AVIATION ASSIGNMENT<br />Name - Pankaj Veer<br />Batch – J3<br />2009 - 2010<br />
Acknowledgement<br />I would like  thank to Bhagyamam for her constant support and for giving me this golden opportunity t...
Research On<br /><ul><li> Airbus - A300
 Airbus – A380
 Airbus – A310
 Airbus – A321
 Airbus – A318
 Airbus – A330
 Airbus – A319
 Airbus – A340
 Airbus – A320</li></li></ul><li>Airbus - A300<br />
Airbus - A300<br />passenger cabin <br />cockpit<br />
History of Airbus -A300<br />The Airbus A300 is significant not only for being a commercial success in its own right, but ...
<ul><li>Performance</li></ul>A300B2-200 - Typical high speed cruising speed 917km/h (495kt), typical long range cruising s...
Airbus – A310<br />
Airbus – A310<br />passenger cabin<br />cockpit<br />
History of Airbus -A310<br />The A310 first began life as the A300B10, one of a number of projected developments and deriv...
<ul><li>Performance</li></ul>Max cruising speed 897km/h (484kt), long range cruising speed 850km/h (459kt). Range at typic...
Airbus – A318<br />
Airbus – A318<br />passenger cabin <br />cockpit<br />
History of Airbus –A318<br />The A318  Airbus' smallest airliner and is the European manufacturer's first foray into the 1...
<ul><li>Performance</li></ul>Max operating Mach No. M0.82Range at 59 tonne (129,955lb) takeoff weight 2780km (1500nm), ran...
Airbus – A319<br />
Airbus – A319<br />
Airbus – A319<br />passenger cabin <br />cockpit<br />
History of Airbus –A319<br />The A319 is one of the smaller members of Airbus' highly successful single aisle airliner fam...
<ul><li>Performance</li></ul>Speeds similar to A320. Range at 64 tonne (141,095lb) takeoff weight 3391km (1831nm), range a...
Airbus – A320<br />
Airbus – A320<br />passenger cabin <br />cockpit<br />
History of Airbus -A320<br />Perhaps the most important contributor to Airbus Industrie's success as an airliner manufactu...
<ul><li>Performance</li></ul>A320-200 - Max cruising speed 903km/h (487kt) at 28,000ft, economical cruising speed 840km/h ...
Airbus – A321<br />
Airbus – A321<br />cockpit<br />passenger cabin <br />
History of Airbus -A321<br />Like the shortened A319, the A321 is a minimum change, in this case stretched, development of...
<ul><li>Performance</li></ul>A321-100 - Max cruising speed 903km/h (488kt), economical cruising speed 828km/h (447kt). Ran...
Airbus – A330<br />
Airbus – A330<br />passenger cabin <br />cockpit<br />
History of Airbus -A330<br />The A330-300 is the biggest member of Airbus' twinjet family and is closely related to the fo...
<ul><li>Performance</li></ul>Max cruising speed 880km/h (475kt) at 33,000ft, economical cruising speed 860km/h (464kt). Ra...
Airbus – A340<br />
Airbus – A340<br />passenger cabin <br />cockpit<br />
History of Airbus -A340<br />The A340-200 and 300 are the initial variants of the successful quad engined A340 family of l...
<ul><li>Performance</li></ul>A340-200 - Max cruising speed 914km/h (494kt), economical cruising speed 880km/h (475kt). Ran...
Airbus – A380<br />
Airbus – A380<br />passenger cabin <br />cockpit<br />
History of Airbus -A380<br />The 555 seat, double deck Airbus A380 is the most ambitious civil aircraft program yet. When ...
<ul><li>Performance</li></ul>A380-800 - Max cruising speed M 0.88. Long range cruising speed M 0.85. Range 14,800km (8,000...
Bibliography<br />I collected all the information required to complete the assignment from:<br /><ul><li> WWW. Airplane.Net
WWW. Airliners.Net
WWW.Google.com
WWW.Wekipedia.com</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Advantages(a) Growth opportunities for pilots, service sectors.(b) More fat sa...
Asbestos gloves is used to protect hands while fighting fire.<br />
Safety Equipments<br /><ul><li> Commercial & private aircrafts  flying between two points have to fly to maintain flight d...
Controllers may coordinate position reports         provided by pilots , or in high traffic areas they may use radar to se...
