• Share
  • Email
  • Embed
  • Like
  • Save
  • Private Content
Parts of Speech
 

Parts of Speech

on

  • 12,108 views

English Parts of Speech - Description & Exercises.

English Parts of Speech - Description & Exercises.

Statistics

Views

Total Views
12,108
Views on SlideShare
12,099
Embed Views
9

Actions

Likes
26
Downloads
0
Comments
10

4 Embeds 9

http://www.slideshare.net 4
http://sitebuilder.yola.com 3
https://blackboard2.dcccd.edu 1
http://wea0196.1bestarinet.net 1

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel

110 of 10 previous next Post a comment

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    Parts of Speech Parts of Speech Presentation Transcript

    • Communication Skills Workshop
      A place where fun and learning go together
      P.S. You have entered an English
      Speaking Zone
      1
      Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency
    • Time Table for your Course
      • Day 1 – Parts of Speech
      • Day 2 – Grammar Tenses
      • Day 3 – Sentence Formation
      • Day 4 – Recap and Assessment
      2
      Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency
    • So….what are we waiting for????
      Get…..Set…..Go………………..
      3
      Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency
    • Parts of Speech
      4
      Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency
    • Verbs
      un
      Prepositions
      Eight Parts of Speech
      Nouns
      Pronouns
      Interjections
      Verbs
      Adjectives
      Adverbs
      Conjunctions
      5
      Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency
    • A word is a “part of speech” only when it is used in a sentence. The function the word serves in a sentence is what makes it whatever part of speech it is.For example, the word “run” can be used as more than one part of speech:
Sammy hit a home run. (run is a noun, direct object of hit)
You mustn’t run near the swimming pool. (run is a verb, part of the verb phrase must (not) run)Here is a simple overview of the English parts of speech and what they do.
      6
      Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency
    • What is a Noun?A noun is a word used to name a person, animal, place, thing and idea.
      The Charminar
      A Teacher
      A Lion
      A Table & A Chair
      An Eagle
      7
      Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency
    • 8
      Identify the words that you think are nouns.
      The major thoroughfares were already lit by the new gas, but this was not the bright and even glare of the late Victorian period: the light flared and diminished, casting a flickering light across the streets and lending to the houses and pedestrians a faintly unreal or even theatrical quality. 
      They are all common nouns. The word Victorian might appear at first sight to be a proper noun, because it is capitalized. But notice that it cannot take a plural -s ending (*the late Victorians period). In this sentence, it is an adjective modifying the noun period, and it is capitalized because it comes from the proper noun Victoria. In other contexts, of course, it could be used as a proper noun, as in Gladstone was an eminent Victorian, I'm reading about the Victorians.
      Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency
    • 9
      Nouns - the Definition and Meaning of a Noun
      Please refer to your handout for a detailed explanation of all Noun types.
      Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency
    • Kinds of Nouns
      10
      Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency
    • Common Nouns
      A common noun is a noun referring to a person, place, or thing in a general sense -- usually, you should write it with a capital letter only when it begins a sentence. A common noun is the opposite of a proper noun.
      Proper Nouns
      You always write a proper noun with a capital letter, since the noun represents the name of a specific person, place, or thing. The names of days of the week, months, institutions, religions etc are proper nouns. A proper noun is the opposite of a common noun.
      11
      Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency
    • 12
      Identify the Common Nouns in the following sentences.
      We arrived early at the station.
      We arrived early at the station.
      2. There are different species of fish.
