency of billing• Local energy efficiency encourage offering services • Mandatory audits for based on actual plans and introduction for consumers allowing large companies & consumption of energy them to save energy & incentives for the management systems • Appropriate control consumption implementation of information with the recommended bill providing • National annual inventories measures and the• More systematic use comprehensive of generation installations to introduction of Energy of Energy account of current monitor efficiency levels Management Systems Performance energy costs Contracting
    • l Progress to date… EU renewable energy shares 50,20%50%40% 36,80% 29,20% 29,80%30% 25,70% 22,70% 21,60% 19,70%20% 17,50% 16,90% 13,00% 12,40% 11,60% 11,50% 9,50% 10,00% 9,70% 9,40%10% 7,80% 8,50% 7,90% 5,10% 4,20% 3,80% 3,80% 2,80% 2,90% 0,70%0% EU MT LU UK NL BE IE CY HU IT CZ PO GR SK DE BG ES FR SI LT DK EE RO PT AT LV FI SW 2005 2009 (provisional) 2020 target Eurostat
    • lktoe Technology Results from the National Renewable Energy Action Plans250000200000 Heat pumps Biomass150000 Wind Tide, wave, ocean100000 Solar Geothermal 50000 Hydro 0 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
    • Renewable energy in heating & cooling in Ireland l Growth by sector 700 600 in Ireland 500 400 Geothermal Heat Solar Heat ktoe 300 Heat pumps Biomass Heat 200 100 Renewable energy in transport in Ireland 0 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 600 year 500 Hydrogen 400 Other Biofuelsktoe 300 Electricity in transport Bioethanol 200 Biodiesel 100 0 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Renewable energy in electricity in Ireland year 16000 14000 Tide, wave, ocean 12000 Solar electricity 10000 Geothermal Electricity GWh 8000 Hydro 6000 Biomass electricity offshore 4000 onshore 2000 0 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 year
    • l National Renewable Energy Action Plans indicate: • Planned growth to 2020 leading to 20.6% by 2020 • Majority of MS will reach the targets by domestic production, 2-4 MS partly rely on cooperation mechanisms • Total renewable energy consumption will double from 99 Mtoe (2005) to 245 Mtoe (2020) • Combined EU renewable energy shares in the 3 sectors in 2020 (projections): • Electricity from renewable sources – 34% • Heating & cooling from renewable sources– 21.5% • Transport from renewable sources– 11%
    • l Cost estimations • Total investments in renewables are currently at a level of approximately € 35 bn/y • Most analysis predict this has to double to reach our 2020 targets • Unit cost of renewables, contrary to other forms of energy, are declining; for certain technologies sharply • PV module costs around €500/kW • Producing (and generating) renewables where most cost- efficient offers significant potential for lowering overall cost
    • l Low-Carbon Economy Roadmap (Mar 2011) 100% 100%Basis of scenarios Power Sector80% domestic 80% 80% Current policyreduction in 2050 Residential & Tertiary 60% 60% IndustryEfficient 40% 40%pathway:-25% in 2020 Transport-40% in 2030 20% 20%-60% in 2040 Non CO 2 Agriculture Non CO 2 Other Sectors 0% 10 0% 1990 2000 2010 2020 2030 2040 2050
    • l 2020/2050 Key Challenges » Increasing importance of RES increases requirements on: • Capacity and flexibility - of electricity grids, - of power plants, - of energy storage - of demand side management (~smart) . » Energy Roadmap 2050 – preparation Priority of Danish Presidency http://ec.europa.eu/energy/strategies/2011/roadmap_2050_en.htm - see “Energy Roadmap 2050 - State of Play”
    • l you for your attentionThankhttp://ec.europa.eu/energy/renewables/index_en.htm
    • l Investments in renewable energy at global level EuropeBillion Dollars China United States Brazil Other America Other Asia and Oceania India Middle East and Africa In 2009, investment in renewable energy fell in the EU by 10% in the context of the economic crisis, while it increased by more than 50% in China. Source: International Energy Agency