Open Source Ware (Osw)


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Open Source Ware (Osw)

  1. 1. Open Source Ware (OSW) Dr. Pankaj Khare Director International Division Indira Gandhi National Open University [email_address]
  2. 2. What is said <ul><li>“ Through OCW, I am part of a movement to help make education free and available to the world.” </li></ul><ul><li>Clinton Blackburn </li></ul><ul><li>MIT student </li></ul><ul><li>United States </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Unlocking Knowledge, Empowering Minds </li></ul>What is said
  4. 4. The terminologies <ul><li>Open Source Ware (OSW) </li></ul><ul><li>The term &quot;open source&quot; was coined by Eric S. Raymond and friends </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Free License Open Source Software (FLOSS) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Open Course Ware (OCW) and Open Education Resources (OER) </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. FLOSS <ul><li>Free License Open Source Software </li></ul><ul><ul><li>F/OSS , FOSS , or FLOSS (for Free/Libre/Open Source Software ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>is software which is liberally licensed to grant the right of users to study, change, and improve its design through the availability of its source code. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. What this means? <ul><li>Open source doesn't just mean access to the source code. </li></ul><ul><li>The distribution terms of open-source software must comply with: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Free Redistribution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Source Code </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Derived Works </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. What this means? <ul><ul><li>Integrity of The Author's Source Code </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No Discrimination Against Persons or Groups </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No Discrimination Against Fields of Endeavor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Distribution of License </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>License Must Not Be Specific to a Product </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>License Must Not Restrict Other Software </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>License Must Be Technology-Neutral </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Open Course Ware <ul><li>OpenCourseWare , or OCW , is a term applied to course materials created by universities and shared freely with the world via the internet. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The OCW movement began at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) with the launch of MIT OpenCourseWare in October 2002 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>a number of universities have created OCW projects, some of which have been funded by the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Open Course Ware <ul><li>OCW project: </li></ul><ul><li>is a free and open digital publication of high quality educational materials, organized as courses. </li></ul><ul><li>is available for use and adaptation under an open license. </li></ul><ul><li>does not typically provide certification or access to instructors </li></ul>
  10. 10. Open Course Ware <ul><li>to invent novel ways of using the Internet to promote the open exchange of knowledge within the academic community. </li></ul><ul><li>for provision of research and course materials that are made freely available on the World Wide Web for non-commercial use. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Some fo the Institutions… <ul><li>MIT OpenCourseWare </li></ul><ul><li>Berkeley Webcast </li></ul><ul><li>Notre Dame OpenCourseWare </li></ul><ul><li>Open Yale Courses </li></ul><ul><li>Tufts OpenCourseWare </li></ul><ul><li> Indira Gandhi National Open University </li></ul><ul><li>University of California </li></ul>
  12. 12. MIT Course Ware <ul><li>MIT OpenCourseWare (OCW) is a web-based publication of virtually all MIT course content. </li></ul><ul><li>OCW is open and available to the world and is a permanent MIT activity. </li></ul><ul><li>You cannot get a degree or certificate from MIT or OCW </li></ul><ul><li>You cannot get access to MIT faculty </li></ul><ul><li>Educators use OCW as a teaching resource </li></ul><ul><li>Students and self-learners use it as a learning/ reference resource </li></ul>
  13. 13. Open Education Resources <ul><li>The term OER (Open Educational Resources) was first coined in 2002 at the UNESCO forum on the impact of open courseware for higher education </li></ul><ul><li>OERs have received support from The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation , which has sponsored organizations such as MIT in the USA, the U.K. Open University and the Virtual University for the Small States of the Commonwealth </li></ul>
  14. 14. Open Education Resources <ul><li>OERs are digitised learning materials that are offered freely and openly for educators, students and self-learners to use and re-use for teaching, learning and research </li></ul>
  15. 15. Open Education Resources <ul><li>Learning Content: Full courses, courseware, content modules, learning objects, collections and journals. </li></ul><ul><li>Tools: Software to support the development, use, re-use and delivery of learning content including searching and organisation of content, content and LMS, content development tools and on-line learning communities. </li></ul><ul><li>Implementation Resources: Intellectual property licenses to promote open publishing of materials, design principles of best practice, and localisation of content. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Open Education Resources <ul><li>Computers, </li></ul><ul><li>bandwidth, </li></ul><ul><li>tools and </li></ul><ul><li>implementation resources </li></ul><ul><li>are critical to this development because they allow open content to be accessed and used . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For example, teachers have to be able to search for potentially useful resources, and these resources need to be in formats that enable them to be adapted and reused. The Creative Commons license mentioned above makes resources legally available for adaptation and reuse. </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Open Education Resources <ul><li>OERs are typically stored in databases, or repositories. </li></ul><ul><li>Each institution that creates OERs usually also stores their materials in their own database, &quot;learning object repository&quot;. </li></ul><ul><li>Making OERs accessible to indexing engines like the COL Knowledge Finder, is critical to enable educators to quickly find and download resources </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Thank You </li></ul>
  19. 19. Creative Common License <ul><li>Creative Commons (CC) is a non-profit organization devoted to expanding the range of creative works available for others to build upon legally and to share. </li></ul><ul><li>The organization has released several copyright licenses known as Creative Commons licenses . </li></ul><ul><li>These licenses allow creators to communicate which rights they reserve, and which rights they waive for the benefit of other creators. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Creative Common Share Alike CC-by-sa <ul><li>Share-alike is a descriptive term used in the Creative Commons project for copyright licenses which include certain copyleft provisions </li></ul><ul><li>“ you alter, transform, or build upon this work, you may distribute the resulting work only under the same, similar or a compatible license ” </li></ul>