      There are different species of fish.
      3. The man was trying to steal his car.
      The man was trying to steal his car.
      4. They have gone to the zoo.
      They have gone to the zoo.
      5. The baby is crying.
      The baby is crying.
      6. My mother is in the kitchen.
      My mother is in the kitchen.
      7. He threw some nuts to the monkeys.
      He threw some nuts to the monkeys.
      8. The children are playing in the field.
      The children are playing in the field.
      9. That temple was built before I was born.
      That temple was built before I was born.
      10. He has bought a new car.
      He has bought a new car.
      Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency
    • 13
      Use capital letters for Proper Nouns in the following sentences.
      paris is the capital of france.
      Paris is the capital of France.
      2. williamshakespeare is a famous english author.
      William Shakespeare is a famous English author.
      3. ‘war and peace' was written by leotolstoy.
      ‘War and Peace' was written by Leo Tolstoy.
      4. The universities of oxford and cambridge offer degree courses at the highest level.
      The universities of Oxford and Cambridge offer degree courses at the highest level.
      5. john's two dogs are named rover and boxer.
      John's two dogs are named Rover and Boxer.
      Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency
    • 14
      6. david will travel to france to do a degree course on the french revolution.
      David will travel to France to do a degree course on the French Revolution.
      7. suez canal joins the red sea and the mediterranean sea.
      Suez Canal joins the Red Sea and the Mediterranean Sea.
      8. republic of liberia is on the west coast of africa.
      Republic of Liberia is on the west coast of Africa.
      9. mickjagger is the lead singer of rolling stones
      Mick Jaggeris the lead singer of Rolling Stones.
      10. mount kilimanjaro is the highest mountain in africa.
      Mount Kilimanjaro is the highest mountain in Africa.
      Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency
    • 15
      Noun Plurals
      Most nouns change their form to indicate number by adding "-s" or "-es",
      When Matthew was small, he rarely told the truth.
      Many people do not believe that truths are self-evident.
      He tripped over a box left carelessly in the hallway.
      Since we are moving, we will need many boxes.
      There are other nouns which form the plural by changing the last letter before adding "s".
      Some words ending in "f" form the plural by deleting "f" and adding "ves,“.
      Words ending in "y" form the plural by deleting the "y" and adding "ies," as in the following pairs of sentences:There is one dangerous wolf in the forest.
      There are several dangerous wolves in the forest.
      Hyderabad is my favorite city.
      Hyderabad & Bangalore are my favorite cities.
      Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency
    • 16
      What is the plural form of the below mentioned nouns:
      Life 6. Wife
      Bowl 7. Enemy
      Eagle 8. Loss
      Night 9. Baby
      Lily 10. Wish
      Are the following nouns countable or non-countable:
      Justice 6. Writer
      Table 7. Art
      Furniture 8. Rice
      Chair 9. Bottle
      Cat 10. Noise
      Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency
    • 17
      Possessive Nouns
      In the possessive case, a noun or pronoun changes its form to show that it owns or is closely related to something else. Usually, nouns become possessive by adding a combination of an apostrophe and the letter “s“.The red suitcase is Cassandra's. Felicia Hemans' poetry was once more popular than Lord Byron's. The children's toys were scattered on the floor.
      The sheep's fleece was plucked everyday.
      Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency
    • 18
      Identify the Possessive Nouns from the following sentences. Correct the Possessive Noun in case they are wrong:
      The dog's collar is too large.
      The sky's color is changing.
      We enjoyed the children's play.
      My sisters' names are Kate and Nikki.
      The girls outfits were exactly the same.
      We were proud of Chris performance.
      All the kings horses couldn’t put anyone together again.
      My horse name is Black Beauty.
