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Sa 540$r
Sa 540$r
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Sa 540$r

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  • 1. SA-540 (R) vads{k.k ys[kkadu vuqeku ] ftlesa mfpr ewY; ds ys[kkadu vuqeku rFkk lac) i{kdkj “kkfey gSA iz”u% 01 ys[kkadu vuqekuksa ls vki D;k le>rs gSa ,d foRrh; fooj.k dh rS;kjh esa fdrus izdkj ds ys[kkadu vuqekuksa dk lekos”k gksrk gS mRrj% foRrh; fooj.kksa dh dqN enksa dks lqfuf”pr :i ls ugha ekik tk ldrk fdarq mudk vuqeku yxk;k tk ldrk gSA SA-540(R) ds vuqlkj ,d lqfuf”pr ekikadu dh vuqifLFkfr esa ,d ekSfnzd jkf”k dk yxHkx lgh vuqeku yxkuk gh ys[kkadu vuqeku dgykrk gSA lkekU;r% foRrh; fooj.kksa dks rS;kj djus rFkk izLrqr djus esa nks izdkj ds vuqekuksa dk lekos”k gksrk gS%& 1- mfpr ewY; ds ys[kkadu vuqeku 2- vU; ys[kkadu vuqeku mfpr ewY; d sys[kkadu vuqeku dk vk”k; gS] fd tgkW ekikadu ds mnns”; dks ekikadu dh frFkh ij izpfyr “krksZ ds vk/kkj ij ,d pkyw ysunsu vFkok foRrh; fooj.k dh enksa ds ewY; ds :i esa vfHkO;fDr fd;k tkrk gS tSls ,d fo”ks’k izdkj dh laifRr vFkok nkf;Ro dk vuqekfur cktkj ewY;A mfpr ewY; ds ys[kkadu vuqekuksa ds vfrfjDr fy;k x;k dksbZ Hkh vuqeku ] vU; ys[kkadu vuqeku dgykrk gSA dqN foRrh; izfrosnu lajpuk,W ekikadu rFkk izdVhdj.k dh fof”k’V fof/k;ksa dks fu/kkZfjr djrh gS ftUgsa foRrh; fooj.kksa esa fy[kuk vfuok;Z gS tcfd vU; foRrh; izfrosnu lajpuk dqN de fofufnZ’V djrs gSA iz”u% 02 mfpr ewY; ds vuqeku rFkk vU; ys[kkadu vuqekuksa ds dqN mnkgj.k nhft;s mRrj% mfpr ewY; ds ys[kkadu vuqekuksa ds dqN mnkgj.k fuEufyf[kr gS%& 1- jgfr;s ds mfpr cktkj ewY; dk vuqekuA 2- tfVy foRrh; izys[k ] ftUgsa ,d fØ;k”khy vFkok [kqys cktkj esa ugha cspk tk ldrkA 3- va”k&vk/kkfjr HkqxrkuA 4- laifRr vFkok vkStkj (Equipment) ftls lfdz; mi;ksx ls gVk fn;k x;k gS rFkk cspus ds fy;s j[kk x;k gSA 5- dqN laifRr;kW vFkok nkf;Ro ftUgsa ,d O;kikfjd lfEeJ.k (Business combination) ds :i esa vf/kxzghr fd;k x;k Fkk] ftlesa [;kfr rFkk vewrZ laifRr;kW Hkh “kkfey gSA 6- ysunsu] ftlesa “kkfey gSa fdUgha Lora= i{kdkjksa ds chp fcuk ekSfnzd izfrQy ds laifRr;kas vFkok nkf;Roksa dk fouhe;A mnkgj.k ds fy;s vyx&vyx O;kikjksa esa Iyk.V dh lqfo/kk dk xSj&ekSfnzd fouhe;A vU; ys[kkadu vuqekuksa ds mnkgj.k fuEufyf[kr gS %& 1- lafnX/k ys[kksa ds fy;s HkRrkA 2- jgfr;s dk vizpyuA 3- okjUVh nkf;RoA 4- gkl fo/kh rFkk laifRr dk thoudkyA 5- ,d fuos”k ds fy;s vkxs ykbZ xbZ jkf”k ds fy;s izko/kku tgkW mldh olwyh ds laca/k esa vfuf”prrk gksA 6- nh?kZ vof/k ds vuqca/kksa dk ifj.kkeA 7- foRrh; nkf;Ro@dkuwuh le>kSrksa ds