Media Project


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Media Project

  1. 1. A power point by Pat Leaver
  2. 2. <ul><li>Censorship as we know it, has affected free speech in media by suppressing or deleting material deemed offensive or harmful to certain groups of people as determined by those offended. </li></ul><ul><li>As a result of this, sometimes over-censorship occurs, censoring out harmless material which results in some criticism. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Moral Censorship is the removal of materials that are obscene or otherwise morally questionable. Pornography, for example, is often censored under this rationale, especially child pornography, which is censored in most jurisdictions in the world. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Military censorship is the process of keeping military intelligence and tactics confidential and away from the enemy. This is used to counter espionage, which is the process of gleaning military information. Very often, militaries will also attempt to suppress politically inconvenient information even if that information has no actual intelligence value. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Political censorship occurs when governments hold back information from their citizens. This is often done to exert control over the populace and prevent free expression that might foment rebellion. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Religious Censorship is the means by which any material objectionable to a certain faith is removed. This often involves a dominant religion forcing limitations on less prevalent ones. Alternatively, one religion may shun the works of another when they believe the content is not appropriate for their faith. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Corporate Censorship is the process by which editors in corporate media outlets intervene to halt the publishing of information that portrays their business or business partners in a negative light. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Censorship has affected artists since the 1950s. Elvis Presley at first was only shown from the waist up because his dancing was deemed inappropriate for audiences to view. </li></ul><ul><li>Below is an example of this: </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>In the 1960s, The Doors were scheduled to play on the Ed Sullivan Show to promote their single “Light My Fire”. However, before the show started, the band was told that if they wanted to play more dates there, they had to change the lyric “Girl we couldn’t get much higher”, in the song for censorship reasons, thus affecting free speech. The band performed and sang the original lyric, much to the infuriation of the show’s executives. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>George Carlin’s “Seven Dirty Words” comedy routine was considered, in the 70s, as too inappropriate for broadcast because of the obscenities being mentioned. Today, those words are used in nearly every movie more than once without shock. Censorship has deteriorated over time to the point where it is not considered shocking to be obscene. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Television shows like South Park and Family Guy push the boundaries of censorship continuously, drawing much controversy and criticism from many audiences. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Censorship at times goes hand in hand with copyrights. The band Metallica, in 2000, not only sued Napster for illegally sharing files, but they sued those playing their songs as covers for copyright reasons. Copyrights represent the legal rights to control intellectual properties including different forms of media created. </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Copyrights censor what we can and can not use or say by making any original idea only profitable to the original marketers, corporations, companies, parties involved, etc. For example: Mickey Mouse’s image was copyrighted for many years after the death of original creator, Walt Disney. </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Due to the Copyright Term Extension Act of 1998, copyright terms were extended an extra 20 years. This means that copyrighted objects or properties would remain copyrighted until 70 years after the author’s death. However, works of corporate authorship remain copyrighted for 120 years after creation or 95 years after publication. </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Fair use of copyrighted material under the United States Law, states that the fair use of a copyrighted work is not an infringement of copyright if its purpose is for criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, or research. </li></ul>In determining whether the use made of a work in any particular case is fair use the factors to be considered shall include: 1. The purpose and character of the use, including whether such use is of commercial nature or is for non-profit educational purposes. 2. The nature of the copyrighted work. 3. The amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole. 4. The effect of the use upon the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work. As long as you cite your work and are not making a profit, exclusive rights of copyrighted works have limitations for fair use.
  16. 16. <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The End </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Straubhaar, Joseph. Media Now: Understanding Media, Culture, and Technology . 6th ed. Wadsworth, 2009. Print. </li></ul><ul><li>Mickey Mouse image – </li></ul><ul><li>South Park image – </li></ul><ul><li>South Park audio - </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Censorship.&quot; Wikipedia . Web. 29 Nov 2009. <>. </li></ul><ul><li>Elvis video - </li></ul><ul><li>Tactical Map picture - </li></ul><ul><li>Censorship picture - </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Censorship mouth picture - </li></ul><ul><li>David Censorship picture - </li></ul><ul><li>Tiananmen Square picture - </li></ul><ul><li>Charles Darwin picture - </li></ul><ul><li>The Doors picture - </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>Superbad picture - </li></ul><ul><li>George Carlin picture - </li></ul><ul><li>Napster picture - </li></ul><ul><li>“ Limitations on exclusive rights: Fair use”, Cornell University Law School, Nov 29 2009, </li></ul><ul><li>Capitol Hill picture - </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>Wal Mart picture - </li></ul><ul><li>Wall Mart picture - </li></ul>