Seat belt is used to secure passengers sitting on a seat.<br />
SAFETY INSTRUCTION CARD<br />
Smoke goggles are used to protect eyes against smoke.<br />
FASTEN SEAT BELT AND NO SMOKING SIGN<br />
Oxygen mask is a device used to breathe fresh oxygen during emergencies.<br />
First aid kit<br />
Physicians kit<br />
Fire extinguisher is used to extinguish fire.<br />
Oxygen bottle contains potable oxygen which helps to breathe in emergencies.<br />
RAFT AND SLIDE USED IN CASE OF EMERGENCY LANDING/CRASH.<br />
Megaphone is handheld loudspeakers<br />
Smoke detectors and smoke alarm<br />
Radio beacon is a radio device used to give signals during emergencies<br />
P. T. V. located behind every seat used to watch movies, cartoons, songs, etc.<br />
Audio device<br />
Meal services<br />
Special care of unaccompanied minors.<br />
INTERIOR OF AIRBUS A380<br />
Airline mobile phones for passenger to make call.<br />
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Pankaj 5

  1. 1. AVIATION ASSIGNMENT<br />Name - Pankaj Veer<br />Batch – J3<br />2009 - 2010<br />
  2. 2. Acknowledgement<br />I would like thank to Bhagyamam for her constant support and for giving me this golden opportunity to present this assignment and also I got a lot of information about aviation industry. <br />
  3. 3. Research On<br /><ul><li> Airbus - A300
  4. 4. Airbus – A380
  5. 5. Airbus – A310
  6. 6. Airbus – A321
  7. 7. Airbus – A318
  8. 8. Airbus – A330
  9. 9. Airbus – A319
  10. 10. Airbus – A340
  11. 11. Airbus – A320</li></li></ul><li>Airbus - A300<br />
  12. 12. Airbus - A300<br />passenger cabin <br />cockpit<br />
  13. 13. History of Airbus -A300<br />The Airbus A300 is significant not only for being a commercial success in its own right, but for being the first design of Europe's most successful postwar airliner manufacturer. <br />Aerospatiale of France, CASA of Spain and the forerunners of Germany's DaimlerChrysler Aerospace and British Aerospace formed the Airbus Industrie consortium in the late 1960s specifically to develop a twin engine 300 seat wide body `air bus' to fill an identified market gap. <br />The original 300 seat airliner design matured into a smaller 250 seater, the A300 designation gaining a `B' suffix to denote the change. Two prototype A300B1s were built, the first of these flying from Toulouse, France on October 28 1972, the second on February 5 the next year. The General Electric CF6 was the powerplant choice for initial A300s. Following the prototype A300B1s was the 2.65m (8ft 8in) longer A300B2, the first production version which first flew in April 1974. The B2 entered service with Air France on May 23 1974. <br />Subsequent versions included the B2-200 with Krueger leading edge flaps and different wheels and brakes; the B2-300 with increased weights for greater payload and multi stop capability; the B4-100 a longer range version of the B2 with Krueger flaps; and the increased max takeoff weight B4-200 which featured reinforced wings and fuselage, improved landing gear and optional rear cargo bay fuel tank. A small number of A300C convertibles were also built, these featured a main deck freight door behind the wing on the left hand side. Late in the A300B4's production life an optional two crew flightdeck was offered as the A300-200FF (customers were Garuda, Tunis Air and VASP). <br />Production of the A300B4 ceased in May 1984, with manufacture switching to the improved A300-600. <br />Older A300s are now finding a useful niche as freighters, with a number of companies, in particular DaimlerChrysler Aerospace Airbus, offering conversion programs. <br />
  14. 14. <ul><li>Performance</li></ul>A300B2-200 - Typical high speed cruising speed 917km/h (495kt), typical long range cruising speed 847km/h (457kt). Range with 269 passengers and reserves 3430km (1850nm). A300B4-200 - Same except range with 269 passengers and reserves 5375km (2900nm), range with max fuel 6300km (3400nm). <br /><ul><li>Weights</li></ul>A300B2-200 - Operating empty 85,910kg (189,400lb), max takeoff 142,000kg (313,055lb). A300B4-200 - Operating empty 88,500kg (195,109lb), max takeoff 165,000kg (363,760lb). <br /><ul><li>Capacity</li></ul>Flight crew of two pilots and a flight engineer. Seating for between 220 and 336 single class passengers in main cabin. Typical two class arrangement for 20 business class and 230 economy class passengers. Belly cargo compartments can carry 20 LD3 containers. <br />
  15. 15. Airbus – A310<br />
  16. 16. Airbus – A310<br />passenger cabin<br />cockpit<br />
