Ed443 G Mr Ppt


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Ed443 G Mr Ppt

  1. 1. MENTAL RETARDATION <ul><ul><li>Presented by: Patrick B. Quitugua </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For ED443G Assistive Technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>October 10, 2008 </li></ul></ul>
  2. 2. OBJECTIVES: <ul><li>By the end of this presentation, students will be able to: </li></ul><ul><li>Know the key components of the 2002 AAMR </li></ul><ul><li>definition of mental retardation. </li></ul><ul><li>Know the levels of severity and outcomes </li></ul><ul><li>of people with mental retardation. </li></ul><ul><li>Know the four level of supports and how </li></ul><ul><li>they make a difference in the lives of people </li></ul><ul><li>with mental retardation. </li></ul><ul><li>Know the two ways in which causes of </li></ul><ul><li>disabilities can be organized, and list three </li></ul><ul><li>major known causes of mental retardation. </li></ul><ul><li>(TEXT: extracted from ED655 Introduction to Special Education Chapter 8) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Historical review <ul><li>1876 Association of Medical Officers of </li></ul><ul><li>American Institution for Idiotic and Feebleminded Persons. </li></ul><ul><li>1919 American Association of Mental retardation </li></ul><ul><li>The Arc (formerly the Association Retarded Citizens) </li></ul><ul><li>2006 American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities </li></ul>
  4. 4. MENTAL RETARDATION DEFINED <ul><li>Federal Government or IDEA ’04 – Mental Retardation means significant sub-average general intellectual functioning, existing concurrently with deficits in adaptive behavior and manifested during the developmental period, that adversely affects a child’s educational performance. </li></ul><ul><li>American Association of Mental Retardation or AAMR – Mental Retardation is a disability characterized by significant limitations both in intellectual functioning and in adaptive behavior as expressed in conceptual, social, and practical adaptive skill. This disability originates before age 18. </li></ul>
  5. 5. AAMR : Three major components <ul><li>Intellectual functioning </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptive behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Systems of Supports </li></ul>
  6. 6. Normal IQ vs. MR IQ <ul><li>Normal or Average intelligence = 120 </li></ul><ul><li>Considered MR below average = 60 </li></ul><ul><li>( 50 % or more below the average intelligence </li></ul><ul><li>re: information processing, communication, socialization, memory, analytic and mathematical processes, as examples…) </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Normal Curve, IQ, and Mental Retardation
  8. 8. ADAPTIVE SKILLS: CONCEPTUAL : reading writing language money concepts Self-direction PRACTICAL : Self-help , Life-skills Safety , Occupational Skills SOCIAL : Avoids Victimization, obeys laws, Self- esteem, Responsibility
  9. 9. Case in Point: <ul><li>PDN Story regarding sexual assault of a minor in Guam Theater. </li></ul><ul><li>Moral question? How should the Law handle </li></ul><ul><li>such a case….? </li></ul>
  10. 10. Case in point: G.W working with CPS <ul><li>Legal Guardian, along with common law spouse, arrested for child abuse and neglect. </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher testifies in front of Grand Jury. </li></ul><ul><li>CPS (pros and cons) </li></ul><ul><li>Positive ending </li></ul>
  11. 11. Case in point: <ul><li>Catholic Social Services Program: </li></ul><ul><li>GUMA SAGRADA : “Judy” </li></ul><ul><li>networking with </li></ul><ul><li>Adult and Elderly Protective Services </li></ul>
  13. 13. Characteristics <ul><li>Problems with cognition </li></ul><ul><li>Problems with adaptive behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Need for supports to sustain independence </li></ul><ul><li>Prevalence </li></ul><ul><li>According to the federal government, slightly more than 1% (that is, 1 out of every 100) of our nation’s school children between the ages of 6 and 17 are identified and served as having mental retardation. </li></ul>
  14. 14. GPSS MR Statistics <ul><li>As of 2007-2008 data collected at SPED </li></ul><ul><li>of 2,381 Special Education Students </li></ul><ul><li>73 are identified as MR </li></ul>
  15. 15. Causes, Prevention, Assessment <ul><li>Causes : Fragile X-chromosome syndrome </li></ul><ul><li>Prevention : research is on-going / Good health </li></ul><ul><li>Education of pregnant mothers. </li></ul><ul><li>Assessments </li></ul><ul><li>Early Identification </li></ul><ul><li>Pre-Referral </li></ul><ul><li>Identification </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluation </li></ul>
  16. 16. Teaching Students with Mental Retardation <ul><li>Access to the General Education Curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>Instructional Accommodations </li></ul><ul><li>Validated Practices </li></ul><ul><li>Technology </li></ul>
  17. 17. Examples of Validated Practices in classroom setting <ul><li>G.W’s Community Based Instruction Class </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching Model (Researched Based) </li></ul><ul><li>JIFS (Jacobs Inventory of Functional Skills) </li></ul>
  18. 18. J I F S <ul><li>Teaching Domains </li></ul><ul><li>Personal Hygiene </li></ul><ul><li>Self-help </li></ul><ul><li>Financial Concepts/management </li></ul><ul><li>Safety </li></ul><ul><li>Housekeeping/Household Skills </li></ul><ul><li>Socialization/Behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Self-direction/Employment </li></ul><ul><li>Recreation </li></ul>
  19. 19. Transitioning <ul><li>Quality of Life </li></ul><ul><li>Supported Employment </li></ul><ul><li>Independent Living </li></ul>
  20. 20. Partnerships with Families and Communities <ul><li>Support from Dads </li></ul><ul><li>Support from Brothers and Sisters </li></ul><ul><li>Imagine a World </li></ul>
  21. 21. Adaptive Technology Supports: The South Carolina Assistive Technology Program (SCATP) <ul><li>CAI Computer Assisted Instruction </li></ul><ul><li>Low Tech devices : Memory keys, sequence cards, recording devices. </li></ul><ul><li>Communication Cards. </li></ul><ul><li>Emergency information bracelets. </li></ul>
  22. 22. References: Mental Retardation Genetic Causes of Mental Retardation http://specialed.freeyellow.com/YAdaptUse.html http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZMJAgdMBPsg AT and Mental Retardation   www.sc.edu/scatp/mr.htm Mental Retardation http://www.healthatoz.com/healthatoz/Atoz/common/standard/transform.jsp?requesRI=/healthatoz/Atoz/ency/mental_retardation.jsp Introduction to Special Education - Making A Difference - Sixth Edition Deborah Deutsch Smith