<ul><li>Jazz - a form of musical art. </li></ul><ul><li>Brought slaves from Africa gave rise to the blues and jazz music. Negro blues were very sad songs, they expressed nostalgia for his homeland, was told about the powerless and the plight of black slaves. Blues are usually accompanied by the guitar or banjo. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Blues and ragtime - it's not jazz, but the approaches to jazz. </li></ul><ul><li>Africans had no musical training. All composed music was a kind of improvisation, an attempt to "bind" African song motifs with European and American music. </li></ul>
<ul><li>New Orleans - the southern city. So the music was performed mostly on the streets, at picnics, outdoors. </li></ul><ul><li>Excerpts from operas, piano works of European composers of the classical school, the popular songs from vaudeville, blues, ragtime - all that was heard everywhere. Ultimately, there was a qualitatively new music, which was named jazz. </li></ul>
<ul><li>For the execution of jazz music is used: </li></ul><ul><li>pipe, </li></ul><ul><li>clarinet, </li></ul><ul><li>saxophone </li></ul><ul><li>trombone, </li></ul><ul><li>bass, </li></ul><ul><li>drum. </li></ul><ul><li>The saxophone is, along with the piano, the main solo instrument. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Gradually, jazz comes out of the walls of restaurants and nightclubs. He is an incredibly popular destination not only in America but also in all European countries. Jazz is highly regarded broadcasters. Later in the West are radios in certain areas of jazz. And they enjoy the same success and high ratings. Jazz began to play on the boat. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Brief Biography: </li></ul><ul><li>Louis Daniel Armstrong, African-American jazz trumpeter and singer, actor. Born in New Orleans, Louisiana, USA. Organizer jazz ensembles (including a sextet "All Star"). Songwriter. Created a performing style, featuring improvisational freedom of interpretation of popular songs based on the traditions of jazz and blues. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Although the history of jazz began in New Orleans with the onset of the XX century, but this music has experienced a real upturn in early 1920, when trumpeter Louis Armstrong left New Orleans to create a revolutionary new music in Chicago. Beginning soon after this migration New Orleans jazz artists in New York marked a trend of constant movement of jazz musicians from South to North. </li></ul>
<ul><li>In the era of the Great Depression and Prohibition, jazz scene of Kansas City turned into a kind of Mecca of trendy sounds of the late 1920's and 1930's. For style, which flourished in Kansas City is characterized by soulful bluesy piece with color, performed as a big band and small ensembles swinging that demonstrated very energetic solo, performed for visitors to pubs with illegally sell alcoholic. Jazz scene of Kansas City was different as a whole galaxy of great masters of vocal blues, acknowledged "king" among which was a long soloist Count Basie, a famous blues singer Jimmy Rushing. </li></ul>
Artists captured the motion of Cool Jazz in the 50 years have worked in recording studios in Los Angeles. To a large extent influenced by Miles Davis nonet these, based in Los Angeles artists to develop what is now known as «West Coast Jazz», or jazz West Coast. Like Cool Jazz, Jazz West Coast was much milder than the furious bebop that preceded it. Most of the works of jazz West Coast were written in large details
<ul><li>School 14, Dzerzhinsk </li></ul><ul><li>Students : </li></ul><ul><li>Semin a Dasha </li></ul><ul><li>Lovdar Anna </li></ul><ul><li>Prozorova Marina </li></ul><ul><li>Gus e va Maria </li></ul><ul><li>2010-2011 учебный год </li></ul>
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