      A sincere person compliment is a valuable gift.
      The pony rider was too heavy.
      Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency
    • 19
      Lesson on Pronunciation
      Possible
      Cabin
      Comments
      Contemplate
      Listen
      Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency
    • 20
      Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency
    • What are Pronouns?
      She
      I
      He
      Us
      We
      21
      Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency
    • What is a Pronoun?
      A pronoun can replace a noun or another pronoun. You use pronouns like "he," "which," "none," and "you" to make your sentences less cumbersome and less repetitive.Grammarians classify pronouns into several types:
      1. Personal pronoun
      2. Demonstrative pronoun
      3. Interrogative pronoun
      4. Indefinite pronoun
      5. Relative pronoun
      6. Reflexive pronoun and
      7. Intensive pronoun.
      22
      Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency
      Please refer to your handout for a detailed explanation of all Pronoun types.
    • Let’s learn some of them in brief:
      Indefinite Pronouns
      anybody
      each
      either
      none
      someone, one, etc.
      Demonstrative
      Pronouns
      this
      that
      these
      those
      Personal
      Pronouns
      I, me, mine
      you, your, yours
      she, her, hers,
      it, its
      we, us, our, ours
      they, them, their,
      theirs
      myself
      yourself
      Interrogative Pronouns
      who
      whom
      what
      which
      whose
      23
      Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency
    • 24
      Use the correct personal Pronoun with the help of the words given in brackets.
      Ex: ______ often reads books (Lisa)
      A: She often reads books
      ______ is dreaming. (George)
      ______ is green. (the garden)
      ______ are on the wall. (the posters)
      ______ is running. (the dog)
      ______ are watching TV. (my mother and I)
      ______ are in the garden. (the flowers)
      ______ is riding his bike. (Tom)
      ______ is from Bristol. (Victoria)
      ______ has got a brother. (Diana)
      Have ______ got a computer, Mandy?
      Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency
    • 25
      Put in the relative who, which or whose where necessary. Say out loud if the sentence does not need a Pronoun.Example: Peter is the boy ____ rides the blue bike.Answer: Peter is the boy who rides the blue bike.
      This is the boy _________ had an accident.
      Yesterday I saw a car _________ was really old.
      Mandy is the girl _________ I met on Friday.
      I haven't seen Frank, _________ brother is five, for a long time now.
      The robber stole the car _________ the lady parked in front of the supermarket.
      This is the man _________ house is on fire.
      Can I talk to the girl _________ is sitting on the bench?
      The book _________ you gave me is great.
      She likes hamburgers _________ are hot.
      Bill Clinton, _________ was President of the USA, has only one daughter.
      Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency
    • 26
      Choose the correct reflexive pronouns from the below menu.
      myself - yourself - himself - herself - itself - ourselves - yourselves – themselves
      Robert made this T-shirt __________.
      Lisa did the homework __________.
      We helped __________ to some cola at the party.
      Emma, did you take the photo all by __________?
      I wrote this poem __________.
      He cut __________with the knife while he was doing the dishes.
      The lion can defend __________.
      My mother often talks to __________.
      Tim and Gerry, if you want more milk, help __________.
      It was extremely loud in class, so Alice and Doris couldn't concentrate __________.
      Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency
    • 27
      Choose the correct possessive determiners:
      (My, Your, His, Her, Our, Their) Example: I have got a sister. ___ name is Susan.Answer: I have got a sister. Her name is Susan.
      Hi Daniel,
      ______ name is John. This is ______ friend Jason. He's 12. ______ sister is nine. ______ pet is a budgie. ______ name is Dickens. Jason and I go to the same school. There are 450 boys and girls in ______ school. Jason's form teacher is Mrs. Peterson. She has got a pet, too. ______ pet is a tortoise. Our Maths teacher is Mr. Smith. I like ______ lessons. He has two dogs. The dogs love to play in ______ garden. Now I have a question for you. What's ______ pet?Yours,John.
      Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency
    • What is a Verb?
      The verb is perhaps the most important part of the sentence. A verb asserts something about the subject of the sentence and expresses actions, events or states of being.
      Examples:Dracula bites his victims on the neck. In early October, I will plant twenty rose plants.
      28
      Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency
    • Kinds of Verbs
      • Linking verbs makea statement by connecting the subject with a word that describes or explains it.
      • Action verbs express mental or physical action.
      He rode the horse to victory.
      He has been sick.
      29
      Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency
    • 30
      Identify the verbs in each sentence.
      1.  The drink is a blend of different flavors of juice.
      We ate a pickle with our sandwich.
      We took a kettle on the camping trip with us so we could boil water.
      The hail dented the hood of my car.
      The morning brought the promise of a new day.
      Brandon likes to climb trees.
      We will wait for the bus at the end of our street.
      David hit the ball at the window.
      I can see myself in the mirror.
      He wrote a song for her.
      Answers:
      Blend 6. climb
      Ate 7. will wait
      Took, camping, boil 8. hit
      Dented 9. see
      Brought 10. wrote
      Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency
    • 31
      Most commonly confused words
      Like / As
      I / Me
      Say / Tell
      Its / It’s
      Much / Many
      Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency
    • ADJECTIVES
      • DESCRIBES A NOUN OR PRONOUN
      BEAUTIFUL sunset
      32
      Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency
    • What Is An Adjective?
      33
      Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency
    • 34
      Colors are adjectivesColors - examples: black, blue, white, green, red
      SizesSizes - examples: big, small, large, thin, thick
      ShapesShapes- examples: triangular, round, square, circular
      QualitiesQualities- examples: good, bad, mediocre
      Personality Traits Personality - examples: happy, sad, angry, depressed
      Time relatedTime - examples: Yearly , monthly, annually
      Age relatedAges - examples: new, young, old, brand-new, second-hand
      Sound relatedSound related - examples: loud, noisy, quiet, silent
      Touch relatedTouch related - examples: slippery, sticky
      Taste relatedTaste related - examples: juicy, sweet
      Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency
    • Answers these questions:
      ADJECTIVES
      Modifies or describes a
      noun or pronoun.
      Did you lose your address
      book?
      Which?
      Is that a wool
      sweater?
      What kind?
      Just give me five
      minutes.
      How many?
      35
      Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency
      Please refer to your handout for a detailed explanation of all Adjective types.
    • 36
      Comparative and Superlative form of the adjectives 
      How to use comparatives and superlatives
      Comparativesare used to compare two things. You can use sentences with than, or you can use a conjunction like but:
      Sarah is shorter than Tom.Sarah is tall, but Tom is taller.
      Superlatives are used to compare more than two things. Superlative sentences usually use the, because there is only one superlative.
      Tom is the tallest in the class.Sarah is tall, and Mary is taller, but Tom is the tallest.
      Comparatives and superlatives are forms of adjectives or adverbs which are used for comparing people or things.
      PositiveComparative Superlative
      Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency
    • 37
      Form the comparative and superlative forms of a one-syllable adjective
      by adding –er for the comparative form and –est for the superlative.
      Mary is tallerthan Max.
      Mary is the tallestof all the students.
      Max is olderthan John.
