Sharing and Control.
   Libraries using
    Web 2.0/3.0
     by Patrick Danowski
About me
• Computer scientist
• Academic librarian
• from 10/06 - 09/08
  Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin
 • German Union Catal...
Outline
• Web 2.0
• Social tagging
• Sharing and reuse
• Social Networking
• Web 3.0
Web 2.0 for libraries
Web 2.0
Web 2.0
Web 2.0
• Term created for a O‘Reilly Conference 2005
• Technics where already there:
 •   Wikis

 •   Blogs

 •   Social Tagging
...
Web 2.0
              Principles
• Interactive
• User contribution &
  feedback
• Open services
• Reuse / Remix
  Culture
Library
Social Tagging
•     del.icio.us:

    first social tagging site

    social bookmarking


• links with tags
• tag = free keyword
•     del.icio.us:

    first social tagging site

    social bookmarking


• links with tags
• tag = free keyword
Visualization of Indexing


• Tagcloud
• bigger words are
  more often used
Sharing and Remix
Data is the next Intel
        Inside
        Tim O‘Reilly
Bibliographic Data

• created by the libraries
• controlled data
• „product“ by the library
Data and Web 2.0

• How can data get enhanced by using it?
• What can users create with the tools of
  the library?
• Will...
Yochai Benkler (Yale Law Schol) in
Steel This Film II
Open Library Project
Open Library Project

• Goal:
  A free index of all books
Open Library Project

• Goal:
  A free index of all books
• Access to full text if
  possible
Open Library Project

• Goal:
  A free index of all books
• Access to full text if
  possible
Open Library Project

• Goal:
  A free index of all books
• Access to full text if
  possible
• users can catalogue
Open Library Project

• Goal:
  A free index of all books
• Access to full text if
  possible
• users can catalogue
Open Library Project

• Goal:
  A free index of all books
• Access to full text if
  possible
• users can catalogue
• in f...
Open Library Project

• bringing toghether so many data as possible
• data of publishers (ONIX)
• data of national librari...
Petition for free Data
• Answer to the report of the Library of
    Congress's Working Group on the Future
    of Bibliogr...
Open Licenses
Open Licenses
• Open Access
Open Licenses
• Open Access
• Berlin Declaration: worldwide, right of
  access to, and a license to copy, use,
  distribut...
Open Licenses
• Open Access
• Berlin Declaration: worldwide, right of
  access to, and a license to copy, use,
  distribut...
Wikisource
Wikisource

• sister project of Wikipedia
• Chosen Sources:
 • Interesting and special sources
 • not available until now ...
Content
Content

• Allow reuse of digital objects
Content

• Allow reuse of digital objects
• Public Domain should stay public domain in
  the digital world
Content

• Allow reuse of digital objects
• Public Domain should stay public domain in
  the digital world
• new chances t...
Content

• Allow reuse of digital objects
• Public Domain should stay public domain in
  the digital world
• new chances t...
Amazon Visualization
Amazon Visualization
Amazon Visualization
Amazon Visualization
Amazon Visualization
Social Networks
     Facebook
Facebook
Facebook
• Social Network
Facebook
• Social Network
• Small pieces loosely
  joint
Facebook
• Social Network
• Small pieces loosely
  joint
• Web 2.0 Aggregator
Facebook
• Social Network
• Small pieces loosely
  joint
• Web 2.0 Aggregator
 • del.icio.us
Facebook
• Social Network
• Small pieces loosely
  joint
• Web 2.0 Aggregator
 • del.icio.us
 • Slideshare
Facebook
• Social Network
• Small pieces loosely
  joint
• Web 2.0 Aggregator
 • del.icio.us
 • Slideshare
• Persons, Inst...
What can be done...
What can be done...

• A searchbox is nice but not the best tool
What can be done...

• A searchbox is nice but not the best tool
• Goal:You must be often of the startpage of
  users to g...
What can be done...

• A searchbox is nice but not the best tool
• Goal:You must be often of the startpage of
  users to g...
Web 3.0
Web 3.0

• not one definition
Web 3.0

• not one definition
• Semantic Web + Web 2.0
Web 3.0

• not one definition
• Semantic Web + Web 2.0
• Semantic Web = Machine can interpret
  content
Web 3.0

• not one definition
• Semantic Web + Web 2.0
• Semantic Web = Machine can interpret
  content
Web 3.0

• not one definition
• Semantic Web + Web 2.0
• Semantic Web = Machine can interpret
  content
• Web 2.0 = Many pe...
Examples