  17. 17. History of Airbus -A310<br />The A310 first began life as the A300B10, one of a number of projected developments and derivatives of Airbus' original A300B airliner. <br />While based on the larger A300, the A310 introduced a number of major changes. The fuselage was shortened by 13 frames compared to the A300B, reducing seating to around 200 to 230 passengers and a new higher aspect ratio wing of smaller span and area was developed. New and smaller horizontal tail surfaces, fly-by-wire outboard spoilers and a two crew EFIS flightdeck were incorporated, while the engine pylons were common to suit both engine options. <br />The first flight of the A310 occurred on April 3 1982, after the program was launched in July 1978. Service entry was with Lufthansa in April 1983. Early production A310s did not have the small winglets that became a feature of later build A310-200s and the A310-300. The A310-300 is a longer range development of the base A310-200, and has been in production since 1985. This version can carry a further 7000kg (15,430lb) of fuel in the tailplane. <br />The A310-200F freighter is available new build or as a conversion of existing aircraft (13 A310s were converted to freighters for Federal Express by Airbus partner Daimler Benz [now DaimlerChrysler] Aerospace Airbus). The A310-200C convertible passenger/freighter first entered service with Dutch operator Martinair in 1984<br />
  18. 18. <ul><li>Performance</li></ul>Max cruising speed 897km/h (484kt), long range cruising speed 850km/h (459kt). Range at typical airliner operating weight with 218 passengers and baggage and reserves 6800km (3670nm) for A310-200, 7982km (4310nm) for CF6 powered A310-300, 9580km (5170nm) for high gross weight A310-300 with <br /><ul><li> Weights</li></ul>A310-200 with CF6-80C2A2s - Operating empty 80,142kg (176,683lb), max takeoff 142,000kg (313,055lb). A310-300 with CF6-80C2A8s - Operating empty 81,205kg (179,025lb), max takeoff 150,000kg (330,695lb) standard, or higher gross weight options through to 164,000kg (361,560lb). <br /><ul><li>Capacity</li></ul>Flightcrew of two. Max passenger capacity at nine abreast 280. Typical two class arrangement for 20 passengers at six abreast and 192 economy class passenger eight abreast. Cargo capacity in fore and aft underfloor compartments can hold 2.44 x 3.17m (88 x 125in) pallets <br />
  19. 19. Airbus – A318<br />
  20. 20. Airbus – A318<br />passenger cabin <br />cockpit<br />
  21. 21. History of Airbus –A318<br />The A318 Airbus' smallest airliner and is the European manufacturer's first foray into the 100 seat market. <br />Airbus' initial efforts at developing a 100 seat airliner were focused on the all new AE31X program (covering the baseline 95 seat AE316 and 115-125 seat AE317) which Airbus and Alenia, as Airbus Industrie Asia, were developing in conjunction with AVIC of China and Singapore Technologies. The AE31X program arose out of earlier Chinese and South Korean studies for a 100 seater and a framework agreement covering its development was signed in May 1997. However on September 3 1998 Airbus announced termination of the project saying it was not economically viable. <br />The AE31X would have flown in mid 2002 and entered service in mid 2003. Final assembly would have been undertaken at Xian in China by Xian Aircraft Company. <br />Even before the cancellation of the AE31X program Airbus had been independently studying a minimum change 100 seat derivative of the A319 covered by the A319M5 designation (M5 = minus five fuselage frames). Following the AE31X's cancellation Airbus announced the commercial launch of the A319M5 as the A318 at the 1998 Farnborough Airshow. <br />Airbus announced the A318's industrial launch in April 1999, allowing full scale development to get underway, permitting service entry in late 2002. Program development cost is estimated at $US300m, and the list unit price $US36m. <br />Compared with the A319, the A318 is 4.5 frames shorter, reducing standard two class seating from 124 to 107. The A318's other significant new feature will be its powerplant, the newly developed Pratt & Whitney PW-6000 (being developed in the 67-102kN/15-23,000lb thrust class), but the CFM International CFM56-5 is also available. Other changes will include a small dorsal fin added to the tail, modified wing camber, and a reduced size cargo door. <br />Otherwise the A318 will retain much commonality with the rest of the A320 family, including the advanced flightdeck with side stick controllers and fly-by-wire flight controls allowing a common type rating, and the same six abreast fuselage cross section. <br />The first flight was made on January 15, 2002 from Hamburg-Finkenwerder. <br />
  22. 22. <ul><li>Performance</li></ul>Max operating Mach No. M0.82Range at 59 tonne (129,955lb) takeoff weight 2780km (1500nm), range at 61.5 tonne (135,463lb) takeoff weight 3705km (2000nm). <br /><ul><li> Weights</li></ul>Standard max takeoff 59,000kg (130,100lb), optionally up to 68,000kg (149,900lb). Typical operating weight empty 38,375kg (84.600lb) <br /><ul><li>Capacity</li></ul>Flightcrew of two. Standard seating for 107 passengers (eight premium class at four abreast and 97cm/38in pitch, 99 economy class at six abreast and 81cm/32in pitch). Single class seating for 117 at 81cm (32in) pitch at six abreast. <br />