      Of the three students, Max is the oldest.
      My hair is longerthan your hair.
      Max's story is the longeststory
      I've ever heard.
      Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency
    • 38
      Find the adjective in each sentence. If there is no adjective, say NONE.
      Kittens and cats make fun pets.
      Jack's computer got a virus.
      The concert last night was fantastic.
      Playing on the computer is a favorite pastime of mine.
      I usually put ketchup on hotdogs.
      When I listen to music, I enjoy listening to loud music.
      My teacher was very helpful.
      The little girl I was telling you about is sitting over there.
      During basketball last night, Jack threw a wild ball, but it went into the net!
      Students who study often learn more quickly.
      This is a good book.
      She is better than him.
      The beautiful girl is here!
      She has a melodious voice.
      He has a strange accent.
      Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency
    • 39
      Most commonly confused words
      Beside / Besides
      Between / Among
      Suit / Suit / Suite
      Lose / Loose
      Lonely / Alone
      Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency
    • ADVERBS
      DESCRIBES VERB,ADJECTIVE, ANOTHER ADVERB
      SHINING BRIGHTLY
      40
      Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency
    • What is an Adverb?
      An adverb can modify a verb, an adjective, another adverb, a phrase, or a clause. An adverb indicates manner, time, place, cause, or degree and answers questions such as "how," "when," "where," "how much".
      41
      Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency
      Please refer to your handout for a detailed explanation of all Adverb types.
    • THE ADVERB
      Answers the questions.
      Modifies or describes
      a verb, an adjective,
      or another adverb.
      How?
      He ran quickly.
      When?
      She left yesterday.
      Where?
      We went there.
      It was too hot!
      To what degree
      or how much?
      42
      Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency
    • KINDS OF ADVERBS
      Interrogative
      Adverbs
      introduce questions
      How did you break your leg?
      When does your plane leave?
      How?
      When?
      How often do you run?
      How often?
      Where did you put the mouse trap?
      Where?
      43
      Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency
    • You can use a conjunctive adverb to join two clauses together. Some of the most common conjunctive adverbs are "also," "consequently," "finally," "furthermore," "hence," "however," "incidentally," "indeed," "instead," "likewise," "meanwhile," "nevertheless," "next," "nonetheless," "otherwise," "still," "then," "therefore," and "thus.“
      The highlighted words in the following sentences are conjunctive adverbs:The government has cut university budgets; consequently, class sizes have been increased. He did not have everything the recipe called for; therefore, he decided to make something else. The crowd waited for three hours; finally, the doors to the stadium were opened.
      44
      Conjunctive Adverbs
      Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency
    • 45
      Adverbs of time tell when something happens and adverbs of frequency tell how often something happens.  Below are some common  adverbs of time and frequency which you should learn:
      Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency
    • 46
      Find the adjective in the first sentence and fill the gap with the adverb.
      Ex: Joanne is happy. She smiles happily.
      The boy is loud. He shouts ________.
      Her English is fluent. She speaks English ________.
      Our mum was angry. She spoke to us ________.
      My neighbour is a careless driver. He drives ________.
      The painter is awful. He paints ________.
      Jim is a wonderful piano player. He plays the piano ________.
      This girl is very quiet. She often sneaks out of the house ________.
      She is a good dancer. She dances really ________.
      This exercise is simple. You ________ have to put one word in each space.
      Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency
    • 47
      Fill in the blanks with the correct adverbs as given below:
      angrily, enough, never, outside, yesterday 
       
