Countable and uncountable nouns personal care products- basic iii (1)
Countable nouns are individual objects, people, places, etc. whichcan be counted.• books, Italians, pictures, stations, men, etc.A countable noun can be both singular - a friend, a house, etc. - orplural - a few apples, lots of trees, etc.Use the singular form of the verb with a singular countable noun:•There is a book on the table.•That student is excellent! Use the plural form of the verb with a countable noun in the plural: There are some students in the classroom.• Those houses are very big, arent they?
Uncountable nouns are materials, concepts, information, etc. whichare not individual objects and can not be counted• Information, water, understanding, wood, cheese, etc.Uncountable nouns are always singular. Use the singular form of the verbwith uncountable nouns:• There is some water in that pitcher.• That is the equipment we use for the project.
Some uncountable nouns in English are countable in otherlanguages. This can be confusing! Here is a list of some of themost common, easy to confuse uncountable nouns.furniture accommodationgarbage adviceinformation baggageknowledge breadluggage equipmentmoneynewspastaprogressresearchtravelwork
Obviously, uncountable nouns (especially different types offood) have forms that express plural concepts. Thesemeasurements or containers are countable:water - a glass of waterequipment - a piece of equipmentcheese - a slice of cheese
COUNTABLE NOUNS UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS• A or an before the noun (e.g. an • They don’t have a, or an beforeapple, a banana) the noun.• They have plural form (two • They don’t have plural form.bananas, three apples) • They have the form There is…• They have the form there is for • They have some, much, a lot of,singular, and there are for plural. lots of, a little before the noun.• In the plural form they have • Most of categories aresome, many, a lot of, lots of, a uncountable nouns.few before the noun. • Liquids are uncountable nouns.• Question form: HOW MANY…? • Question form: HOW MUCH…?
Is there a banana on the table?Yes, there is.No, there isn’t any banana on the table./ No, there is no bananaon the table Isn’t any = is no Aren’t any = are noAre there any oranges in the fridge?Yes, there are.No, there aren’t any oranges in the fridge/ No, there are no orangesin the fridge. any = for questions and negative statements. Would you like some coffee? Yes, I would. some = for offers No, I wouldn’t.
COUNTABLE AND UNCOUNTABLE - NOUN QUANTIFIERSIdentify the following objects as countable or uncountable. Whenyou are finished click on the "Next Question" button. There are 25questions to this quiz. Try to use only 10 seconds per question.Q: Rules Q: Clothes__ Countable __ Countable__ Uncountable __ Uncountable Q: MusicQ: Information __ Uncountable__ Countable __ Countable__ Uncountable Q: Deserts __ CountableQ: Sheep __ Uncountable__ Countable Q: Land__ Uncountable __ Countable __ Uncountable Q: Nations __ Countable __ Uncountable
WITH COUNTABLE NOUNS WITH UNCOUNTABLE NOUNSThere are too many bananas. There is too much fruit. a few apples. a little milk. (very) few donuts. (very) little cheese. not many biscuits. not much orange juice. plenty of peas. plenty of salt. a lot of / lots of nuts. a lot of / lots of sugar. (not) enough tomatoes. (not) enough water. hardly any eggs. hardly any rice. no pineapples. no butter.
Complete these sentences with phrases from the box above:1. There __________________ snow in the winter, but there___________________ rain in the summer.2. Unemployment is high in the north of the country because there ___________ industry there.3. It’s best to visit in April or May. There ____________ tourist then, and it’s easy to get an hotel room.4. Unfortunately, there ____________ pollution because there ___________ factories in the city.5. If there _________ rain in the spring, then we often have a drought in July.6. It’s a safe city because there ___________ crime.
• Use too + adjective or adverb (+full infinitive). Too has anegative meaning and it means ‘more than necessary’.Too means "more than enough" or "more than is needed orwanted". e.g.: You’re too to stay out late. This kind of food is too fat.• Use adjective or adverb + enough (full infinitive) or nouns.Enough has a positive meaning.Enough means "sufficient", or“ as much or many (of something)as necessary". e.g.: It’s a healthy enough diet. The water isn’t warm enough. We have enough food for tonight. Does such a diet have enough protein?• Too and enough are often followed by full infinitive. e.g.: It’s never too late to eat healthy. Maria is old enough to drive. We have enough money to go to the movies.
EQUIVALENT PHRASES: Match the two columns Too low Not high enough too warm Not cool enough too far Not fast enough too short Not light enough too stupid Not long enough too narrow Not close enough too small Not big enough too cowardly Not wide enough too sad Not old enough too boring Not happy enough too slow Not cheap enough too young Not intelligent enough too expensive Not interesting enough too dark Not brave enough