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  • 1.  
  • 2.
    • Mental health is the accepting and liking of oneself.
      • It is the ability to adapt to, deal with and accept emotions, challenges and changes that happen in life; it is the ability to work with what life deals you!
  • 3.
    • Identity
    • Self-Esteem
    • Nutrition
    • Physical Activity
    • STRESS
    • Life-Style
    • Drugs and Alcohol
    • Relationships
    • Circle of Support
    • Genetics
    • Income/Education
    • Where you live
    • Social Conditions (racism, sexism, homophobia)
  • 4.
    • Mental illness is a medical disease, disorder or condition that affects a person's mind.
      • Mental illness can arise from poor mental health, but can also be caused by factors such as genetics or damage to the brain.
      • Mental illness impacts the ability for a person to function in life and results in mental, emotional and behavioral problems.
  • 5.
    • Mental illnesses and conditions can be caused by:
      • Biological Causes
        • Genetics
        • Infections
        • Brain Injury
        • Pre-Natal Damage
        • Exposure to Toxins
      • Psychological Causes
        • Trauma – emotional, physical
        • Abuse
        • Neglect
      • Environmental Causes
        • Living in poverty
        • Nutrition
        • Family/Cultural/Societal Expectations
        • Prolonged stress
  • 6.
    • Eating Disorders
    • Personality Disorders
    • Psychotic Disorders
    • Substance Related Disorders
    • Mood Disorders
    • Anxiety Disorders
    • Childhood Disorders
  • 7.
    • Eating disorders are conditions that occur when people become overly focused on their weight, body shape, and food, and develop dangerous eating behaviors
    • These include:
      • Anorexia Nervosa
      • Bulimia Nervosa
      • Binge-Eating Disorder
  • 8.
    • Personality disorders are long-term patterns of thoughts and behaviors that cause serious problems with relationships and work
    • These include:
      • Borderline personality disorder
      • Narcissism
      • Anti-social personality disorder
  • 9.
    • Psychotic disorders are severe mental disorders that cause abnormal thinking and perceptions.
    • People with psychotic disorders loose touch with reality.
    • People may experience delusions and/or hallucinations
    • These include:
      • Schizophrenia
      • Psychosis
  • 10.
    • A chronic relapsing condition characterized by compulsive drug-seeking and abuse and by long-lasting chemical changes in the brain.
    • Addiction does not have to be related to drugs or alcohol, addition can include:
      • Drugs
      • Alcohol
      • Gambling
      • Sex
      • Videogames
  • 11.
    • Mood disorders occur when your general emotional state or mood is distorted, or inconsistent, with your circumstances.
    • People with mood disorders experience long term, extreme “Highs” and “Lows”.
    • These include:
      • Depression
      • Bipolar Disorder
  • 12.
    • Anxiety disorders are a group of disorders which affect behavior, thoughts, emotions and physical health.
    • People with anxiety disorders are subject to intense, prolonged feelings of fright and distress for no obvious reason
    • These include:
      • Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
      • Phobias
      • Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
  • 13.
    • Mental health problems that interfere with normal development and functioning in a child.
    • These include:
      • Autism Spectrum Disorder
      • Childhood Schizophrenia
      • Attention Deficit Disorder
      • Attention Deficit Hyper-Active Disorder
  • 14.
    • Medical Treatments
    • Integrative Health Treatments
    • Horticultural Programs
    • Animal Assisted Programs
    • Technology
    • Therapeutic Treatments
  • 15.
    • Medical Treatments for mental health illnesses include those treatments that involve health care professionals.
    • Treatment Options:
      • Psychotherapy
        • Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
          • modifying the patterns of thought and behaviour associated with a particular disorder
        • Psychoanalysis
          • Investigating underlying issues, defences and behaviours of a disorder – understanding what is going on inside an individual
      • Medications
        • There are many different medical treatments that work to correct, disguise or counter mental illnesses.
  • 16.
    • Also known as “alternative treatments”
    • These are any treatment that does not fall into the world of “conventional” treatments (ie: western, medical)
    • Treatments can be based on a TEAM of professionals or SINGULAR treatments
    • Treatments include:
      • Relaxation Healing
        • Biofeedback (listening to heart rate)
        • Acupuncture
        • Massage Therapy
      • Culture Healing
        • Yoga, talking circles, drumming therapy
      • Expressive Therapies
        • Art Therapy, Music/Sound Therapy, Dance/Movement Therapy
  • 17.
    • Horticultural Therapy is the purposeful use of plants and plant-related activities to promote health and wellness for an individual or group
    • This therapy uses the positive benefits of the interaction between people and plants and gardens to improve cognitive, physical, social, emotional, and spiritual wellbeing.
  • 18.
    • Animal Assisted Therapy is the purposeful use of animals to promote health and wellness for an individual or group.
    • This therapy uses the positive benefits of the interaction between people and animals to improve cognitive, physical, social, emotional, and spiritual wellbeing.
  • 19.
    • New technologies are emerging in the treatment of mental health.
    • These include:
      • Neurofeedback
        • A type of Biofeedback (the process of becoming aware of various physiological functions using instruments that provide information on the activity of those same systems, with a goal of being able to manipulate them at will)
        • Uses real time EEG’s to show brain activity
      • Telemedicine
        • Medical information is transferred through interactive audiovisual media
        • To counsel, observe, assist
      • Voice Boxes
        • Can help a person manage their mental health condition by allowing them to communicate using a technological box.
  • 20.
    • There are different kinds of therapeutic treatments for persons with mental health illnesses. These are designed to help a person to cope with, and manage their illnesses in order to function in life.
    • These include:
      • Occupational Therapy
      • Recreational Therapy
      • Physiotherapy
      • Speech Therapy