How to Use Analogies in eLearning

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Boost the *Learning* in eLearning with the help of analogies. This is like putting your eLearning design on steroids.

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How to Use Analogies in eLearning

  1. 1. Wow…aLight BulbWent On!How to UseAnalogies ineLearning
  2. 2. What is learning?
  3. 3. “Learning is the process wherebyknowledge is created through thetransformation of experience.”David Kolb (1984)
  4. 4. Huh? Okay. Let’s use an analogy to explain this.
  5. 5. Learning is like making this…
  6. 6. …into this.
  7. 7. Did you just feel a small “Aha!” moment? That means a light bulb went on! (Nice analogy, huh?)
  8. 8. Knowledge is created... Pretend these leaves are knowledge.
  9. 9. …through the transformation of experience.Collecting sun rays Absorbing water Absorbing nutrients These experiences helped create the knowledge (you know, the leaves).
  10. 10. Just feel another “Aha!” moment?Great! You must be getting brighter! (sorry for the pun)
  11. 11. Learning is a process…
  12. 12. …and part of this process includes analogies. (technically, it’s analogical reasoning)
  13. 13. “Learning is the process wherebyknowledge is created through thetransformation of experience.”David Kolb (1984) Does this make better sense now?
  14. 14. Yes, thanks! Soanalogies reallyhelp me learn? Yup.
  15. 15. More analogies = More learning More light bulbs go on!
  16. 16. Analogies link new information to your current knowledge. (created from past experiences)
  17. 17. Now help your learners’ light bulbs go on by…
  18. 18. …using analogies!
  19. 19. So let’s put the ‘learning’ into eLearning!
  20. 20. When you design an eLearning course, it’s easy to assume each learner has a…
  21. 21. blank mind
  22. 22. THAT’SFALSE.(Of course, you knew that.)
  23. 23. Which means YOU have the opportunity to use analogies because… in eLearning
  24. 24. … your learners areLOADED with knowledge! (Why not link new information to this???)
  25. 25. Got it! So, can I seesome examples of analogies? Sure!
  26. 26. “This team consolidatesand allocates resourcesto ensure the highestvalue resources aredesignated for thehighest value work.”
  27. 27. Say what?
  28. 28. “This team consolidates “The Supplier Teamand allocates resources assigns you to tasks withto ensure the highest the highest value.”value resources aredesignated for thehighest value work.” First rewrite this to something simpler.
  29. 29. Then find an analogy. Hmm…mountains? Your learners have some type of experience with mountains, right?
  30. 30. Combine image with text to describe analogy. …to this task. We bring you from this task… The Supplier Team assigns you to tasks with the highest value.
  31. 31. Thanks…a lightbulb went on!
  32. 32. Cool. Got another example? Of course!
  33. 33. “The diversity in ourcompany must includethought and experience,within an environment wherediverse views are welcomedand where there is acommonality from workingtogether to create change.”
  34. 34. What?!?
  35. 35. “The diversity in our “We welcome ALLcompany must include people in our company;thought and experience, together we makewithin an environment where positive change.”diverse views are welcomedand where there is acommonality from working First, get to the point.together to create change.” Let’s rewrite to make it easier to read.
  36. 36. Then find an analogy. What about buttons? Your learners have some type of experience with buttons, right?
  37. 37. Combine buttons with text to describe analogy. Our people with diverse backgrounds... …work together to make this.We welcome ALL people in our company; together we make positive change.
  38. 38. That’s great…thanks!A light bulb went on!
  39. 39. Awesome.Can I see another example? If you insist! How about one more?
  40. 40. “The 3P (ProductionPreparation Process) is part ofa Lean manufacturing designapproach that includes QFD,design reviews, and post-startup monitoring by a cross-functional team to Kaizen anybugs in the new system.”
  41. 41. Zzzzzzzz…
  42. 42. “The 3P (Production “The 3P (ProductionPreparation Process) is part of Preparation Process) is aa Lean manufacturing design mock up design method.”approach that includes QFD,design reviews, and post-startup monitoring by a cross- Rewrite after you learn whatfunctional team to Kaizen any 3P “really” is.bugs in the new system.” Just keep it simple.
  43. 43. Then find an analogy. How about a house? Your learners have some type of experience being in a house, right?
  44. 44. Combine image with text to describe analogy. Your truck Put kitchen closest towith groceries. where groceries come in. Oops! This closet will get With 3P, you see what in the way of you are going to build and your van! how you’re going to use it! The 3P (Production Preparation Process) is a mock up design method.
  45. 45. That’s cool!A light bulb went on!
  46. 46. Hmm… you gotme thinking moreabout analogies. Thank you! You’re welcome. Make sure you use effective ones.
  47. 47. Analogies are just part ofthe learning process.Pick them wisely to tapinto learners’ experiences.
  48. 48. Analogies preparelearners to solveproblems.Problem solving cannotoccur without analogicalreasoning… becauseexperience alwaysintervenes.
  49. 49. Thank you! Coming soon…. Follow me in Slideshare.net to viewupcoming presentations on analogies and how they can be used in eLearning. Oh, and I have one thing to ask…
  50. 50. Will you contact me? Great! Click on my emailParker.Grant@LearningConnects.com Aww…hope and write to me with your you contact me analogy ideas! next time! By the way, isn’t a decision like what happens after you see a highway sign??
  51. 51. By: Parker Grant, Learning DesignerThis slideshow:

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