  23. 23. Airbus – A319<br />
  24. 24. Airbus – A319<br />
  25. 25. Airbus – A319<br />passenger cabin <br />cockpit<br />
  26. 26. History of Airbus –A319<br />The A319 is one of the smaller members of Airbus' highly successful single aisle airliner family currently in service, and competes with Boeing's 737-300 and 737-700. <br />The A319 program was launched at the Paris Airshow in June 1993 on the basis of just six orders placed by ILFC late in 1992 and the predicted better prospects of the commercial airliner market, which were certainly realised. The first A319 airline order came from French carrier Air Inter (since merged into Air France), whose order for six was announced in February 1994. Since then Swissair, Air Canada, Lufthansa, Northwest, United, US Airways and British Airways are among the major customers that have ordered more than 500 A319s (all also operate or have on order A320s). <br />The A319 flew for the first time on August 25 1995 from Hamburg in Germany. European JAA certification and service entry, with Swissair, took place in April 1996. <br />The A319 is a minimum change, shortened derivative of the highly successful A320. The major difference between the A320 and A319 is that the latter is shorter by seven fuselage frames, while in almost all other respects the A319 and A320 are identical. <br />Like the A321, A330 and A340, the A319 features Airbus' common two crew glass cockpit with sidestick controllers first introduced on the A320. There are significant crew training cost benefits and operational savings from this arrangement as the A319, A320 and A321 can all be flown by pilots with the same type rating, meaning that the same flightcrew pool can fly any of the three types. Further, the identical cockpit means reduced training times for crews converting to the larger A330 and A340. The A319 is said to have the longest range in this category of airliner. <br />Like the A321, A319 final assembly takes place in Hamburg with DaimlerChrysler Aerospace Airbus. Final assembly of all other Airbus airliners, including the A320, takes place at Toulouse. <br />The A319 forms the basis for the new baby of the Airbus family, the A318 100 seater (described separately), and the Airbus A319 Corporate Jetliner (also described separately). <br />
  27. 27. <ul><li>Performance</li></ul>Speeds similar to A320. Range at 64 tonne (141,095lb) takeoff weight 3391km (1831nm), range at 75,500kg (166,450lb) takeoff weight 6845km (3697nm). <br /><ul><li> Weights</li></ul>Operating empty 39,884kg (87,930lb), standard max takeoff 64,000kg (141,094lb) or optionally 75,500kg (166,450lb). <br /><ul><li>Capacity</li></ul>Seating for 124 passengers in a typical two class configuration (eight premium class and 116 economy class). High density single class layout can seat 142 passengers. <br />
  28. 28. Airbus – A320<br />
  29. 29. Airbus – A320<br />passenger cabin <br />cockpit<br />
  30. 30. History of Airbus -A320<br />Perhaps the most important contributor to Airbus Industrie's success as an airliner manufacturer, the four member A320 family is a significant sales success and a technological trailblazer. The 150 seat A320 is the foundation and best selling member of the family. <br />The A320 is perhaps best known as the first airliner to introduce a fly-by-wire flight control system - where control inputs from the pilot are transmitted to the flying surfaces by electronic signals rather than mechanical means. Apart from a small weight saving, the advantage of Airbus' fly-by-wire is that as it is computer controlled, an inbuilt flight envelope protection makes it virtually impossible to exceed certain flight parameters such as G limits and the aircraft's maximum and minimum operating speeds and angle of attack limits. <br />Also integral to the A320 is the advanced electronic flightdeck, with six fully integrated EFIS colour displays and innovative sidestick controllers rather than conventional control columns. The A320 also employs a relatively high percentage of composite materials compared to earlier designs. Two engines are offered, the CFM56 and IAE V2500. <br />The A320 program was launched in March 1982, first flight occurred on February 22 1987, while certification was awarded on February 26 1988. Launch customer Air France took delivery of its first A320 in March that year. The first V2500 engined A320 was delivered to Adria Airways in May 1989. <br />The initial production version was the A320-100, which was built in only small numbers before being replaced by the definitive A320-200 (certificated in November 1988) with increased max takeoff weight, greater range and winglets. The stretched A321 and shortened A319 and A318 are described separately. All four share a common pilot type rating. Mid 2000 A320 family production was at a monthly rate of 22, to be increased to 30 units a month by the end of 2002. <br />
