http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Google_Books#2012 Google estimated in 2010 that there were about 130 million unique books in the world,   and stated that it intended to scan all of them by the end of the decade May 2008 : Microsoft tapers off and plans to end its scanning project which reached 750,000 books and 80 million journal articles. [
http://www.collectionslink.org.uk/discover/sustaining-digital/1332-celebrating-uk-culture-online , Celebrating UK Culture Online, see Conclusions and recommendations
Knowledge Is… video New skills, new knowledge Reaching audiences I don’t know where to go Youtube, rights limitation, Huge numbers of film collections from BBC, BFI ect, udner 1% digitised, lots of hidden material that can’t be used, internet as disseination mechanism; scattered content in different archives; digitisation and metadata (cost) Trustworthy sources available to students People’s contributions, Youtube Archvies ike coal fileds if not “mined” Access, anywhere, home, work, telephone etc Things fast improving Open access
The Citizen Science Alliance is a transatlantic collaboration of universities and museums who are dedicated to involving everyone in the process of science. Growing out of the wildly successful Galaxy Zoo project, it builds and maintains the Zooniverse network of projects, of which Old Weather is part. http://citizensciencealliance.org Help scientists recover worldwide weather observations made by Royal Navy ships around the time of World War I. These transcriptions will contribute to climate model projections and improve a database of weather extremes. Historians will use your work to track past ship movements and the stories of the people on board.
Digitisation in the UK and the JISC Content programme
Digitisation in the UK and the JISC Content programme Paola Marchionni, Programme Manager Digitisation, JISC University College London Summer school 24 May 2012
The digitisation landscape is varied: public and private, bigand small, organisations and individuals and they often mergeinto each other.
Partnerships withlibraries all overthe world.Focus on bookdigitisation.20m booksscanned as ofMarch 2012.Over 100m booksstill to do.Microsoft stoppedits scanningproject in 2008.
Scholarly publishers:JISC Collections purchases and licencescontent for the UK HE and FE sector.Journals, special collections, ebooks...from broad coverage (eg EEBO, over100,000 books between 1473-1700 ) toniche content (Pidgeon Digital)Negotiated deals with over 100publishers.
Museums, libraries and archives digitise their collections to increase access for all, support learning and engage new audiences. In the UK memory institutions house over 500m books, records and objects, but only 5-10% has been digitised.British Library – Virtual Books Birmingham Museums and Art Gallery – Pre-Raphaelite Online Resource
AHRC grant for digitisation of criminal court cases, Old BaileyPublic and private funding bodies supportdigitisation with different priorities, eg research,lifelong learning, cultural heritage, education... HLF grant for building and digitisation of Tate Archive Private donation to set up the Cambridge Digital Library
People do their own digitisation:The Great Archive collected and digitised 1000s of WW1 items from the general public in the UK and Europe
Students, researchers, teachers, learners, people... access digital content from different places and in a variety of waysRSS
Where is JISC in the landscape and what do we do?
www.jisc.ac.ukJISC receives funding from the UK government mainlythrough the Higher Education Funding Council for England(HEFCE) and often its Welsh, Scottish and Northern Irishequivalent and funds:UK HE internet and Innovative ICT Services suchemail network, projects for as advice andJANET teaching, research guidance, and and learning data centres
www.jisc-content.ac.ukThe JISC Digitisation and Content programmefocuses on creating and enhancing content for use inresearch, teaching and learning in Higher Educationand encourages partnerships within and outside HE. Since 2004: over £30m and over 100 projects:•Digitisation of special and archival collections•Open Educational Resources (OER)•Enriching existing collection•Clustering existing digital content•User generated content/community engagement•Developing skills and strategies
JISC Content programme 2011-2013 Just under £6m - 24 projects: Strand A: Digitisation and OER Creation small scale digitisation and creation of learning resources for courses Strand B: Mass Digitisation large scale digitisation of collections for research Strand C: Clustering Digital Content bringing together existing but scattered digital content JISC Content programme Netvibes site with projects’blogs http://bit.ly/xfy1Qh
JISC awards grants by issuing Calls to the HEcommunity and selecting the best projects.All projects have special and, often unique, collectionsto digitise, but they have to make a strong case aboutthe value and potential use of their content toothers as well.Projects also have to show innovation, create contentthat is legal, standards based, open, if possible, andsustainable. Partnerships are encouraged..
JISC Film and Sound Think Tank http://bit.ly/KeLHQoThis short video explores many of the issuesprojects face when digitising content andmaking it available.