        1.  She left _____ for the university where she is doing a degree course.
       She left yesterday for the university where she is doing a degree course.  
      2.  We are standing _____ his house waiting for him.
       We are standing outside his house waiting for him.  
      3.  He told us _____ not to walk on the grass.
       He told us angrily not to walk on the grass.  
      4.  I am not strong _____ to help him carry that box.
       I am not strong enough to help him carry that box.  
      5.  She will _____ be happy in that job. 
       She will never be happy in that job. 
      Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency
    • 48
      down, last week, often,  quickly, rarely 
       
       
       6.  _____, I saw him walking to the church.
       Last week, I saw him walking to the church.
        
      7.  My father is _____ late for work.
       My father is rarely late for work.  
      8.  He drove _____ to avoid being late.
       He drove quickly to avoid being late.  
      9.  I _____ play badminton with my sister.
       I often play badminton with my sister.  
      10. This is the place where he fell _____.
       This is the place where he fell down. 
      Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency
    • 49
      always, just, nearly, online, unusually 
       
      11. It took _____ two hours to get here.
      It took nearly two hours to get here.  
      12. They were _____ very friendly.
      They were always very friendly.  
      13. He has _____ strong hands.
       He has unusually strong hands.  
      14. She has _____ completed her degree course. 
      She has just completed her degree course.  
      15. This dictionary went _____ in 2003. 
      This dictionary went online in 2003. 
      Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency
    • What is a Preposition?A preposition links nouns, pronouns and phrases to other words in a sentence. The word or phrase that the preposition introduces is called the object of the preposition.Definition & Meaning of Prepositions
      A preposition connects words, clauses, and sentences together and shows the relation between them. "My hand is on the table" shows relation between hand and table.Prepositions are so called because they are generally placed before the words whose connection or relation with other words they point out.
      Examples of common English Prepositions: above, after, behind, during, from, toward and until
      50
      Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency
    • Some Common Prepositions
      behind
      below
      beneath
      beside
      between
      beyond
      by
      down
      during
      except
      for
      from
      in
      into
      like
      of
      off
      on
      over
      past
      since
      through
      throughout
      to
      toward
      under
      underneath
      until
      up
      upon
      with
      within
      without
      aboard
      about
      above
      across
      after
      against
      along
      among
      around
      at
      before
      51
      Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency
    • 52
      Describe these pictures.
      Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency
    • 53
      Choose the correct Preposition (Or No Preposition) for the following sentences:
      He lives ______ Hyderabad.
      She went _________ home.
      I will be ______ school at 9:00 AM.
      He went _____ his friend’s house.
      What did you do ______ you were in London?
      We talked _____ an hour.
      _______ our stay in London, we visited a lot of museums.
      He’s been working ______ 3 weeks.
      As a child I was always ashamed _______ of my rank.
      What are you buying Tom ______ his birthday?
      Please, don’t interrupt the teacher ______ she is speaking.
      We like going to cinema ______ Fridays.
      I went there _____ 1998.
      We get up early _____ the morning.
      She came home _____ early.
      Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency
    • What is a Conjunction?You can use a conjunction to link words, phrases and clauses, as in the following example:I ate the pizza and the pasta. Call the movers when you are ready.
      54
      Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency
    • The conjunction
      A conjunction is a word that joins words
      or groups of words.
      or
      and
      either/or
      neither/nor
      but
      55
      Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency
    • You use a co-ordinating conjunction ("and," "but," "or," "nor," "for," "so," or "yet") to join individual words, phrases, and clauses. Note that you can also use the conjunctions "but" and "for" as prepositions.
      56
      Co-ordinating Conjunctions
      Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency
    • A subordinating conjunction introduces a dependent clause and indicates the nature of the relationship among the independent clause(s) and the dependent clause(s).
      The most common subordinating conjunctions are "after," "although," "as," "because," "before," "how," "if," "once," "since," "than," "that," "though," "till," "until," "when," "where," "whether," and "while.“Examples:
      After she had learned to drive, Alice felt more independent.
      If the paperwork arrives on time, your cheque will be mailed on Tuesday.
      57
      Subordinating Conjunctions
      Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency
    • Correlative ConjunctionsCorrelative conjunctions always appear in pairs -- you use them to link equivalent sentence elements. The most common correlative conjunctions are "both...and," "either...or," "neither...nor,", "not only...but also," "so...as," and "whether...or.“ Examples:Both my grandfather and my father worked in the steel plant. Bring either a salad or potatoes.
      58
      Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency
    • 59
      List of Common Conjunctions
