Paola Di Maio, Unesco Apeid Conference Bangkok DEC 2007
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    Paola Di Maio, Unesco Apeid Conference Bangkok DEC 2007 Paola Di Maio, Unesco Apeid Conference Bangkok DEC 2007 Presentation Transcript

    • UNESCO BANGKOK APEID CONFERENCE 12 DECEMBER 2007 Paola Di Maio MFU.AC.TH
    • PILOTING A SOCIAL NETWORK FOR THE GREATER MEKONG SUBREGION
              • 1. ROLE OF ICT
              • 2. SOCIAL NETWORKS
              • 3. RESILIENT COMMUNITIES 4. GMS 5. OUR PROJECTS!
    • ROLE OF ICT
      • Role of Information and Knowledge in Social Networks (example:Disaster Preparedness and Emergency)
      • Role of IT and ICT in supporting Information Flow
    • ICT IS IMPORTANT BECAUSE: People With Information Can Make The Right Decision Information Changes Very Fast, Technology Can Help Us Keep Up To Date Ict Can Help People Find Information And Communicate Very Fast. They can Operate very Fast Many Usages: For Fun, To Improve One's Quality Of Life
    • INFORMATION AND KNOWLEDGE
      • Necessary to plan situations
      • Forecast scenarios
      • Communicate
      • Collaborate
    • ICT TECHNOLOGIES
      • Today information flow is entirely supported by Information and Communications Technology
      • Fax?
      • Internet/secure networks (VPN)
      • Landline, Phones, Mobiles
      • 3G, Satellites
      • Chat, Messenger, Groups, Email, other social technologies
    • INFORMATION AS TEXT
      • Critical data, information and knowledge in planning emergencies must be in text form (voice and multimedia can enhance data transmission but text is essential)
      • Data expressed as text must conform to certain formatting standards and must be suitable for remote transmission protocols
    • To make text as data transmission effective it is necessary to share:
      • goals
      • data models (knowledge models, information models)
      • a 'language' (syntax)
      • meanings
      • standards
      • protocols
    • Common Goals:
      • Effective communication (accurate and rapid)
      • Consistency
      • Transparency
      • Privacy
      • Security
      • Maximum Interoperability
    • Interoperability Problems
      • Interoperability means: different systems can work together at various levels
      • Data format level
      • Network level
      • Information model level
      • User level
    • TOWARD A COMMON ONTOLOGY
      • Explicit information, data and conceptual models
      • Explicit and shared representation
      • Agreed and shared vocabularies
      • Emergency data exchange protocols
      • Greater interoperability, easier cooperation
    • SOCIAL NETWORKS WHAT ARE THEY? PEOPLE+RELATIONSHIPS+TECHNOLOGY
    • GRAPH VISUALIZATIONS
    • Social Network Source: www.ymatsuo.com/papers/foafws04/asada/
    •  
    • PEOPLE NETWORKS USING FOAF Source: kengo.preston-net.com/ archives/foaf_semaview.jpg
    • SOCIAL NETWORKS: Architectures of Participation
    • Source: myunderstanding .wordpress.com Collaborative Tagging
    • Architecture of Participation
    •  
    • COLLECTIVE INTELLIGENCE http :// www . collectiveintelligence . info /
    •  
    • SOCIAL SOFTWARE WEB 2.0/SEMANTIC TECHNOLOGIES
    • COG Model
    • GREATER MEKONG SUBREGION
      • The Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS):
      • Cambodia
      • People's Republic of China
      • Lao People's Democratic Republic
      • Myanmar
      • Thailand
      • VietNam ..
    • MAP
    • UNCAP 2005
    • UNCAP 2005
    •  
    • Challenges and constraints
      • Different natural language and cultures
      • Conflicting interests among agents
      • National security
      • Logistics, physical barriers
      • Imperfect information flow
      • Poor communication infrastructure
      • No common protocol for emergency
    • COOPERATION AGENCIES
      • Royal Government in Thailand [5]
      • UNDP, UNFPA, UNICEF, UNESCO
      • ADP, ADPC
      • National Statistics Office
      • Department of Local Administration
      • NGO's
      • People! (students, knowledge workers)
      • OTHER (CIA?)
    • RESILIENT COMMUNITIES
      • WHAT IS ‘RESILIENCE’ ?
      • According to UN International Strategy for Disaster Reduction definition Resilience is “The capacity of a system, community or society potentially exposed to hazards to adapt, by resisting or changing in order to reach and maintain an acceptable level of functioning and structure."
      • UNISDR www.unisdr.org/eng/library/lib-terminology-eng%20home.
      • Communication (Knowledge And Information Exchange)
      • Making Information PUBLIC And ACCESSIBLE To Any Member Of The Social Network
      • Trust
      • N eighborhood Initiative,
      • Regional Cooperation,
      • Private And Public Sector Participation
      RESILIENT COMMUNTY DYNAMICS AND FACTORS
    • SELF ORGANISATION
      • This is determined by the degree to which the social system is capable of organizing itself to increase its capacity for learning from past disasters for better future protection and to improve risk reduction measures.”
      • INFORMATION EXCHANGE AND COMMUNICATION ARE ESSENTIAL TO SELF ORGANISATION
    • RESILIENT COMMUNITIES WORLDWIDE
      • Several programs are being devised to promote ‘community resilience’ worldwide
      • Example: University of British Columbia initiatives such as the Community Emergency Program Review (CEPR) which provides working instruments such as the Hazard, Risk and Vulnerability Analysis (HRVA) Tool Kit
    • PROJECTS
      • EXPERTFINDER FOR EMERGENCY AND POVERTY (FUNDS: 100.000 bath)
      • WWW.P2PAID.ORG
      • Cell broadcast SMS Alerts (Pilot)
      • SOCIAL NETWORK FOR THE GMS
    • GOALS
      • IMPROVE INFORMATION FLOW
      • IMPROVE COMMUNICATION
      • INCREASE EFFICIENCY
      • DEVELOP SUSTAINABLE SOCIETY
    • Goal: To promote the formation of a social network of resilient community in the GMS Timescale : 6-12 Months period for the study period, then ongoing Participants: The proposed Pilot scheme will be developed in cooperation with international agencies and major universities NGO's as well as individual citizens and students of different background and ages in the GMS region. Languages It is proposed that the pilot scheme is initially devised in English, with local language translations for the different participating countries. It assumes basic English literacy of the core group of initial participants, it is envisaged that further project development will take place over time  locally in the respective languages without further necessary input PILOT OUTLINE
      • PILOT PHASES
      • Local Survey to identify teledensity and internet users in the region
      • Identify all the possible fixed and mobile telecommunication access nodes that could serve a 'citizen’s’ network' during an emergency
      • Capacity and availability assessment and skills inventory
      • Survey and map the density, location, type of telecommunication network,
      • Develop local guidelines and protocols to support 'readiness' of response in case of emergency, as well as resilience and participation to ongoing development projects
      • Develop local bilingual directories with contact names and functions of key individuals and organisations operating in the region
      • Set up one or more  simulation scenarios to test the response capacity
    • CONCLUSION
      • ICT CAN BE VERY POWERFUL IF USED EFFECTIVELY
      • THERE IS SCOPE FOR A SOCIAL NETWORK TO IMROVE 'SOCIAL EFFICIENCY'
      • WE PROPOSE A COOPERATION PLAN TO CREATE A SOCIAL NETWORK
    • WE NEED PARTNERS TO GET CONNECTED
      • PEOPLE
      • SCHOOLS
      • PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
      • AGENCIES
      • BODIES
    • QUESTIONS?
      • Much work ahead!
      • Contact :
      • [email_address]