  31. 31. <ul><li>Performance</li></ul>A320-200 - Max cruising speed 903km/h (487kt) at 28,000ft, economical cruising speed 840km/h (454kt) at 37,000ft. Range with 150 passengers and reserves with CFM56s 4843km (2615nm), or 5639km (3045nm), or 5278km (2850nm); with V2500s 4874km (2632nm) or optionally 5463km (2950nm) or 5676km (3065nm). <br /><ul><li> Weights</li></ul>A320-200 - Operating empty with V2500s 42,220kg (93,079lb); with CFM56s 42,175kg (92,980lb). Standard max takeoff for both versions 73,500kg (162,040lb) or optionally 75,500kg (166,445lb) or 77,000kg (169,755lb). <br /><ul><li>Capacity</li></ul>Flightcrew of two. Main cabin can accommodate a maximum of 179 passengers in a high density layout. Typical two class seating arrangement for 12 passengers at four abreast and 138 at six abreast. Seven LD3 derived LD3-46 containers or palletised cargo can be stored in the underbelly forward (four) and rear (three) freight holds. <br />
  32. 32. Airbus – A321<br />
  33. 33. Airbus – A321<br />cockpit<br />passenger cabin <br />
  34. 34. History of Airbus -A321<br />Like the shortened A319, the A321 is a minimum change, in this case stretched, development of the successful A320. <br />The A321 program was launched in November 1989 and the first development aircraft first flew on March 11 1993. European certification was awarded in December that year. <br />Compared with the A320 the A321's major change is the stretched fuselage, with forward and rear fuselage plugs totalling 6.93m (22ft 9in) (front plug immediately forward of wing 4.27m/14ft, rear plug directly behind the wing 2.67m/8ft 9in). <br />Other changes include strengthening of the undercarriage to cope with the higher weights, more powerful engines, a simplified and refined fuel system and larger tyres for better braking. A slightly modified wing with double slotted flaps and modifications to the flight controls allows the A321's handling characteristics to closely resemble the A320's. The A321 features an identical flightdeck to that on the A319 and A320, and shares the same type rating as the smaller two aircraft. <br />The basic A321-100 features a reduction in range compared to the A320 as extra fuel tankage was not added to the initial design to compensate for the extra weight. To overcome this Airbus launched the longer range, heavier A321-200 development in 1995 which has a full pax transcontinental US range. This is achieved through higher thrust V2533-A5 or CFM56-5B3 engines and minor structural strengthening and 2900 litres (766US gal/638Imp gal) greater fuel capacity with the installation of an ACT (additional centre tank). <br />The A321-200 first flew from Daimler Benz (now DaimlerChrysler) Aerospace's Hamburg facilities in December 1996. <br />
  35. 35. <ul><li>Performance</li></ul>A321-100 - Max cruising speed 903km/h (488kt), economical cruising speed 828km/h (447kt). Range with 186 passengers and reserves 4352km (2350nm) with V-2530s, 4260km (2300nm) with CFM-56s. A321-200 - Range 4907km (2650nm). <br /><ul><li> Weights</li></ul>A321-100 - Operating empty 47,776kg (105,330lb) with V-2530s, 47,900kg (105,605lb) with CFM-56s. Max takeoff (with either engine option) 83,000kg (183,000lb) or 85,000kg (187,390lb).A321-200 - Operating empty 48,024kg (105,875lb) with CFM-56-5B3s, 48,139kg (106,130lb) with V-2533-A5s, max takeoff 89,000kg (196,210lb) or 93,000kg (205,000lb). <br /><ul><li>Capacity</li></ul>Flightcrew of two. Maximum passenger accommodation in a high density layout of 220 passengers. Passenger accommodation in a typical two class arrangement consists of 16 passengers at four abreast, and 170 passengers at six abreast. <br />
  36. 36. Airbus – A330<br />
  37. 37. Airbus – A330<br />passenger cabin <br />cockpit<br />
