Background Information


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Background Information

  1. 2. <ul><li>Mental health is the accepting and liking of oneself. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It is the ability to adapt to, deal with and accept emotions, challenges and changes that happen in life; it is the ability to work with what life deals you! </li></ul></ul>
  2. 3. <ul><li>Identity </li></ul><ul><li>Self-Esteem </li></ul><ul><li>Nutrition </li></ul><ul><li>Physical Activity </li></ul><ul><li>STRESS </li></ul><ul><li>Life-Style </li></ul><ul><li>Drugs and Alcohol </li></ul><ul><li>Relationships </li></ul><ul><li>Circle of Support </li></ul><ul><li>Genetics </li></ul><ul><li>Income/Education </li></ul><ul><li>Where you live </li></ul><ul><li>Social Conditions (racism, sexism, homophobia) </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>Mental illness is a medical disease, disorder or condition that affects a person's mind. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mental illness can arise from poor mental health, but can also be caused by factors such as genetics or damage to the brain. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mental illness impacts the ability for a person to function in life and results in mental, emotional and behavioral problems. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>Mental illnesses and conditions can be caused by: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Biological Causes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Genetics </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Infections </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Brain Injury </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pre-Natal Damage </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Exposure to Toxins </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Psychological Causes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Trauma – emotional, physical </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Abuse </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Neglect </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental Causes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Living in poverty </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nutrition </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Family/Cultural/Societal Expectations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Prolonged stress </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>Eating Disorders </li></ul><ul><li>Personality Disorders </li></ul><ul><li>Psychotic Disorders </li></ul><ul><li>Substance Related Disorders </li></ul><ul><li>Mood Disorders </li></ul><ul><li>Anxiety Disorders </li></ul><ul><li>Childhood Disorders </li></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>Eating disorders are conditions that occur when people become overly focused on their weight, body shape, and food, and develop dangerous eating behaviors </li></ul><ul><li>These include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Anorexia Nervosa </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bulimia Nervosa </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Binge-Eating Disorder </li></ul></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>Personality disorders are long-term patterns of thoughts and behaviors that cause serious problems with relationships and work </li></ul><ul><li>These include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Borderline personality disorder </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Narcissism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anti-social personality disorder </li></ul></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>Psychotic disorders are severe mental disorders that cause abnormal thinking and perceptions. </li></ul><ul><li>People with psychotic disorders loose touch with reality. </li></ul><ul><li>People may experience delusions and/or hallucinations </li></ul><ul><li>These include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Schizophrenia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Psychosis </li></ul></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>A chronic relapsing condition characterized by compulsive drug-seeking and abuse and by long-lasting chemical changes in the brain. </li></ul><ul><li>Addiction does not have to be related to drugs or alcohol, addition can include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Drugs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alcohol </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gambling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sex </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Videogames </li></ul></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>Mood disorders occur when your general emotional state or mood is distorted, or inconsistent, with your circumstances. </li></ul><ul><li>People with mood disorders experience long term, extreme “Highs” and “Lows”. </li></ul><ul><li>These include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Depression </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bipolar Disorder </li></ul></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>Anxiety disorders are a group of disorders which affect behavior, thoughts, emotions and physical health. </li></ul><ul><li>People with anxiety disorders are subject to intense, prolonged feelings of fright and distress for no obvious reason </li></ul><ul><li>These include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Obsessive Compulsive Disorder </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Phobias </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Post Traumatic Stress Disorder </li></ul></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><li>Mental health problems that interfere with normal development and functioning in a child. </li></ul><ul><li>These include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Autism Spectrum Disorder </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Childhood Schizophrenia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Attention Deficit Disorder </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Attention Deficit Hyper-Active Disorder </li></ul></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>Medical Treatments </li></ul><ul><li>Integrative Health Treatments </li></ul><ul><li>Horticultural Programs </li></ul><ul><li>Animal Assisted Programs </li></ul><ul><li>Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Therapeutic Treatments </li></ul>
  14. 15. <ul><li>Medical Treatments for mental health illnesses include those treatments that involve health care professionals. </li></ul><ul><li>Treatment Options: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Psychotherapy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cognitive Behaviour Therapy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>modifying the patterns of thought and behaviour associated with a particular disorder </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Psychoanalysis </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Investigating underlying issues, defences and behaviours of a disorder – understanding what is going on inside an individual </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Medications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>There are many different medical treatments that work to correct, disguise or counter mental illnesses. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 16. <ul><li>Also known as “alternative treatments” </li></ul><ul><li>These are any treatment that does not fall into the world of “conventional” treatments (ie: western, medical) </li></ul><ul><li>Treatments can be based on a TEAM of professionals or SINGULAR treatments </li></ul><ul><li>Treatments include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Relaxation Healing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Biofeedback (listening to heart rate) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Acupuncture </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Massage Therapy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Culture Healing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Yoga, talking circles, drumming therapy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expressive Therapies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Art Therapy, Music/Sound Therapy, Dance/Movement Therapy </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 17. <ul><li>Horticultural Therapy is the purposeful use of plants and plant-related activities to promote health and wellness for an individual or group </li></ul><ul><li>This therapy uses the positive benefits of the interaction between people and plants and gardens to improve cognitive, physical, social, emotional, and spiritual wellbeing. </li></ul>
  17. 18. <ul><li>Animal Assisted Therapy is the purposeful use of animals to promote health and wellness for an individual or group. </li></ul><ul><li>This therapy uses the positive benefits of the interaction between people and animals to improve cognitive, physical, social, emotional, and spiritual wellbeing. </li></ul>
  18. 19. <ul><li>New technologies are emerging in the treatment of mental health. </li></ul><ul><li>These include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Neurofeedback </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A type of Biofeedback (the process of becoming aware of various physiological functions using instruments that provide information on the activity of those same systems, with a goal of being able to manipulate them at will) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Uses real time EEG’s to show brain activity </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Telemedicine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Medical information is transferred through interactive audiovisual media </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>To counsel, observe, assist </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Voice Boxes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Can help a person manage their mental health condition by allowing them to communicate using a technological box. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  19. 20. <ul><li>There are different kinds of therapeutic treatments for persons with mental health illnesses. These are designed to help a person to cope with, and manage their illnesses in order to function in life. </li></ul><ul><li>These include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Occupational Therapy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recreational Therapy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Physiotherapy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Speech Therapy </li></ul></ul>