. Amergin, the 1st Bard of Ireland who as part of the invasion of the Celts in 1-2nd century BC “The Song of Amergin” 1st song about Ireland
Celtic society Celtic cultures, the Bard/Filidh/Ollave was inviolate, travel freely throughout Ireland The Celts were fascinated by the power of words. Every noble or high family maintained their own ancestral poets. " It is from these poets, who maintained an oral tradition
Six Nations of the Gael Scotland Ireland Wales Cornwall Brittany
ROOTS Ethnomusicology is the study of people's music, and more specifically, the study of the relationship between music and culture Depending upon the source, 40 to 60 percent of the settlers who nested into the Appalachian region were of Ulster-Scots descent, by far the largest ethnic group to call Appalachia home Celtic Music influenced Appalachian /bluegrass music which combined with African influences begat blues and country
Nova Scotia and Cape Breton in the 19th century the Irish Great Hunger and Scottish Highland Clearances resulted in large influxes of migrants with Celtic cultural roots, which helped to define the dominantly celtic character of Cape Breton and the north mainland of the province
Evolution Court musicians Fall of the Gaelic Chieftains 1607 Subsequent rebellions Norman 1166 Created sense of yearning for independence
Rebel Songs 1601 Battle of Kinsale and the Flight of the Earls 1641-53 Wars of the Irish Confederacy Including Oliver Cromwell 1798 United Irishman Rebellion 1800’s Agrarian unrest/Fenians 1916 Easter Rebellion 1919-1922 War Of Independence 1922-1924 Irish Civil War
Traditional Irish Music Much of Irish traditional music is meant for dancing. The tunes range from four-to-the-bar reels to various types of jigs, which can be either sprightly or stately. Most jigs are in 6/8, but there is an older style known as a slip jig that circular construction in which two different strains of eight bars are each played through twice, then the resulting thirty-two bars are repeated from the top
Reels Reel music is notated in duple time, either as 2/2 or 4/4. In Irish dance, a reel is any dance danced to music in reel time
Voice The oral tradition was paramount among the Celtic peoples; no written histories or laws, all were learned among the druidic class Sean-nós old style") is a highly ornamented style of unaccompanied traditional Irish singing The tradition of sean-nós song was exclusively oral, and remains customarily so
Instrumentation uilleannpipesare the characteristic national bagpipe of Ireland. íobauilleann (literally, "pipes of the elbow"), from their method of inflation. The bag of the uilleann pipes is inflated by means of a small set of bellows strapped around the waist and the right arm.
percussion The bodhránis an Irish frame drum ranging from (10" to 26") in diameter, with most drums measuring (14" to 18"). The sides of the drum are (3½" to 8") deep. A goatskin head is tacked to one sideTheother side is open ended for one hand to be placed against the inside of the drum head to control the pitch and timbre.