  38. 38. History of Airbus -A330<br />The A330-300 is the biggest member of Airbus' twinjet family and is closely related to the four engined long range A340 with which it shares near identical systems, airframe, flightdeck and wings, the only major difference being the twin (versus four) engine configuration. <br />The A340 and A330 were launched simultaneously in June 1987. Although developed in parallel the A330-300 made its first flight after the A340, on November 2 1992. It was the first aircraft to achieve simultaneous European Joint Airworthiness Authorities (JAA) and US FAA certification, on October 21 1993. Entry into service took place by the end of that year. <br />Differences from the A340 aside from the number of engines are slight changes to the wing and internal systems, including fuel tankage. The A330 (like the A340) takes advantage of a number of technologies first pioneered on the A320, including the common advanced EFIS flightdeck with side stick controllers and flybywirecomputerised flight control system. <br />While the standard A330-300 shares the same fuselage length as the A340-300, Airbus has studied various stretched (A330-400) and shortened (A330-100 and 200) versions. The shortened A330-200 was formally launched in 1996 as a long range 767-300ER competitor, and is described separately. One stretched, high capacity concept studied for a time featured lower deck seating in place of the forward freight hold<br />
  39. 39. <ul><li>Performance</li></ul>Max cruising speed 880km/h (475kt) at 33,000ft, economical cruising speed 860km/h (464kt). Range with 335 pax and reserves 8340km (4500nm) with CF6s, or 8430km (4550nm) with P&W engines, or 8600km (4640nm) with Trents. A330 longer range version with max passengers range 10,185km (5,500nm). <br /><ul><li> Weights</li></ul>A330-300 - Operating empty 121,870kg (268,675lb) with CF6 engines, 122,460kg (269,975lb) with PW-4000s, and 121,970kg (268,900lb) with Trents. Max takeoff 212,000kg (467,380lb). Long range A330 - Operating empty 122,780kg (270,675lb) with PW4000s or 122,210kg (269,425lb) with CF6s, 122,300kg (269,625lb) with Trents, max takeoff 217,000kg (478,400lb). <br /><ul><li>Capacity</li></ul>Flightcrew of two. Passenger seating arrangements for 295 in three classes or 335 in two class (30 premium class at 2+3+2 and 305 economy at 2+4+2). Max passengers in high density configuration 440. Front and rear underbelly cargo holds can take 32 LD3 containers or 11 pallets. <br />
  40. 40. Airbus – A340<br />
  41. 41. Airbus – A340<br />passenger cabin <br />cockpit<br />
  42. 42. History of Airbus -A340<br />The A340-200 and 300 are the initial variants of the successful quad engined A340 family of long haul widebodies. <br />The A340 and closely related A330 were launched in June 1987, with the A340's first flight occurring on October 25 1991 (an A340-300). The A340 entered service with Lufthansa and Air France in March 1993, following JAA certification the previous December. <br />The A340 shares the same flightdeck including side stick controllers and EFIS, plus flybywire, basic airframe, systems, fuselage and wing with the A330 (the flightdeck is also common to the A320 series). Power is from four CFM56s, the four engine configuration being more efficient for long range flights (as twins need more power for a given weight for engine out on takeoff performance) and free from ETOPS restrictions. <br />The A340-300 has the same fuselage length as the A330-300, while the shortened A340-200 trades seating capacity for greater range (first flight April 1 1992). <br />The heavier A340-300E is available in 271,000kg (597,450lb) and 275,000kg (606,275lb) max takeoff weights, their typical ranges with 295 passengers are 13,155km (7100nm) and 13,525km (7300nm) respectively. Power for these models is from 152.3kN (34,000lb) CFM56-5C4s (the most powerful CFM56s built). The first A340-300Es were delivered to Singapore Airlines in April 1996. <br />The 275,000kg (606,275lb) max takeoff weight A340-8000 is based on the 200 but has extra fuel in three additional rear cargo hold tanks and offers a 15,000km (8100nm) range with 232 three class passengers (hence the A340-8000 designation). It too is powered by CFM56-5C4s. One has been built for the Sultan of Brunei. <br />All versions are offered with underfloor passenger sleepers<br />
  43. 43. <ul><li>Performance</li></ul>A340-200 - Max cruising speed 914km/h (494kt), economical cruising speed 880km/h (475kt). Range at typical airline operating weight with 263 passengers and reserves 13,805km (7450nm). A340-300 - Speeds same. Range at typical airline operating weight with 295 passengers and reserves 12,415km (6700nm). <br /><ul><li> Weights</li></ul>A340-200 - Operating empty 126,000kg (277,775lb), max takeoff 260,000kg (573,200lb). A340-300 - Operating empty 129,800kg (286,150lb), max takeoff 260,000kg (573,200lb). A340-300E - Operating empty 129,300-130,200kg (285,050-287,050lb), MTOW 271,000kg (597,450lb) or 275,000kg (606,275lb). <br /><ul><li>Capacity</li></ul>Flightcrew of two. A340-200 - Typical three class arrangement for 263 pax, or 303 in two classes. A340-300 - Typical three class accommodation for 303, or 335 in two classes. Fore and aft underbelly holds can accommodate LD3 containers or pallets. <br />
  44. 44. Airbus – A380<br />
  45. 45. Airbus – A380<br />passenger cabin <br />cockpit<br />