• COinS
• Microformats
COinS Support

• Wordpress Plugin (for blogger)
• GBV (Library Catalog, Germany)
• WIKINDX (Collaboration Bibliographies)
...
COinS
• Context Object in Spans
• A Convention to Embed Bibliographic
  Metadata in HTML
• HTML span element with class at...
Format (simplified)
•   <span
    class=quot;Z3988quot; title=quot;ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004
    rft.title=Support+Zotero... rft....
Microformats
• web-based data formatting approach
• re-use existing content as metadata
• using XHTML and HTML classes /
 ...
• hCard: contacts
• hCalendar: dates
• hReview: reviews
• hResume: vitas
• XFN: social networks
• ...
Citations in
         Microformats

• hcitation
• just a first draft
• libraries can / should participate
One more thing
The mobil web

• Phones, MP3-Player, … geting mobil online
  devices
• The web is getting mobil
• which new services can l...
Things to remember
• Social tagging can be an additional approach
  to index documents better
• Social tagging can be an additional approach
  to index documents better

• Sharing of controlled bibliographic data can...
• Social tagging can be an additional approach
  to index documents better

• Sharing of controlled bibliographic data can...
• Be a party of the users network
• Be a party of the users network
• First steps to semantic data can be done on
  the presentation level
• Be a party of the users network
• First steps to semantic data can be done on
  the presentation level

• The web is get...
Your turn...

• Lets get open!
Your turn...

• Lets get open!
• Questions? Discussion?
Your turn...

• Lets get open!
• Questions? Discussion?
• Patrick Danowski
  patrick.danowski@web.de
Tel Vortrag
Tel Vortrag
Tel Vortrag
Tel Vortrag
Tel Vortrag
Tel Vortrag
Tel Vortrag
Tel Vortrag
Tel Vortrag
Tel Vortrag
Tel Vortrag
Tel Vortrag
Tel Vortrag
Tel Vortrag
Tel Vortrag
Tel Vortrag
Tel Vortrag
Tel Vortrag
Tel Vortrag
Tel Vortrag
Tel Vortrag
Tel Vortrag
Tel Vortrag
Tel Vortrag
Tel Vortrag
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Transcript of "Tel Vortrag"