ifj.kkeLo:i mRiUu ykxr rFkk 8- fu.kZ;A iz”u% 03 SA-540(R) ds varxZr vads{kd ds nkf;Ro D;k gS mRrj% ykxw foRrh; lajpuk ds lanHkZ eas vads{kd dk mnsn”; bl ckr ds fy;s i;kZIr mi;qDr vads{k.k izkIr djuk gS fd D;k & A. ftl izdkj ys[kkadu vuqekuksa dks ftlesa mfpr ewY; ds ys[kkadu vuqeku Hkh “kkfey gSa foRrh; fooj.kksa esa ekU; rFkk vfHkO;Dr fd;k x;k gS og mfpr gS] rFkk B. foRrh; fooj.kksa esa n”kkZ;s x;s vU; lacaf/kr izdVhdj.k i;kZIr gSaA iz”u% 04 tc ,d vads{kd ys[kkadu vuqekuksa ij vads{k.k izfdz;kvkas dk fu’iknu djrk gS rks mls D;k&D;k /;ku esa j[kuk vko”;d gS mRrj% ys[kkadu uhfr;ksa ds vads{k.k esa fuEufyf[kr pj.kksa dk lekos”k gksrk gS%&
  • 2. Step – 1 feF;ko.kZu dh tksf[ke dks igpkuus ds fy;s ,d vk/kkj iznku djus esa vads{kd dks tksf[ke fu/kkZj.k izfof/k;ksa rFkk lacaf/kr xfrfof/k;ksa dk fu’iknu djuk pkfg;sA Step – 2 vads{k.k izfof/k;ksa dh izd`fr ] le; rFkk ek=k dks lqfuf”pr djds vads{kd dks fu/kkZfjr tksf[ke dk izR;qRrj nsuk pkfg;sA vads{kd egRoiw.kZ tksf[keksa dk izR;qRrj nsus ds fy;s vfrfjDr lEiq’B izfof/k;ksa (Substansive Proceduces) dks Hkh ykxw dj ldrk gSA Step – 3 vads{kd dks ys[kkadu vuqekuksa dh mfprrk dk Hkh ewY;kadu dj ysuk pkfg;s rFkk feF;ko.kZuksa dk irk yxkuk pkfg;sA Step – 4 vads{kd dks ;g lR;kfir dj ysuk pkfg;s fd D;k ys[kkadu vuqekuksa ls lacaf/kr izdVhdj.k dks mfpr :i ls n”kkZ;k x;k gSA iz”u% 05 ys[kkadu vuqekuksa ls lacaf/kr feF;ko.kZu dh tksf[ke dk fu/kkZj.k djus ds fy;s vads{kd dSls tksf[ke fu/kkZj.k dh izfof/k;ksa dk fu’iknu djsxk mRrj% SA-315 dh vko”;drk ds vuqlkj ] ,d vads{kd dks ] ys[kkadu vuqekuksa ds lkjoku feF;ko.kZu dh tksf[ke dk fu/kkZj.k djus ds fy;s rFkk mldks igpkuus ds fy;s ,d vk/kkj iznku djus esa fuEufyf[kr ds ckjs esa le> izkIr dj ysuk pkfg;s%& A. lacaf/kr izdVhdj.k dks “kkfey djrs gq;s vads{kd dks ys[kkadu vuqekuksa ls lacaf/kr foRrh; izfrosnu lajpuk dh vko”;drk ds ckjs esa le> izkIr dj ysuk pkfg;sA B. izca/k dSls mu ysunsuksa ] ?kVukvksa rFkk fLFkfr;ksa dks igpkurk gS tks foRrh;&fooj.kksa esa ekU; rFkk vfHkO;Dr dh xbZ ys[kkadu vuqekuksa dh vko”;drk dks mRiUu dj ldrs gSa rFkk og dSls igpkurs gS fd fo|eku ys[kkadu vuqekuksa ij iquZfopkj dh vko”;drk gSA C. dSls izca/k ys[kkadu vuqeku ysrk gS rFkk mu vkWdM+ks dks dSls le>rk gS ftu ij og vk/kkfjr gksrs gSA blesa “kkfey gS%& a) ys[kkadu vuqekuksa ds fy;s viukbZ xbZ fof/k;kW ftuesa ykxw gksus okyk ekWMy Hkh “kkfey gSA b) lacaf/kr fu;a=.k c) D;k izca/k us fo”ks’kK dk mi;ksx fd;k gSA d) ys[kkadu vuqekukas esa “kkfey ekU;rk,W] e) D;k ys[kkadu vuqekuksa ds fy;s iwoZ vof/k dh fof/k;ksa esa dksbZ ifjorZu fd;k x;k gS ] ;fn gkW rks D;ksa ] rFkkA f) vxj fd;k x;k gS rks D;k izca/k us fdl rjg ls ,slk fu.kZ; fy;kA mijksDr fof/k;ksa dks ykxw djds vads{kd dks ,d ys[kkadu vuqeku ds lkFk tqM+h gqbZ vuqeku dh vfuf”prrk dh fMxzh dk ewY;kadu dj ysuk pkfg;sA ;fn vads{kd ds fu.kZ; ds vuqlkj ] mls ,slk yxrk gS fd vuqeku dqN T;knk ek=k esa yxk fn;s x;s gS rks ;g ,d egRoiw.kZ tksf[ke gSA iz”u% 06 ,d vads{kd dSls ys[kkadu vuqekuksa esa lkjoku feF;ko.kZu dh fu/kkZfjr tksf[ke dk izR;qRrj ns ldrk gS mRrj% lkjoku feF;ko.kZu dh tksf[ke ds vk/kkj ij vads{kd dks ;g lqfuf”pr dj ysuk pkfg;s fd %& A. D;k izca/k us ys[kkadu vuqekuksa ls lacaf/kr foRrh; izfrosnu lajpuk dh vko”;drk dks mfpr :i ls ykxw fd;k gS] rFkk B. D;k ys[kkadu vuqekuksa ds fy;s tks fof/k;kW viukbZ xbZ gS og mfpr gS rFkk mudk lrr~ :i ls ikyu fd;k x;k gS ] D;k muesa dksbZ ifjorZu fd;k x;k gS ;fn gkW rks D;k ifjfLFkfr;ksa ds vuqlkj og mfpr gSA C. D;k vads{kd ds izfrosnu dh frFkh rd dksbZ ?kVuk ?kfVr gqbZ gS tks ys[kkadu vuqekuksa ls lacaf/kr vads{k.k lk{; iznku djrh gSA D. ijh{k.k djuk fd dSls izca/k ys[kkadu vuqeku ysrk gS rFkk og vkWdM+s dSls cukrk gS ftu ij ys[kkadu vuqeku vk/kkfjr gksrs gSaA ,slk djus esa vads{kd dks ;g lqfuf”pr dj ysuk pkfg;s fd D;k %& (I) mi;ksx esa ykbZ xbZ ekikadu fof/k;kW mu ifjfLFkfr;ksa esa mfpr gSA (II) ykxw gksus okyh foRrh; izfrosnu lajpuk ds ekikadu mn~ns”; esa izca/k }kjk mi;ksx esa ykbZ xbZ ekU;rk,W mfpr gSA (III) fu;a=.k dh ifjpkyu izHkkoksRikndrk dk ijh{k.k djuk rFkk ns[kuk fd dSls izca/k mfpr laiq’B izfof/k;ksa (Substansive procedure) ds lkFk ys[kkadu vuqeku cukrk gSA
  • 3. E. ,d ladsr vuqeku (Paint estimate) dks fodflr djuk rFkk izca/k ds ladsr vuqekuksa dk ewY;kadu djus ds fy;s ,d Js.kh dks fodyhr djuk %& bl mnns”; gsrw tc vads{kd ,slh ekU;rkvksa rFkk fof/k;ksa dk mi;ksx djrk gS tks izca/k ls vyx gSa rks vads{kd dks izca/k dh ekU;rkvksa rFkk fof/k;ksa ds ckjs esa ,d le> izkIr dj ysuk pkfg;s tks ;g LFkkfir djus ds fy;s i;kZIr gks fd mlds }kjk yxk;s x;s vuqekuksa ,oa izca/k ds vuqekuksa esa varj ds i;kZIr y{k.k ekStwn gSA tc vads{kd ;g fu’d’kZ fudkyrk gS fd ;g mi;qDr gksxk fd ,d Js.kh dk mi;ksx fd;k tk;s ] rks vads{kd dks miyC/k vads{k.k lk{;ksa ds vk/kkj ij Js.kh dks lhfer dj ysuk pkfg;s tc rd fd Js.kh ds Hkhrj ds lkjs ifj.kke mfpr gksaA ;fn vko”;d gks ] rks vads{kd ys[kkadu vuqekuksa esa “kkfey egRoiw.kZ tksf[keksa dk ewY;kadu djus ds fy;s vfrfjDr laiq’V izfof/k;ksa dks ykxw dj ldrk gSA iz”u% 07 fdl izdkj ,d vads{kd ys[kkadu vuqekuksa dk mfprrk dk ewY;kadu djrk gS rFkk dSls lqfuf”pr djrk