  46. 46. History of Airbus -A380<br />The 555 seat, double deck Airbus A380 is the most ambitious civil aircraft program yet. When it enters service in March 2006, the A380 will be the world's largest airliner, easily eclipsing Boeing's 747. <br />Airbus first began studies on a very large 500 seat airliner in the early 1990s. The European manufacturer saw developing a competitor and successor to the Boeing 747 as a strategic play to end Boeing's dominance of the very large airliner market and round out Airbus' product line-up. <br />Airbus began engineering development work on such an aircraft, then designated the A3XX, in June 1994. Airbus studied numerous design configurations for the A3XX and gave serious consideration to a single deck aircraft which would have seated 12 abreast and twin vertical tails. However Airbus settled upon a twin deck configuration, largely because of the significantly lighter structure required. <br />Key design aims include the ability to use existing airport infrastructure with little modifications to the airports, and direct operating costs per seat 15-20% less than those for the 747-400. With 49% more floor space and only 35% more seating than the previous largest aircraft, Airbus is ensuring wider seats and aisles for more passenger comfort. Using the most advanced technologies, the A380 is also designed to have 10-15% more range, lower fuel burn and emissions, and less noise. <br />The A380 features an advanced version of the Airbus common two crew cockpit, with pull-out keyboards for the pilots, extensive use of composite materials such as GLARE (an aluminium/glass fibre composite), and four 302 to 374kN (68,000 to 84,000lb) class Rolls-Royce Trent 900 or Engine Alliance (General Electric/Pratt & Whitney) GP7200 turbofans now under development. <br />Several A380 models are planned: the basic aircraft is the 555 seat A380-800 (launch customer Emirates). The 590 ton MTOW 10,410km (5620nm) A380-800F freighter will be able to carry a 150 tonne payload and is due to enter service in 2008 (launch customer FedEx). Potential future models will include the shortened, 480 seat A380-700, and the stretched, 656 seat, A380-900. <br />On receipt of the required 50th launch order commitment, the Airbus A3XX was renamed A380 and officially launched on December 19, 2000. In early 2001 the general configuration design was frozen, and metal cutting for the first A380 component occurred on January 23, 2002, at Nantes in France. In 2002 more than 6000 people were working on A380 development. <br />On January 18, 2005, the first Airbus A380 was officially revealed in a lavish ceremony, attended by 5000 invited guests including the French, German, British and Spanish president and prime ministers, representing the countries that invested heavily in the 10-year, €10 billion+ ($13 billion+) aircraft program, and the CEOs of the 14 A380 customers, who had placed firm orders for 149 aircraft by then. <br />The out of sequence A380 designation was chosen as the "8" represents the cross-section of the twin decks. The first flight is scheduled for March 2005, and the entry into commercial service, with Singapore Airlines, is scheduled for March 2006. <br />Apart from the prime contractors in France, Germany, the United Kingdom and Spain, components for the A380 airframe are also manufactured by industral partners in Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Finland, Italy, Japan, South Korea, Malaysia, Netherlands, Sweden, Switzerland and the United States. A380 final assembly is taking place in Toulouse, France, with interior fitment in Hamburg, Germany. Major A380 assemblies are transported to Toulouse by ship, barge and road. <br />On July 24, 2000, Emirates became the first customer making a firm order commitment, followed by Air France, International Lease Finance Corporation (ILFC), Singapore Airlines, Qantas and Virgin Atlantic. Together these companies completed the 50 orders needed to launch the programme. <br />Later, the following companies also ordered the A380: FedEx (the launch customer for the A380-800F freighter), Qatar Airways, Lufthansa, Korean Air, Malaysia Airlines, Etihad Airways, Thai Airways and UPS. <br />
  47. 47. <ul><li>Performance</li></ul>A380-800 - Max cruising speed M 0.88. Long range cruising speed M 0.85. Range 14,800km (8,000nm). Service ceiling 43.000ft (13,100m).A380-800F - Range 10,370km (5,600nm).<br /><ul><li> Weights</li></ul>A380-800 - Operating empty 277,000kg (610,700lb), max takeoff 560,000kg (1,234,600lb).A380-800F - Operating empty 252,000kg (555,600lb), max takeoff 590,000kg (1,300,700lb). <br /><ul><li>Capacity</li></ul>A380-800 - Flightcrew of two. Standard seating for 555 passengers on two decks in a three class arrangement. Qantas plans to fit its aircraft with 523 seats (in three classes). A380 has 49% more floor area but only 35% more seats (in 555 seat configuration) than the 747-400, allowing room for passenger amenities such as bars, gymnasiums and duty free shops. Cargo capacity 38 LD3s or 13 pallets. <br />