There is a huge amount of content that can be digitised, so institutions need to prioritise selection and tailor it to users’ needs.Freeze Frame identified UK Thecourses which would benefit form Online Theatre Histories Archivetheir polar images collection, eg. embedded theatre archivegeology, geography, health, resources in courses/modulesphotography... across four partner universities
Often projects don’t own the copyright to thematerial they want to digitise and have to undertakelengthy negotiations to licence the content fortheir users. Often because of copyright reasons collections are only accessible to universities behind password. However, there is also a strong drive towards openess at the moment and the use of Creative
InView: over 2000 non-fiction films from the archivesof the British Film Instituteavailable to UK universitiesbehind authentication. However, a lot of content is available as Open Educational Resources under Creative Commons licences. www.myleicestershire.org Many of the projects funded by JISC make content freely and openly available.
Digital resources are often built in isolation to other, relevant, collections, which causes fragmentation.JISC projects clusterexisting content toprovide a seamlesssearch acrossdisparate collections. Also, by making data openly available projects increase the chance of their content being used by others.
Locating London Past brings together 17th and 18th C GIS-enabled datasets (criminal, archaeological, social, population...) and visualises them onhistorical and contemporary maps of London.An API allows geo-referenced material to be exported and re-used in Googlemaps mash-ups and other GIS environments.
Partnerships are a good way to source content not in the public domain or difficult to access, expand audiences, combine different expertise and strengths to create innovative content. New Connections BT Archive and University of CoventryFashion designer’s 3D metalwork collection –Zandra Rhodes Digital Study Collection – Museums Sheffield andZandra Rhodes and the University for the Sheffield Hallam UniversityCreative Arts
People, whether the public at large or specificcommunities, are increasingly becomingpartners in content creation. Since 2010 over 1600 volunteers have helped transcribe 45% of the 7,464 manuscripts uploaded to the UCL Transcribe Bentham website A small group of supertranscribers (“gangsourcing”) participates actively gaining “status” through competitive element. Value of this project: no Research Associate would be paid to do this kind of work.
JISC-funded project part of the Citizen Science Alliance, a transatlantic collaboration of universities and museums who are dedicated to involving everyone in the process of science.The Old Weather project asks volunteers to help scientistsrecord weather observations of Royal Navy ships during WW1.Transcriptions will contribute to climate model projectionsand historians will be able to track ship movements and study thestories of the people on board.
Once grant funding terminates, collections have to be sustained, both technically and editorially. This is arguably the biggest challenge institutions face when creating digital resources. P artnerships with the commercial sectorHost institutions play a key provide an alternative:role in supporting own Bodleian Library Johncollections. Johnson CollectionIntegration into delivered and sustainedinstitutional through ProQuest.infrastructures is the bestway for an new resources tobe maintained as part of
Development of services: CHICC at University of Manchester’s John Rylands LibraryRevenue generation models such asGoogle Ads can contribute to therunning costs of maintaining a service,as in the case of the Vision of Britainwebsite. The Faculties provides university-level podcasts for A level students and experimenting with and sponsorships to keep Freemium models provide the content open. the flexibility to deliver a mixture of free and paid for content.
Image credits (unless otherwise stated on individual slides)Map of Great Britain: David Rumsey Historical Map Collection http://bit.ly/Lulr7PHong Kong harbour, c.1900: http://visualisingchina.net/#hpc-bk02-04Fancy dress whilst in camp: http://www.oucs.ox.ac.uk/ww1lit/gwa/item/7114?CISOBOX=1&REC=2Lightbulb: http://www.flickr.com/photos/vermininc/2777441779/sizes/s/in/photostream/Federer: http://www.flickr.com/photos/franz88/1092672031/sizes/s/in/photostream/Coins: http://www.flickr.com/photos/59937401@N07/5474205269/sizes/l/in/photostream/Puzzles: http://www.flickr.com/photos/horiavarlan/4273913228/sizes/l/in/photostream/Beaded creations from the Zandra Rhodes archive: http://zandrarhodesarchive.wordpress.com/2012/04/20/cataloguing-the-zandra-rhodes-archive/Teapot http://www.museums-sheffield.org.uk/collections/objects-in-3d/drink/teapot-sheffieldAll other images are screeshots of websites.Thanks also to Alastair Dunning for some of the slides and images. Text of slides licenced under CC-BY
Thank you!Paola MarchionniProgramme Manager Digitisation, JISCp.firstname.lastname@example.org@paolamarchionniJISC Digitisation blog: http://digitisation.jiscinvolve.org/wp/ Portal of JISC-funded digital content: http://www.jisc-content.ac.ukJISC Digitisation and Content programmes: http://www.jisc.ac.uk/digitisation