      'The following words are a list of Conjunctions which are commonly used in the English language
      Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency
    • 60
      Select the appropriate Coordinating conjunction to fill the blank.
      1. Jason was cold, _______ he put on a coat.2. Maria tried to read a novel in French, _______ it was too difficult.3. To get from Vancouver to Victoria, you can fly, _______ you can ride the ferry.4. I bought a bottle of wine, _______ we drank it together.5. The waiter was not very nice, _______ the food was delicious.6. I went to buy a Michael Jackson CD, _______ the shop didn't have it.7. Anna needed some money, _______ she took a part-time job.8. There's so much rain lately! Maybe it's because of El Nino, _______ maybe it's just coincidence.9. Julie has a guitar, _______ she plays it really well.10. The concert was cancelled, _______ we went to a nightclub instead.
      Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency
    • 61
      Select the appropriate Subordinating conjunction to fill the blank.
      Jun couldn't buy any Christmas presents, ________ he didn't have any money.
      I don't drink coffee, ________ it makes me nervous.
      ________ my wife likes to travel abroad, I prefer to stay at home for my vacations.
      I will be late today, ________ my car has broken down.
      Paula got the job, ________ she had no experience.
      Jerry passed the exam first time, ________ I had to retake it three times.
      ________ it was raining, I didn't get wet.
      ________ Mei Li doesn't speak English, she can't go to university in Canada.
      Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency
    • The interjection
      is an exclamatory word that expresses emotion
      62
      Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency
    • What is an Interjection?An interjection is a word added to a sentence
      to convey emotion. It is not grammatically
      related to any other part of the sentence.You usually follow an interjection with an exclamation mark. The highlighted words in the following sentences are interjections:Ouch!that hurts! Oh no!I forgot that the exam was today. Hey! Put that down! I heard one guy say to another guy, "He has a new car, eh?" I don't know about you but, good lord,I think taxes are too high!
      63
      Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency
    • Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency
      64
      Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency
    • 65
      Exercises on Interjections
      An interjection is ___.a. an exclamation which shows thoughts or feelingsb. a meaningless string of soundsc. the same as an adjective
      You are vegetarian and you are offered a dish of raw meat. What do you think?a. Ugh!b. Hurrah!c. Yippee!
      Somebody has just stepped on your toe. Which interjection would best fit the situation?a. Yoo-hoo!b. Ouch!c. Eh!
      Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency
    • 66
      ___, Mary! Come here! I want to talk to you.a. Oopsb. Mmmc. Hey
      Your children are making a lot of noise and you want to hear the news on the radio. How do you urge silence?a. Shh!b. Tut-tut.c. Ow!
      ___! The spinach soup is out of this world!a. Mmmb. Yukc. Uh
      I scored 660 points at the TOEFL test!___! That's amazing!a. Wowb. Ahac. Woe
      Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency
    • 67
      NOW THAT WE HAVE LEARNT THE PARTS OF SPEECH….DO YOU WANT TO REVIEW THEM???
      Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency
    • Review: Parts of SpeechIdentify the part of speech of the highlighted word in each of the following sentences:1. The clown chased a dog around the ring and then fell flat on her face. 2. The geese gracefully waddled across the intersection. 3. Yikes! I'm late for class. 4. Bruno's shabby thesaurus tumbled out of the book bag when the bus suddenly pulled out into traffic. 5. Mr. Frederick angrily stamped out the fire that the local hooligans had started on his verandah.
      68
      Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency
    • 69
      6. Later that summer, she asked herself, "What was I thinking of?" 7. She thought that the twenty zucchini plants would not be enough so she planted another ten. 8. Although she gave hundreds of zucchini away, the enormous mound left over frightened her. 9. Everywhere she went, she talked about the prolific veggies. 10. The manager confidently made his presentation to the board of directors. 11. Frankenstein is the name of the scientist, not the monster.
      12. Her greatest fear is that the world will end before she finds a comfortable pair of panty-hose.13. That suitcase is hers.
      Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency
    • 14. Everyone in the room cheered when the announcement was made. 15. The sun was shining as we set out for our first winter camping trip. 16. Small children often insist that they can do it by themselves. 17. Dust covered every surface in the locked bedroom. 18. The census taker knocked loudly on all the doors but nobody was home. 19. They wondered if there truly was honor among thieves. 20. Exciting new products and effective marketing strategies will guarantee the company's success.
      70
      Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency
    • 71
      ANSWERS:
      Ring – Noun
      Gracefully – Adverb.
      Yikes! – Interjection
      Shabby – Adjective
      Stamped – Verb
      I – Pronoun
      Would be – Verb
      Although – Conjunction
      She – Pronoun
      Confidently – Adverb
      Is – Verb
      Of – Preposition
      Hers – Pronoun
      Everyone – Pronoun
      Set – Verb
      Small – Adjective
      Dust – Noun
      Loudly – Adjective
      Among – Preposition
      And - Conjunction
      Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency
    • THANK YOU FOR VISITING !!!
      72
      Parts of Speech - Prepared by Parinitha Reddy G - Invesco, Transfer Agency