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Sensation and perception

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  • 1. Sensation and Perception
    TOUCH(one of the skin senses)
  • 2. INDEX
    DEFINITIONS OF SENSATION AND PERCEPTION.
    DEFINITION OF PSYCHOLOGY.
    SOMESTHETIC SENSES.
    1. SKIN SENSES ;
    2. VESTIBULAR SENSE ;
    3. KINESTHETIC SENSE.
  • 3. The twin brothers-Sensation and Perception
    Sensation
    Perception
    Sensation:- is just the raw experience of a stimuli by sense organs – eyes, nose, skin, ears, tongue.
    Perception:-is the interpretation, analysis, of stimuli leading to resulting behavior or in simple words processing the response based on stimuli.
  • 4. Lets get to the beginning or inception or root.
  • 5. What is psychology and why we are studying sensation and perception in it?
    Psychology is the scientific study of behavior and mental process. Behavior includes all our outward or overt actions and reaction, such as talking, facial expression, and movement.
    And,
    the final outcome of sensation and perception is the behavior or response and also how a person takes things from his angle.(perception)
    Thus, it has become a mandatory field to study Sensation and Perception
  • 6. SOMESTHETIC SENSES
  • 7. What is the Somesthetic Sense?
    Soma means “body” and esthetic means “feeling”. So, the word somesthetic means bodily senses.
    Or the senses a human body possesses.
  • 8. What are the Somesthetic Senses?
    1. SKIN SENSES
    2. VESTIBULAR SENSES
    3. KINESTHETIC SENSES
  • 9. SKIN
  • 10. SKIN
    Touch
    Pressure
    Pain
    Temperature
  • 11.
  • 12. VESTIBULAR SENSE
  • 13. VESTIBULAR SENSE
    It is a sense of balance and equilibrium.
    It is determined by the orientation of the head in relation to the
    gravity, as well as by movement and acceleration of our bodies
    through space.
    Its receptors are in inner ear.
    4. It comprises vestibular sacs and semicircular canals, both contain
    fluid that moves when the head rotates, causes the hair cell inside
    those sacs and canals, to bend.
    5. This mechanical energy is then transduced into electrochemical
    impulse and is sent for processing in the brain.
  • 14.
  • 15. KINESTHETIC SENSE
  • 16. KINESTHETIC SENSE
    1. Helps us to ascertain our skeleton movement and body positioning
    coordinating or relating different body parts with each other.
    2. Its receptors are in muscles, tendons, joints and skin.
    3. When they detect change in position via pressure, they transduce
    this mechanical energy into neural energy. This energy in turn
    codes information about speed of the change, the angle of the body
    and the tension of the muscles
    4. This information is sent to spinal chord where it reaches brain then
    to somatosensory cortex and to the cerebellum.
    5. Which results in automatic process and coordination.
  • 17.
  • 18. CONCLUSION
    To drive a car we need a car then the petrol then
    other things similarly to be a human we need
    to have a physique then soul and others things,
    as they say.
    And the SOMERSTHETIC SENSES are the windows
    and the feelings of a human body, that actually
    make human beings to feel their and others
    presence in this never starting and never ending
    universe.
  • 19. THANK
    YOU