  48. 48. Bibliography<br />I collected all the information required to complete the assignment from:<br /><ul><li> WWW. Airplane.Net
  49. 49. WWW. Airliners.Net
  50. 50. WWW.Google.com
  51. 51. WWW.Wekipedia.com</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Advantages(a) Growth opportunities for pilots, service sectors.(b) More fat salary packets.(c) Everyone can afford to fly.(d) Better international airports are coming up.(This is while the inflation is under control and oil prices remain same...currently its 120US$/barrel; earlier was around US$65-70)</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Disadvantages:(As soon as the oil prices increase, inflation rate moves up)(a) All new pilots will find themselves on the road. All new pilots under training will loose all their money spent by them on their training.(b) All big airlines will have to merge with each other to make profits.(c) Air tickets will not be affordable.(d) No new aircrafts will be purchased. As a result, US & European manufacturers will also suffer. It will affect them also.Everything will be a mess. I pray God that we don't have to see that recession, it would be terrible for everyone. It would be just like a baloon been punctured. Phisssss</li></li></ul><li>Future of domestic sector in India<br />Despite the economy doing well, the domestic aviation sector dose not seem to be very bullish at the moment and is viewing the current scenario with caution. Several industry officials feel that the year, so far has not been good for them and are of the view that the forthcoming Winter period is very critical for entire <br />sector.<br /> How ever, on the international front, the country’s carrier, Air India (A-I) claims<br />that its seats for the winter months have already been booked to capacity. Speaking about current scenario, Indian airlines (IA) commercial director Anil Goyal said: "Indian Airlines<br />views the eminent situation with cautious optimism." <br />while, it is true that there is added capacity in the market, the yeilde are not growing as yet,<br />he added. he said that impact of the current Scenario on the viability equation in the long run,<br />is yet to be seen.<br />Talking to FE, Jet airways executive director SarojDatta said that the current year has not been very encouraging on the domastic aviation sector. <br />
  52. 52. Asbestos gloves is used to protect hands while fighting fire.<br />
  53. 53. Safety Equipments<br /><ul><li> Commercial & private aircrafts flying between two points have to fly to maintain flight discipline, thus avoiding unforeseen accidents.
  54. 54. Controllers may coordinate position reports provided by pilots , or in high traffic areas they may use radar to see aircraft position</li></li></ul><li>Fire axe is used for cutting or hacking exits blocked during emergencies<br />
  55. 55. Seat belt is used to secure passengers sitting on a seat.<br />
  56. 56. SAFETY INSTRUCTION CARD<br />
  57. 57. Smoke goggles are used to protect eyes against smoke.<br />
  58. 58. FASTEN SEAT BELT AND NO SMOKING SIGN<br />
  59. 59. Oxygen mask is a device used to breathe fresh oxygen during emergencies.<br />
  60. 60. First aid kit<br />
  61. 61. Physicians kit<br />
  62. 62. Fire extinguisher is used to extinguish fire.<br />
  63. 63. Oxygen bottle contains potable oxygen which helps to breathe in emergencies.<br />
  64. 64. RAFT AND SLIDE USED IN CASE OF EMERGENCY LANDING/CRASH.<br />
  65. 65. Megaphone is handheld loudspeakers<br />
  66. 66. Smoke detectors and smoke alarm<br />
  67. 67. Radio beacon is a radio device used to give signals during emergencies<br />
  68. 68. P. T. V. located behind every seat used to watch movies, cartoons, songs, etc.<br />
  69. 69. Audio device<br />
  70. 70. Meal services<br />
  71. 71. Special care of unaccompanied minors.<br />
  72. 72. INTERIOR OF AIRBUS A380<br />
  73. 73. Airline mobile phones for passenger to make call.<br />
  74. 74. Bibliography<br />I collected all the information required to complete the assignment from:<br /><ul><li> WWW. Airplane.Net
  75. 75. WWW. Airliners.Net
  76. 76. WWW.Google.com
  77. 77. WWW.Wekipedia.com</li></li></ul><li>GEARS<br />
  78. 78.
  79. 79. DESIGN OF LAVATORY<br />
  80. 80. Overhead stowage bins<br />
  81. 81. My Future in Aviation sector<br /><ul><li>My future in this aviation industry is Cabin crew & also like to the ground staff member
  82. 82. After doing this research I have more information about these information are helpful to my carrier.
  83. 83. after this research I have information</li></li></ul><li>Thank<br />You<br />
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