gS fd og feF;ko.kZu gSa mRrj% ,d vads{kd dks ys[kkadu vuqekuksa ds fy;s izca/k }kjk fy;s x;s fu.kZ;ksa ij iwuZfopkj dj ysuk pkfg;s rFkk ;g igpkuuk pkfg;s fd D;k ,sls dksbZ fpUg gSa tks izca/k ds i{kikr dh laHkkouk dks n”kkZrs gSA izca/kdh; i{kikr ds laHkkfor fpUg ,d O;fDrxr ys[kkdu vuqeku dh mfprrk ij fu’d’kZ fudkyus ds mn~ns”; gsrw Lo;a esa feF;ko.kZu dh LFkkiuk ugha djrsA izkIr fd;s x;s vads{k.k lk{;ksa ds vk/kkj ij vads{kd ;g fu’d’kZ fudky ldrk gS fd %& A. vads{kd ds lk{; izca/k ds ladsr vuqekuksa (Paint estimates) ls vyx gSaA ,slh n”kk esa tc ;fn vads{k.k ladsr vuqekuksa dk leFkZu djrs gSa rks vads{k.k ds ladsr vuqekuksa rFkk izca/k ds ladsr vuqekuksa ds chp dk varj gh ,d feF;kdFku dh LFkkiuk dk o.kZu djrk gSA B. tgkW izca/k ,d ys[kkadu vuqeku dks ifjofrZr djrk gS vFkok ys[kkadu vuqeku yxkus dh fof/k;kW vuqfpr gS %& tgkW izca/k ,d laiq’V fu/kkZj.k ds vk/kkj ij ys[kkadu vuqekuksa esa dksbZ ifjorZu djrk gS vFkok ys[kkadu vuqeku yxkus dh fof/k;ksa esa dksbZ ifjorZu djrk gS ftuds dkj.k ifjfLFkfr;ksa esa ifjorZu vkrk gS rks vads{kd ] vads{k.k lk{;ksa ds vk/kkj ij ;g fu’d’kZ fudky ldrk gS fd izca/k }kjk ,d euekus ifjorZu ds ifj.kkeLo:i ys[kkadu vuqeku feF;kdfFkr gSA vFkok mls izca/k dh vksj ls ,d i{kikr joS:;k ekuk tk ldrk gS SA-450 esa fn;s x;s feF;ko.kZu ij dSls fjiksZV djsaA iz”u% 08 vads{kd ;g dSls lqfuf”pr djsxk fd ys[kkadu vuqekuksa ls lacaf/kr mfpr izdVhdj.k fd;s x;s gS mRrj% vads{kd dks bl ckjs esa i;kZIr mi;qDr vads{kd lk{; izkIr dj ysuk pkfg;s fd D;k foRrh; fooj.kksa esa fd;s x;s izdVhdj.k ykxw gksus okyh foRrh; izfrosnu lajpuk dh vko”;drk ds vuqlkj gSA mu ys[kkadu vuqekuksa ds fy;s tks egRoiw.kZ tksf[ke mRiUu djrs gSA vads{kd dks lqfuf”pr djuk pkfg;s fd ,slh izdVhdj.k dj fn;k x;k gS ,oa og izdVhdj.k foRrh; fjiksZfVax ds <+kaps ls esy [kkrk gSA iz”u% 09 SA-540 ds varxZr vkSj fdu&fdu ckrksa ij /;ku fn;k tkuk pkfg;s mRrj% fy[khr izfrosnu ds fy;s fuEufyf[kr ckrksa ij /;ku nsuk vko”;d gS%& vads{kd dks izca/k ls bl ckr dk fy[khr izfrosnu izkIr djuk pkfg;s fd D;k mu egRoiw.kZ ekU;rkvksa dh mfprrk ij fo”okl djrk gS tks mlds }kjk ys[kkadu vuqeku yxkrs le; mi;ksx esa yk;s x;s gSA izi=hdj.k djrs le; /;ku nsus ;ksX; ckrsa %& vads{k.k izfrosnu esa “kkfey gksuk pkfg;s %& A. ys[kkadu vuqekuksa dh mfprrk ds ckjs esa vads{kd ds fu’d’kksaZ ds fy;s cuus okys vk/kkj “kkfey gksus pkfg;sA rFkk muds izdVhdj.k Hkh “kkfey gksus pkfg;s tks lkjoku tksf[ke dks mRiUu djrs gSA rFkk izca/kdh; i{kikr ds laHkkfor ladsr ;fn dksbZ gks rksaA

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