The term OER (Open Educational Resources) was first coined in 2002 at the UNESCO forum on the impact of open courseware for higher education
OERs have received support from The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation , which has sponsored organizations such as MIT in the USA, the U.K. Open University and the Virtual University for the Small States of the Commonwealth
Learning Content: Full courses, courseware, content modules, learning objects, collections and journals.
Tools: Software to support the development, use, re-use and delivery of learning content including searching and organisation of content, content and LMS, content development tools and on-line learning communities.
Implementation Resources: Intellectual property licenses to promote open publishing of materials, design principles of best practice, and localisation of content.
are critical to this development because they allow open content to be accessed and used .
For example, teachers have to be able to search for potentially useful resources, and these resources need to be in formats that enable them to be adapted and reused. The Creative Commons license mentioned above makes resources legally available for adaptation and reuse.