  1. 1. Sharing and Control. Libraries using Web 2.0/3.0 by Patrick Danowski
  2. 2. About me • Computer scientist • Academic librarian • from 10/06 - 09/08 Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin • German Union Catalogue of Serials • Department Information- and Datamanagement
  3. 3. Outline • Web 2.0 • Social tagging • Sharing and reuse • Social Networking • Web 3.0
  4. 4. Web 2.0 for libraries
  5. 5. Web 2.0
  6. 6. Web 2.0
  7. 7. Web 2.0
  8. 8. • Term created for a O‘Reilly Conference 2005 • Technics where already there: • Wikis • Blogs • Social Tagging • not only linking information / linking people
  9. 9. Web 2.0 Principles • Interactive • User contribution & feedback • Open services • Reuse / Remix Culture
  10. 10. Library
  11. 11. Social Tagging
  12. 12. • del.icio.us: first social tagging site social bookmarking • links with tags • tag = free keyword
  13. 13. • del.icio.us: first social tagging site social bookmarking • links with tags • tag = free keyword
  14. 14. Visualization of Indexing • Tagcloud • bigger words are more often used
  15. 15. Sharing and Remix
  16. 16. Data is the next Intel Inside Tim O‘Reilly
  17. 17. Bibliographic Data • created by the libraries • controlled data • „product“ by the library
  18. 18. Data and Web 2.0 • How can data get enhanced by using it? • What can users create with the tools of the library? • Will control and web 2.0 fit? • Let‘s take a look...
  19. 19. Yochai Benkler (Yale Law Schol) in Steel This Film II
  20. 20. Open Library Project
  21. 21. Open Library Project • Goal: A free index of all books
  22. 22. Open Library Project • Goal: A free index of all books • Access to full text if possible
  23. 23. Open Library Project • Goal: A free index of all books • Access to full text if possible
  24. 24. Open Library Project • Goal: A free index of all books • Access to full text if possible • users can catalogue
  25. 25. Open Library Project • Goal: A free index of all books • Access to full text if possible • users can catalogue
  26. 26. Open Library Project • Goal: A free index of all books • Access to full text if possible • users can catalogue • in future: can be a source for a book URN
  27. 27. Open Library Project • bringing toghether so many data as possible • data of publishers (ONIX) • data of national libraries (MARC21)
  28. 28. Petition for free Data • Answer to the report of the Library of Congress's Working Group on the Future of Bibliographic Control • Published by the Open Knowledge Foundation • Free Access and Open Licence for Bibliographic Data • http://www.okfn.org/wiki/ FutureOfBibliographicControl
  29. 29. Open Licenses
  30. 30. Open Licenses • Open Access
  31. 31. Open Licenses • Open Access • Berlin Declaration: worldwide, right of access to, and a license to copy, use, distribute, transmit and display the work publicly and to make and distribute derivative works, in any digital medium for any responsible purpose
  32. 32. Open Licenses • Open Access • Berlin Declaration: worldwide, right of access to, and a license to copy, use, distribute, transmit and display the work publicly and to make and distribute derivative works, in any digital medium for any responsible purpose • Creative Commons Licenses: CC-BY / CC-BY-SA
  33. 33. Wikisource
  34. 34. Wikisource • sister project of Wikipedia • Chosen Sources: • Interesting and special sources • not available until now in fulltext
  35. 35. Content
  36. 36. Content • Allow reuse of digital objects
  37. 37. Content • Allow reuse of digital objects • Public Domain should stay public domain in the digital world
  38. 38. Content • Allow reuse of digital objects • Public Domain should stay public domain in the digital world • new chances through reuse and remix
  39. 39. Content • Allow reuse of digital objects • Public Domain should stay public domain in the digital world • new chances through reuse and remix • Example Wikisource
  40. 40. Amazon Visualization
  41. 41. Amazon Visualization
  42. 42. Amazon Visualization
  43. 43. Amazon Visualization
  44. 44. Amazon Visualization
  45. 45. Social Networks Facebook
  46. 46. Facebook
  47. 47. Facebook • Social Network
  48. 48. Facebook • Social Network • Small pieces loosely joint
  49. 49. Facebook • Social Network • Small pieces loosely joint • Web 2.0 Aggregator
  50. 50. Facebook • Social Network • Small pieces loosely joint • Web 2.0 Aggregator • del.icio.us
  51. 51. Facebook • Social Network • Small pieces loosely joint • Web 2.0 Aggregator • del.icio.us • Slideshare
  52. 52. Facebook • Social Network • Small pieces loosely joint • Web 2.0 Aggregator • del.icio.us • Slideshare • Persons, Institutions and projects
  53. 53. What can be done...
  54. 54. What can be done... • A searchbox is nice but not the best tool
  55. 55. What can be done... • A searchbox is nice but not the best tool • Goal:You must be often of the startpage of users to get their attention
  56. 56. What can be done... • A searchbox is nice but not the best tool • Goal:You must be often of the startpage of users to get their attention • Connect „My Library“ with facebook
  57. 57. Web 3.0
  58. 58. Web 3.0 • not one definition
  59. 59. Web 3.0 • not one definition • Semantic Web + Web 2.0
  60. 60. Web 3.0 • not one definition • Semantic Web + Web 2.0 • Semantic Web = Machine can interpret content
  61. 61. Web 3.0 • not one definition • Semantic Web + Web 2.0 • Semantic Web = Machine can interpret content
  62. 62. Web 3.0 • not one definition • Semantic Web + Web 2.0 • Semantic Web = Machine can interpret content • Web 2.0 = Many people create content
  63. 63. Examples • COinS • Microformats
  64. 64. COinS Support • Wordpress Plugin (for blogger) • GBV (Library Catalog, Germany) • WIKINDX (Collaboration Bibliographies) • Zotero • ….
  65. 65. COinS • Context Object in Spans • A Convention to Embed Bibliographic Metadata in HTML • HTML span element with class attribute set to quot;Z3988quot; • http://ocoins.info
  66. 66. Format (simplified) • <span class=quot;Z3988quot; title=quot;ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004 rft.title=Support+Zotero... rft.aulast=Danowski rft.aufirst=Patrick rft.subject=Software rft.date=2007-08-01 rft.type=blogPost rft.identifier= http://www.bibliothek2null.de/2007/08/01/support-zotero-with-wordpress-en/ &amp;rft.language=Englishquot;> </span>
  67. 67. Microformats • web-based data formatting approach • re-use existing content as metadata • using XHTML and HTML classes / attributes • human readable • automatically processable by software
  68. 68. • hCard: contacts • hCalendar: dates • hReview: reviews • hResume: vitas • XFN: social networks • ...
  69. 69. Citations in Microformats • hcitation • just a first draft • libraries can / should participate
  70. 70. One more thing
  71. 71. The mobil web • Phones, MP3-Player, … geting mobil online devices • The web is getting mobil • which new services can libraries offer in the mobil world?
  72. 72. Things to remember
  73. 73. • Social tagging can be an additional approach to index documents better
  74. 74. • Social tagging can be an additional approach to index documents better • Sharing of controlled bibliographic data can make libraries an parter in the web 2.0
  75. 75. • Social tagging can be an additional approach to index documents better • Sharing of controlled bibliographic data can make libraries an parter in the web 2.0 • Users like to remixing Content (copyright don‘t help)
  76. 76. • Be a party of the users network
  77. 77. • Be a party of the users network • First steps to semantic data can be done on the presentation level
  78. 78. • Be a party of the users network • First steps to semantic data can be done on the presentation level • The web is getting mobil.
  79. 79. Your turn... • Lets get open!
  80. 80. Your turn... • Lets get open! • Questions? Discussion?
  81. 81. Your turn... • Lets get open! • Questions? Discussion? • Patrick Danowski patrick.danowski@web.de
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